Tintina Resources Inc. (“the Company”) is a growth company focused on the exploration and development of base and precious metal projects in North America. The Company’s experienced management team has assembled an impressive portfolio of base metal projects in Alaska, including the Baird copper-zinc project, located 100 kilometers southeast of Red Dog, the world’s largest zinc producing mine, and the Black Butte Copper a copper-cobalt-silver project located in central Montana. The Company is currently focusing on advancing it’s flagship property, the Black Butte Copper Project, towards production.
This presentation of Tintina Resources Inc. (the “Company”) includes certain disclosure, including statements regarding the Company’s plans for and intentions with respect to exploration of the Company’s properties and other information which constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Canadian securities legislation. The Company’s forward looking statements reflect the beliefs, opinions and projections on the date the statements are made. Forward-looking statements involve various risks and uncertainties. There can be no assurance that such statements will prove to be accurate, and actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. In making the forward-looking statements, the Company has applied certain factors and assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable, including that the Company is able to obtain any required government or other regulatory approvals and any required financing to complete the Company’s planned exploration activities, that the Company is able to procure equipment and supplies in sufficient quantities and on a timely basis and that actual results of exploration activities are consistent with management’s expectations. However, the forward looking statements are subject to numerous risks, uncertainties and other important factors relating to the Company’s operation as a mineral exploration company that may cause future results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such forward-looking statements. Such important factors, uncertainties and risks may cause and include, among others, actual results of the Company’s exploration activities being materially different than those expected by management, uncertainties involved in the interpretation of drilling results and geological tests, and the estimation of reserves and resources, the need for cooperation of government agencies and native groups in the development of the Company’s properties, the need to obtain permits and governmental approvals, risks of operations such as accidents, equipment breakdowns, bad weather, non-compliance with environmental and permit requirements, unanticipated variations in geological structures, ore grades or recovery rates, unexpected cost increases, fluctuations in metal prices and currency exchange rates, delays in obtaining required government or other regulatory approvals or availability of financing in the debt and/or capital markets, inability to procure equipment and supplies in sufficient quantities and on a timely basis. Further, all statements, other than statements of historical fact, included herein including, without limitation, statements regarding anticipated completion of engineering studies, potential results of drilling and assays, timing of permitting, construction and production and other milestones, and the Company’s future operating or financial performance are forward-looking statements. Estimates of reserves and resources are also forward-looking statements in that they involve estimates of the mineralization that would be encountered, based on interpretation of drilling results and certain assumptions, if a deposit were developed and mined. There can be no assurance that such statements will prove to be accurate, and actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. The Company does not intend, and expressly disclaims any intention or obligation to, update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. – See more at: https://www.visualcapitalist.com/portfolio/tintina-resources-company-snapshot#sthash.acAiBgze.dpuf
How to Avoid Common Mistakes With Mining Stocks (Part 4: Project Quality)
Mining is a technical field that manages complex factors from geology to engineering. These details can make or break a project.
Mining is a technical field and requires a comprehension of many complex factors.
This includes everything from the characteristics of an orebody to the actual extraction method envisioned and used—and the devil is often found in these technical details.
Part 4: Evaluating Technical Risks and Project Quality
We’ve partnered with Eclipse Gold Mining on an infographic series to show you how to avoid common mistakes when evaluating and investing in mining exploration stocks.
Here is a basic introduction to some technical and project quality characteristics to consider when looking at your next mining investment.
View the three other parts of this series so far:
- Mistakes made when choosing a team
- Mistakes made with the business plan
- Mistakes with project jurisdiction
Part 4: Technical Risks and Project Quality
So what must investors evaluate when it comes to technical risks and project quality?
Let’s take a look at four different factors.
1. Grade: Reliable Hen Vs. Golden Goose
Once mining starts, studies have to be adapted to reality. A mine needs to have the flexibility and robustness to adjust pre-mine plans to the reality of execution.
A “Golden Goose” will just blunder ahead and result in failure after failure due to lack of flexibility and hoping it will one day produce a golden egg.
Many mining projects can come into operation quickly based on complex and detailed studies of a mineral deposit. However, it requires actual mining to prove these studies.
Some mining projects fail to achieve nameplate tonnes and grade once production begins. However, a team response to varying grades and conditions can still make a mine into a profitable mine or a “Reliable Hen.”
2. Money: Piggy Bank vs. Money Pit
The degree of insight into a mineral deposit and the appropriate density of data to support the understanding is what leads to a piggy bank or money pit.
Making a project decision on poor understanding of the geology and limited information leads to the money pit of just making things work.
Just like compound interest, success across many technical aspects increases revenue exponentially, but it can easily go the other way if not enough data is used to make a decision to put a project into production.
