The Richest Women in America in One Graphic
The majority of the world’s billionaires hail from the United States.
But of the 724 American billionaires whose net worths are tracked daily by Forbes, only 86 are women. That’s just 12% of the country’s billionaires.
This visualization examines the select few who have made the cut into this prestigious list, using data compiled from Forbes’ real-time billionaires list.
Note: All data is as of November 1, 2021 unless otherwise stated.
Top 10 Richest Women in America
Since 2020, MacKenzie Scott has donated over $8.5 billion and counting of her wealth. Yet, she still remains one of the richest women in the world. This is largely due to the Amazon shares that she received in her divorce settlement.
Amazon’s stock performance soared amid the pandemic, which resulted in the initial value of her shares ($38.3 billion) nearly doubling.
|Top 10 overall||Name||Net Worth||Age||Source of wealth|
|#1||Alice Walton||$68.1 B||72||Walmart|
|#2||MacKenzie Scott||$56.1 B||51||Amazon|
|#3||Julia Koch & family||$52.2 B||59||Koch Industries|
|#4||Jacqueline Mars||$31.5 B||82||Candy, pet food|
|#5||Miriam Adelson||$29.2 B||76||Casinos|
|#6||Abigail Johnson||$26.2 B||59||Money management|
|#7||Laurene Powell Jobs & family||$16.7 B||57||Apple, Disney|
|#8||Diane Hendricks||$11.7 B||74||Roofing|
|#9||Ann Walton Kroenke||$9.3 B||72||Walmart|
|#10||Blair Parry-Okeden||$8.8 B||71||Media, automotive|
Miriam Adelson inherited her late husband’s 57% stake (worth ~$19 billion) in Las Vegas Sands, making her one of the richest newcomers to the Forbes list. The casinos have locations across Las Vegas, Singapore, and Macao.
Several of the women in this top 10 list also share membership with some of the richest families in America—from the Walmart Waltons, to the Johnsons at the helm of Fidelity Investments and Fidelity International.
The Oldest Richest Women in America
The oldest female billionaire in the world, Alice Schwartz, is 95 years old. She co-founded Bio-Rad Laboratories with her husband, which operates in the life sciences research and clinical diagnostics markets. They started the company in 1952 with only $720 in the bank.
|Oldest||Name||Net Worth||Age||Source of wealth|
|#1||Alice Schwartz||$3.0 B||95||Biotech|
|#2||Wilma Tisch||$1.4 B||94||Diversified|
|#3||Doris Fisher||$2.8 B||90||Gap|
|#4||Johnelle Hunt||$4.7 B||89||Trucking|
|#5||Marian Ilitch||$4.4 B||88||Little Caesars|
|#6||Pauline MacMillan Keinath||$8.5 B||87||Cargill|
|#7||Margot Birmingham Perot||$4.2 B||87||Computer services, real estate|
|#8||Martha Ingram & family||$3.9 B||86||Book distribution, transportation|
|#9||Janice McNair||$4.2 B||85||Energy, sports|
|#10||Norma Lerner||$1.1 B||85||Banking|
After her husband’s passing in 2018, Janice McNair (aged 85) took over his 80% stake in the NFL team Houston Texans, which ranks highly as one of the world’s most valuable sports teams. This also subsequently catapulted her position as being among the wealthiest sports owners in the country.
The Youngest Richest Women in America
In the online dating era, Whitney Wolfe Herd has made a name for herself. The female-first dating app she co-founded, Bumble, grew into a formidable competitor for her former employer, Match Group (which owns Tinder and OkCupid, among others).
At age 31, Wolfe Herd became the youngest self-made female CEO in the country after Bumble’s $2.2 billion IPO in February 2021.
|Youngest||Name||Net Worth||Age||Source of wealth|
|#1||Whitney Wolfe Herd||$1.2 B||32||Dating app|
|#2||Rihanna||$1.7 B||33||Cosmetics, music|
|#3||Neha Narkhede||$1.4 B||37||Software|
|#4||Lynsi Snyder||$4.2 B||39||In-N-Out Burger|
|#5||Kim Kardashian West||$1.2 B||41||Cosmetics, reality TV|
|#6||Jane Lauder||$6.7 B||48||Estée Lauder|
|#7||Amy Wyss||$2.0 B||50||Medical equipment|
|#8||Sara Blakely||$1.2 B||50||Spanx|
|#9||MacKenzie Scott||$56.1 B||51||Amazon|
|#10||Aerin Lauder||$4.2 B||51||Cosmetics|
Wearing many hats from influencer to entrepreneur, socialite Kim Kardashian West’s cosmetics and fashion companies (KKW Beauty and shapewear line Skims) have catapulted her to a newfound billionaire status. She has a set of diverse revenue streams, from reality TV royalties to blue-chip and real estate investments.
