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Visualizing All of China’s Trade Partners

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China's trade partners by import and export destinations.

Visualizing All of China’s Trade Partners

China stands as a formidable player in the global trade arena, wielding its influence as the world’s largest goods exporter.

With a complex network of trade partnerships spanning more than 200 countries, regions, and territories, the world’s second-largest economy has significant economic relationships with both allies and adversaries.

By using 2022 trade data from China’s General Administration of Customs, this visualization from Truman Du breaks down the nation’s top trading partners through imports and exports by destination.

China’s Imports and Exports by Country in 2022

Over the course of 2022, China saw exports totaling $3.57 trillion and imports totaling $2.71 trillion, giving it a massive trade surplus of $857 billion.

ℹ️ Note: For products manufactured in two or more countries, China records the place where the last substantial working or processing occurred as the place of origin, including China itself.
CountryImports (2022 USD)Exports (2022 USD)Balance (2022 USD)
🇺🇸 United States$177.7B$578.8B+$401.1B
🇭🇰 Hong Kong$7.8B$295.2B+$287.4B
🇳🇱 Netherlands$12.5B$117.4B+$104.9B
🇮🇳 India$17.5B$117.7B+$100.3B
🇲🇽 Mexico$17.4B$77.3B+$59.8B
🇬🇧 United Kingdom$21.8B$81.0B+$59.2B
🇻🇳 Vietnam$88.0B$144.4B+$56.4B
🇸🇬 Singapore$33.9B$80.0B+$46.1B
🇵🇭 Philippines$23.0B$63.9B+$40.9B
🇵🇱 Poland$5.1B$38.0B+$32.9B
🇪🇸 Spain$9.8B$41.6B+$31.9B
🇹🇷 Türkiye$4.5B$33.9B+$29.4B
🇧🇪 Belgium$8.7B$35.5B+$26.7B
🇧🇩 Bangladesh$1.0B$26.7B+$25.7B
🇮🇹 Italy$27.0B$50.5B+$23.6B
🇹🇭 Thailand$56.5B$77.7B+$21.1B
🇳🇬 Nigeria$1.6B$22.1B+$20.5B
🇵🇰 Pakistan$3.4B$22.9B+$19.5B
🇪🇬 Egypt$1.0B$17.1B+$16.0B
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan$0.1B$15.3B+$15.3B
🇨🇿 Czechia$5.4B$18.2B+$12.8B
🇰🇭 Cambodia$1.8B$14.0B+$12.2B
🇬🇷 Greece$0.8B$12.9B+$12.1B
🇵🇦 Panama$1.2B$12.6B+$11.4B
🇨🇦 Canada$42.3B$53.4B+$11.1B
🇫🇷 France$35.6B$45.5B+$9.9B
🇨🇴 Colombia$7.0B$15.5B+$8.5B
🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates$45.4B$53.5B+$8.1B
🇰🇪 Kenya$0.3B$8.2B+$7.9B
🇱🇷 Liberia$0.0B$7.5B+$7.5B
🇮🇱 Israel$9.0B$16.4B+$7.4B
🇹🇿 Tanzania$0.5B$7.7B+$7.1B
🇸🇮 Slovenia$0.6B$6.8B+$6.3B
🇬🇭 Ghana$2.3B$7.8B+$5.5B
🇭🇺 Hungary$5.0B$10.5B+$5.4B
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan$2.3B$7.4B+$5.1B
🇩🇿 Algeria$1.1B$6.2B+$5.1B
🇯🇴 Jordan$0.7B$5.7B+$4.9B
🇲🇦 Morocco$0.9B$5.7B+$4.8B
🇩🇪 Germany$111.4B$115.9B+$4.5B
🇩🇰 Denmark$5.7B$10.2B+$4.4B
🇷🇴 Romania$3.1B$7.4B+$4.3B
🇦🇷 Argentina$8.6B$12.7B+$4.1B
🇲🇴 Macao$0.1B$4.2B+$4.1B
🇬🇹 Guatemala$0.6B$4.3B+$3.8B
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic$0.5B$4.3B+$3.7B
🇸🇳 Senegal$0.3B$4.0B+$3.7B
🇲🇭 Marshall Islands$0.0B$3.5B+$3.5B
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka$0.5B$3.7B+$3.2B
🇩🇯 Djibouti$0.1B$3.2B+$3.1B
🇮🇷 Iran$6.4B$9.4B+$3.0B
🇹🇬 Togo$0.2B$3.1B+$2.9B
🇵🇹 Portugal$3.0B$6.0B+$2.9B
🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire$1.0B$3.5B+$2.5B
🇨🇲 Cameroon$0.7B$3.1B+$2.5B
🇱🇧 Lebanon$0.1B$2.5B+$2.4B
🇸🇪 Sweden$9.1B$11.4B+$2.2B
🇻🇪 Venezuela$0.8B$3.0B+$2.1B
🇾🇪 Yemen$0.6B$2.8B+$2.1B
🇭🇷 Croatia$0.2B$2.3B+$2.1B
🇲🇿 Mozambique$1.3B$3.2B+$1.9B
🇲🇲 Myanmar$11.5B$13.4B+$1.9B
🇹🇯 Tajikistan$0.4B$2.2B+$1.8B
🇵🇾 Paraguay$0.1B$1.9B+$1.8B
🇪🇹 Ethiopia$0.5B$2.2B+$1.8B
🇱🇹 Lithuania$0.1B$1.8B+$1.7B
🇳🇵 Nepal$0.0B$1.6B+$1.6B
🇹🇳 Tunisia$0.3B$1.9B+$1.6B
🇧🇬 Bulgaria$1.3B$2.8B+$1.6B
🇭🇳 Honduras$0.0B$1.6B+$1.5B
🇧🇭 Bahrain$0.3B$1.8B+$1.5B