3. Environment: Responsible vs. Reckless
Not all projects are situated in an ideal landscape for mining. There are environmental and social factors to consider. A mining company that takes into account these facts has a higher chance of going into production.
Mineral deposits do not occur in convenient locations and require the disruption of the natural environment. Understanding how a mining project will impact its surroundings goes a long way to see whether the project is viable.
4. Team: Orchestra vs. One-Man Band
Mining is a complex and technical industry that relies on many skilled professionals with clear leadership, not just one person doing all the work.
Geologists, accountants, laborers, engineers, and investor relations officers are just some of the roles that a CEO or management team needs to deliver a profitable mine. A good leader will be the conductor of the varying technical teams allowing each to play their best at the right time.
Mining 101: Mining Valuation and Methods
In order to further consider a mining project’s quality, it is important to understand how the company is valued and how it plans to mine a mineral resource.
There are two ways to look at the value of a mining project:
- The Discounted Cash Flow method estimates the present value of the cash that will come from a mining project over its life.
- In-situ Resource Value is a metric that values all the metal in the ground to give an estimate of the dollar value of those resources.
The location of the ore deposit and the quantity of its grade will determine what mining method a company will choose to extract the valuable ore.
- Open-pit mining removes valuable ore that is relatively near the surface of the Earth’s crust using power trucks and shovels to move large volumes of rock. Typically, it is a lower cost mining method, meaning lower grades of ore are economic to mine.
- Underground mining occurs when the ore body is too deep to mine profitably by open-pit. In other words, the quality of the orebody is high enough to cover the costs of complex engineering underneath the Earth’s crust.
When Technicals and Quality Align
This is a brief overview of where to begin a technical look at a mining project, but typically helps to form some questions for the average investor to consider.
Everything from the characteristics of an orebody to the actual extraction method will determine whether a project can deliver a healthy return to the investor.
Comparing Recent U.S. Presidents: New Debt Added vs. Precious Metals Production
While gold and silver coin production during U.S. presidencies has declined, public debt continues to climb to historically high levels.
Recent U.S. Presidents: Debt vs. Coins Added
While precious metals can’t be produced out of thin air, U.S. debt can be financed through central bank money creation. In fact, U.S. debt has skyrocketed in recent years under both Democrat and Republican administrations.
This infographic from Texas Precious Metals compares the increase in public debt to the value of gold and silver coin production during U.S. presidencies.
Total Production by Presidential Term
We used U.S. public debt in our calculations, a measure of debt owed to third parties such as foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, while excluding intragovernmental holdings. To derive the value of U.S. minted gold and silver coins, we multiplied new ounces produced by the average closing price of gold or silver in each respective year.
Here’s how debt growth stacks up against gold and silver coin production during recent U.S. presidencies:
|Obama's 1st term (2009-2012)||Obama's Second Term (2013-2016)||Trump's term (2017-Oct 26 2020)|
|U.S. Silver Coins Minted||$3.7B||$3.3B||$1.4B|
|U.S. Gold Coins Minted||$6.7B||$5.1B||$2.9B|
|U.S. Public Debt Added||$5.2T||$2.9T||$6.6T|
Over each consecutive term, gold and silver coin production decreased. In Trump’s term so far, the value of public debt added to the system is almost 1,600 times higher than minted gold and silver coins combined.
During Obama’s first term and Trump’s term, debt saw a marked increase as the administrations provided fiscal stimulus in response to the global financial crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic. As we begin to recover from COVID-19, what might debt growth look like going forward?
U.S. Public Debt Projections
As of September 30, 2020, the end of the federal government’s fiscal year, debt had reached $21 trillion. According to estimates from the Congressional Budget Office, it’s projected to rise steadily in the future.
|U.S. Public Debt||21.9T||23.3T||24.5T||25.7T||26.8T||27.9T||29.0T||30.4T||31.8T||33.5T|
By 2030, debt will have risen by over $12 trillion from 2020 levels and the debt-to-GDP ratio will be almost 109%.
It’s worth noting that debt will likely grow substantially regardless of who is elected in the 2020 U.S. election. Central estimates by the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget show debt rising by $5 trillion under Trump and $5.6 trillion under Biden through 2030. These estimates exclude any COVID-19 relief policies.
What Could This Mean for Investors?
As the U.S. Federal Reserve creates more money to finance rising government debt, inflation could eventually be pushed higher. This could affect the value of the U.S. dollar.
On the flip side, gold and silver have a limited supply and coin production has decreased over the last three presidential terms. Both can act as an inflation hedge, while playing a role in wealth preservation.
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