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Where are the World’s Largest Solar Power Plants?

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World's 15 largest solar power plants

Visualizing the World’s Largest Solar Power Plants

Devastating wildfires, rising temperatures, and warming seas across the world have added renewed vigor to the global quest for carbon emission reductions.

And in this hunt for sustainable alternatives to air-polluting energy sources, solar power plants have emerged as shining beacons of hope.

In this graphic, Pranav Gavali uses data from Statista to shed light on the world’s 15 largest solar power plants (and solar parks) illuminating the world as of 2021.

World’s Largest Solar Power Plants By Capacity

Solar power plants have been harnessing the sun’s abundant rays over the past two decades, but plants with capacities in the thousands of megawatts have only come online within the last few years.

And two countries have been leading their rollout: China and India. Together they housed nine of the 15 largest solar power plants in the world in 2021.

Here are the top 15 solar power plants (photovoltaic power stations) by installed capacity:

Rank NameCountryCapacity
1Bhadla Solar Park🇮🇳 India2,245 MW
2Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park🇨🇳 China2,200 MW
3Pavagada Solar Park🇮🇳 India2,050 MW
4Benban Solar Park🇪🇬 Egypt1,650 MW
5Tengger Desert Solar Park🇨🇳 China1,547 MW
6Noor Abu Dhabi🇦🇪 UAE1,177 MW
7Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park🇦🇪 UAE1,013 MW
8Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park🇮🇳 India1,000 MW
9Datong Solar Power Top Runner Base🇨🇳 China1,000 MW
10NP Kunta🇮🇳 India978 MW
11Longyangxia Dam Solar Park🇨🇳 China850 MW
12Villanueva Solar Park🇲🇽 Mexico828 MW
13Copper Mountain Solar Facility🇺🇸 United States802 MW
14Mount Signal Solar Park🇺🇸 United States794 MW
15Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Park🇮🇳 India750 MW

India’s Bhadla Solar Park is the world’s largest solar park as of the time of the dataset. It has the capacity to generate 2,245 megawatts of electricity alone, enough to power 1.3 million homes. The country also has the third-largest solar power plant, Pavagada Solar Park, and five of the top 15.

China is the world’s largest producer of solar energy and had four of the 15 largest solar plants in 2021. Huanghe Hydropower’s Hainan Solar Park—listed in some sources as Golmud Solar Park—is the world’s second largest solar power plant with a 2,200 megawatt capacity, while Tengger Desert Solar Park (also known as the “Great Wall of Solar”) was formerly the largest solar park in the world with a 1,547 megawatt capacity.

One thing the world’s largest solar power plants have in common is access to large stretches of open land, particularly deserts. And three of the newest mega solar parks are in the Middle East: Egypt’s Benban Solar Park, and UAE’s Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park and Noor Abu Dhabi Solar Power Plant.

Solar energy usage has been growing exponentially across the Atlantic as well, just not as fast as in Asia. Mexico’s Villanueva Solar Park is the largest solar plant in the Americas with an 828 megawatt capacity, while the Copper Mountain Solar Facility (802 MW) in Nevada and the Mount Signal Solar Park (794 MW) in California are the largest plants in the United States.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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The Largest Earthquakes in the New York Area (1970-2024)

The earthquake that shook buildings across New York in April 2024 was the third-largest quake in the Northeast U.S. over the past 50 years.

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Map of earthquakes with a magnitude of 4.0 or greater recorded in the northeastern U.S. since 1970.

The Largest Earthquakes in the New York Area

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on Apple or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

The 4.8 magnitude earthquake that shook buildings across New York on Friday, April 5th, 2024 was the third-largest quake in the U.S. Northeast area over the past 50 years.

In this map, we illustrate earthquakes with a magnitude of 4.0 or greater recorded in the Northeastern U.S. since 1970, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS).

Shallow Quakes and Older Buildings

The earthquake that struck the U.S. Northeast in April 2024 was felt by millions of people from Washington, D.C., to north of Boston. It even caused a full ground stop at Newark Airport.

The quake, occurring just 5 km beneath the Earth’s surface, was considered shallow, which is what contributed to more intense shaking at the surface.

According to the USGS, rocks in the eastern U.S. are significantly older, denser, and harder than those on the western side, compressed by time. This makes them more efficient conduits for seismic energy. Additionally, buildings in the Northeast tend to be older and may not adhere to the latest earthquake codes.

Despite disrupting work and school life, the earthquake was considered minor, according to the Michigan Technological University magnitude scale:

MagnitudeEarthquake EffectsEstimated Number
Each Year
2.5 or lessUsually not felt, but can be
recorded by seismograph.
Millions
2.5 to 5.4Often felt, but only causes
minor damage.
500,000
5.5 to 6.0Slight damage to buildings
and other structures.
350
6.1 to 6.9May cause a lot of damage
in very populated areas.
100
7.0 to 7.9Major earthquake.
Serious damage.
10-15
8.0 or greaterGreat earthquake. Can totally
destroy communities near the
epicenter.
One every year
or two

The largest earthquake felt in the area over the past 50 years was a 5.3 magnitude quake that occurred in Au Sable Forks, New York, in 2002. It damaged houses and cracked roads in a remote corner of the Adirondack Mountains, but caused no injuries.

DateMagnitudeLocationState
April 20, 20025.3Au Sable ForksNew York
October 7, 19835.1NewcombNew York
April 5, 20244.8Whitehouse StationNew Jersey
October 16, 20124.7Hollis CenterMaine
January 16, 19944.6Sinking SpringPennsylvania
January 19, 19824.5SanborntonNew Hampshire
September 25, 19984.5AdamsvillePennsylvania
June 9, 19754.2AltonaNew York
May 29, 19834.2PeruMaine
April 23, 19844.2ConestogaPennsylvania
January 16, 19944.2Sinking SpringPennsylvania
November 3, 19754Long LakeNew York
June 17, 19914WorcesterNew York

The largest earthquake in U.S. history, however, was the 1964 Good Friday quake in Alaska, measuring 9.2 magnitude and killing 131 people.

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