Measuring the Emotional Impact of COVID-19 on the U.S. Population
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Measuring the Emotional Impact of COVID-19 on the U.S. Population

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Emotional impact of COVID-19 infographic

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The Emotional Impact of COVID-19 on the U.S. Population

The COVID-19 pandemic has ripped through almost every country on the planet, causing devastating decay to the mental health of millions of people.

While most of us are experiencing higher levels of emotional distress than normal, the severity of stress may change based on factors such as age, race, education level, or even where you live.

This graphic uses data from the National Pandemic Emotional Impact Report to illustrate how each demographic subgroup in the U.S. is feeling.

The Methodology

The emotional upheaval of such a unique event impacts people in different ways, and is difficult to measure given the many direct and indirect factors associated with it.

For the report referenced in the graphic, researchers created a detailed methodology to measure the impact of COVID-19 across a sample of 1,500 adults. Surveys were conducted in May 2020, when the majority of people were under strict lockdown orders. Unemployment levels mirrored those seen only during the Great Depression, and of course, the death rate was rising quicker than anyone could have anticipated.

A Pandemic Distress Index Score (PDIS) was calculated based on participant’s responses, which were then divided into low (bottom 25%), moderate, and high (top 25%) quartiles of pandemic distress.

Emotional Distress Levels, by Demographic Group

Findings uncovered that almost 40% of participants have lost their jobs, or experienced a reduction in income due to the COVID-19 outbreak. However, the reverberations of such stressors vary by demographic subgroup.

Age

According to the report, pandemic-related emotional distress decreases by age group. People in the 18-34 year bracket reported the most pandemic-related distress overall—with respondents citing high stress at nearly double the rate of people over 50 years old. Meanwhile, respondents in the 65+ age group had reported the lowest distress scores of all.

Race

Of all ethnicities in the survey, Hispanics/Latinos and Blacks had the highest average Pandemic Distress Index Scores, and Whites had the lowest average scores.

It is also worth noting that the research concluded five days after the death of George Floyd, so the majority of responses may not include the influence of this event, and the subsequent movement against systematic racism.

Other Categories

In other subgroups, there were slight differences worth mentioning. For example, from a communities perspective, people who live in rural areas were less likely to experience high pandemic distress compared to people living in towns or cities.

When it comes to the battle of the sexes, men and women experience similar levels of distress. Moreover, the level of emotional distress related to COVID-19 did not differ much between people with children under 18 and those with older children. However, women with children under 18 reported more symptoms of anxiety compared to women with no minor children.

What Does the Data Mean?

While the research presents several important insights, understanding what it means is crucial in providing people with the support they need.

For example, participants with high pandemic-related distress are 40 times more likely to have clinically significant levels of anxiety and 20 times more likely to have clinically significant symptoms of depression, compared to those on the lower end of the spectrum.

impact of COVID-19 supplemental

In fact, a report from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention shows that 1 in 4 people in the 18-24 age bracket have seriously considered committing suicide at some point during the month of June 2020, which is in line with the emotional distress scores for this age group.

Building Immunity

While nobody can escape the devastating impacts of COVID-19 on mental health, it is clear that some people are more at risk than others.

Unfortunately, younger adults and people of racial and ethnic minorities have carried higher psychological burdens from the pandemic so far, and we have yet to see the long-term effects that could transpire as a result.

“Even when the pandemic is brought under control, grief, anxiety and depression will continue to affect people and communities.”

—António Guterres, United Nations

Although at times the pandemic may feel inescapable, we must continue to prioritize both our physical and mental health—so we can build immunity for what’s to come.

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Healthcare

Visualizing the World’s Biggest Pharmaceutical Companies

The world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies are worth $4.1 trillion. Here we map the top 100 companies based on their market cap value.

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Bubble map of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world

Who are the World’s Biggest Pharmaceutical Companies?

Some of the world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies have played a central role in the COVID-19 pandemic.

