Top Heavy: Countries by Share of the Global Economy
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Top Heavy: Countries by Share of the Global Economy

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countries by share of the global economy in 2022

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Countries by Share of the Global Economy

As 2022 comes to a close we can recap many historic milestones of the year, like the Earth’s population hitting 8 billion and the global economy surpassing $100 trillion.

In this chart, we visualize the world’s GDP using data from the IMF, showcasing the biggest economies and the share of global economic activity that they make up.

ℹ️ Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a broad indicator of the economic activity within a country. It measures the total value of economic output—goods and services—produced within a given time frame by both the private and public sectors.

The GDP Heavyweights

The global economy can be thought of as a pie, with the size of each slice representing the share of global GDP contributed by each country. Currently, the largest slices of the pie are held by the United States, China, Japan, Germany, and India, which together account for more than half of global GDP.

Here’s a look at every country’s share of the world’s $101.6 trillion economy:

RankCountryGDP (Billions, USD)
#1🇺🇸 United States$25,035.2
#2🇨🇳 China$18,321.2
#3🇯🇵 Japan$4,300.6
#4🇩🇪 Germany$4,031.1
#5🇮🇳 India$3,468.6
#6🇬🇧 United Kingdom$3,198.5
#7🇫🇷 France$2,778.1
#8🇨🇦 Canada$2,200.4
#9🇷🇺 Russia$2,133.1
#10🇮🇹 Italy$1,997.0
#11🇮🇷 Iran$1,973.7
#12🇧🇷 Brazil$1,894.7
#13🇰🇷 South Korea$1,734.2
#14🇦🇺 Australia$1,724.8
#15🇲🇽 Mexico$1,424.5
#16🇪🇸 Spain$1,389.9
#17🇮🇩 Indonesia$1,289.4
#18🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia$1,010.6
#19🇳🇱 Netherlands$990.6
#20🇹🇷 Turkey$853.5
#21🇹🇼 Taiwan $828.7
#22🇨🇭 Switzerland$807.4
#23🇵🇱 Poland$716.3
#24🇦🇷 Argentina$630.7
#25🇸🇪 Sweden$603.9
#26🇧🇪 Belgium$589.5
#27🇹🇭 Thailand$534.8
#28🇮🇱 Israel$527.2
#29🇮🇪 Ireland$519.8
#30🇳🇴 Norway$504.7
#31🇳🇬 Nigeria$504.2
#32🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates$503.9
#33🇪🇬 Egypt$469.1
#34🇦🇹 Austria$468.0
#35🇧🇩 Bangladesh$460.8
#36🇲🇾 Malaysia$434.1
#37🇸🇬 Singapore$423.6
#38🇻🇳 Vietnam$413.8
#39🇿🇦 South Africa$411.5
#40🇵🇭 Philippines$401.7
#41🇩🇰 Denmark$386.7
#42🇵🇰 Pakistan$376.5
#43🇭🇰 Hong Kong SAR$368.4
#44🇨🇴 Colombia$342.9
#45🇨🇱 Chile$310.9
#46🇷🇴 Romania$299.9
#47🇨🇿 Czech Republic$295.6
#48🇮🇶 Iraq$282.9
#49🇫🇮 Finland$281.4
#50🇵🇹 Portugal$255.9
#51🇳🇿 New Zealand$242.7
#52🇵🇪 Peru$239.3
#53🇰🇿 Kazakhstan$224.3
#54🇬🇷 Greece$222.0
#55🇶🇦 Qatar$221.4
#56🇩🇿 Algeria$187.2
#57🇭🇺 Hungary$184.7
#58🇰🇼 Kuwait$183.6
#59🇲🇦 Morocco$142.9
#60🇦🇴 Angola$124.8
#61🇵🇷 Puerto Rico$118.7
#62🇪🇨 Ecuador$115.5
#63🇰🇪 Kenya$114.9
#64🇸🇰 Slovakia$112.4
#65🇩🇴 Dominican Republic$112.4
#66🇪🇹 Ethiopia$111.2
#67🇴🇲 Oman$109.0
#68🇬🇹 Guatemala$91.3
#69🇧🇬 Bulgaria$85.0
#70🇱🇺 Luxembourg$82.2
#71🇻🇪 Venezuela$82.1
#72🇧🇾 Belarus$79.7
#73🇺🇿 Uzbekistan$79.1
