The 20 Most and Least Profitable Companies, Per Employee
The Fortune 500 is an elite club of the biggest American businesses, which combined to generate profits of over $1.2 trillion in 2019.
But how much profit do these companies make on a per employee basis?
Top 20: Most Profit per Employee
Diving right in, the companies that make the most money per employee may surprise you.
Housing giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac take two of the top three spots, bringing in $1.9 million and $1.0 million per employee respectively in 2019.
The two U.S. government sponsored enterprises (GSEs) are major players in the secondary mortgage market, buying and repackaging nearly half the mortgages in the country. The duo was allowed to retain their profits as of October 2019, instead of returning them to the U.S. Treasury.
|Company||Sector||Profit per Employee||Profits ($M)||Employees|
(Federal National Mortgage Association)
(Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
|Enterprise Products Partners||Energy||$628,904||$4,591||7,300|
|Simon Property Group||Financials||$560,533||$2,102||3,750|
|Gilead Sciences||Health Care||$456,441||$5,386||11,800|
|Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance||Financials||$373,989||$3,701||9,896|
Apple employs 137,000 people—the largest workforce by far among the 40 companies profiled—but still makes $403,328 per employee. Facebook is the only other tech giant to bring in more money per employee at $411,308.
Bottom 20: Least Profit per Employee
On the other end of the spectrum, Uber is one of the most well-known companies currently bleeding profits, losing $316K per employee. In fact, the ride-hailing service lost approximately $1.8 billion in the second quarter of 2020 alone.
|Company||Sector||Profit per Employee||Profits ($M)||Employees|
|Altria Group||Food, Beverages & Tobacco||-$177,123||-$1,293||7,300|
|National Oilwell Varco||Energy||-$175,927||-$6,095||34,645|
COVID-19 has also had an intense effect on some of the companies at the bottom end of the profit per employee spectrum. Chesapeake Energy and Frontier Communications are just two examples that have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in recent months—they each lost $134K and $322K per employee in 2019 respectively.
I’m pretty confident we will see more bankruptcies than in any business person’s lifetime.
—James Hammond, CEO of BankruptcyData
Profit per Employee by Sector
When all the companies in the Fortune 500 are taken into account, sector-specific numbers reveal interesting trends.
Financials bring in the most profit per employee at $116K, while Food and Drug Stores see 17 times less profit at $6.7K per employee. In fact, eight out of the top 20 most profitable companies are found in the financial sector.
|Sector||Profits per Employee||Profits ($M)||Employees|
|F&B incl. Tobacco||$41,946||$42,924||1,023,317|
|Aerospace & Defence||$24,793||$23,903||964,100|
|Engineering & Construction||$19,648||$6,773||344,716|
|Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure||$9,653||$16,880||1,748,714|
|Motor Vehicles & Parts||$8,113||$7,108||876,123|
|Food & Drug Stores||$6,746||$8,355||1,238,645|
Interestingly, as a whole, the energy sector comes in third place in terms of profit per employee at $86K—that said, nine out of the bottom 20 least profitable companies are also found in this highly volatile industry.
Though the vast majority of businesses impacted by COVID-19 have been small to mid-sized companies, the above calculations also show that Fortune 500 companies are not safe, either.
Visualizing the World’s Biggest Pharmaceutical Companies
The world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies are worth $4.1 trillion. Here we map the top 100 companies based on their market cap value.
Who are the World’s Biggest Pharmaceutical Companies?
Some of the world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies have played a central role in the COVID-19 pandemic.
However, it’s likely no surprise that the pandemic has also been great for many healthcare businesses. In fact, in 2020 alone, the world’s 50 largest pharmaceutical companies still combined for a whopping $851 billion in revenues.
In this graphic, using data from Companies Market Cap, we list the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world by market capitalization. It’s worth noting this list also includes healthcare companies that work closely with pharmaceuticals, including biotech, pharmaceutical retailers, clinical laboratories, etc.
Editor’s Note: A previous version of this graphic was missing some key companies such as GSK and AbbVie. They were unfortunately not included in the original source and we are now working to make sure there were no other smaller omissions. Thanks to all that sent in corrections.
The Pharmaceutical Leaders
To start, here are the top five biggest pharmaceutical companies in the world at the moment by market capitalization:
1. Johnson & Johnson
The pharmaceutical and consumer goods giant is worth $428.7 billion in market cap. They developed the third vaccine authorized for use in the U.S. and were named among the TIME100 Most Influential Companies List in 2021.
