Mapped: Recognition of Palestine by Country
The recent conflict between Hamas and Israel has brought the Gaza Strip, and the partially recognized State of Palestine, prominently into the focus of the global news cycle.
In the graphic above, we use Wikipedia data to map the countries that currently recognize Palestine as a state and those that don’t.
This post is a companion piece to our map showing the recognition of Israel by country.
55 Countries Do Not Recognize Palestine
On November 15, 1988, the State of Palestine was officially proclaimed by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) coalition. The state claimed sovereignty of the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem.
As of November 2023, 138 of the 193 UN members (72%) recognize the State of Palestine.
Here are the 55 countries that don’t recognize Palestine:
|🇦🇺 Australia||No, informal relations|
|🇦🇹 Austria||No, informal relations|
|🇧🇪 Belgium||No, informal relations|
|🇨🇲 Cameroon||No, informal relations|
|🇨🇦 Canada||No, informal relations|
|🇭🇷 Croatia||No, informal relations|
|🇩🇰 Denmark||No, informal relations|
|🇪🇷 Eritrea||No, informal relations|
|🇪🇪 Estonia||No, informal relations|
|🇫🇲 Federated States of Micronesia||No|
|🇫🇮 Finland||No, informal relations|
|🇫🇷 France||No, informal relations|
|🇩🇪 Germany||No, informal relations|
|🇬🇷 Greece||No, informal relations|
|🇮🇪 Ireland||No, informal relations|
|🇮🇱 Israel||No, informal relations|
|🇮🇹 Italy||No, informal relations|
|🇯🇵 Japan||No, informal relations|
|🇱🇻 Latvia||No, informal relations|
|🇱🇹 Lithuania||No, informal relations|
|🇱🇺 Luxembourg||No, informal relations|
|🇲🇭 Marshall Islands||No|
|🇲🇽 Mexico||No, informal relations|
|🇲🇩 Moldova||No, informal relations|
|🇳🇱 Netherlands||No, informal relations|
|🇳🇿 New Zealand||No, informal relations|
|🇲🇰 North Macedonia||No|
|🇳🇴 Norway||No, informal relations|
|🇵🇹 Portugal||No, informal relations|
|🇸🇲 San Marino||No|
|🇸🇮 Slovenia||No, informal relations|
|🇸🇧 Solomon Islands||No|
|🇰🇷 South Korea||No, informal relations|
|🇪🇸 Spain||No, informal relations|
|🇨🇭 Switzerland||No, informal relations|
|🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago||No|
|🇬🇧 United Kingdom||No, informal relations|
|🇺🇸 United States||No, informal relations|
Many of the world’s Western countries, including the entire G7, do not recognize Palestine. Instead, many maintain informal diplomatic relations.
In contrast, emerging major economies like those within BRICS and other G20 nations, including Argentina, Indonesia, Türkiye, and Saudi Arabia, officially recognize the state.
In 2012, the State of Palestine was also upgraded by the UN to become a non-member observer state, a status shared only by the Holy See of Vatican City.
Hamas and the Gaza Strip
Officially, the United Nations recognizes the PLO as the governing entity in the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, both of which fell under Israeli control following the 1967 Six-Day War.
After the Oslo Accords were signed by Israel and the PLO in the mid 1990s, the PLO gained control over the Gaza Strip and 40% of the West Bank through the newly-created Palestinian Authority administration.
However, following a 2007 military conflict between rival Palestinian factions Fatah (the majority party of the PLO) and Hamas (a militant political party separate from the PLO), the Gaza Strip has been governed by Hamas.
As of November 2023, just under 72% of UN members recognized Palestine as a country, compared to 84% for the State of Israel.
How Much Do Americans Trust the Media?
Media trust among Americans has reached its lowest point since Trump won the 2016 presidential election.
How Much Do Americans Trust the Media?
Media trust among Americans has reached its lowest point in six years.
Gallup began its survey on media trust in 1972, repeating it in 1974 and 1976. After a long period, the public opinion firm restarted the polls in 1997 and has asked Americans about their confidence level in the mass media—newspapers, TV, and radio—almost every year since then.
The above graphic illustrates Gallup’s latest poll results, conducted in September 2023.
Americans’ Trust in Mass Media, 1972-2023
Americans’ confidence in the mass media has sharply declined over the last few decades.
|Trust in the mass media||% Great deal/Fair amount||% Not very much||% None at all|
In 2016, the number of respondents trusting media outlets fell below the tally of those who didn’t trust the media at all. This is the first time that has happened in the poll’s history.
That year was marked by sharp criticism of the media from then-presidential candidate Donald Trump.
In 2017, the use of the term ‘fake news’ rose by 365% on social media, and the term was named the word of the year by dictionary publisher Collins.
The Lack of Faith in Institutions and Social Media
Although there’s no single reason to explain the decline of trust in the traditional media, some studies point to potential drivers.
According to Michael Schudson, a sociologist and historian of the news media and a professor at the Columbia Journalism School, in the 1970s, faith in institutions like the White House or Congress began to decline, consequently impacting confidence in the media.
“That may have been a necessary corrective to a sense of complacency that had been creeping in—among the public and the news media—that allowed perhaps too much trust: we accepted President Eisenhower’s lies about the U-2 spy plane, President Kennedy’s lies about the ‘missile gap,’ President Johnson’s lies about the war in Vietnam, President Nixon’s lies about Watergate,”
Michael Schudson – Columbia Journalism School
More recently, the internet and social media have significantly changed how people consume media. The rise of platforms such as X/Twitter and Facebook have also disrupted the traditional media status quo.
Partisans’ Trust in Mass Media
Historically, Democrats have expressed more confidence in the media than Republicans.
Democrats’ trust, however, has fallen 12 points over the past year to 58%, compared with 11% among Republicans and 29% among independents.
According to Gallup, Republicans’ low confidence in the media has little room to worsen, but Democrat confidence could still deteriorate and bring the overall national reading down further.
The poll also shows that young Democrats have less confidence in the media than older Democrats, while Republicans are less varied in their views by age group.
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