When it comes to buying a home, it’s safe to say that many millennials are caught in a catch-22.
Even though more millennials associate buying a home with the “American Dream” than any other generation, the homeownership rate for Americans under age 35 is near record lows at just 34.7%. In other words, millennials seem to want to buy homes, but various factors have been preventing them in doing so.
Waiting until later in life to start families is one commonly-cited aspect of the story, but millennials are also saddled with student debt and low wages, which have prevented from from amassing any significant savings.
Despite these factors, the demographic evidence is compelling – and many experts are expecting a shift in millennial buying behavior in the coming years.
What Millennials Want in a Home
As the real estate sector becomes more focused on millennials, the market is keying in on an important question: what do millennials want in a home?
Today’s infographic from Northshore Fireplace has an interesting methodology to help us get started in thinking about this question. In late 2016, they commissioned a unique study on 1,000 millennials, representative of all 50 states, in which respondents played a hypothetical game.
Each prospective buyer was put in the following situation: they are starting with an average American home (20+ years old, three bedrooms, and two baths), but have a $300,000 budget to choose between 38 hypothetical property upgrades to get them closer to the home of their dreams.
Here is how millennials chose to spend those budgets:
The results are fascinating, and provide an interesting lens with which to think of real estate in the coming millennial era:
- The three most popular upgrades were also in the lowest cost category: new appliances (75%), large master bedroom (64%), and two-car garage (54%)
- The least popular upgrade was an above-ground pool (3%)
- Having solar power and an energy storage system also ranked relatively high at 47%
- Only 24% respondents cared about upgrading to have more land (1+ acres)
- Other popular options: luxury kitchen (46%), solid hardwood/stone flooring (45%), and finished basement (41%)
First, a baseline was established to represent the average American home. In this case, it was 20+ years old, and came with three bedrooms and two baths, a one car garage, an unfinished basement, and old appliances. All this sits on a quarter-acre lot in an average neighborhood, as part of an average school district. The approximate value of this home is $200,000.
Respondents were given $300,000 of play money to spend, using a hypothetical menu of 38 upgrades with a combined value of $1,000,000. This was represented on the survey by having 20 points to choose from, with each option costing one to three points (depending on how expensive it is).
Northshore Fireplace also rightly noted that real estate is highly subjective – and although in real life these different costs may vary, what is important in this context is how millennials value things within the vacuum of this game.
The Allure of Craft Cannabis to Investors
Craft products are taking the retail world by storm. Find out why investors should be paying close attention to craft cannabis and its potential impact.
The Investor Appeal in Craft Cannabis
They say if you do what you love, then the money will follow. In the multi-billion dollar cannabis business, that has certainly proved true for those who have been passionate about the plant for decades — otherwise known as craft growers.
Today’s infographic from Pasha Brands dives into the huge consumer demand for craft products, and why investors should pay attention to this trend as it extends into cannabis.
The Perfect Craft Product
Chances are, you may have encountered any of the following at least once: microbrewed beer, specialty coffee, premium wine, or organic food. They’ve become so popular, that craft versions of all these are steadily carving a valuable niche in their original markets.
|U.S. Market Size, 2017||Craft Market Size, 2017||Share of total|
|Beer vs Microbrew Beer||$111B||$26B||23%|
|Coffee vs Specialty Coffee||$32B||$10B||31%|
|Wine vs Premium Wine||$80B||$44.8B||56%|
|Food vs Organic Food||$898B||$49.4B||5.5%|
Whether it’s introducing flavors into brews, slow-roasting beans, producing wine in small lots, or using a conscious “farm to table” label — what they have in common is the careful attention that’s paid to the process from start to end.
Craft cannabis bears a strong resemblance to all of these in that way, as growing it involves extra care, compared to large-scale producers. For example, hand-trimming is more labor intensive than using machines, but results in products with superior quality.
What are some other characteristics of craft cannabis?
- Attention to detail
A hands-on approach allows growers to personally ensure each cannabis plant is healthy.
- Sustainable practices
The use of organic farming to save energy, creating a smaller environmental footprint.
