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Mapped: Which Countries Recognize Israel or Palestine, or Both?

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Map showing the recognition of Israel and Palestine by the 193 UN member countries.

Which Countries Recognize Israel or Palestine, or Both?

The modern-day conflict between Israel and Palestine emerged from the British Mandate for Palestine, which administered the former Ottoman Empire territory after World War I. But even after 75 years—and declarations of independence from each side—universal recognition eludes them.

In this visualization, we look at how Israel and Palestine recognition breaks down among the 193 UN member states as of November 14, 2023, using Wikpedia data for each state.

This post is a companion piece to separate maps showing the recognition of Israel and of Palestine by country.

A Declaration of Independence

The Jewish People’s Council declared the foundation of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948 (the same day that the last British forces left Haifa) on the basis of the 1947 UN Partition Plan, which divided the Mandate territories between Jewish and Arab populations.

U.S. President Truman granted de-facto recognition 11 minutes after the Israeli declaration. Not to be outdone by their Cold War adversary, the U.S.S.R. followed suit three days later with de-jure recognition and was joined by Warsaw Pact allies Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Poland.

By the end of 1948, 21 countries recognized Israel.

A Second Declaration of Independence

A declaration of independence for the State of Palestine, comprising the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem, didn’t happen until 40 years later.

In the midst of the First Intifada, a five-year-long Palestinian uprising that began in 1987, the Palestine Liberation Organization proclaimed the new state in the city of Algiers on November 15, 1988.

A dozen countries, including 10 members of the Arab League along with Malaysia and Yemen, immediately recognized the new state. The Soviet Union, the Eastern Bloc, and most of the Muslim world also joined in recognizing the State of Palestine.

Recognition of Israel and Palestine by Country

As of November 2023, 163 UN member states have recognized Israel, while 138 have recognized Palestine.

