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Visualizing the Top Trading Partners of MENA Countries

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See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

In this graphic, we visualize the top trading partners of the MENA countries using data from the International Monetary Fund.

Visualizing the Top Trading Partners of MENA Countries

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Due to its strategic location, vast energy reserves, strong economies, and complex political dynamics, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region plays a critical role in global markets.

In this graphic, we visualize the top trading partners of the MENA countries based on data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), as of October 2023.

China: The Top Import Partner of MENA

China dominates as the top import supplier to MENA countries. The Asian country sent over $171 billion in goods to the region in 2022.

CountryTop Import PartnerImports (Million USD)
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AlgeriaChina$6,994
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏ DjiboutiUAE$325
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ EgyptChina$11,461
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ LibyaTรผrkiye $2,842
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท MauritaniaSpain$952
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ MoroccoSpain$10,265
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด SomaliaChina$1,111
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ SudanChina$3,419
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ TunisiaItaly$3,891
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ BahrainChina$2,246
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท IranChina$6,543
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IraqChina$14,889
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด JordanChina$4,165
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ KuwaitChina$8,122
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง LebanonChina$2,689
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ OmanUAE$10,944
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ PalestineIsrael$4,380
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ QatarChina$5,439
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi ArabiaChina$39,083
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ SyriaChina$843
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช United Arab Emirates (UAE)China$68,125
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YemenUAE$1,151

Top MENA Export Partners

CountryTop Export PartnerExports (Million USD)
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AlgeriaItaly$17,879
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏ DjiboutiEthiopia$480
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ EgyptTรผrkiye$3,803
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ LibyaItaly$10,468
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท MauritaniaChina$1,695
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ MoroccoFrance$8,463
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด SomaliaUAE$172
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ SudanUAE$592
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ TunisiaFrance$4,130
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ BahrainSaudi Arabia$3,934
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท IranChina$6,007
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IraqChina$37,058
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด JordanUnited States$2,373
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ KuwaitUAE$1,175
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง LebanonUAE$909
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ OmanUAE$3,128
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ PalestineIsrael$1,292
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ QatarChina$20,782
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi ArabiaChina$66,183
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ SyriaSaudi Arabia$828
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช United Arab Emirates (UAE)India$50,757
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YemenTรผrkiye 43.54

India is another crucial trading partner in the region, importing goods worth over $50 billion from the United Arab Emirates, with over 40% of these imports comprising petroleum products.

Italy, the leading exporter to Tunisia, is another key player leading trade with Middle East and North Africa countries. In 2022, the country purchased over $28 billion from Algeria and Libya, primarily petroleum.

Trade in the region is expected to increase, with some countries recently deciding to join the BRICS. The addition of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iran, and the UAE to the bloc represents over one trillion dollars in exports.

Outlook for MENA Countries

According to the IMF, growth in many economies in the Middle East is slowing due to tighter policies, oil production cuts, geopolitical tensions, and other domestic challenges.

The organization recently lowered the real GDP growth forecast for the region to 2.0% for 2023, compared to the 3.3% projected in April 2023.

The IMF forecasts, however, that annual growth will accelerate to 3.4% in 2024 as some of these factors fade.

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