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Charted: Comparing the GDP of BRICS and the G7 Countries

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Visualization comparing BRICS GDP with G7 GDP in U.S. dollars.

Comparing the GDP of BRICS and the G7: Visualized

BRICS is set to add six new member states at the start of 2024, raising questions about the expansion of the group’s growing economic power. With its new entrants, the bloc will represent over $30 trillion in GDP or around 29% of the world’s GDP.

This graphic compares the GDP of BRICS nations to the G7 by using GDP projections for 2023 from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Even with its new members, BRICS falls short of the G7’s 43% share of global GDP. However, the gap is likely to shrink as major BRICS nations such as India continue to grow at above-average rates—and as the group likely welcomes even more members in the future.

How Does BRICS Compare to the G7 with its New Members?

Prior to the addition of its new members (Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE), BRICS had a cumulative GDP of $27.7 trillion, a 26% share of global GDP. BRICS’ new members add $3.1 trillion of GDP to the bloc, with Saudi Arabia contributing the most thanks to its GDP of $1.1 trillion.

In the tables below, you can see how new members affect the bloc’s GDP, and how the BRICS compare to G7 countries.

BRICS Countries2023 GDP (USD billions)Share of Global GDP
🇨🇳 China $19,37418%
🇮🇳 India $3,7374%
🇧🇷 Brazil $2,0812%
🇷🇺 Russia $2,0632%
🇿🇦 South Africa $3990.4%
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia*$1,0621%
🇦🇷 Argentina*$6410.6%
🇦🇪 UAE*$4990.5%
🇪🇬 Egypt*$3870.4%
🇮🇷 Iran*$3680.4%
🇪🇹 Ethiopia*$1560.2%
BRICS Total$30,76729%

*New additions to BRICS that will join bloc on January 2024
Source: IMF

G7 Countries2023 GDP (USD billions)Share of Global GDP
🇺🇸 U.S. $26,85525%
🇯🇵 Japan$4,4104%
🇩🇪 Germany$4,3094%
🇬🇧 UK$3,1593%
🇫🇷 France$2,9233%
🇮🇹 Italy$2,1702%
🇨🇦 Canada$2,0902%
G7 Total$45,91643%

Source: IMF

Even with its new members, BRICS still falls short of the G7’s $45.9 trillion in GDP, however, the new members do add other contributions besides raw GDP to the bloc.

With the addition of Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Iran, BRICS more than doubles its members’ share of global oil production to 43%. Along with petroleum, Argentina’s addition to BRICS significantly expands the total lithium reserves of the group, which will be key as global battery production and EV adoption continue to grow.

As BRICS seems set to create an alternate trade and financial system that operates independently from the U.S. dollar, adding nations with more natural resources is essential.

Future Economic Growth of BRICS vs. G7 Nations

While the new BRICS members don’t have too big of a GDP contribution to the bloc currently, it’s worth noting that many of the new entrants have significant growth ahead of them.

Many of BRICS’ current members already have real GDP growth rates that are higher than their G7 counterparts, with current members having an average GDP growth of 189% to 2050 compared to the G7’s average of 50%, according to Goldman Sachs.

BRICS’ newly added members like Ethiopia (1,170% GDP growth projected by 2050) and Egypt (635% GDP growth projected by 2050) have even higher rates of potential economic growth, further raising the bloc’s economic potential.

Goldman Sachs forecasts indicate that by 2050, BRICS will have overtaken the G7 in terms of GDP, even without its newly added members. Whether or not these projections pan out is yet to be determined, however with BRICS intent on adding even more members, the group is likely to eclipse the G7’s GDP in the coming decades.

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population

Mapped: Indian States with Cities Over 1 Million People

Ten Indian states—most of them from the northeast region of the country—don’t have a single city with 1 million residents.

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A cropped map of Indian states and the number of 1 million+ cities in them.

Mapped: Indian States with Cities Over 1 Million People

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Slightly more than one-third of the 1.4 billion Indian population lives in an urban area. So where are the country’s most populous cities, and how are they spread across the country’s 28 states and eight union territories?

This map shows the number of Indian urban agglomerations (cities and districts) with more than a million residents in each jurisdiction. Data for this graphic is sourced from 2024 urban agglomeration estimates in the UN World Urbanization Prospects.

Ranked: Indian States by Cities with 1M Residents

India’s Uttar Pradesh state has 10 cities with a population size of 1 million or more. It is also India’s most populous state, home to 240 million people. This makes it comparable to the size of Pakistan, the fifth most populous country in the world.