UN Member StateRecognize Israel 🇮🇱Recognize Palestine 🇵🇸
🇦🇫AfghanistanNoYes
🇦🇱AlbaniaYesYes
🇩🇿AlgeriaNoYes
🇦🇩AndorraYesNo
🇦🇴AngolaYesYes
🇦🇬Antigua and BarbudaYesYes
🇦🇷ArgentinaYesYes
🇦🇲ArmeniaYesNo
🇦🇺AustraliaYesNo
🇦🇹AustriaYesNo
🇦🇿AzerbaijanYesYes
🇧🇸BahamasYesNo
🇧🇭BahrainYesYes
🇧🇩BangladeshNoYes
🇧🇧BarbadosYesNo
🇧🇾BelarusYesYes
🇧🇪BelgiumYesNo
🇧🇿BelizeNoYes
🇧🇯BeninYesYes
🇧🇹BhutanYesYes
🇧🇴BoliviaNoYes
🇧🇦Bosnia and HerzegovinaYesYes
🇧🇼BotswanaYesYes
🇧🇷BrazilYesYes
🇧🇳BruneiNoYes
🇧🇬BulgariaYesYes
🇧🇫Burkina FasoYesYes
🇧🇮BurundiYesYes
🇰🇭CambodiaYesYes
🇨🇲CameroonYesNo
🇨🇦CanadaYesNo
🇨🇻Cape VerdeYesYes
🇨🇫Central African RepublicYesYes
🇹🇩ChadYesYes
🇨🇱ChileYesYes
🇨🇳ChinaYesYes
🇨🇴ColombiaYesYes
🇰🇲ComorosNoYes
🇨🇷Costa RicaYesYes
🇨🇮Côte d'IvoireYesYes
🇭🇷CroatiaYesNo
🇨🇺CubaNoYes
🇨🇾CyprusYesYes
🇨🇿CzechiaYesYes
🇨🇩Democratic Republic of the CongoYesYes
🇩🇰DenmarkYesNo
🇩🇯DjiboutiNoYes
🇩🇲DominicaYesYes
🇩🇴Dominican RepublicYesYes
🇪🇨EcuadorYesYes
🇪🇬EgyptYesYes
🇸🇻El SalvadorYesYes
🇬🇶Equatorial GuineaYesYes
🇪🇷EritreaYesNo
🇪🇪EstoniaYesNo
🇸🇿EswatiniYesYes
🇪🇹EthiopiaYesYes
🇫🇲Federated States of MicronesiaYesNo
🇫🇯FijiYesNo
🇫🇮FinlandYesNo
🇫🇷FranceYesNo
🇬🇦GabonYesYes
🇬🇪GeorgiaYesYes
🇩🇪GermanyYesNo
🇬🇭GhanaYesYes
🇬🇷GreeceYesNo
🇬🇩GrenadaYesYes
🇬🇹GuatemalaYesYes
🇬🇳GuineaYesYes
🇬🇼Guinea-BissauYesYes
🇬🇾GuyanaYesYes
🇭🇹HaitiYesYes
🇭🇳HondurasYesYes
🇭🇺HungaryYesYes
🇮🇸IcelandYesYes
🇮🇳IndiaYesYes
🇮🇩IndonesiaNoYes
🇮🇷IranNoYes
🇮🇶IraqNoYes
🇮🇪IrelandYesNo
🇮🇱IsraelYesNo
🇮🇹ItalyYesNo
🇯🇲JamaicaYesNo
🇯🇵JapanYesNo
🇯🇴JordanYesYes
🇰🇿KazakhstanYesYes
🇰🇪KenyaYesYes
🇰🇮KiribatiYesNo
🇰🇼KuwaitNoYes
🇰🇬KyrgyzstanYesYes
🇱🇦LaosYesYes
🇱🇻LatviaYesNo
🇱🇧LebanonNoYes
🇱🇸LesothoYesYes
🇱🇷LiberiaYesYes
🇱🇾LibyaNoYes
🇱🇮LiechtensteinYesNo
🇱🇹LithuaniaYesNo
🇱🇺LuxembourgYesNo
🇲🇬MadagascarYesYes
🇲🇼MalawiYesYes
🇲🇾MalaysiaNoYes
🇲🇻MaldivesNoYes
🇲🇱MaliNoYes
🇲🇹MaltaYesYes
🇲🇭Marshall IslandsYesNo
🇲🇷MauritaniaNoYes
🇲🇺MauritiusYesYes
🇲🇽MexicoYesNo
🇲🇩MoldovaYesNo
🇲🇨MonacoYesNo
🇲🇳MongoliaYesYes
🇲🇪MontenegroYesYes
🇲🇦MoroccoYesYes
🇲🇿MozambiqueYesYes
🇲🇲MyanmarYesNo
🇳🇦NamibiaYesYes
🇳🇷NauruYesNo
🇳🇵NepalYesYes
🇳🇱NetherlandsYesNo
🇳🇿New ZealandYesNo
🇳🇮NicaraguaYesYes
🇳🇪NigerNoYes
🇳🇬NigeriaYesYes
🇰🇵North KoreaNoYes
🇲🇰North MacedoniaYesNo
🇳🇴NorwayYesNo
🇴🇲OmanNoYes
🇵🇰PakistanNoYes
🇵🇼PalauYesNo
🇵🇦PanamaYesNo
🇵🇬Papua New GuineaYesYes
🇵🇾ParaguayYesYes
🇵🇪PeruYesYes
🇵🇭PhilippinesYesYes
🇵🇱PolandYesYes
🇵🇹PortugalYesNo
🇶🇦QatarNoYes
🇨🇬Republic of the CongoYesYes
🇷🇴RomaniaYesYes
🇷🇺RussiaYesYes
🇷🇼RwandaYesYes
🇰🇳Saint Kitts and NevisYesYes
🇱🇨Saint LuciaYesYes
🇻🇨Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesYesYes
🇼🇸SamoaYesNo
🇸🇲San MarinoYesNo
🇸🇹São Tomé and PríncipeYesYes
🇸🇦Saudi ArabiaNoYes
🇸🇳SenegalYesYes
🇷🇸SerbiaYesYes
🇸🇨SeychellesYesYes
🇸🇱Sierra LeoneYesYes
🇸🇬SingaporeYesNo
🇸🇰SlovakiaYesYes
🇸🇮SloveniaYesNo
🇸🇧Solomon IslandsYesNo
🇸🇴SomaliaNoYes
🇿🇦South AfricaYesYes
🇰🇷South KoreaYesNo
🇸🇸South SudanYesYes
🇪🇸SpainYesNo
🇱🇰Sri LankaYesYes
🇸🇩SudanYesYes
🇸🇷SurinameYesYes
🇸🇪SwedenYesYes
🇨🇭SwitzerlandYesNo
🇸🇾SyriaNoYes
🇹🇯TajikistanYesYes
🇹🇿TanzaniaYesYes
🇹🇭ThailandYesYes
🇬🇲The GambiaYesYes
🇹🇱Timor-LesteYesYes
🇹🇬TogoYesYes
🇹🇴TongaYesNo
🇹🇹Trinidad and TobagoYesNo
🇹🇳TunisiaNoYes
🇹🇷TürkiyeYesYes
🇹🇲TurkmenistanYesYes
🇹🇻TuvaluYesNo
🇺🇬UgandaYesYes
🇺🇦UkraineYesYes
🇦🇪United Arab EmiratesYesYes
🇬🇧United KingdomYesNo
🇺🇸United StatesYesNo
🇺🇾UruguayYesYes
🇺🇿UzbekistanYesYes
🇻🇺VanuatuYesYes
🇻🇪VenezuelaNoYes
🇻🇳VietnamYesYes
🇾🇪YemenNoYes
🇿🇲ZambiaYesYes
🇿🇼ZimbabweYesYes

