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The $100 Trillion Global Economy in One Chart

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This infographic visualizes the 100 trillion global economy by country GDP

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Visualizing the $100 Trillion Global Economy in One Chart

Surpassing the $100 trillion mark is a new milestone for global economic output.

We’ve covered this topic in the past when the world’s GDP was $88 trillion (2020) and then $94 trillion (2021), and now according to the latest projections, the IMF expects the global economy to reach nearly $104 trillion in nominal value by the end of 2022.

Although growth keeps trending upwards, the recovery that was expected in the post-pandemic period is looking strained. Because of recent conflicts, supply chain bottlenecks, and subsequent inflation, global economic projections are getting revised downwards.

Global annual GDP growth for 2022 was initially projected to be 4.4% as of January, but this has since been adjusted to 3.6%.

Note: This data from the IMF represents the most recent nominal projections for end of year as of April 2022.

ℹ️ Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a broad indicator of the economic activity within a country. It measures the total value of economic output—goods and services—produced within a given time frame by both the private and public sectors.

The 50 Largest Economies in the World

The United States is still the economic leader worldwide, with a GDP of $25.3 trillion—making up nearly one quarter of the global economy. China follows close behind at $19.9 trillion. Here’s a look at the top 50 countries in terms of GDP:

Rank CountryGDP (current prices, USD)
#1🇺🇸 United States$25.3 trillion
#2🇨🇳 China$19.9 trillion
#3🇯🇵 Japan$4.9 trillion
#4🇩🇪 Germany$4.3 trillion
#5🇬🇧 United Kingdom$3.4 trillion
#6🇮🇳 India$3.3 trillion
#7🇫🇷 France$2.9 trillion
#8🇨🇦 Canada$2.2 trillion
#9🇮🇹 Italy$2.1 trillion
#10🇧🇷 Brazil$1.8 trillion
#11🇷🇺 Russia$1.8 trillion
#12🇰🇷 South Korea$1.8 trillion
#13🇦🇺 Australia$1.7 trillion
#14🇮🇷 Iran$1.7 trillion
#15🇪🇸 Spain$1.4 trillion
#16🇲🇽 Mexico$1.3 trillion
#17🇮🇩 Indonesia$1.3 trillion
#18🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia$1.0 trillion
#19🇳🇱 Netherlands$1.0 trillion
#20🇨🇭 Switzerland$842 billion
#21🇹🇼 Taiwan$841 billion
#22🇵🇱 Poland$700 billion
#23🇹🇷 Turkey$692 billion
#24🇸🇪 Sweden$621 billion
#25🇧🇪 Belgium$610 billion
#26🇦🇷 Argentina$564 billion
#27🇳🇴 Norway$542 billion
#28🇹🇭 Thailand$522 billion
#29🇮🇱 Israel$521 billion
#30🇮🇪 Ireland$516 billion
#31🇳🇬 Nigeria$511 billion
#32🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates$501 billion
#33🇦🇹 Austria$480 billion
#34🇲🇾 Malaysia$439 billion
#35🇪🇬 Egypt$436 billion
#36🇿🇦 South Africa$426 billion
#37🇸🇬 Singapore$424 billion
#38🇵🇭 Philippines$412 billion
#39🇻🇳 Vietnam$409 billion
#40🇩🇰 Denmark$399 billion
#41🇧🇩 Bangladesh$397 billion
#42🇭🇰 Hong Kong SAR$369 billion
#43🇨🇴 Colombia$351 billion
#44🇨🇱 Chile$318 billion
#45🇫🇮 Finland$298 billion
#46🇮🇶 Iraq$297 billion
#47🇨🇿 Czechia$296 billion
#48🇷🇴 Romania$287 billion
#49🇳🇿 New Zealand$257 billion
#50🇵🇹 Portugal$252 billion

The frontrunner in Europe is Germany at $4.3 trillion, with the UK coming in second place. One significant change since the last reported figures is that Brazil now cracks the top 10, having surpassed South Korea. Russia falls just outside, in 11th place, with a GDP of $1.8 trillion.

While China’s GDP growth has slowed in recent years, projections still indicate that the country will overtake the U.S. by 2030, dethroning the world’s economic leader.

One region also expected to experience growth in the near future is the Middle East and North Africa, thanks to higher oil prices—Iraq and Saudi Arabia in particular are leading this charge. Regional GDP growth in the area is expected to be around 5% in 2022.

The 50 Smallest Economies in the World

Some of the world’s smallest economies were hit particularly hard by the pandemic, and have subsequently been the most affected by the inflation and food supply shortages resulting from the war in Ukraine.