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan$14.8B$16.3B+$1.5B
🇧🇾 Belarus$1.8B$3.2B+$1.4B
🇧🇯 Benin$0.3B$1.7B+$1.4B
🇸🇻 El Salvador$0.2B$1.7B+$1.4B
🇲🇹 Malta$0.6B$2.0B+$1.4B
🇸🇩 Sudan$0.9B$2.0B+$1.1B
🇨🇾 Cyprus$0.0B$1.2B+$1.1B
🇬🇪 Georgia$0.1B$1.2B+$1.1B
🇸🇴 Somalia$0.0B$1.0B+$1.0B
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan$0.1B$1.1B+$1.0B
🇯🇲 Jamaica$0.0B$1.0B+$1.0B
🇺🇬 Uganda$0.1B$1.1B+$1.0B
🇲🇺 Mauritius$0.0B$1.0B+$0.9B
🇷🇸 Serbia$1.4B$2.2B+$0.8B
🇲🇬 Madagascar$0.6B$1.4B+$0.8B
🇰🇵 Korea, DPR$0.1B$0.8B+$0.7B
🇳🇮 Nicaragua$0.0B$0.7B+$0.7B
🇪🇪 Estonia$0.3B$0.9B+$0.7B
🇱🇻 Latvia$0.4B$1.0B+$0.6B
🇭🇹 Haiti$0.0B$0.6B+$0.6B
🇦🇱 Albania$0.2B$0.7B+$0.5B
🇦🇫 Afghanistan$0.0B$0.6B+$0.5B
🇲🇱 Mali$0.1B$0.6B+$0.5B
🇫🇯 Fiji$0.0B$0.5B+$0.5B
🇲🇻 Maldives$0.0B$0.4B+$0.4B
🇸🇾 Syria$0.0B$0.4B+$0.4B
🇬🇲 Gambia$0.0B$0.4B+$0.4B
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso$0.1B$0.5B+$0.4B
🇧🇸 Bahamas$0.0B$0.4B+$0.4B
🇳🇪 Niger$0.3B$0.7B+$0.4B
🇨🇷 Costa Rica$2.0B$2.4B+$0.4B
🇷🇼 Rwanda$0.1B$0.4B+$0.3B
🇧🇿 Belize$0.0B$0.3B+$0.3B
🇸🇷 Suriname$0.0B$0.3B+$0.3B
🇲🇼 Malawi$0.0B$0.3B+$0.3B
🇷🇪 Réunion$0.0B$0.2B+$0.2B
🇱🇺 Luxembourg$0.3B$0.5B+$0.2B
🇧🇴 Bolivia$0.9B$1.1B+$0.2B
🇲🇪 Montenegro$0.0B$0.2B+$0.2B
🇧🇹 Bhutan$0.0B$0.2B+$0.2B
🇵🇸 Palestine$0.0B$0.2B+$0.2B
🇵🇫 French Polynesia$0.0B$0.2B+$0.1B
🇹🇱 Timor-Leste$0.1B$0.3B+$0.1B
🇧🇧 Barbados$0.0B$0.2B+$0.1B
🇲🇩 Moldova$0.1B$0.2B+$0.1B
🇼🇸 Samoa$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇮🇸 Iceland$0.2B$0.3B+$0.1B
🇻🇬 British Virgin Islands$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇧🇮 Burundi$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🌏 Other Oceanian Territories$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇸🇨 Seychelles$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇨🇻 Cabo Verde$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇻🇺 Vanuatu$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇧🇲 Bermuda$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇸🇿 Eswatini$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇬🇵 Guadeloupe$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇰🇲 Comoros$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇦🇼 Aruba$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇧🇦 Bosnia and Herzegovina$0.1B$0.2B+$0.1B
🇨🇼 Curaçao$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇾🇹 Mayotte$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇹🇴 Tonga$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇲🇰 North Macedonia$0.2B$0.2B+$0.1B
🇰🇾 Cayman Islands$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🌎 Other Latin American Territories$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇵🇼 Palau$0.0B$0.1B+$0.1B
🇲🇶 Martinique$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇰🇮 Kiribati$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇬🇫 French Guiana$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇱🇸 Lesotho$0.0B$0.1B+$0.0B
🇱🇨 Saint Lucia$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇩🇲 Dominica$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇹🇻 Tuvalu$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇫🇲 Federated States of Micronesia$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇨🇫 Central African Republic$0.0B$0.1B+$0.0B