Most of the countries that do not currently recognize Israel are Muslim-majority countries. However, some Muslim-majority countries have recognized Israel, such as Egypt and Jordan, who specifically agreed to do so under peace treaties signed in 1979 and 1994 respectively.

Several conflicts have also resulted in some countries suspending relations with Israel. The 1967 and 1973 Arab-Israeli Wars (also called the Six-Day War and Yom Kippur War, respectively) all saw countries suspend diplomatic relations, including Mali and the Maldives. In the case of Eastern Bloc countries that did so in 1967 and 1973, many resumed relations after the fall of the Soviet Union.

On the other side, despite more countries recognizing the State of Palestine over time, none of the G7 and only nine of the G20 have recognized the state. Similarly, only a minority of the EU has endorsed the declaration.

Present-Day

Israel and Palestine continue to vie for recognition in the international arena, with the former gaining recognition from a few countries including Bhutan and the UAE in 2020, and the latter from Colombia in 2018 and Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2019.

But universal recognition continues to elude both sides, with many countries awaiting a formal resolution to the conflict from the two sides.

It’s worth noting that both Israel and Palestine took steps towards recognition under the Oslo Accords, signed on September 13, 1993. The agreement saw Palestine recognize the State of Israel, put an end to the First Intifada, and allowed for limited self-government under a new Palestinian National Authority in Gaza and the West Bank. It promised to lay the groundwork for a two-state solution; a promise of peace that has yet to be realized.

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Demographics

Map: The World’s Oldest and Youngest Countries, by Median Age

The median age is a single indicator of the age distribution of a population, useful for policy planning for the world’s oldest and youngest countries.

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A cropped map of the world’s oldest and youngest countries by median age, per 2024 estimates.

Mapped: The World’s Oldest and Youngest Countries

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

We visualize the world’s oldest and youngest countries by median age, based on 2024 estimates from the CIA World Factbook.

ℹ️ The median age is a single indicator of the age distribution of a population—where half the population is older and half is younger than the listed age.

It can help government and private companies plan for age-specific demand for goods and services from the resident population.

Ranked: Countries by Median Age in 2024

Monaco and Japan—two countries with high life expectancies and low birth rates—have some of the highest median ages (50+) in the world.

A high median age is indicative of an aging population. Without policy support, this can lead to economic ramifications.

Here are the median ages of 200+ countries and territories in the world.