Top 20 Self-Made Richest Women in America
The self-made label is an additional fascinating avenue to explore. Forbes defines this category as people who establish a fortune independently, rather than partly or wholly through inheritance.
One of the newest entrants into this mix is Rihanna. She already enjoyed significant success as an entertainer, with her claim to fame being one of the best-selling artists of the 2010s. However, it was her entrepreneurial spirit that put her on the Forbes list in August 2021. Rihanna owns 50% of her cosmetics company, Fenty Beauty. The other half is run by Bernard Arnault, who is among the world’s top billionaires.
Here is the rest of the top 20 self-made richest women in America:
|Self-Made||Name||Net Worth||Age||Source of wealth|
|#1||Diane Hendricks||$11.7 B||74||Roofing|
|#2||Judy Faulkner||$6.5 B||77||Health IT|
|#3||Meg Whitman||$6.3 B||65||eBay|
|#4||Judy Love||$5.2 B||84||Retail and gas stations|
|#5||Marian Ilitch||$4.4 B||88||Little Caesars|
|#6||Johnelle Hunt||$4.1 B||89||Trucking|
|#7||Thai Lee||$4.1 B||62||IT Provider|
|#8||Lynda Resnick||$4.0 B||78||Agriculture|
|#9||Gail Miller||$3.2 B||77||Car dealerships|
|#10||Doris Fisher||$2.8 B||90||Gap|
|#11||Alice Schwartz||$3.0 B||95||Biotech|
|#12||Oprah Winfrey||$2.7 B||67||Media|
|#13||Elaine Wynn||$2.2 B||79||Casinos, hotels|
|#14||Peggy Cherng||$2.0 B||73||Fast food (Panda Express)|
|#15||Sheryl Sandberg||$1.9 B||51|
|#16||Rihanna||$1.7 B||33||Cosmetics, music|
|#17||Jayshree Ullal||$1.7 B||60||Computer networking|
|#18||Safra Catz||$1.6 B||59||Software|
|#19||Jenny Just||$1.5 B||53||Fintech|
|#20||Eren Ozmen||$1.4 B||62||Aerospace|
Source: Forbes, as of Aug 2021 (latest available)
For those paying attention to the rapid rise of the fintech industry, Jenny Just’s entry on this list will come as no surprise. Her firm, Apex Fintech Solutions powers the trading technology behind companies like SoFi and eToro. In fact, she has started or bought 15 businesses in the space in just 24 years.
As the richest women in America continue to make great strides, this list could look very different in coming years.
Mapped: Top Trending Searches of 2021 in Every U.S. State
From presidential elections, to cryptocurrencies and billionaires, here are the trending searches in every U.S. state in 2021.
The Trending Searches in 2021
Google’s data editor Simon Rogers once said, “You’re never as honest as you are with your search engine. You get a sense of what people genuinely care about and genuinely want to know.”
This look at trending searches for every U.S. state is a window into the topics people were truly curious about in 2021. From political tensions to meme stocks, and from Elon Musk to a devastating tornado, we saw a wide range of trending searches throughout the year.
In the above animated video, Reddit user u/V1Analytics pulls together the top trending search terms from Google’s 2021 Year in Search summary (for the period before mid-November 2021) and Google’s Daily Search Trends page (from mid-November to December 20th) to illustrate the daily trends for each state.
It’s fascinating to see what Americans were looking up this year.
Trending Searches Offer a Glimpse of American Psyche
In the year when COVID-19 vaccines became widely available, many Americans turned to the world’s most popular search engine to figure out how to come back to a life of normalcy.
In 2021, the search entries spoke to people’s interest in alternative assets like cryptocurrencies and NFTs, as well as persistent economic insecurity, evidenced by questions about when they would get their stimulus checks.
Entertainers and billionaires trended throughout the year, and so did topics of significant cultural impact at those moments in time.
Here is a look at the trending searches of 2021 and when they were searched most:
|Dogecoin||January, April, May||Cryptocurrency|
|Power Outage||June, July, August||Society|
|Lil Nas X||March||Entertainment|
|Prince Philip||April||Famous Personalities|
|Jake Paul||April, August||Content Creator|
|AMC Stock||May, June, August||Entertainment|
|Hurricane Ida||August||Climate Change|
|Squid Game||October||TV Shows|
Notable Trending Searches in 2021
Here’s a look at a few of the notable searches that trended across the U.S. in 2021:
President Biden and Capitol
Unsurprisingly, the year started with news of the presidential election and the U.S. Capitol riot, as President Biden was set to take office.
