Connect with us

Ranking the Credit Ratings of Major Economies



The following content is sponsored by The Hinrich Foundation

Ranking the Credit Ratings of Major Economies

Country credit ratings assess the likelihood that a country will default on its debts, and are determined by international rating agencies like Standard & Poor’s (S&P), Moody’s, and Fitch Ratings.

Generally speaking, a higher rating results in lower borrowing costs for the country, while lower ratings can increase costs or even limit access to capital. 

This graphic from The Hinrich Foundation shows the credit worthiness of 28 major economies, using an index of ratings from the three agencies mentioned above (S&P, Moody’s, Fitch).

The analysis comes from the 2023 Sustainable Trade Index (STI), which the Hinrich Foundation produced in collaboration with the IMD World Competitiveness Center.

Data Overview

To produce the STI’s credit rating metric, ratings from S&P, Moody’s, and Fitch were converted to a numerical score and averaged for each economy, with a range of 0-60 (60 being the highest). All data are as of 2022.

RankEconomyIndex Value
1🇦🇺 Australia60
1🇸🇬 Singapore60
3🇨🇦 Canada59
3🇺🇸 United States59
5🇳🇿 New Zealand57
6🇹🇼 Taiwan54
7🇭🇰 Hong Kong53
7🇰🇷 South Korea53
9🇬🇧 United Kingdom52
10🇨🇳 China48
11🇯🇵 Japan47
12🇨🇱 Chile45
13🇲🇾 Malaysia41
14🇵🇪 Peru39
14🇹🇭 Thailand39
16🇵🇭 Philippines37
17🇮🇩 Indonesia36
17🇲🇽 Mexico36
19🇮🇳 India33
20🇻🇳 Vietnam26
21🇧🇩 Bangladesh24
22🇰🇭 Cambodia18
23🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea17
24🇪🇨 Ecuador12
25🇵🇰 Pakistan8
26🇱🇦 Laos6
27🇱🇰 Sri Lanka4
28🇷🇺 Russia1

Countries with advanced economies and stable political structures typically receive the highest credit ratings, but this is always subject to change. For example, in August 2023, Fitch Ratings announced it had downgraded the U.S. to an AA+ from AAA (the highest possible).

From Fitch’s press release:

The rating downgrade of the U.S. reflects the expected fiscal deterioration over the next three years, a high and growing general government debt burden, and the erosion of governance relative to ‘AA’ and ‘AAA’ rated peers over the last two decades that has manifested in repeated debt limit standoffs and last-minute resolutions.

Speaking of downgrades, one country that has received numerous in recent years is Russia, due to sanctions it faces as a result of the prolonged invasion of Ukraine. For example, S&P reduced Russia’s sovereign credit rating to a CCC-, which implies a default is imminent in the near future.

Explore the Sustainable Trade Index

This infographic was just a preview of what the Sustainable Trade Index has to offer. To learn more, visit The Hinrich Foundation, where you can download additional resources including the entire report for free.

Click for Comments

You may also like