RankCountry/TerritoryMedian Age
1🇲🇨 Monaco57
2🇵🇲 Saint Pierre & Miquelon51
3🇯🇵 Japan50
4🇦🇩 Andorra49
5🇮🇹 Italy48
6🇧🇱 Saint Barthelemy47
7🇭🇰 Hong Kong47
8🇪🇸 Spain47
9🇩🇪 Germany47
10🇬🇷 Greece47
11🇵🇹 Portugal46
12🇸🇮 Slovenia46
13🇵🇷 Puerto Rico46
14🇸🇲 San Marino46
15🇰🇷 South Korea46
16🇷🇴 Romania46
17🇱🇻 Latvia46
18🇱🇹 Lithuania45
19🇧🇬 Bulgaria45
20🇭🇷 Croatia45
21🇸🇭 Saint Helena45
22🇪🇪 Estonia45
23🇬🇬 Guernsey45
24🇦🇹 Austria45
25🇺🇦 Ukraine45
26🇮🇲 Isle of Man45
27🇭🇺 Hungary45
28🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina45
29🇹🇼 Taiwan45
30🇱🇮 Liechtenstein44
31🇨🇿 Czechia44
32🇨🇭 Switzerland44
33🇷🇸 Serbia44
34🇧🇲 Bermuda44
35🇲🇹 Malta44
36🇫🇮 Finland43
37🇻🇮 Virgin Islands43
38🇵🇱 Poland43
39🇸🇰 Slovakia43
40🇨🇦 Canada43
41🇫🇷 France43
42🇨🇺 Cuba43
43🇲🇴 Macau43
44🇳🇱 Netherlands42
45🇩🇰 Denmark42
46🇧🇾 Belarus42
47🇧🇪 Belgium42
48🇷🇺 Russia42
49🇹🇭 Thailand42
50🇧🇧 Barbados41
51🇰🇾 Cayman Islands41
52🇸🇪 Sweden41
53🇨🇰 Cook Islands41
54🇲🇪 Montenegro41
55🇸🇽 Sint Maarten41
56🇦🇼 Aruba41
57🇳🇴 Norway41
58🇬🇧 UK41
59🇲🇰 North Macedonia41
60🇮🇪 Ireland40
61🇨🇳 China40
62🇨🇨 Cocos (Keeling) Islands40
63🇲🇩 Moldova40
64🇱🇺 Luxembourg40
65🇱🇨 Saint Lucia40
66🇲🇺 Mauritius40
67🇨🇾 Cyprus40
68🇸🇬 Singapore39
69🇺🇸 U.S.39
70🇦🇲 Armenia39
71🇸🇨 Seychelles39
72🇰🇳 Saint Kitts & Nevis39
73🇹🇹 Trinidad & Tobago39
74🇻🇬 British Virgin Islands39
75🇬🇪 Georgia38
76🇯🇪 Jersey38
77🇦🇺 Australia38
78🇨🇽 Christmas Island38
79🇮🇸 Iceland38
80🇳🇿 New Zealand38
81🇨🇼 Curacao38
82🇻🇨 Saint Vincent & the Grenadines38
83🇦🇮 Anguilla37
84🇩🇲 Dominica37
85🇨🇱 Chile37
86🇫🇴 Faroe Islands37
87🇲🇸 Montserrat37
88🇬🇮 Gibraltar37
89🇺🇾 Uruguay37
90🇱🇧 Lebanon36
91🇦🇱 Albania36
92🇼🇫 Wallis and Futuna36
93🇹🇨 Turks and Caicos Islands36
94🇰🇵 North Korea36
95🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates36
96🇨🇷 Costa Rica36
97🇬🇩 Grenada35
98🇵🇫 French Polynesia35
99🇵🇼 Palau35
100🇬🇱 Greenland35
101🇧🇷 Brazil35
102🇹🇳 Tunisia34
103🇳🇨 New Caledonia34
104🇦🇿 Azerbaijan34
105🇶🇦 Qatar34
106🇲🇫 Saint Martin34
107🇱🇰 Sri Lanka34
108🇹🇷 Türkiye34
109🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda34
110🇮🇷 Iran34
111🇧🇭 Bahrain33
112🇦🇷 Argentina33
113🇻🇳 Vietnam33
114🇨🇴 Colombia33
115🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia32
116🇲🇵 Northern Mariana Islands32
117🇧🇳 Brunei32
118🇸🇷 Suriname32
119🇽🇰 Kosovo32
120🇲🇻 Maldives32
121🇰🇿 Kazakhstan32
122🇲🇾 Malaysia32
123🇵🇾 Paraguay32
124🇫🇯 Fiji32
125🇮🇩 Indonesia32
126🇲🇳 Mongolia32
127🇵🇦 Panama32
128🇹🇲 Turkmenistan31
129🇻🇪 Venezuela31
130🇯🇲 Jamaica31
131🇲🇲 Burma31
132🇲🇽 Mexico31
133🇧🇸 Bahamas31
134🇧🇹 Bhutan31
135🇲🇦 Morocco31
136🇿🇦 South Africa30
137🇬🇺 Guam30
138🇰🇼 Kuwait30
139🇵🇪 Peru30