The Swiss pharmaceutical giant is at the forefront of oncology, immunology, infectious diseases, ophthalmology, and neuroscience. In 2019, Roche’s pharma segment sales rose by a healthy 16% to $53 billion.
Despite being the leading COVID-19 vaccine manufacturer in North America, Pfizer slid in the rankings to third place. The company has recently gained momentum, especially in the past quarter, with Q2’2021 revenues of $19.0 billion, reflecting a 86% operational growth from 2020.
4. Eli Lilly
Eli Lilly has taken a significant step towards establishing itself as a pharmaceutical industry leader. Having a market cap value of $125 billion in 2019, Eli Lilly has jumped to a current value of $214.9 billion, a significant growth of 72%.
The second-biggest pharmaceutical company out of Switzerland, Novartis has been the face of the pharma industry for about 25 years. The primary manufacturer for the most recognizable drugs on the market pulled in a revenue of over $48 billion in 2020, a 3% increase compared to 2019.
Here’s how all the biggest pharmaceutical companies in the world stack up against each other:
|Company Rank||Company Name||Market Cap Value||Country|
|1||Johnson & Johnson|
|$428.66 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$320.41 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|$219.39 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$208.99 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$207.70 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|$202.60 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$191.67 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$187.83 B||🇩🇰 Denmark|
|$152.28 B||🇬🇧 UK|
|$145.80 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$136.50 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$130.37 B||🇫🇷 France|
|$110.49 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$104.30 B||🇬🇧 UK|
|$103.10 B||🇦🇺 Australia|
|$83.62 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$83.25 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$80.61 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|$59.43 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|20||Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine |
|$58.51 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$55.83 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$55.00 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$54.23 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|$52.67 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$52.16 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|26||Walgreens Boots Alliance|
|$45.05 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$33.80 B||🇰🇷 S. Korea|
|$33.42 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$31.65 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$31.20 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$26.59 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|32||Hansoh Pharma |
|$26.00 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$25.97 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|34||Otsuka Holdings |
|$23.15 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|35||Horizon Therapeutics |
|$21.13 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|36||Alnylam Pharmaceuticals |
|$20.42 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$18.85 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$18.74 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$18.48 B||🇭🇰 Hong Kong|
|$17.25 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$16.26 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$16.03 B||🇳🇱 Netherlands|
|$15.29 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$11.88 B||🇮🇳 India|
|45||Teva Pharmaceutical Industries|
|$11.21 B||🇮🇱 Israel|
|46||Ono Pharmaceutical |
|$11.12 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$11.09 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|48||Bausch Health |
|$10.47 B||🇨🇦 Canada|
|$10.42 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|$10.33 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|51||Hualan Biological Engineering|
|$10.31 B||🇨🇳 China|
|$9.49 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|53||Neurocrine Biosciences |
|$9.45 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$9.42 B||🇨🇳 China|
|55||BridgeBio Pharma |
|$8.89 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|56||Cadila Healthcare |
|$8.59 B||🇮🇳 India|
|57||Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma |
|$8.16 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$7.89 B||🇨🇦 Canada|
|59||Ascendis Pharma |
|$7.51 B||🇩🇰 Denmark|
|$7.19 B||🇩🇪 Germany|
|61||Lupin Limited |
|$7.04 B||🇮🇳 India|
|62||Gland Pharma |
|$7.01 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$6.95 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|64||GW Pharmaceuticals |
|$6.81 B||🇬🇧 UK|
|$6.78 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|66||Torrent Pharmaceuticals |
|$6.61 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$6.43 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$6.32 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|69||Sarepta Therapeutics |
|$6.25 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$6.21 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|$6.11 B||🇫🇮 Finland|
|$6.04 B||🇩🇰 Denmark|
|$5.87 B||🇨🇦 Canada|
|74||Adaptive Biotechnologies |
|$5.69 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|75||Intellia Therapeutics |
|$5.62 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|76||Santen Pharmaceutical |
|$5.49 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|$5.46 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|78||Beam Therapeutics |
|$5.43 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|79||Reata Pharmaceuticals |
|$5.15 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|80||Swedish Orphan Biovitrum|
|$5.13 B||🇸🇪 Sweden|
|81||BB Biotech |
|$5.08 B||🇨🇭 Switzerland|
|82||Alkem Laboratories |
|$5.00 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$4.69 B||🇮🇳 India|
|84||Laurus Labs |
|$4.44 B||🇮🇳 India|
|85||Taisho Pharmaceutical |
|$4.39 B||🇯🇵 Japan|
|86||Hanmi Pharmaceutical |
|$4.22 B||🇰🇷 S. Korea|
|$3.87 B||🇮🇪 Ireland|
|$3.71 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$3.65 B||🇰🇷 S. Korea|
|$3.55 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|91||Ipca Laboratories |
|$3.41 B||🇮🇳 India|
|92||Nektar Therapeutics |
|$3.02 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|93||BioCryst Pharmaceuticals |
|$3.01 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$2.96 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|$2.84 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|96||Rocket Pharmaceuticals |
|$2.74 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|97||Axsome Therapeutics |
|$2.65 B||🇺🇸 USA|
|98||Natco Pharma |
|$2.63 B||🇮🇳 India|
|$2.59 B||🇮🇳 India|
|100||Editas Medicine |
|$2.54 B||🇺🇸 USA|
World’s Largest Pharmaceutical Exporters and Importers
According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), these countries exported the most number of pharmaceuticals in the year 2019:
|Rank||Country||Export Value (US$B)|
In contrast, here are the biggest importers over the same period.