#74🇹🇿 Tanzania$76.6
#75🇬🇭 Ghana$76.0
#76🇹🇲 Turkmenistan$74.4
#77🇱🇰 Sri Lanka$73.7
#78🇺🇾 Uruguay$71.2
#79🇵🇦 Panama$71.1
#80🇦🇿 Azerbaijan$70.1
#81🇭🇷 Croatia$69.4
#82🇨🇮 Côte d'Ivoire$68.6
#83🇨🇷 Costa Rica$68.5
#84🇱🇹 Lithuania$68.0
#85🇨🇩 Democratic Republic of the Congo$63.9
#86🇷🇸 Serbia$62.7
#87🇸🇮 Slovenia$62.2
#88🇲🇲 Myanmar$59.5
#89🇺🇬 Uganda$48.4
#90🇯🇴 Jordan$48.1
#91🇹🇳 Tunisia$46.3
#92🇨🇲 Cameroon$44.2
#93🇧🇭 Bahrain$43.5
#94🇧🇴 Bolivia$43.4
#95🇸🇩 Sudan$42.8
#96🇵🇾 Paraguay$41.9
#97🇱🇾 Libya$40.8
#98🇱🇻 Latvia$40.6
#99🇪🇪 Estonia$39.1
#100🇳🇵 Nepal$39.0
#101🇿🇼 Zimbabwe$38.3
#102🇸🇻 El Salvador$32.0
#103🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea$31.4
#104🇭🇳 Honduras$30.6
#105🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago$29.3
#106🇰🇭 Cambodia$28.3
#107🇮🇸 Iceland$27.7
#108🇾🇪 Yemen$27.6
#109🇸🇳 Senegal$27.5
#110🇿🇲 Zambia$27.0
#111🇨🇾 Cyprus$26.7
#112🇬🇪 Georgia$25.2
#113🇧🇦 Bosnia and Herzegovina$23.7
#114🇲🇴 Macao SAR$23.4
#115🇬🇦 Gabon$22.2
#116🇭🇹 Haiti$20.2
#117🇬🇳 Guinea$19.7
#118West Bank and Gaza$18.8
#119🇧🇳 Brunei $18.5
#120🇲🇱 Mali$18.4
#121🇧🇫 Burkina Faso$18.3
#122🇦🇱 Albania$18.3
#123🇧🇼 Botswana$18.0
#124🇲🇿 Mozambique$17.9
#125🇦🇲 Armenia$17.7
#126🇧🇯 Benin$17.5
#127🇲🇹 Malta$17.2
#128🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea$16.9
#129🇱🇦 Laos$16.3
#130🇯🇲 Jamaica$16.1
#131🇲🇳 Mongolia$15.7
#132🇳🇮 Nicaragua$15.7
#133🇲🇬 Madagascar$15.1
#134🇬🇾 Guyana$14.8
#135🇳🇪 Niger$14.6
#136🇨🇬 Republic of Congo$14.5
#137🇲🇰 North Macedonia$14.1
#138🇲🇩 Moldova$14.0
#139🇹🇩 Chad$12.9
#140🇧🇸 The Bahamas$12.7
#141🇳🇦 Namibia$12.5
#142🇷🇼 Rwanda$12.1
#143🇲🇼 Malawi$11.6
#144🇲🇺 Mauritius$11.5
#145🇲🇷 Mauritania$10.1
#146🇹🇯 Tajikistan$10.0
#147🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan$9.8
#148🇽🇰 Kosovo$9.2
#149🇸🇴 Somalia$8.4
#150🇹🇬 Togo$8.4
#151🇲🇪 Montenegro$6.1
#152🇲🇻 Maldives$5.9
#153🇧🇧 Barbados$5.8
#154🇫🇯 Fiji$4.9
#155🇸🇸 South Sudan$4.8
#156🇸🇿 Eswatini$4.7
#157🇸🇱 Sierra Leone$4.1
#158🇱🇷 Liberia$3.9
#159🇩🇯 Djibouti$3.7
#160🇧🇮 Burundi$3.7
#161🇦🇼 Aruba$3.5
#162🇦🇩 Andorra$3.3
#163🇸🇷 Suriname$3.0
#164🇧🇹 Bhutan$2.7
#165🇧🇿 Belize$2.7
#166🇱🇸 Lesotho$2.5
#167🇨🇫 Central African Republic$2.5
#168🇹🇱 Timor-Leste$2.4
#169🇪🇷 Eritrea$2.4
#170🇬🇲 The Gambia$2.1
#171🇨🇻 Cabo Verde$2.1
#172🇸🇨 Seychelles$2.0
#173🇱🇨 St. Lucia$2.0
#174🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda$1.7
#175🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau$1.6
#176🇸🇲 San Marino$1.6
#177🇸🇧 Solomon Islands$1.6
#178🇰🇲 Comoros$1.2
#179🇬🇩 Grenada$1.2
#180🇰🇳 St. Kitts and Nevis$1.1
#181🇻🇺 Vanuatu$1.0
#182🇻🇨 St. Vincent and the Grenadines$1.0
#183🇼🇸 Samoa$0.83
#184🇩🇲 Dominica$0.60
#185🇸🇹 São Tomé and Príncipe$0.51
#186🇹🇴 Tonga$0.50
#187🇫🇲 Micronesia$0.43
#188🇲🇭 Marshall Islands$0.27
#189🇵🇼 Palau$0.23
#190🇰🇮 Kiribati$0.21
#191🇳🇷 Nauru$0.13
#192🇹🇻 Tuvalu$0.06
#193🇺🇦 UkraineData not available
Total World GDP$101,559.3

Just five countries make up more than half of the world’s entire GDP in 2022: the U.S., China, Japan, India, and Germany. Interestingly, India replaced the UK this year as a top five economy.