However, it’s likely no surprise that the pandemic has also been great for many healthcare businesses. In fact, in 2020 alone, the world’s 50 largest pharmaceutical companies still combined for a whopping $851 billion in revenues.

In this graphic, using data from Companies Market Cap, we list the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world by market capitalization. It’s worth noting this list also includes healthcare companies that work closely with pharmaceuticals, including biotech, pharmaceutical retailers, clinical laboratories, etc.

Editor’s Note: A previous version of this graphic was missing some key companies such as GSK and AbbVie. They were unfortunately not included in the original source and we are now working to make sure there were no other smaller omissions. Thanks to all that sent in corrections.

The Pharmaceutical Leaders

To start, here are the top five biggest pharmaceutical companies in the world at the moment by market capitalization:

1. Johnson & Johnson

The pharmaceutical and consumer goods giant is worth $428.7 billion in market cap. They developed the third vaccine authorized for use in the U.S. and were named among the TIME100 Most Influential Companies List in 2021.

2. Roche

The Swiss pharmaceutical giant is at the forefront of oncology, immunology, infectious diseases, ophthalmology, and neuroscience. In 2019, Roche’s pharma segment sales rose by a healthy 16% to $53 billion.

3. Pfizer

Despite being the leading COVID-19 vaccine manufacturer in North America, Pfizer slid in the rankings to third place. The company has recently gained momentum, especially in the past quarter, with Q2’2021 revenues of $19.0 billion, reflecting a 86% operational growth from 2020.

4. Eli Lilly

Eli Lilly has taken a significant step towards establishing itself as a pharmaceutical industry leader. Having a market cap value of $125 billion in 2019, Eli Lilly has jumped to a current value of $214.9 billion, a significant growth of 72%.

5. Novartis

The second-biggest pharmaceutical company out of Switzerland, Novartis has been the face of the pharma industry for about 25 years. The primary manufacturer for the most recognizable drugs on the market pulled in a revenue of over $48 billion in 2020, a 3% increase compared to 2019.

Here’s how all the biggest pharmaceutical companies in the world stack up against each other:

Company Rank Company NameMarket Cap ValueCountry
1Johnson & Johnson
JNJ
$428.66 B🇺🇸 USA
2Roche
RHHBY
$320.41 B🇨🇭 Switzerland
3Pfizer
PFE
$219.39 B🇺🇸 USA
4Eli Lilly
LLY
$208.99 B🇺🇸 USA
5Novartis
NVS
$207.70 B🇨🇭 Switzerland
6AbbVie
ABBV
$202.60 B🇺🇸 USA
7Merck
MRK
$191.67 B🇺🇸 USA
8Novo Nordisk
NVO
$187.83 B🇩🇰 Denmark
9Astrazeneca
AZN
$152.28 B🇬🇧 UK
10Bristol-Myers Squibb
BMY
$145.80 B🇺🇸 USA
11Amgen
AMGN
$136.50 B🇺🇸 USA
12Sanofi
SNY
$130.37 B🇫🇷 France
13CVS Health
CVS
$110.49 B🇺🇸 USA
14GlaxoSmithKline
GSK
$104.30 B🇬🇧 UK
15CSL
CSL.AX
$103.10 B🇦🇺 Australia
16Gilead Sciences
GILD
$83.62 B🇺🇸 USA
17Moderna
MRNA
$83.25 B🇺🇸 USA
18Merck KGaA
MRK.DE
$80.61 B🇩🇪 Germany
19Bayer
BAYZF
$59.43 B🇩🇪 Germany
20Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine
600276.SS
$58.51 B🇨🇳 China
21Regeneron Pharmaceuticals
REGN
$55.83 B🇺🇸 USA
22Biogen
BIIB
$55.00 B🇺🇸 USA
23BioNTech
BNTX
$54.23 B🇩🇪 Germany
24Takeda Pharmaceutical
TAK
$52.67 B🇯🇵 Japan
25Lonza
LONN.SW
$52.16 B🇨🇭 Switzerland
26Walgreens Boots Alliance
WBA
$45.05 B🇺🇸 USA
27Celltrion
068270.KS
$33.80 B🇰🇷 S. Korea
28Astellas Pharma
ALPMF
$33.42 B🇯🇵 Japan
29BeiGene
BGNE
$31.65 B🇨🇳 China
30Eisai
4523.T
$31.20 B🇯🇵 Japan
31West Pharma
WST
$26.59 B🇺🇸 USA
32Hansoh Pharma
3692.HK
$26.00 B🇨🇳 China
33LabCorp
LH
$25.97 B🇺🇸 USA
34Otsuka Holdings
4578.T
$23.15 B🇯🇵 Japan
35Horizon Therapeutics
HZNP
$21.13 B🇮🇪 Ireland
36Alnylam Pharmaceuticals
ALNY
$20.42 B🇺🇸 USA
37kyowa Kirin
4151.T
$18.85 B🇯🇵 Japan
38Catalent
CTLT
$18.74 B🇺🇸 USA
39Sino Biopharmaceutical
1177.HK
$18.48 B🇭🇰 Hong Kong
40Bio-Techne
TECH
$17.25 B🇺🇸 USA
41PPD
PPD
$16.26 B🇺🇸 USA
42Argenx
ARGX
$16.03 B🇳🇱 Netherlands
43Shionogi
4507.T
$15.29 B🇯🇵 Japan
44Dr. Reddy's
RDY
$11.88 B🇮🇳 India
45Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
TEVA
$11.21 B🇮🇱 Israel
46Ono Pharmaceutical
4528.T
$11.12 B🇯🇵 Japan
47ICON plc
ICLR
$11.09 B🇮🇪 Ireland
48Bausch Health
BHC
$10.47 B🇨🇦 Canada
49CRISPR Therapeutics
CRSP
$10.42 B🇨🇭 Switzerland
50Curevac
CVAC
$10.33 B🇩🇪 Germany
51Hualan Biological Engineering
002007.SZ
$10.31 B🇨🇳 China
52Vifor Pharma
VIFN.SW