- Social responsibility
Smaller growers typically leverage local connections, creating employment opportunities.
- Artisanal branding
Sophisticated and modern packaging helps appeal to different types of craft cannabis consumers.
It’s clear why consumers care about craft cannabis. But what does it offer investors?
Making the Case for Craft
Investors should be paying close attention to craft cannabis for three key reasons: a higher price point, a focus on quality, and access to the retail market.
Upscale Price Tag
On average, organic cannabis has a higher price point attached to it, compared to regular grade cannabis.
- Industry average: $9.02/ gram
- Organic average: $11.40/ gram
Using organic methods to grow cannabis means that the final product on shelves boast an enhanced potency and effect. Since craft cannabis is also grown organically, it’s clear that consumers are willing to spend more to secure a premium product.
Promise of Quality
It might not come as a surprise that the most famous craft cannabis regions are also where the biggest volume of legal cannabis sales come from. California and Canada accounted for nearly 38% in global market share in 2017:
- Worldwide sales: $9.5 billion
- California sales: $3 billion
- Rest of U.S. sales: $5.5 billion
- Canada sales: $0.6 billion
- Rest of world: $0.4 billion
These two areas have a foothold in cannabis sales, and with recreational legalization unfolding in both – and 75 million people living between the two jurisdictions – it will only continue to grow.
Opening the Doors
Following nation-wide legalization in Canada and an increasing number of states in the U.S., the continent is facing a cannabis shortage. Why? As it turns out, while craft growers are abundant, they still face regulatory hurdles in order to move from the “gray” underground market into launching legal operations.
Craft cannabis could be a cornerstone for industry growth, but its growers have been in the shadows for a long time. As cannabis gains momentum, tapping into the huge network of craft growers will be key for success.
How the Modern Consumer is Different
We all have a stereotypical image of the average consumer – but is it an accurate one? Meet the modern consumer, and what it means for business.
How the Modern Consumer is Different
There is a prevailing wisdom that says the stereotypical American consumer can be defined by certain characteristics.
Based on what popular culture tells us, as well as years of experiences and data, we all have an idea of what the average consumer might look for in a house, car, restaurant, or shopping center.
But as circumstances change, so do consumer tastes – and according to a recent report by Deloitte, the modern consumer is becoming increasingly distinct from those of years past. For us to truly understand how these changes will affect the marketplace and our investments, we need to rethink and update our image of the modern consumer.
A Changing Consumer Base
In their analysis, Deloitte leans heavily on big picture demographic and economic factors to help in summarizing the three major ways in which consumers are changing.
Here are three ways the new consumer is different than in years past:
1. Increasingly Diverse
In terms of ethnicity, the Baby Boomers are 75% white, while the Millennial generation is 56% white. This diversity also transfers to other areas as well, such as sexual and gender identities.
Not surprisingly, future generations are expected to be even more heterogeneous – Gen Z, for example, identifies as being 49% non-white.
2. Under Greater Financial Pressure
Today’s consumers are more educated than ever before, but it’s come at a stiff price. In fact, the cost of education has increased by 65% between 2007 and 2017, and this has translated to a record-setting $1.5 trillion in student loans on the books.
Other costs have mounted as well, leaving the bottom 80% of consumers with effectively no increase in discretionary income over the last decade. To make matters worse, if you single out just the bottom 40% of earners, they actually have less discretionary income to spend than they did back in 2007.
3. Delaying Key Life Milestones
Getting married, having children, and buying a house all have one major thing in common: they can be expensive.
The average person under 35 years old has a 34% lower net worth than they would have had in the 1990s, making it harder to tackle typical adult milestones. In fact, the average couple today is marrying eight years later than they did in 1965, while the U.S. birthrate is at its lowest point in three decades. Meanwhile, homeownership for those aged 24-32 has dropped by 9% since 2005.
A New Landscape for Business?
The modern consumer base is more diverse, but also must deal with increased financial pressures and a delayed start in achieving traditional milestones of adulthood. These demographic and economic factors ultimately have a ripple effect down to businesses and investors.
How do these big picture changes impact your business or investments?
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