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Charted: Public Trust in the Federal Reserve

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trust in the federal reserve

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The Briefing

  • Gallup conducts an annual poll to gauge the U.S. public’s trust in the Federal Reserve
  • After rising during the COVID-19 pandemic, public trust has fallen to a 20-year low

 

Charted: Public Trust in the Federal Reserve

Each year, Gallup conducts a survey of American adults on various economic topics, including the country’s central bank, the Federal Reserve.

More specifically, respondents are asked how much confidence they have in the current Fed chairman to do or recommend the right thing for the U.S. economy. We’ve visualized these results from 2001 to 2023 to see how confidence levels have changed over time.

Methodology and Results

The data used in this infographic is also listed in the table below. Percentages reflect the share of respondents that have either a “great deal” or “fair amount” of confidence.

YearFed chair% Great deal or Fair amount
2023Jerome Powell36%
2022Jerome Powell43%
2021Jerome Powell55%
2020Jerome Powell58%
2019Jerome Powell50%
2018Jerome Powell45%
2017Janet Yellen45%
2016Janet Yellen38%
2015Janet Yellen42%
2014Janet Yellen37%
2013Ben Bernanke42%
2012Ben Bernanke39%
2011Ben Bernanke41%
2010Ben Bernanke44%
2009Ben Bernanke49%
2008Ben Bernanke47%
2007Ben Bernanke50%
2006Ben Bernanke41%
2005Alan Greenspan56%
2004Alan Greenspan61%
2003Alan Greenspan65%
2002Alan Greenspan69%
2001Alan Greenspan74%

Data for 2023 collected April 3-25, with this statement put to respondents: “Please tell me how much confidence you have [in the Fed chair] to recommend the right thing for the economy.”

We can see that trust in the Federal Reserve has fluctuated significantly in recent years.

For example, under Alan Greenspan, trust was initially high due to the relative stability of the economy. The burst of the dotcom bubble—which some attribute to Greenspan’s easy credit policies—resulted in a sharp decline.

On the flip side, public confidence spiked during the COVID-19 pandemic. This was likely due to Jerome Powell’s decisive actions to provide support to the U.S. economy throughout the crisis.

Measures implemented by the Fed include bringing interest rates to near zero, quantitative easing (buying government bonds with newly-printed money), and emergency lending programs to businesses.

Confidence Now on the Decline

After peaking at 58%, those with a “great deal” or “fair amount” of trust in the Fed chair have tumbled to 36%, the lowest number in 20 years.

This is likely due to Powell’s hard stance on fighting post-pandemic inflation, which has involved raising interest rates at an incredible speed. While these rate hikes may be necessary, they also have many adverse effects:

  • Negative impact on the stock market
  • Increases the burden for those with variable-rate debts
  • Makes mortgages and home buying less affordable

Higher rates have also prompted many U.S. tech companies to shrink their workforces, and have been a factor in the regional banking crisis, including the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank.

Where does this data come from?

Source: Gallup (2023)

Data Notes: Results are based on telephone interviews conducted April 3-25, 2023, with a random sample of –1,013—adults, ages 18+, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. For results based on this sample of national adults, the margin of sampling error is ±4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. See source for details.

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Ranked: The Countries Receiving the Most Remittances From Abroad

The top 10 countries by money received from abroad have seen a major shift through the years. Only three have stayed put.

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A cropped chart with the top countries by money received from abroad, in current U.S. dollars, based on 2000-2023 data from Knomad.

The Countries Receiving the Most Remittances From Abroad

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

We chart the top countries by money received from abroad, in current U.S. dollars, based on 2000-2023 data from Knomad.

Specifically, these transfer totals shown represent personal remittances, or money sent between residents and non-residents, including personal transfers and compensation for work done abroad. It does not include, and is separate from, foreign investment.

Top 10 Countries by Personal Remittances Received (2000-2023)

The Indian diaspora—measuring nearly 18 million people—collectively sent more than $125 billion back to the country in 2023. In fact, India became the first country to ever receive more than $100 billion in personal remittances in 2022.

Top Countries Receiving
Money From Abroad
2000 Top Countries Receiving
Money From Abroad
2023e
🇮🇳 India$13B🇮🇳 India$125B
🇫🇷 France$9B🇲🇽 Mexico$67B
🇲🇽 Mexico$8B🇨🇳 China$50B
🇵🇭 Philippines$7B🇵🇭 Philippines$40B
🇬🇧 UK$5B🇫🇷 France$34B
🇹🇷 Türkiye$5B🇵🇰 Pakistan$24B
🇰🇷 South Korea$5B🇪🇬 Egypt$24B
🇺🇸 U.S.$4B🇧🇩 Bangladesh$23B
🇵🇹 Portugal$4B🇳🇬 Nigeria$21B
🇩🇪 Germany$4B🇬🇹 Guatemala$20B

Note: 2023 figures are estimates. All numbers rounded.

For context, India’s remittances received adds to more than the next two countries, Mexico ($67 billion) and China ($50 billion) combined.

Meanwhile, over the last two decades, the top 10 has seen a major shift. Countries from Europe have fallen out, replaced by Asian and African countries with big diaspora communities.

And the countries they’ve replaced—France, UK, Germany—are now some of the top destinations for immigration, from where remittances are usually sent.

The UN states that at least one in nine people globally are supported by funds received from abroad, and half of the amount ends up in rural areas, where some of the world’s poorest people live. This also makes remittances three times more important than international aid.

On a global scale, personal inbound remittances have risen seven times between 2000 and 2023.

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