|Rank||Country||Import Value (US$B)|
This position is hardly surprising for the U.S., where six of the world’s top 10 pharmaceutical companies are headquartered. The country also captures 45% of the global market.
The Future of Pharmaceutical Companies
If the response to the COVID-19 pandemic has taught us anything, it is that in building a patient-centered future, the pharmaceutical industry plays a key role. It has to constantly find new ways to customize medicines while researching and developing new tools and drugs.
By embracing disruptive technologies like 3D printed drugs, artificial intelligence guided therapies, and preventive medicine while working with regulatory agencies, the pharmaceutical companies will benefit from having a digital revolution.
Furthermore, emerging markets will have a more significant say in the global pharmaceutical market in the coming years. Even though ‘big pharma’ will keep raking in the massive profits they do every year, their reliance on countries like Brazil and India for research and drug production will significantly impact the years to come.
Mapping The Biggest Companies By Market Cap in 60 Countries
Tech, finance or energy giant? We mapped the biggest companies by market cap and industry.
The Biggest Companies By Market Cap in 60 Countries
Tech giants are increasingly making up more of the Fortune 500, but the world’s biggest companies by market cap aren’t so cut and dry.
Despite accounting for the largest market caps worldwide—with trillion-dollar companies like Apple and contenders including Tencent and Samsung—tech wealth is largely concentrated in just a handful of countries.
So what are the biggest companies in each country? We mapped the largest company by market cap across 60 countries in August 2021 using market data from CompaniesMarketCap, TradingView, and MarketScreener.
What are the Largest Companies in the World?
The world has 60+ stock exchanges, and each one has a top company. We looked at the largest local company, since many of the world’s largest firms trade on multiple exchanges, and converted market cap to USD.
|Country||Company||Industry||Market Cap (August 2021)|
|Saudi Arabia||Saudi Aramco||Energy||$1.9T|
|Belgium||Anheuser-Busch Inbev||Consumer Staples||$122.7B|
|Indonesia||Bank Cental Asia||Financials||$54.8B|
|Philippines||SM Investments||Consumer Cyclical||$22.9B|
|Kuwait||Kuwait Finance House||Financials||$21.9B|
|Czech Republic||ÄŒEZ Group||Energy||$15.8B|
|Poland||PKO Bank Polski||Financials||$12.6B|
|Bahrain||Ahli United Bank||Financials||$8.6B|
|Egypt||Commercial International Bank||Financials||$5.9B|
Many are former monopolies or massive conglomerates that have grown in the public space, such as South Africa’s Naspers and India’s Reliance Industries.
Others are local subsidiaries of foreign corporations, including Mexico’s Walmex, Chile’s Enel and Turkey’s QNB Finansbank.
But even more noticeable is the economic discrepancy. Apple and Saudi Aramco are worth trillions of dollars, while the smallest companies we tracked—including Panama’s Copa Group and Oman’s Bank Muscat—are worth less than $5 billion.
Finance and Tech Dominate The Biggest Companies By Market Cap
Across the board, the largest companies were able to accumulate wealth and value.
Some are newer to the top thanks to recent success. Canada’s Shopify has become one of the world’s largest e-commerce providers, and the UK’s AstraZeneca developed one of the world’s COVID-19 vaccines.
But the reality is most companies here are old guards that grew on existing resources, or in the case of banks, accumulated wealth.
|Industry||Biggest Companies by Country|
Banks were the most commonly found at the top of each country’s stock market. Closely behind were oil and gas giants, mining companies, and former state-owned corporations that drove most of a country’s wealth generation.
But as more economies develop and catch up to Western economies (where tech is dominant), newer innovative companies will likely put up a fight for each country’s top company crown.
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