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Charted: Global Tobacco Use by Country and Sex

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See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

Chart of tobacco use by country and sex in 2022

Charting Global Tobacco Use by Country and Sex

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Globally, rates of tobacco use have been falling for decades. Today, it is estimated that one-in-five people around the world use tobacco products, according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO).

That’s still enough people to have a sizable impact on both global healthcare and the environment. And the prevalence of tobacco use by country, and by sex, varies widely.

This chart shows current tobacco use in selected countries around the world using WHO estimates for 2022.

Which People Smoke the Most?

Below we examine the entire dataset of global countries by 2022 tobacco use. Estimates are of people aged 15 years and older and include both smoked and smokeless tobacco (including vaping). Countries that had no data for 2022 have been omitted.

In almost every country, males use tobacco more than females. Globally, 36% of men are tobacco users compared to just 8% of women.

CountryTotal Prevalence (%)Male (%)Female (%)
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ Afghanistan22.138.35.9
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Albania22.438.76.6
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Algeria21.641.90.7
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Andorra33.633.333.8
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Argentina23.128.218.1
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Armenia22.549.31.7
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia12.514.810.3
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria22.023.720.5
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Azerbaijan19.339.60.1
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ธ Bahamas10.720.62.1
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ Bahrain18.125.74.9
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ Bangladesh31.148.914.2
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง Barbados6.511.71.7
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ Belarus27.947.212.0
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium24.727.422.1
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ Belize8.715.51.9
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏ Benin5.59.51.7
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡น Bhutan19.627.211.0
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด Bolivia12.220.44.1
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and Herzegovina35.141.029.5
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ผ Botswana18.130.26.5
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil12.315.79.1
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ Brunei Darussalam17.131.32.2
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria34.038.130.2
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซ Burkina Faso13.521.75.5
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎ Burundi10.015.25.0
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ป Cabo Verde10.516.25.0
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ Cambodia16.127.35.5
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Cameroon5.610.21.1
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada11.413.79.2
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉ Chad6.812.31.4
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Chile28.230.625.8
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China24.947.32.0
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Colombia8.212.14.5
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Comoros16.226.26.2
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Congo15.028.22.0
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Cook Islands25.530.321.4
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ท Costa Rica8.813.24.5
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Cรถte d'Ivoire8.616.40.7
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia32.634.231.1
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ Cuba18.526.910.4
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus34.046.022.1
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czechia27.531.723.3
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Democratic Republic of the Congo11.119.92.6
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark16.216.416.0
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด Dominican Republic10.214.06.5
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Ecuador10.117.62.6
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ Egypt24.748.90.3
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ป El Salvador8.315.61.9
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia25.632.919.1
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Eswatini8.616.21.4
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡น Ethiopia4.67.81.4
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏ Fiji27.341.713.1
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland19.623.915.4
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France29.231.327.3
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Gambia9.618.70.6
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช Georgia29.054.77.1
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany18.821.316.4
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ญ Ghana3.15.90.3
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece29.633.126.3
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡น Guatemala12.022.71.7
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ Guinea-Bissau7.514.80.6
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡พ Guyana10.519.32.2
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡น Haiti7.312.62.3
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ Honduras12.222.71.7
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary29.434.724.5
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland9.49.49.4
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India23.936.810.4
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia38.573.63.4
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Iran (Islamic Republic of)13.924.83.1
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ Iraq18.736.01.6
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland18.220.516.1
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Israel19.826.413.3
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy20.424.116.8
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Jamaica9.515.83.5
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan16.826.57.7
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด Jordan36.357.813.4
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Kazakhstan21.738.26.9
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช Kenya9.216.62.1
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Kiribati38.251.625.7
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ Kuwait22.735.62.1
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Kyrgyzstan26.451.33.3
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Lao People's Democratic Republic25.843.28.4
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia30.345.617.2
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง Lebanon34.043.125.7
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ธ Lesotho22.942.04.8
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ท Liberia7.112.51.7
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania27.940.117.3
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg21.823.320.3
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Madagascar25.741.79.9
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผ Malawi7.113.01.7
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia22.643.80.7
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ป Maldives29.343.610.1
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Mali7.614.40.7
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Malta23.225.520.6
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญ Marshall Islands30.451.88.6
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท Mauritania9.417.22.0
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡บ Mauritius20.038.12.8
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexico14.623.16.9
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณ Mongolia29.352.67.3
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Montenegro32.130.933.2
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Morocco13.125.31.0
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Myanmar43.969.419.2
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Namibia12.521.34.7
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ท Nauru49.550.348.7
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต Nepal24.942.79.4
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands (Kingdom of the)20.122.517.7
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand11.412.710.2
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช Niger7.714.01.3
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Nigeria2.95.40.4
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway14.014.813.2
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ Oman11.017.40.4
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ Pakistan16.927.76.2
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ผ Palau17.026.37.3
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ Panama5.18.41.9
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌ Papua New Guinea40.455.424.9
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พ Paraguay10.617.43.8
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Peru7.011.62.6
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ Philippines20.436.24.3
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland23.227.619.1
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal20.927.115.5
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Qatar18.824.62.3
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Republic of Korea18.932.75.4
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Republic of Moldova27.852.76.3
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Romania27.537.418.5
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russian Federation27.242.014.8
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผ Rwanda12.017.76.7
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡จ Saint Lucia13.624.83.0
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ Samoa22.231.013.2
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡น Sao Tome and Principe7.112.61.8
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi Arabia17.428.42.1
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ Senegal6.011.70.6
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia36.638.834.6
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡จ Seychelles20.834.65.7
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Sierra Leone11.417.35.5
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Singapore16.427.94.0
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia30.235.425.4
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia18.120.215.9
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ง Solomon Islands37.655.319.6
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ South Africa20.335.16.5
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain24.927.522.5
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Sri Lanka19.137.82.4
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden22.128.315.9
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland23.326.320.4
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ Thailand18.937.71.8
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ Timor-Leste37.664.59.8
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌ Togo5.610.20.9
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด Tonga30.746.815.5
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ Tunisia20.139.71.6
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Tรผrkiye30.741.919.6
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ Turkmenistan5.410.60.5
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ป Tuvalu33.848.319.0
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Uganda5.39.01.8
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Ukraine22.038.38.5
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช United Arab Emirates11.715.52.5
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom13.115.011.4
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟ United Republic of Tanzania7.513.12.2
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States of America23.028.617.5
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ Uruguay19.323.016.0
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Uzbekistan16.231.81.0
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Viet Nam22.844.32.2
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช Yemen20.833.77.9
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Zambia12.021.82.7
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ Zimbabwe9.219.00.8