🇧🇶 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇬🇩 Grenada$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇦🇩 Andorra$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇻🇨 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇬🇮 Gibraltar$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇸🇹 Sao Tome and Principe$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🌍 Other European Territories$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇰🇳 Saint Kitts and Nevis$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇳🇷 Nauru$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇨🇰 Cook Islands$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇹🇨 Turks and Caicos Islands$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇲🇫 Saint Martin$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🌏 Other North American Territories$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇸🇲 San Marino$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🌍 Other African Territories$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇮🇨 Canary Islands$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇼🇫 Wallis and Futuna$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇳🇫 Norfolk Island$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇪🇭 Western Sahara$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🌏 Other Asian Territories$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇲🇸 Montserrat$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇪🇺 Ceuta$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇻🇦 Holy See$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇪🇺 Melilla$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇵🇲 Saint Pierre and Miquelon$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇧🇶 Bonaire$0.0B$0.0B+$0.0B
🇲🇨 Monaco$0.0B$0.0B-$0.0B
🇨🇺 Cuba$0.5B$0.4B-$0.0B
🇳🇦 Namibia$0.6B$0.6B-$0.0B
🇸🇸 South Sudan$0.2B$0.2B-$-0.1B
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands$0.3B$0.2B-$-0.1B
🇫🇴 Faroe Islands$0.1B$0.0B-$-0.1B
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein$0.2B$0.1B-$-0.1B
🇧🇼 Botswana$0.4B$0.2B-$-0.2B
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe$1.3B$1.1B-$-0.2B
🇸🇱 Sierra Leone$0.8B$0.6B-$-0.2B
🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago$0.8B$0.5B-$-0.2B
🇲🇷 Mauritania$1.2B$0.9B-$-0.2B
🇦🇲 Armenia$0.8B$0.5B-$-0.3B
🇪🇷 Eritrea$0.5B$0.1B-$-0.3B
🇵🇷 Puerto Rico$1.3B$1.0B-$-0.3B
🇬🇱 Greenland$0.4B$0.0B-$-0.4B
🇪🇨 Ecuador$6.8B$6.3B-$-0.6B
🇱🇾 Libya$2.9B$2.4B-$-0.6B
🇫🇮 Finland$5.3B$4.5B-$-0.7B
🇬🇾 Guyana$1.3B$0.6B-$-0.7B
🇹🇩 Chad$1.1B$0.3B-$-0.8B
🇺🇦 Ukraine$4.3B$3.3B-$-1.1B
🇱🇦 Laos$3.4B$2.3B-$-1.1B
🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea$1.5B$0.2B-$-1.3B
🌏 Unknown Countries (Territories)$1.4B$0.0B-$-1.4B
🇧🇳 Brunei$2.2B$0.8B-$-1.4B
🇺🇾 Uruguay$4.5B$3.0B-$-1.5B
🇳🇨 New Caledonia$1.9B$0.2B-$-1.7B
🇬🇳 Guinea$4.5B$2.3B-$-2.3B
🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea$3.8B$1.4B-$-2.4B
🇳🇴 Norway$8.0B$5.2B-$-2.8B
🇦🇹 Austria$8.2B$5.1B-$-3.1B
🇸🇰 Slovakia$7.7B$4.4B-$-3.3B
🇬🇦 Gabon$3.9B$0.6B-$-3.4B
🇨🇬 Congo$5.6B$1.0B-$-4.6B
🇿🇲 Zambia$5.7B$1.0B-$-4.8B
🇲🇳 Mongolia$9.3B$2.9B-$-6.5B
🇳🇿 New Zealand$16.0B$9.1B-$-6.8B
🇮🇩 Indonesia$77.9B$70.9B-$-7.0B
🇿🇦 South Africa$32.4B$24.0B-$-8.4B
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan$10.3B$0.9B-$-9.5B
🇵🇪 Peru$24.1B$13.4B-$-10.7B
🇨🇩 Democratic Republic of Congo$16.6B$5.1B-$-11.5B
🇯🇵 Japan$184.4B$172.5B-$-11.9B
🇮🇪 Ireland$18.1B$5.7B-$-12.4B
🇲🇾 Malaysia$109.9B$92.2B-$-17.7B
🇶🇦 Qatar$22.6B$3.9B-$-18.6B
🇦🇴 Angola$23.2B$4.0B-$-19.2B
🇰🇼 Kuwait$26.5B$4.9B-$-21.6B
🇨🇱 Chile$44.4B$22.4B-$-22.0B
🇮🇶 Iraq$39.4B$13.8B-$-25.6B
🇴🇲 Oman$36.2B$4.2B-$-32.1B
🇰🇷 Republic of Korea$199.1B$161.3B-$-37.8B
🇷🇺 Russia$114.4B$75.6B-$-38.7B
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia$78.1B$37.7B-$-40.4B
🇨🇭 Switzerland$49.7B$7.6B-$-42.1B
🇧🇷 Brazil$109.4B$61.8B-$-47.6B
🇦🇺 Australia$142.1B$78.5B-$-63.6B
🇨🇳 China$121.9BN/A-$-121.9B
🇹🇼 Taiwan$237.2B$81.5B-$-155.8B