Adding on another five countries (the top 10) makes up 66% of the global economy, and the top 25 countries comprise 84% of global GDP.

The World’s Smallest Economies

The rest of the world — the remaining 167 nations — make up 16% of global GDP. Many of the smallest economies are islands located in Oceania.

Here’s a look at the 20 smallest economies in the world:

CountryGDP (Billions, USD)
🇹🇻 Tuvalu$0.06
🇳🇷 Nauru$0.13
🇰🇮 Kiribati$0.21
🇵🇼 Palau$0.23
🇲🇭 Marshall Islands$0.27
🇫🇲 Micronesia$0.43
🇹🇴 Tonga$0.50
🇸🇹 São Tomé and Príncipe$0.51
🇩🇲 Dominica$0.60
🇼🇸 Samoa$0.83
🇻🇨 St. Vincent and the Grenadines$0.95
🇻🇺 Vanuatu$0.98
🇰🇳 St. Kitts and Nevis$1.12
🇬🇩 Grenada$1.19
🇰🇲 Comoros$1.24
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands$1.60
🇸🇲 San Marino$1.62
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau$1.62
🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda$1.69
🇱🇨 St. Lucia$1.97

Tuvalu has the smallest GDP of any country at just $64 million. Tuvalu is one of a dozen nations with a GDP of less than one billion dollars.

The Global Economy in 2023

Heading into 2023, there is much economic uncertainty. Many experts are anticipating a brief recession, although opinions differ on the definition of “brief”.

Some experts believe that China will buck the trend of economic downturn. If this prediction comes true, the country could own an even larger slice of the global GDP pie in the near future.

🔮🔮🔮
Speaking of predictions, we’re creating the ultimate cheatsheet for 2023.
See what hundreds of experts are predicting for 2023 with our Global Forecast Series.

Where does this data come from?

Source: IMF (International Monetary Fund)

Data note: Due to conflict and other issues, some countries are not included in this data set (e.g. Ukraine, Syria, Afghanistan). Major sources for GDP data differ widely on the size of Iran’s economy. It’s worth noting that this data from IMF ranks Iran’s GDP much higher than World Bank or the UN.

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Agriculture

Charted: U.S. Egg Prices More Than Double in 2022

This chart shows the increase in the national average price of a dozen Grade A eggs in the U.S. in 2022.

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This chart shows the increase in the national average price of a dozen grade-A eggs in the U.S. in 2022.

Charted: U.S. Egg Prices Double in 2022

Eggs are a staple food for many countries around the world, and the U.S. is no exception. Americans eat between 250‒280 eggs a year on average.

Eggs are also easy to cook, protein-dense and supply many daily vitamins needed for healthy living, making them a popular meal or ingredient. So when egg prices rise, people notice.

MetalytIQ charted the rapid rise of egg prices in the U.S. during 2022, using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS).

Eggs-asperating Prices

Over the course of 12 months, the national average price for a dozen large Grade A eggs more than doubled, to $4.25 in December from $1.93 in January.

Egg Prices Per Month (2022)Price per dozen
January$1.30
February$2.10
March$2.50
April$2.52
May$2.86
June$2.71
July$2.94
August$3.12
September$2.90
October$3.42
November$3.59
December$4.25

The biggest culprit has been an avian flu outbreak that resulted in 43 million chickens culled to prevent the spread of the disease.

This led to a severe shortfall in egg supply. Egg inventories in December had fallen by one-third compared to January. Combined with increasing demand during the holiday season, prices skyrocketed and empty shelves became apparent in some states.

This is not the first time avian flu has disrupted the industry.. In 2015, a similar outbreak pushed egg prices up 40% in nine months, reaching a high of $2.97 per dozen eggs in September 2015.

Will Egg Prices Drop in 2023?

Avian flu isn’t the only storm the egg industry has been facing in 2022.

The prices of soybean and corn—the main components of bird feed—account for half of the cost of eggs. They’ve been heavily affected by the war in Ukraine, which has driven grain prices higher.

In the near-term, egg prices are expected to remain high. Containing the avian flu outbreak will remain the biggest factor in determining the prices, but as suppliers increase production, prices may cool off a little in 2023.

Eggs and dairy make up nearly 10% of the average person’s daily calorie intake. Check out the rest of our dietary make-up in Visualizing a Rapidly Changing Global Diet.
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