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Mapped: Recognition of Israel by Country

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Mapping the recognition of Israel by country

Mapped: Recognition of Israel by Country

The recognition of Israel’s sovereignty has remained a dynamic and intricate issue since its establishment in 1948.

In the graphic above, we use Wikipedia data to map the countries that currently recognize Israel as a state and those that donโ€™t. The post reflects data as of November 14, 2023, when Belize suspended diplomatic relations with Israel over the Israel-Hamas War.

This post is a companion piece to our map showing the recognition of Palestine by country.

30 Countries Do Not Recognize Israel

As of November 2023, 163 of the 193 UN members recognize Israel as a state, including all G7 countries. Even the State of Palestine recognized Israel as part of the Oslo Accords in 1993.

Here are the 30 countries that don’t recognize Israel:

StateRecognized Israel?
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ AfghanistanNever
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AlgeriaNever
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ BangladeshNever
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BelizeSuspended/Cut Relations
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด BoliviaSuspended/Cut Relations
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ BruneiNever
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒ ComorosNever
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ CubaWithdrew
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏ DjiboutiNever
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ IndonesiaNever
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท IranWithdrew
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IraqNever
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ KuwaitNever
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง LebanonNever
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ LibyaNever
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ MalaysiaNever
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ป MaldivesSuspended/Cut Relations
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ MaliSuspended/Cut Relations
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท MauritaniaSuspended/Cut Relations
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช NigerSuspended/Cut Relations
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต North KoreaNever
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ OmanNever
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ PakistanNever
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ QatarNever
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi ArabiaNever
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด SomaliaNever
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ SyriaNever
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ TunisiaNever
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช VenezuelaSuspended/Cut Relations
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YemenNever

With the exception of five countriesโ€”Belize, Bolivia, Cuba, North Korea, Venezuelaโ€”the countries that do not recognize Israel are predominantly Muslim.

Iraq, Lebanon, and Syria have never recognized Israel and technically remain in a state of war with the country. Iran also doesnโ€™t recognize Israel, but actually had relations with the country in the past before severing all ties following the 1979 Iranian Revolution.

Likewise, Cuba recognized Israel in 1949, but reversed its position in 1973 and actively supported Egypt and Syria against it during that year’s Yom Kippur War.

On the other hand, some Muslim-majority countries including Egypt, Jordan, and the UAE, have gradually normalized with the country.

Effects of the Israel-Hamas War

Relations between Israel and other countries are often strained when it engages in military conflicts, especially in the Gaza Strip.

In some cases those relations have broken completely. Venezuela broke all diplomatic ties with Israel during the 2008โ€“2009 Israelโ€“Gaza conflict. More recently, in addition to Belize, Bolivia cut official ties with Israel over the ongoing Israel-Hamas War.

As of November 2023, 84% of UN members recognized Israel as a country, compared to 72% for the State of Palestine.

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Maps

Ranked: Countries with the Most Embassies Around the World

The Global Diplomacy Index attempts to quantify and compare diplomatic networks by ranking countries with the most embassies worldwide.

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A map of the countries with the most embassies worldwide.

Mapped: Countries with the Most Embassies Around the World

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Itโ€™s easy to contextualize a country’s economic might (GDP) or military prowess (military budgets), but what about diplomatic influence?

The Global Diplomacy Index by the Lowy Institute is an attempt to measure and compare diplomatic networks worldwide to understand the foreign ties that influence geopolitics.

From their 2024 update, we visualize the top 25 countries with the most embassies worldwide. Data for this graphic is current up to November 2023, and does not reflect diplomatic consequences from the Israel-Hamas war.

Ranked: Countries by Worldwide Embassy Count

China leads with 173 embassies around the world, eclipsing the U.S. (168) by just five more foreign posts.

Former colonial powers, France (158) and the UK (156) rank third and fourth respectively. Japan (152) rounds out the top five.

RankCountryEmbassies Overseas
1๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China173
2๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.168
3๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France158
4๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK156
5๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan152
6๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany148
7๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Tรผrkiye145
8๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia143
9๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil135
10๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India135
11๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy124
12๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain114
13๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea114
14๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands106
15๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi Arabia104
16๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland102
17๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada98
18๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ South Africa98
19๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia92
20๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland91
21๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech Republic91
22๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ Pakistan89
23๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Argentina87
24๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary87
25๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden87

Note: As of November, 2023.

The index notes some key findings in the regional footprint of all these foreign posts as well.

For example, China has a larger diplomatic presence in Africa, East Asia, and the Pacific, while the U.S. leads in the Americas, Europe, and South Asia. This reflects the two superpowersโ€™ trade and economic ties as well.

Meanwhile, Tรผrkiye and India have grown their diplomatic networks the most in recent years. Interestingly, both countries prioritized Africa in their new outreach. In fact, India is a key export destination for many African countries.

Russia meanwhile had to close 14 foreign missions since it invaded Ukraine in 2022, slipping two ranking spots between 2017 and 2022.

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