$9.49 B🇨🇭 Switzerland
53Neurocrine Biosciences
NBIX
$9.45 B🇺🇸 USA
54Sinopharm
1099.HK
$9.42 B🇨🇳 China
55BridgeBio Pharma
BBIO
$8.89 B🇺🇸 USA
56Cadila Healthcare
CADILAHC.NS
$8.59 B🇮🇳 India
57Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma
4506.T
$8.16 B🇯🇵 Japan
58Tilray
TLRY
$7.89 B🇨🇦 Canada
59Ascendis Pharma
ASND
$7.51 B🇩🇰 Denmark
60Evotec
EVT.F
$7.19 B🇩🇪 Germany
61Lupin Limited
LUPIN.NS
$7.04 B🇮🇳 India
62Gland Pharma
GLAND.NS
$7.01 B🇮🇳 India
63Exelixis
EXEL
$6.95 B🇺🇸 USA
64GW Pharmaceuticals
GWPH
$6.81 B🇬🇧 UK
65KOBAYASHI Pharmaceutical
4967.T
$6.78 B🇯🇵 Japan
66Torrent Pharmaceuticals
TORNTPHARM.NS
$6.61 B🇮🇳 India
67Biocon
BIOCON.NS
$6.43 B🇮🇳 India
68PeptiDream
4587.T
$6.32 B🇯🇵 Japan
69Sarepta Therapeutics
SRPT
$6.25 B🇺🇸 USA
70Perrigo
PRGO
$6.21 B🇮🇪 Ireland
71Orion Corporation
ORNAV.HE
$6.11 B🇫🇮 Finland
72Lundbeck
LDB.F
$6.04 B🇩🇰 Denmark
73AbCellera
ABCL
$5.87 B🇨🇦 Canada
74Adaptive Biotechnologies
ADPT
$5.69 B🇺🇸 USA
75Intellia Therapeutics
NTLA
$5.62 B🇺🇸 USA
76Santen Pharmaceutical
4536.T
$5.49 B🇯🇵 Japan
77Nippon Shinyaku
4516.T
$5.46 B🇯🇵 Japan
78Beam Therapeutics
BEAM
$5.43 B🇺🇸 USA
79Reata Pharmaceuticals
RETA
$5.15 B🇺🇸 USA
80Swedish Orphan Biovitrum
SOBI.ST
$5.13 B🇸🇪 Sweden
81BB Biotech
BION.SW
$5.08 B🇨🇭 Switzerland
82Alkem Laboratories
ALKEM.NS
$5.00 B🇮🇳 India
83Abbott India
ABBOTINDIA.NS
$4.69 B🇮🇳 India
84Laurus Labs
LAURUSLABS.NS
$4.44 B🇮🇳 India
85Taisho Pharmaceutical
4581.T
$4.39 B🇯🇵 Japan
86Hanmi Pharmaceutical
008930.KS
$4.22 B🇰🇷 S. Korea
87Alkermes
ALKS
$3.87 B🇮🇪 Ireland
88Karuna Therapeutics
KRTX
$3.71 B🇺🇸 USA
89Shinpoong Pharm
019170.KS
$3.65 B🇰🇷 S. Korea
90NantKwest
NK
$3.55 B🇺🇸 USA
91Ipca Laboratories
IPCALAB.NS
$3.41 B🇮🇳 India
92Nektar Therapeutics
NKTR
$3.02 B🇺🇸 USA
93BioCryst Pharmaceuticals
BCRX
$3.01 B🇺🇸 USA
94Vericel
VCEL
$2.96 B🇺🇸 USA
95Dicerna Pharmaceuticals
DRNA
$2.84 B🇺🇸 USA
96Rocket Pharmaceuticals
RCKT
$2.74 B🇺🇸 USA
97Axsome Therapeutics
AXSM
$2.65 B🇺🇸 USA
98Natco Pharma
NATCOPHARM.NS
$2.63 B🇮🇳 India
99Alembic Pharmaceuticals
APLLTD.NS
$2.59 B🇮🇳 India
100Editas Medicine
EDIT
$2.54 B🇺🇸 USA

