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The $86 Trillion World Economy in One Chart

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Check out the latest 2023 update of the world economy in one chart.

The $86 Trillion World Economy in One Chart

The $86 Trillion World Economy in One Chart

Check out the latest 2023 update of the world economy by country GDPs in one chart.

The world economy is in a never-ending state of flux.

The fact is that billions of variables — both big and small — factor into any calculation of overall economic productivity, and these inputs are changing all of the time.

Buying this week’s groceries or filling up your car with gas may seem like a rounding error when we are talking about trillions of dollars, but every microeconomic decision or set of preferences can add up in aggregate.

And as consumer preferences, technology, trade relationships, interest rates, and currency valuations change — so does the final composition of the world’s $86 trillion economy.

Country GDPs, by Size

Today’s visualization comes to us from HowMuch.net, and it charts the most recent composition of the global economic landscape.

It should be noted that the diagram uses nominal GDP to measure economic output, which is different than using GDP adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP). The data in the diagram and table below come from the World Bank’s latest update, published in July 2019.

The Top 15 Economies, by GDP

RankCountryGDP (Nominal, USD)Share of World Total (%)
#1🇺🇸 United States$20.49 trillion23.89%
#2🇨🇳 China$13.61 trillion15.86%
#3🇯🇵 Japan$4.97 trillion5.79%
#4🇩🇪 Germany$4.00 trillion4.66%
#5🇬🇧 United Kingdom$2.83 trillion3.29%
#6🇫🇷 France$2.78 trillion3.24%
#7🇮🇳 India$2.73 trillion3.18%
#8🇮🇹 Italy$2.07 trillion2.42%
#9🇧🇷 Brazil$1.87 trillion2.18%
#10🇨🇦 Canada$1.71 trillion1.99%
#11🇷🇺 Russian Federation$1.66 trillion1.93%
#12🇰🇷 Korea, Rep.$1.62 trillion1.89%
#13🇦🇺 Australia$1.43 trillion1.67%
#14🇪🇸 Spain$1.43 trillion1.66%
#15🇲🇽 Mexico$1.22 trillion1.43%

The above 15 economies represent a whopping 75% of total global GDP, which added up to $85.8 trillion in 2018 according to the World Bank.

Most interestingly, the gap between China and the United States is narrowing — and in nominal terms, China’s economy is now 66.4% the size.

A Higher Level Look

The World Bank also provides a regional breakdown of global GDP, which we helps to give additional perspective:

RankGeographic RegionGDP (Nominal, USD)Global Share
#1East Asia & Pacific$25.9 trillion30.2%
#2Europe & Central Asia$23.0 trillion26.8%
#3North America$22.2 trillion25.9%
#4Latin America & Caribbean$5.8 trillion6.8%
#5Middle East & North Africa$3.6 trillion4.2%
#6South Asia$3.5 trillion4.1%
#7Sub-Saharan Africa$1.7 trillion2.0%
World Total$85.8 trillion100.0%

The organization breaks it down by income levels, as well:

Income LevelGDP (Nominal, USD)Global Share
High income countries$54.1 trillion63.1%
Upper middle income countries$24.4 trillion28.4%
Lower middle income countries$6.7 trillion7.8%
Low income countries$0.6 trillion0.7%
World total$85.8 trillion100.00%

The low income countries — which have a combined population of about 705 million people — add up to only 0.6% of global GDP.

Looking Towards the Future

For more on the world economy and predictions on country GDPs on a forward-looking basis, we suggest looking at our animation on the Biggest Economies in 2030.

It is worth mentioning, however, that the animation uses GDP (PPP) calculations instead of the nominal ones above.

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Ranked: The Largest U.S. Corporations by Number of Employees

We visualized the top U.S. companies by employees, revealing the massive scale of retailers like Walmart, Target, and Home Depot.

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The Largest U.S. Corporations by Number of Employees

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on Apple or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Revenue and profit are common measures for measuring the size of a business, but what about employee headcount?

To see how big companies have become from a human perspective, we’ve visualized the top U.S. companies by employees. These figures come from companiesmarketcap.com, and were accessed in March 2024. Note that this ranking includes publicly-traded companies only.

Data and Highlights

The data we used to create this list of largest U.S. corporations by number of employees can be found in the table below.

CompanySectorNumber of Employees
WalmartConsumer Staples2,100,000
AmazonConsumer Discretionary1,500,000
UPSIndustrials500,000
Home DepotConsumer Discretionary470,000
ConcentrixInformation Technology440,000
TargetConsumer Staples440,000
KrogerConsumer Staples430,000
UnitedHealthHealth Care400,000
Berkshire HathawayFinancials383,000
StarbucksConsumer Discretionary381,000
Marriott InternationalConsumer Discretionary377,000
CognizantInformation Technology346,600

Retail and Logistics Top the List

Companies like Walmart, Target, and Kroger have a massive headcount due to having many locations spread across the country, which require everything from cashiers to IT professionals.

Moving goods around the world is also highly labor intensive, explaining why UPS has half a million employees globally.

Below the Radar?

Two companies that rank among the largest U.S. corporations by employees which may be less familiar to the public include Concentrix and Cognizant. Both of these companies are B2B brands, meaning they primarily work with other companies rather than consumers. This contrasts with brands like Amazon or Home Depot, which are much more visible among average consumers.

A Note on Berkshire Hathaway

Warren Buffett’s company doesn’t directly employ 383,000 people. This headcount actually includes the employees of the firm’s many subsidiaries, such as GEICO (insurance), Dairy Queen (retail), and Duracell (batteries).

If you’re curious to see how Buffett’s empire has grown over the years, check out this animated graphic that visualizes the growth of Berkshire Hathaway’s portfolio from 1994 to 2022.

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