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Mapped: Recognition of Palestine by Country



Mapping the recognition of Palestine by country

Mapped: Recognition of Palestine by Country

The recent conflict between Hamas and Israel has brought the Gaza Strip, and the partially recognized State of Palestine, prominently into the focus of the global news cycle.

In the graphic above, we use Wikipedia data to map the countries that currently recognize Palestine as a state and those that don’t.

This post is a companion piece to our map showing the recognition of Israel by country.

55 Countries Do Not Recognize Palestine

On November 15, 1988, the State of Palestine was officially proclaimed by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) coalition. The state claimed sovereignty of the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem.

As of November 2023, 138 of the 193 UN members (72%) recognize the State of Palestine.

Here are the 55 countries that don’t recognize Palestine:

StateRecognizes Palestine?
🇦🇩 AndorraNo
🇦🇲 ArmeniaNo
🇦🇺 AustraliaNo, informal relations
🇦🇹 AustriaNo, informal relations
🇧🇸 BahamasNo
🇧🇧 BarbadosNo
🇧🇪 BelgiumNo, informal relations
🇨🇲 CameroonNo, informal relations
🇨🇦 CanadaNo, informal relations
🇭🇷 CroatiaNo, informal relations
🇩🇰 DenmarkNo, informal relations
🇪🇷 EritreaNo, informal relations
🇪🇪 EstoniaNo, informal relations
🇫🇲 Federated States of MicronesiaNo
🇫🇯 FijiNo
🇫🇮 FinlandNo, informal relations
🇫🇷 FranceNo, informal relations
🇩🇪 GermanyNo, informal relations
🇬🇷 GreeceNo, informal relations
🇮🇪 IrelandNo, informal relations
🇮🇱 IsraelNo, informal relations
🇮🇹 ItalyNo, informal relations
🇯🇲 JamaicaNo
🇯🇵 JapanNo, informal relations
🇰🇮 KiribatiNo
🇱🇻 LatviaNo, informal relations
🇱🇮 LiechtensteinNo
🇱🇹 LithuaniaNo, informal relations
🇱🇺 LuxembourgNo, informal relations
🇲🇭 Marshall IslandsNo
🇲🇽 MexicoNo, informal relations
🇲🇩 MoldovaNo, informal relations
🇲🇨 MonacoNo
🇲🇲 MyanmarNo
🇳🇷 NauruNo
🇳🇱 NetherlandsNo, informal relations
🇳🇿 New ZealandNo, informal relations
🇲🇰 North MacedoniaNo
🇳🇴 NorwayNo, informal relations
🇵🇼 PalauNo
🇵🇦 PanamaNo
🇵🇹 PortugalNo, informal relations
🇼🇸 SamoaNo
🇸🇲 San MarinoNo
🇸🇬 SingaporeNo
🇸🇮 SloveniaNo, informal relations
🇸🇧 Solomon IslandsNo
🇰🇷 South KoreaNo, informal relations
🇪🇸 SpainNo, informal relations
🇨🇭 SwitzerlandNo, informal relations
🇹🇴 TongaNo
🇹🇹 Trinidad and TobagoNo
🇹🇻 TuvaluNo
🇬🇧 United KingdomNo, informal relations
🇺🇸 United StatesNo, informal relations

Many of the world’s Western countries, including the entire G7, do not recognize Palestine. Instead, many maintain informal diplomatic relations.

In contrast, emerging major economies like those within BRICS and other G20 nations, including Argentina, Indonesia, Türkiye, and Saudi Arabia, officially recognize the state.

In 2012, the State of Palestine was also upgraded by the UN to become a non-member observer state, a status shared only by the Holy See of Vatican City.

Hamas and the Gaza Strip

Officially, the United Nations recognizes the PLO as the governing entity in the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, both of which fell under Israeli control following the 1967 Six-Day War.

After the Oslo Accords were signed by Israel and the PLO in the mid 1990s, the PLO gained control over the Gaza Strip and 40% of the West Bank through the newly-created Palestinian Authority administration.

However, following a 2007 military conflict between rival Palestinian factions Fatah (the majority party of the PLO) and Hamas (a militant political party separate from the PLO), the Gaza Strip has been governed by Hamas.