China had individual trade surpluses with the overwhelming majority of its trade partners: 174 of the 234 countries and territories listed.

These trade surpluses are especially visible in China’s trade relationships with many of the world’s largest economies, including the U.S. and India, with $401.1 billion and $100.3 billion surpluses respectively.

Meanwhile, a good sum of the country’s trade deficits are with major Asian economies. Its largest deficit is with Taiwan, primarily coming from integrated circuit imports. China also has deficits with Japan (-$11.9 billion) and South Korea (-$37.8 billion), the region’s second and fourth-largest economies respectively, largely due to electronics and machinery imports.

The country’s other trade deficits stem from fulfilling strategic needs. For example, China has deficits with oil-producing countries like Russia and Saudi Arabia. It also has a trade deficit with Australia, a key supplier of raw goods such as iron, gold, lithium, and liquefied petroleum gas.

China’s Evolving Trade Partner Relationships

China’s trade relationships extend far beyond just economic considerations; they reflect historical, geopolitical, and strategic factors as well.

Taiwan’s major role in the semiconductor market, for example, makes it both a valuable trade partner and a contentious rival. China considers Taiwan a part of its territory, while Taiwan operates as a separate, self-governed entity.

Likewise, China’s increasing investments in infrastructure across parts of Asia and Africa are starting to reflect growing trade balances with developing countries set to become major trade partners in the future.

As the Chinese economy evolves (and potentially weakens), its relationships with both allies and potential enemies may only grow more complex.

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Misc

Visualizing the Market Share of U.S. Soft Drinks

Dr Pepper tied Pepsi as America’s No. 2 soda in 2024.

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Line chart showing the change in market share of U.S. carbonated soft drinks between 1995 and 2023.

Visualizing the Market Share of U.S. Soft Drinks

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Soda, with its sweet flavors and refreshing carbonation, is one of the preferred drinks among Americans, especially kids, and is also a significant part of the beverage and food industry.

In fact, the U.S. soft drink market has seen increasing growth and is anticipated to reach $388 billion in annual sales by 2025.

In this graphic, we visualize the change in market share of U.S. carbonated soft drinks between 1995 and 2023, based on sales volume data from Beverage Digest, as tabulated by The Wall Street Journal. Figures are rounded.

Dr. Pepper Ties Pepsi as America’s No. 2 Soda in 2024

Coke has reigned for decades as the best-selling soft drink in the United States.

At 130 years old, Coke also is the most consumed soda in the world, with an estimated 1.9 billion servings across 200 countries. As a result, Coca-Cola is one of the world’s most valuable brands.

While Coke has maintained 17-20% market share since 1995, Pepsi has seen a drop from 15.0% in 1995 to 8.3% in 2023.

Pepsi was surpassed by Diet Coke at the end of the 2000s but regained the second position during the 2010s. In 2024, however, Pepsi saw Dr. Pepper tie it as America’s No. 2 soda.

Market Share of U.S. Soft Drinks1995200020052010201520202023
Coke20.8%20.2%17.6%17.5%18.7%19.5%19.2%
Dr. Pepper5.7%6.3%5.7%6.5%7.2%8.0%8.3%
Pepsi15.0%13.5%11.2%9.8%9.1%8.7%8.3%
Sprite5.1%6.6%5.7%5.8%6.6%7.8%8.1%
Diet Coke8.8%8.6%9.8%10.2%8.6%7.9%7.8%

Sprite and Diet Coke complete the list of best-selling soft drinks in the country, with 8.1% and 7.8% market shares, respectively. Combined, the three Coca-Cola brands (Coke, Diet Coke, Sprite) have 35% of the market.

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