From a regional perspective, we can see many countries in Europe and Asia have higher rates of tobacco use. Indonesia and Myanmar specifically have some of the highest tobacco use rates in the world, with 73.6% of Indonesian men estimated to smoke or use tobacco.

In many Asian countries we also see a greater difference between male and female smokers compared to the rest of the world. In China for example, 47.3% of males are estimated to use tobacco compared to just 2.0% of females.

On the other hand, the Americas and especially Africa have a lower prevalence of tobacco use. Nigeria at 2.9% had the lowest rate of tobacco use in the world in 2022.

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Maps

Mapped: 15 Countries with the Highest Smoking Rates

Since the 1950s, many countries have tried to discourage tobacco use and bring down smoking rates. Hereโ€™s where they havenโ€™t worked.

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A cropped map with the 15 countries with the highest smoking rates in the world.

Mapped: 15 Countries with the Highest Smoking Rates

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

It was not until 1950 when the link between smoking and lung cancer was proven, though physicians as far back as the late 19th century had identified it as a potential cause.

Since then, many countries have discouraged tobacco products in an attempt to reduce smoking rates, and consequent health effects.

We visualize the countries with the highest rates of tobacco use among their population aged 15 and older. Data is sourced from the World Health Organization, and is current up to 2022.

Which Countries Smoke the Most?

In Nauru, nearly half of the population aged 15+ uses a tobacco product, the highest in the world. The island also has a high obesity rate, and nearly one-third of the population suffers from diabetes, due to poor nutritional variety in the food supply.

Hereโ€™s a list of smoking rates by country, ranked from highest to lowest.

RankCountryTobacco use in
those aged 15+
1๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ท Nauru48%
2๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Myanmar44%
3๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Kiribati40%
4๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌ Papua New Guinea40%
5๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bulgaria40%
6๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Serbia40%
7๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ Timor-Leste39%
8๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia38%
9๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Croatia37%
10๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ง Solomon Islands37%
11๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Andorra36%
12๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia &
Herzegovina
36%
13๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ Cyprus36%
14๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด Jordan36%
15๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France35%
N/A๐ŸŒ World23%

Note: Figures rounded. “Tobacco use” includes smoke and smokeless products.

Meanwhile, countries in the Balkan also see a high incidence of tobacco use, bucking the general European trend. Entrenched cultural norms, lax laws, and inexpensive cigarettes are some of the most commonly identified causes.

On the other hand, tobacco use is a lot lower in the Americas and sub-Saharan Africa.

In the U.S., fewer than one in four adults smoke. Canada is even lower at 12% of the population. But some African countries (Nigeria and Ghana) are all the way down in the single-digits, at 3%.

Interestingly, men smoke more than women in nearly every country in the world.

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