As of November 2023, just under 72% of UN members recognized Palestine as a country, compared to 84% for the State of Israel.

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Visualized: Top 15 Global Tank Fleets

Heavily armed and armored, the modern tank is a versatile and mobile weapons platform, and a critical piece of contemporary warfare. 



Teaser image for an dot matrix chart of the top 15 global tank fleets, broken down by main battle tanks, armored fighting vehicles, and storage, showing that the U.S. is number one, by a wide margin.

The Top 15 Global Tank Fleets

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Heavily armed and armored, the modern tank is a versatile and mobile weapons platform, and a critical piece of contemporary warfare.

This visualization shows the top 15 global tank fleets, using data from the 2024 Military Balance report from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).

Let’s take an in-depth look at the top three fleets:

1. United States

As the world’s pre-eminent military power, it’s perhaps no surprise that the United States also has the largest tank fleet, by a wide margin.

In total, they have just over 45,000 armored fighting vehicles in operation, along with 2,640 main battle tanks (MBTs), and 12,800 vehicles in storage, of which 2,000 are main battle tanks.

CategoryVehiclesGlobal rank
Main battle tanks2,6404
Armored reconnaissance1,7451
Infantry fighting vehicles3,2623
Armored personnel carriers10,6441
Amphibious assault vehicles1,4011
Armored utility vehicles28,4451

The U.S. is internalizing the lessons from the ongoing invasion of Ukraine, where Western-supplied anti-tank weapons and massed Ukrainian artillery have been cutting Russian tanks to pieces. As a result, the U.S. recently canceled an upgrade of the M1 Abrams in favor of a more ambitious upgrade.

Meanwhile, the U.S. is nervously eyeing a more confident China and a potential clash over Taiwan, where air and naval forces will be critical. However, a recent war game showed that Taiwanese mechanized ground forces, kitted out with American-made tanks and armored fighting vehicles, were critical in keeping the island autonomous.

2. Russia

According to Oryx, a Dutch open-source intelligence defense website, at time of writing, Russia has lost almost 2,800 main battle tanks since invading Ukraine. Considering that in the 2022 edition of the Military Balance, Russia was estimated to have 2,927 MBTs in operation, those are some hefty losses.

Russia has been able to maintain about 2,000 MBTs in the field, in part, by increasing domestic production. Many defense plants have been taken over by state-owned Rostec and now operate around the clock. Russia is also now spending a full third of their budget on defense, equivalent to about 7.5% of GDP.

At the same time, they’ve also been drawing down their Soviet-era stockpiles, which are modernized before being sent to the front. Just how long they can keep this up is an open question; their stockpiles are large, but not limitless. Here is what their storage levels look like:

Category20232024YOY change
Main battle tanks5,0004,000-20.0%
Armored reconnaissance1,000100-90.0%
Infantry fighting vehicles4,0002,800-30.0%
Armored personnel carriers6,0002,300-61.7%

3. China

China holds the third overall spot and top place globally for the number of main battle tanks in operation. Untypically, the People’s Liberation Army has no armored vehicles in storage, which perhaps isn’t surprising when you consider that China has been rapidly modernizing its military and that stockpiles usually contain older models.

China also has one of the world’s largest fleets of armored fighting vehicles, second only to the United States. Breaking down that headline number, we can also see that they have the largest number of light tanks, wheeled guns, and infantry fighting vehicles. 

CategoryVehiclesGlobal rank
Main battle tanks4,7001
Light tanks1,3301
Wheeled guns1,2501
Infantry fighting vehicles8,2001
Armored personnel carriers3,6045
Airborne combat vehicles1802
Amphibious assault vehicles9902

This is equipment that would be integral if China were to make an attempt to reunify Taiwan with the mainland by force, where lightly armored mechanized units need to move with speed to occupy the island before Western allies can enter the fray. It’s worth noting that China also has one of the world’s largest fleets of amphibious assault vehicles.

End of the Tank?

Many commentators at the outset of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, were quick to predict the end of the tank, however, to paraphrase Mark Twain, reports of the tank’s demise are greatly exaggerated.

With the U.S. and China both developing remote and autonomous armored vehicles, tanks could be quite different in the future, but there is nothing else that matches them for firepower, mobility, and survivability on the modern battlefield today.

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