140🇮🇱 Israel30
141🇦🇸 American Samoa30
142🇮🇳 India30
143🇸🇻 El Salvador30
144🇧🇩 Bangladesh30
145🇩🇴 Dominican Republic29
146🇩🇿 Algeria29
147🇳🇮 Nicaragua29
148🇺🇿 Uzbekistan29
149🇨🇻 Cabo Verde29
150🇬🇾 Guyana28
151🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan28
152🇫🇲 Micronesia, Federated States of28
153🇪🇨 Ecuador28
154🇰🇭 Cambodia28
155🇹🇻 Tuvalu28
156🇳🇷 Nauru28
157🇳🇵 Nepal28
158🇼🇸 Samoa27
159🇴🇲 Oman27
160🇰🇮 Kiribati27
161🇧🇼 Botswana27
162🇧🇿 Belize27
163🇧🇴 Bolivia27
164🇩🇯 Djibouti26
165🇱🇾 Libya26
166🇹🇴 Tonga26
167🇵🇭 Philippines26
168🇭🇳 Honduras26
169🇲🇭 Marshall Islands26
170🇱🇦 Laos25
171🇸🇧 Solomon Islands25
172🇯🇴 Jordan25
173🇭🇹 Haiti25
174🇬🇹 Guatemala25
175🇸🇿 Eswatini25
176🇻🇺 Vanuatu25
177🇪🇬 Egypt24
178🇸🇾 Syria24
179🇱🇸 Lesotho24
180🇵🇰 Pakistan23
181🇹🇯 Tajikistan23
182🇳🇦 Namibia23
183🇰🇲 Comoros23
184🇮🇶 Iraq22
185🇲🇷 Mauritania22
186🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea22
187🇬🇦 Gabon22
188🇾🇪 Yemen22
189🇵🇸 West Bank22
190🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea22
191🇬🇭 Ghana21
192🇪🇷 Eritrea21
193🇲🇬 Madagascar21
194🇿🇼 Zimbabwe21
195🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire21
196🇰🇪 Kenya21
197🇸🇹 Sao Tome & Principe21
198🇷🇼 Rwanda21
199🇹🇬 Togo21
200🇨🇬 Congo21
201🇹🇱 Timor-Leste21
202🇨🇫 Central African Republic20
203🇪🇹 Ethiopia20
204🇲🇼 Malawi20
205🇬🇲 Gambia20
206🇦🇫 Afghanistan20
207🇱🇷 Liberia20
208🇵🇸 Gaza20
209🇬🇳 Guinea19
210🇸🇱 Sierra Leone19
211🇳🇬 Nigeria19
212🇸🇩 Sudan19
213🇸🇳 Senegal19
214🇹🇿 Tanzania19
215🇸🇴 Somalia19
216🇨🇲 Cameroon19
217🇸🇸 South Sudan19
218🇧🇫 Burkina Faso19
219🇿🇲 Zambia18
220🇧🇮 Burundi18
221🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau18
222🇲🇿 Mozambique17
223🇧🇯 Benin17
224🇨🇩 DRC17
225🇹🇩 Chad17
226🇲🇱 Mali16
227🇦🇴 Angola16
228🇺🇬 Uganda16
229🇳🇪 Niger15

Note: Figures rounded.

Meanwhile, the presence of six European nations on the oldest countries list is a quick insight into the continent’s changing demographic. The UN estimates that one in four Europeans are currently aged 60 and over.

Conversely, many countries in Africa have low life expectancies and high birth rates. This results in the opposite phenomenon: lower median ages.

A low median age also has its own concerns. A higher proportion of children and adolescents can strain the education infrastructure. Without enough job growth, underemployment and unemployment can rise.

However, if managed well, low median ages can lead to a demographic dividend, where the workforce temporarily grows faster than the dependent population, increasing per capita income.

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