World’s Largest Pharmaceutical Exporters and Importers

According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), these countries exported the most number of pharmaceuticals in the year 2019:

RankCountryExport Value (US$B)
1🇩🇪 Germany$91.4
2🇨🇭 Switzerland$84.8
3🇺🇸 U.S.$55.7
4🇧🇪 Belgium$55.7
5🇮🇪 Ireland$55.4

In contrast, here are the biggest importers over the same period.

RankCountryImport Value (US$B)
1🇺🇸 U.S.$132.4
2🇩🇪 Germany$59.4
3🇧🇪 Belgium$47.3
4🇨🇳 China$35.7
5🇳🇱 Netherlands$33.5

This position is hardly surprising for the U.S., where six of the world’s top 10 pharmaceutical companies are headquartered. The country also captures 45% of the global market.

The Future of Pharmaceutical Companies

If the response to the COVID-19 pandemic has taught us anything, it is that in building a patient-centered future, the pharmaceutical industry plays a key role. It has to constantly find new ways to customize medicines while researching and developing new tools and drugs.

By embracing disruptive technologies like 3D printed drugs, artificial intelligence guided therapies, and preventive medicine while working with regulatory agencies, the pharmaceutical companies will benefit from having a digital revolution.

Furthermore, emerging markets will have a more significant say in the global pharmaceutical market in the coming years. Even though ‘big pharma’ will keep raking in the massive profits they do every year, their reliance on countries like Brazil and India for research and drug production will significantly impact the years to come.

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Economy

When Will Your Country Recover from the Pandemic?

The path to COVID-19 recovery varies worldwide—some countries have already recovered, while others will not be back to normal for years.

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covid-19 recovery

What started as a novel virus in China quickly became a sweeping disease that shut down the world and put a 1.5 year halt on the global economy.

But while some countries’ economies are already back to normal, others are lagging far behind.

