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Visualizing The Lifespan of Every U.S. President

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Visualizing The Lifespan of Every U.S. President

Visualizing The Lifespan of Every U.S. President

During any presidential election, it’s common for the electorate to look at the age of a politician, as well as their specific leadership experience, in order to gauge an appropriate fit.

Interestingly, of the 44 presidents sworn to office since 1789, there is quite a range in the starting points of presidencies, going from 42 years (Teddy Roosevelt) to 70 years (Donald Trump).

The average age for inauguration, however, is at the center of this bell curve at 55 years old:

Average age of taking office

Today’s data visualization, which comes from Reddit, shows a timeline of the life of each president, highlighting when they were inaugurated, when they left office, and when they eventually passed away (or their current age, if still alive).

The Oldest Presidents

At an age of 70 years old, Donald Trump edges out Ronald Reagan (69 years) as the oldest person to be inaugurated as president in the country’s history. However, because Reagan served two terms, it is possible that Trump will not be able to beat Reagan as the oldest U.S. president at the time of leaving office.

Reagan was 77 years, 349 days when he finished his second term.

Reagan lived for the third-longest of all presidents, but was beat out by Gerald Ford, who lived to the age of 93 years and 165 days. Very recently, George H.W. Bush recently became the oldest person to have previously served as president – he turns 94 in June 2018.

Unexpected Ends

As you can see in the visualization, there were eight presidents to die while in office.

Lincoln, Garfield, Mckinley, and JFK were assassinated – all by gunshot. Meanwhile, Harrison, Taylor, Harding, and FDR died of natural causes in office.

The Youngest Presidents

The youngest president was Teddy Roosevelt at age 42.

Even though Barack Obama was viewed as young when he started his first term at age 47 – he was actually edged out by JFK (43 years), Bill Clinton (46 years), and Ulysses S. Grant (46 years) as well.

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Economy

The Bloc Effect: International Trade with Geopolitical Allies on the Rise

Rising geopolitical tensions are shaping the future of international trade, but what is the effect on trading among G7 and BRICS countries?

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Map showing the change in the share of a country’s exports going to their own trading blocs from 2018 to 2023.

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The following content is sponsored by The Hinrich Foundation

The Bloc Effect: International Trade with Allies on the Rise

International trade has become increasingly fragmented over the last five years as countries have shifted to trading more with their geopolitical allies.

This graphic from The Hinrich Foundation, the first in a three-part series covering the future of trade, provides visual context to the growing divide in trade in G7 and pre-expansion BRICS countries, which are used as proxies for geopolitical blocs.  

Trade Shifts in G7 and BRICS Countries

This analysis uses IMF data to examine differences in shares of exports within and between trading blocs from 2018 to 2023. For example, we looked at the percentage of China’s exports with other BRICS members as well as with G7 members to see how these proportions shifted in percentage points (pp) over time.

Countries traded nearly $270 billion more with allies in 2023 compared to 2018. This shift came at the expense of trade with rival blocs, which saw a decline of $314 billion.

CountryChange in Exports Within Bloc (pp)Change in Exports With Other Bloc (pp)
🇮🇳 India0.03.9
🇷🇺 Russia0.7-3.8
🇮🇹 Italy0.8-0.7
🇨🇦 Canada0.9-0.7
🇫🇷 France1.0-1.1
🇪🇺 EU1.1-1.5
🇩🇪 Germany1.4-2.1
🇿🇦 South Africa1.51.5
🇺🇸 U.S.1.6-0.4
🇯🇵 Japan2.0-1.7
🇨🇳 China2.1-5.2
🇧🇷 Brazil3.7-3.3
🇬🇧 UK10.20.5

All shifts reported are in percentage points. For example, the EU saw its share of exports to G7 countries rise from 74.3% in 2018 to 75.4% in 2023, which equates to a 1.1 percentage point increase. 

The UK saw the largest uptick in trading with other countries within the G7 (+10.2 percentage points), namely the EU, as the post-Brexit trade slump to the region recovered. 

Meanwhile, the U.S.-China trade dispute caused China’s share of exports to the G7 to fall by 5.2 percentage points from 2018 to 2023, the largest decline in our sample set. In fact, partly as a result of the conflict, the U.S. has by far the highest number of harmful tariffs in place. 

The Russia-Ukraine War and ensuing sanctions by the West contributed to Russia’s share of exports to the G7 falling by 3.8 percentage points over the same timeframe.  

India, South Africa, and the UK bucked the trend and continued to witness advances in exports with the opposing bloc. 

Average Trade Shifts of G7 and BRICS Blocs

Though results varied significantly on a country-by-country basis, the broader trend towards favoring geopolitical allies in international trade is clear.

BlocChange in Exports Within Bloc (pp)Change in Exports With Other Bloc (pp)
Average2.1-1.1
BRICS1.6-1.4
G7 incl. EU2.4-1.0

Overall, BRICS countries saw a larger shift away from exports with the other bloc, while for G7 countries the shift within their own bloc was more pronounced. This implies that though BRICS countries are trading less with the G7, they are relying more on trade partners outside their bloc to make up for the lost G7 share. 

A Global Shift in International Trade and Geopolitical Proximity

The movement towards strengthening trade relations based on geopolitical proximity is a global trend. 

The United Nations categorizes countries along a scale of geopolitical proximity based on UN voting records.

According to the organization’s analysis, international trade between geopolitically close countries rose from the first quarter of 2022 (when Russia first invaded Ukraine) to the third quarter of 2023 by over 6%. Conversely, trade with geopolitically distant countries declined.  

The second piece in this series will explore China’s gradual move away from using the U.S. dollar in trade settlements.

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Visit the Hinrich Foundation to learn more about the future of geopolitical trade

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