Here’s a look at the countries worldwide with the lowest GDP in 2022:

Rank CountryGDP (current prices, USD)
#191🇹🇻 Tuvalu$66 million
#190🇳🇷 Nauru$134 million
#189🇰🇮 Kiribati$216 million
#188🇵🇼 Palau$244 million
#187🇲🇭 Marshall Islands$267 million
#186🇫🇲 Micronesia$427 million
#185🇸🇹 São Tomé and Príncipe$1 billion
#184🇹🇴 Tonga$1 billion
#183🇩🇲 Dominica$1 billion
#182🇼🇸 Samoa$1 billion
#181🇻🇨 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines$1 billion
#180🇻🇺 Vanuatu$1 billion
#179🇰🇳 Saint Kitts and Nevis$1 billion
#178🇬🇩 Grenada$1 billion
#177🇰🇲 Comoros$1 billion
#176🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda$2 billion
#175🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau$2 billion
#174🇸🇧 Solomon Islands$2 billion
#173🇸🇲 San Marino$2 billion
#172🇸🇨 Seychelles$2 billion
#171🇹🇱 Timor-Leste$2 billion
#170🇧🇿 Belize$2 billion
#169🇨🇻 Cabo Verde$2 billion
#168🇱🇨 Saint Lucia$2 billion
#167🇬🇲 The Gambia$2 billion
#166🇱🇸 Lesotho$3 billion
#165🇪🇷 Eritrea$3 billion
#164🇨🇫 Central African Republic$3 billion
#163🇧🇹 Bhutan$3 billion
#162🇸🇷 Suriname$3 billion
#161🇦🇼 Aruba$3 billion
#160🇦🇩 Andorra$3 billion
#159🇧🇮 Burundi$3 billion
#158🇱🇷 Liberia$4 billion
#157🇩🇯 Djibouti$4 billion
#156🇸🇱 Sierra Leone$4 billion
#155🇸🇿 Eswatini$5 billion
#154🇫🇯 Fiji$5 billion
#153🇲🇻 Maldives$6 billion
#152🇧🇧 Barbados$6 billion
#151🇸🇸 South Sudan$6 billion
#150🇲🇪 Montenegro$6 billion
#149🇹🇯 Tajikistan$8 billion
#148🇸🇴 Somalia$8 billion
#147🇹🇬 Togo$9 billion
#146🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan$9 billion
#145🇲🇷 Mauritania$9 billion
#144🇽🇰 Kosovo$10 billion
#143🇲🇺 Mauritius$11 billion
#142🇲🇼 Malawi$12 billion

The smallest economy in the world measured in the IMF rankings is Tuvalu at $66 million. Most of the bottom 50 are considered low- to middle-income and emerging/developing countries. According to the World Bank, in developing countries, the level of per capita income in 2022 will be about 5% below the pre-pandemic trends.

Some countries are actually projected to experience negative GDP growth this year, particularly emerging and developing economies in Europe.

For example, Russia is expected to experience a GDP growth rate of -8.5% in 2022, though it still remains to be seen how the cost of war and increasingly harsh global sanctions impact the country’s economic prospects.

Inflation, Stagflation, Recession – How Bad is it?

While global economic growth has already been revised downwards, it’s possible the situation could be even more serious. Organizations like the World Bank say that risks of stagflation are rising. Stagflation, which hasn’t occurred since the 1970s, is defined as an economy that’s experiencing rising inflation combined with a stagnant economic output.

Currently, global consumer inflation is currently pegged at 7%. Daily goods are becoming increasingly difficult to purchase and interest rates are on the rise as central banks worldwide try to control the situation. As recent events in Sri Lanka demonstrate, low-income countries are particularly at risk to economic volatility.

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Agriculture

Charted: U.S. Egg Prices More Than Double in 2022

This chart shows the increase in the national average price of a dozen Grade A eggs in the U.S. in 2022.

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This chart shows the increase in the national average price of a dozen grade-A eggs in the U.S. in 2022.

Charted: U.S. Egg Prices Double in 2022

Eggs are a staple food for many countries around the world, and the U.S. is no exception. Americans eat between 250‒280 eggs a year on average.

Eggs are also easy to cook, protein-dense and supply many daily vitamins needed for healthy living, making them a popular meal or ingredient. So when egg prices rise, people notice.

MetalytIQ charted the rapid rise of egg prices in the U.S. during 2022, using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics (BLS).

Eggs-asperating Prices

Over the course of 12 months, the national average price for a dozen large Grade A eggs more than doubled, to $4.25 in December from $1.93 in January.

Egg Prices Per Month (2022)Price per dozen
January$1.30
February$2.10
March$2.50
April$2.52
May$2.86
June$2.71
July$2.94
August$3.12
September$2.90
October$3.42
November$3.59
December$4.25

The biggest culprit has been an avian flu outbreak that resulted in 43 million chickens culled to prevent the spread of the disease.

This led to a severe shortfall in egg supply. Egg inventories in December had fallen by one-third compared to January. Combined with increasing demand during the holiday season, prices skyrocketed and empty shelves became apparent in some states.

This is not the first time avian flu has disrupted the industry.. In 2015, a similar outbreak pushed egg prices up 40% in nine months, reaching a high of $2.97 per dozen eggs in September 2015.

Will Egg Prices Drop in 2023?

Avian flu isn’t the only storm the egg industry has been facing in 2022.

The prices of soybean and corn—the main components of bird feed—account for half of the cost of eggs. They’ve been heavily affected by the war in Ukraine, which has driven grain prices higher.

In the near-term, egg prices are expected to remain high. Containing the avian flu outbreak will remain the biggest factor in determining the prices, but as suppliers increase production, prices may cool off a little in 2023.

Eggs and dairy make up nearly 10% of the average person’s daily calorie intake. Check out the rest of our dietary make-up in Visualizing a Rapidly Changing Global Diet.
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