COVID-19 Recovery Timelines, by OECD Country

This chart using data from the OECD anticipates when countries will economically recover from the global pandemic, based on getting back to pre-pandemic levels of GDP per capita.

Note: The categorization of ‘advanced’ or ‘emerging’ economy was determined by OECD standards.

covid-19 recovery time by country

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When do I need a license?
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Interested in this piece?
Click here to license this visualization.

The Leaders of the Pack

At the top, China and the U.S. are recovering at breakneck speed. In fact, recovering is the wrong word for China, as they reached pre-pandemic GDP per capita levels just after Q2’2020.

On the other end, some countries are looking at years—not months—when it comes to their recovery date. Saudi Arabia isn’t expected to recover until after Q1’2024, and Argentina is estimated to have an even slower recovery, occurring only after Q2’2026.

CountryRecoveryEconomy
🇧🇪 BelgiumAfter Q4 2022Advanced
🇸🇪 SwedenAfter Q4 2021Advanced
🇸🇰 SlovakiaAfter Q4 2021Advanced
🇳🇿 New ZealandAfter Q4 2021Advanced
🇩🇪 GermanyAfter Q4 2021Advanced
🇪🇪 EstoniaAfter Q4 2021Advanced
🇩🇰 DenmarkAfter Q4 2021Advanced
🇮🇸 IcelandAfter Q3 2023Advanced
🇸🇮 SloveniaAfter Q3 2022Advanced
🇵🇹 PortugalAfter Q3 2022Advanced
🇫🇷 FranceAfter Q3 2022Advanced
🇦🇹 AustriaAfter Q3 2022Advanced
🇵🇱 PolandAfter Q3 2021Advanced
🇳🇴 NorwayAfter Q3 2021Advanced
🇱🇺 LuxembourgAfter Q3 2021Advanced
🇱🇻 LatviaAfter Q3 2021Advanced
🇯🇵 JapanAfter Q3 2021Advanced
🇫🇮 FinlandAfter Q3 2021Advanced
🇪🇸 SpainAfter Q2 2023Advanced
🇬🇧 United KingdomAfter Q2 2022Advanced
🇳🇱 NetherlandsAfter Q2 2022Advanced
🇮🇹 ItalyAfter Q2 2022Advanced
🇬🇷 GreeceAfter Q2 2022Advanced
🇨🇿 Czech RepublicAfter Q2 2022Advanced
🇨🇦 CanadaAfter Q2 2022Advanced
🇺🇸 United StatesAfter Q2 2021Advanced
🇰🇷 South KoreaAfter Q2 2021Advanced
🇮🇪 IrelandAfter Q2 2021Advanced
🇨🇭 SwitzerlandAfter Q1 2022Advanced
🇮🇱 IsraelAfter Q1 2022Advanced
🇭🇺 HungaryAfter Q1 2022Advanced
🇦🇺 AustraliaAfter Q1 2022Advanced
🇱🇹 LithuaniaAfter Q1 2021Advanced
🇿🇦 South AfricaAfter Q4 2022Emerging
🇮🇩 IndonesiaAfter Q4 2021Emerging
🇮🇳 IndiaAfter Q4 2021Emerging
🇲🇽 MexicoAfter Q3 2023Emerging
🇨🇴 ColombiaAfter Q3 2022Emerging
🇧🇷 BrazilAfter Q3 2022Emerging
🇨🇱 ChileAfter Q3 2021Emerging
🇹🇷 TurkeyAfter Q3 2020Emerging
🇦🇷 ArgentinaAfter Q2 2026Emerging
🇨🇷 Costa RicaAfter Q2 2023Emerging
🇷🇺 RussiaAfter Q2 2021Emerging
🇨🇳 ChinaAfter Q2 2020Emerging
🇸🇦 Saudi ArabiaAfter Q1 2024Emerging

Most countries will hit pre-pandemic levels of GDP per capita by the end of 2022. The slowest recovering advanced economies—Iceland and Spain—aren’t expected to bounce back until 2023.