Indian StateCities with 1M Residents (2024)City Names
Uttar Pradesh10Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Meerut,
Varanasi, Prayagraj,
Bareilly, Aligarh,
Moradabad, Saharanpur
Kerala7Kozhikode,
Malappuram,
Thrissur, Kochi,
Thiruvananthapura,
Kannur, Kollam
Maharashtra6Mumbai, Pune,
Nagpur, Nashik,
Aurangabad, Solapur
Tamil Nadu6Chennai, Coimbatore,
Madurai, Tiruppur,
Tiruchirappalli, Salem
Gujarat4Ahmedabad, Surat,
Vadodara, Rajkot
Madhya Pradesh4Indore, Bhopal,
Jabalpur, Gwalior
Jharkhand3Jamshedpur, Ranchi,
Dhanbad
Karnataka3Bengaluru, Mysore,
Hubli-Dharwad
Punjab3Ludhiana, Amritsar,
Jalandhar
Rajasthan3Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota
West Bengal3Kolkata, Asansol, Siliguri
Andhra Pradesh2Visakhapatnam,
Vijayawada
Chhattisgarh2Raipur, Durg-Bhilainagar
Telangana2Hyderabad, Warangal
Assam1Guwahati
Bihar1Patna
Odisha1Bhubaneswar
Uttarakhand1Dehradun
Chandigarh*1Chandigargh
Delhi*1New Delhi
Jammu & Kashmir*1Srinagar

*Union Territories. Figures rounded. Some city names may have changed since this data was published.

Further south, Kerala (7), Maharashtra (6), and Tamil Nadu (6) also have more than five cities with a million or more people.

Meanwhile, some cities, including India’s national capital, New Delhi, are either in or are themselves union territories—areas directly administered by the central government.

Ten Indian states—most of them from the country’s northeast region—don’t have a single city with 1 million residents.

All together, India has 65 cities with more than one million inhabitants. For comparison, China has 105, and the U.S. has nine.

RankCityState/Union Territory2024 Population
Estimates
1New DelhiDelhi*34M
2MumbaiMaharashtra22M
3KolkataWest Bengal16M
4BengaluruKarnataka14M
5ChennaiTamil Nadu12M
6HyderabadTelangana11M
7AhmadabadGujarat9M
8SuratGujarat8M
9PuneMaharashtra7M
10JaipurRajasthan4M
11KozhikodeKerala4M
12MalappuramKerala4M
13LucknowUttar Pradesh4M
14ThrissurKerala4M
15KochiKerala4M
16IndoreMadhya Pradesh3M
17KanpurUttar Pradesh3M
18NagpurMaharashtra3M
19CoimbatoreTamil Nadu3M
20ThiruvananthapuramKerala3M
21PatnaBihar3M
22BhopalMadhya Pradesh3M
23AgraUttar Pradesh3M
24KannurKerala2M
25VisakhapatnamAndhra Pradesh2M
26VadodaraGujarat2M
27NashikMaharashtra2M
28VijayawadaAndhra Pradesh2M
29KollamKerala2M
30RajkotGujarat2M
31LudhianaPunjab2M
32MaduraiTamil Nadu2M
33RaipurChhattisgarh2M
34MeerutUttar Pradesh2M
35VaranasiUttar Pradesh2M
36SrinagarJammu & Kashmir*2M
37TiruppurTamil Nadu2M
38JamshedpurJharkhand2M
39AurangabadMaharashtra2M
40JodhpurRajasthan2M
41RanchiJharkhand2M
42KotaRajasthan2M
43JabalpurMadhya Pradesh2M
44AsansolWest Bengal2M
45GwaliorMadhya Pradesh2M
46AllahabadUttar Pradesh2M
47AmritsarPunjab1M
48DhanbadJharkhand1M
49BareillyUttar Pradesh1M
50AligarhUttar Pradesh1M
51MoradabadUttar Pradesh1M
52MysoreKarnataka1M
53Durg-BhilainagarChhattisgarh1M
54BhubaneswarOdisha1M
55TiruchirappalliTamil Nadu1M
56ChandigarhChandigarh*1M
57SaharanpurUttar Pradesh1M
58Hubli-DharwadKarnataka1M
59GuwahatiAssam1M
60SalemTamil Nadu1M
61SiliguriWest Bengal1M
62JalandharPunjab1M
63SolapurMaharashtra1M
64WarangalTelangana1M
65DehradunUttarakhand1M

*Union Territories. Figures rounded. Some city names may have changed since this data was published.

Interestingly, three of the five most populous Indian cities (Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai) were villages that became key British trading outposts. As a result all three cities have a fort within their city limits which acted as protection against competing colonial interests at the time.

Finally, Uttar Pradesh—which leads the states by number of cities with 1M people—doesn’t have a single metropolis within the top 10.

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