In six states, however, the top trending search was still related to the Mega Millions jackpot, even as individuals stormed the Capitol Building.
One of the most sought-after games of the year, Valheim, came on the market in February, 2021. By August, it had garnered over 8 million users. The developing company’s new Hearth and Home patch has skyrocketed the game’s appeal even more.
In March, the U.S. government unveiled their plan to distribute the third stimulus check to Americans.
People started looking for more information about when they would be getting their checks and if there had been any changes in the amount they would receive.
Created in 2013 as a parody of Bitcoin, Dogecoin saw record trading levels in May 2021. This was in part due to Elon Musk supporting the cryptocurrency.
The Dogecoin market capitalization surged to a peak of $88 billion, worth more than three-quarters of the companies in the S&P 500.
After suffering significant losses due to the pandemic-related shuttering of theaters across the country, AMC Entertainment became a fan favorite of Reddit-based retail traders who drove the share price up beyond what most analysts considered reasonable.
AMC’s stock price rose by 95% in a couple of days, reaching a record high of $63 per share. This was the latest phase of the meme stock frenzy.
President Biden decided to completely withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan by September 11th, 2021, ending the longest war the country has ever fought.
As an immediate consequence of the withdrawal, the Taliban militia took over the country and the government. The event, which was broadcast in near real-time, caused widespread panic among the citizens as some attempted to flee the country.
What’s in Store for 2022
It’s going to be everyone’s best guess as to what the trending searches for 2022 will be. Based on the events that dominated the news throughout the year, a few predictions could be made.
Experts predict that we will be moving to an endemic stage of the pandemic, which is bound to profoundly impact how we live in 2022.
New trends, movies, TV shows, and even newer gadgets will surely catch everyone’s attention next year. It will be fascinating to see what’s on the minds of people in the coming 12 months.
Animated Chart: China’s Aging Population (1950-2100)
See why China is facing a demographic crisis in this animated chart.
China’s Aging Population Problem
The one-child policy defined China’s demographic transition for over three decades.
But to combat an aging population and declining birthrates, the government scrapped the policy for a new two-child policy in 2016. Despite this massive change, China still faces a growing demographic crisis.
The above animated population pyramid from James Eagle looks at the distribution of China’s population by age group since 1950, with projections up to the year 2100.
How the One-Child Policy Created a Gender Imbalance
Until 2016, the Chinese government strictly enforced the one-child policy since 1979 with hefty fines for any breach of rules. According to the government, the policy reduced 400 million births over the years.
However, it also led to sex-selective abortions due to a deep-rooted cultural preference for boys. As a result, China’s gender balance tilted, with a sex ratio of 111 males to 100 females in the population aging from 0 to 4 years old in 2020.
Often termed “the missing women of China”, this shortage of women is expected to worsen over time. According to the U.N.’s World Population Prospects, China is projected to have around 244 million fewer women than men in 2050.
Additionally, the country faces another impending consequence of the one-child policy—a rapidly aging population.
Why China’s Population is Aging
In 2020, China’s fertility rate—the number of children a woman is expected to have over her lifetime—stood at 1.3.
Generally, fertility rates drop as economies develop. However, China’s fertility rate is now lower than that of the U.S. (1.64 in 2020) and on par with countries like Japan and Italy, both of which are facing aging populations. Consequently, fewer newborns are entering the population, while many in the workforce approach retirement.
Most Chinese workers retire by age 60. Here’s how China’s retirement-age population is expected to shape up by the year 2100:
|Year||60+ Population||% of Total Population|
In 2021, people aged 60 and over made up nearly one-fifth of the Chinese population. As the country’s population begins declining around 2030, over 30% of all Chinese people are expected to be in this age group.
China’s aging population threatens long-term economic growth as its workforce shrinks and low fertility rates result in fewer newborns that would later enter the working-age population. Fewer working people means lower overall consumption, a higher burden on elderly care, and slowing economic growth.
So, how will China respond to the oncoming crisis?
The Three-child Policy
According to the 2020 national census, Chinese mothers gave birth to 12 million children in 2020—the lowest number of births since 1949.
In response to these results, the government passed a new law allowing each couple to have up to three children. Despite the change, the high cost of raising a child may deter couples from having a third child.
It remains to be seen how the three-child policy helps combat China’s demographic crisis and which other policies the government chooses to deploy.
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