Four emerging economies are speeding ahead, and are predicted to get back on their feet by the end of this year or slightly later (if they haven’t already):

  • 🇷🇺 Russia: after Q2’2021
  • 🇨🇱 Chile: after Q3’2021
  • 🇮🇳 India: after Q4’2021
  • 🇮🇩 Indonesia: after Q4’2021

However, no recovery is guaranteed, and many countries will continue face setbacks as waves of COVID-19 variants hit—India, for example, was battling its biggest wave as recently as May 2021.

Trailing Behind

Why are some countries recovering faster than others? One factor seems to be vaccination rates.

CountryDoses Administered per 100 PeopleTotal Doses AdministeredPercent of Population Fully Vaccinated
World473,573,004,544
🇦🇪 U.A.E.16616,194,52669%
🇲🇹 Malta143718,41871%
🇧🇭 Bahrain1362,224,91663%
🇮🇸 Iceland129466,43470%
🇺🇾 Uruguay1294,458,39458%
🇨🇱 Chile12824,248,54560%
🇦🇼 Aruba125133,42159%
🇶🇦 Qatar1233,474,94456%
🇬🇧 United Kingdom12281,438,89253%
Mongolia1213,912,99656%
Israel12110,959,63358%
Canada11844,293,65948%
Singapore1136,440,73542%
Belgium11112,700,51346%
Curaçao108170,85751%
Denmark1086,266,89243%
Maldives106561,74846%
Netherlands10518,273,23843%
Spain10549,585,19749%
Hungary10410,155,46654%
Portugal10310,579,25944%
Luxembourg102633,97441%
Germany10284,989,85045%
China1021,426,347,000
United States101336,054,95348%
Ireland1014,995,71944%
Austria1008,866,47444%
Italy9959,966,90841%
Switzerland958,133,48642%
France9362,321,35540%
Sweden939,536,16436%
Finland904,951,92526%
Norway894,785,93731%
Greece899,560,59242%
Lithuania882,459,60542%
Czech Republic889,346,39738%
Poland8532,413,19942%
Dominican Rep.849,066,15134%
Estonia791,049,41634%
Serbia785,415,43438%
Slovenia781,626,07236%
Cyprus76916,81935%
Turkey7461,747,39923%
Slovakia734,003,63933%
Mauritius71901,53024%
Croatia712,870,86632%
Macau69434,72627%
Cuba697,767,60117%
Latvia661,264,43333%
Bhutan64487,0600.02%
Saudi Arabia6321,556,3149.2%
Hong Kong624,638,90826%
Barbados59168,95525%
Argentina5826,134,81511%
Brazil57120,726,75216%
Kuwait562,375,45522%
Morocco5620,584,81226%
Cambodia56924292524%
El Salvador533,422,21420%
Japan5366,714,52820%
Costa Rica522,606,79116%
French Polynesia51141,52324%
Montenegro49304,65523%
Fiji47419,9988%
Romania479,092,14124%
Guyana46363,44216%
Colombia4522,624,56819%
Jordan454,498,74818%
Azerbaijan424,242,72717%
Panama421,781,54215%
Mexico4152,704,96017%
Malaysia4113,107,68113%
South Korea4121,157,61212%
New Caledonia40115,21819%
Ecuador406,890,87610%
Kazakhstan397,303,18014%
Suriname38222,3778%
Australia389,631,80710%
Belize38147,08010%
Albania371,052,10816%
Russia3550,383,63814%
Oman351,728,6186%
North Macedonia34713,11413%
Samoa3262,1614.7%
Moldova31834,52713%
Grenada3135,07213%
Peru319,954,42912%
Saint Lucia3054,36113%
Sri Lanka296,431,1007.3%
India29391,340,4916%
New Zealand291,404,34311%
Brunei28121,2414.3%
Tonga2728,667
Bulgaria271,896,57412%
Bolivia273,117,5217%
Trinidad and Tobago27375,92411%
Bahamas2597,99210%
Lebanon251,693,1649%
Laos241,708,9819%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines2325,509
Cape Verde23124,9583%
Timor-Leste22281,2833%
Indonesia2155,819,7816%
Equatorial Guinea21279,1129%
West Bank & Gaza20958,5199%
Thailand1913,533,7175%
Taiwan194,603,6391%
Tunisia192,206,9806%
São Tomé and Príncipe1837,7165%
Bosnia and Herzegovina14470,2185%
Venezuela144,000,0004%
Nepal133,730,3444%
Philippines1314,074,5144%
Botswana12284,6765%
Honduras121,172,8301%
Paraguay12826,6422%
Belarus
Zimbabwe111,575,5394%
Comoros1190,880
Uzbekistan113,541,4424%
Pakistan102,166,06502%
Jamaica9.8290,3824%
Armenia8.8260,8132%
Ukraine8.83,899,8903%
Iran7.96,530,1243%
Georgia7.8289,3993%
South Africa7.74,535,2223%
Guatemala6.91,146,4771%
Namibia6.7166,6161%
Myanmar6.5*3,500,000
Libya6.3425,119
Bangladesh6.210,108,2243%
Guinea6770,6882%
Algeria
Eswatini5.260,0692%
Rwanda5.1646,9092%
Senegal5.1823,6102%
Angola4.91,558,2012%
Egypt4.84,851,3491%
Vanuatu4.714,026
Vietnam4.34,185,6230.3%
Togo
Tajikistan4.3397,6940.2%
Ghana4.21,265,3061%
Mauritania4182,6420.3%
Solomon Islands3.825,6281%
Ivory Coast3.3861,278
Gabon3.372,3511%
Republic of the Congo3163,742
Kenya2.91,550,3891%
Sierra Leone2.9225,3800.2%
Iraq2.81,087,8661%
Djibouti2.826,796
Afghanistan2.71,024,1681%
Kyrgyzstan2.7173,7001.%
Lesotho2.756,3221%
Nicaragua
Uganda2.41,079,943
Malawi2.3428,4070.2%
Nigeria23,938,9451%
Liberia1.995,4230.2%
Ethiopia1.92,090,997
Gambia1.943,5571%
Niger1.8423,3350.3%
Mozambique1.7508,1841%
Central African Republic1.778,685
Somalia1.6249,7901%
Sudan1.6677,9570.3%
Zambia1.4243,8180.3%
Guinea-Bissau1.325,0120.1%
Yemen1297,405<0.1%
Mali1196,8620.3%
Syria0.8131,2210.1%
Madagascar0.7197,001
Turkmenistan
Cameroon0.6163,9210.1%
Papua New Guinea0.651,170<0.1%
South Sudan0.555,915<0.1%
Benin0.452,5630.1%
Burkina Faso0.233,960<0.1%
Chad0.224,459<0.1%
Congo0.173,764<0.1%

As of July 16th, 2021.

The higher the rate of vaccination, the harder it is for COVID-19 to spread. This gives countries a chance to loosen restrictions, let people get back to work and regular life, and fuel the economy. Additionally, the quicker vaccines are rolled out, the less time there is for variants to mutate.

Another factor is the overall strength of a country’s healthcare infrastructure. More advanced economies often have more ICU capacity, more efficient dissemination of public health information, and, simply, more hospital staff. These traits help better handle the pandemic, with reduced cases, less restrictions, and a speedy recovery.

Finally, the level of government support and fiscal stimulus injected into different economies has determined how swiftly they’ve recovered. Similar to the disparity in vaccine rollouts, there was a significant fiscal stimulus gap, especially during the heat of the pandemic.

Recovering to Normal?

Many experts and government leaders are now advocating for funneling more money into healthcare infrastructure and disease research preventatively. The increased funding now would help stop worldwide shut downs and needless loss of life in future.

Time will tell when we return to “normal” everywhere, however, normal will likely never be the same. Many impacts of the global pandemic will stay with us over the long term.

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