Connect with us

Technology

All of the World’s Spaceports on One Map

Published

on

World map showing spaceports and missile test sites

Mapped: The World’s Rocket Launch Sites

From Sputnik 1 to today’s massive satellite constellations, every object in space was launched from just a handful of locations.

The map above, from BryceTech, is a comprehensive look at the world’s spaceports (both orbital and sub-orbital) as well as ballistic missile test sites.

โ„น๏ธ In sub-orbital spaceflight, a spacecraft reaches outer space, but it doesn’t complete an orbital revolution or reach escape velocity. In orbital spaceflight, a spacecraft remains in space for at least one orbit.

The World’s Major Spaceports

Though the graphic above is a detailed list of many types of rocket launch sites, we’ll focus on major sites that are sending satellites and passengers into sub-orbit, orbit, and beyond.

Launch FacilityLocationCountry
Cape Canaveral Space Force StationFlorida๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Cape Canaveral SpaceportFlorida๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Kennedy Space CenterFlorida๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Cecil Field SpaceportFlorida๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Colorado Air & Space PortColorado๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Vandenberg Air Force BaseCalifornia๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Mojave Air and Space PortCalifornia๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Oklahoma Air & Space PortOklahoma๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Poker Flat Research RangeAlaska๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Pacific Spaceport ComplexAlaska๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Spaceport AmericaNew Mexico๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Launch Site One (Corn Ranch)Texas๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Houston SpaceportTexas๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Midland Air & Space PortTexas๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
SpaceX Development and Test FacilityTexas๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
SpaceX StarbaseTexas๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Spaceport CamdenGeorgia๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Mid-Atlantic Regional SpaceportVirginia๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Wallops Flight FacilityVirginia๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.
Reagan Test SiteKwajalein Atoll๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญ Marshall Islands
Naro Space CenterOuter Naro Island๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea
Sohae Satellite Launching StationNorth Pyongan Province๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต North Korea
Kapustin YarAstrakhan Oblast๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia
Plesetsk CosmodromeArkhangelsk Oblast๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia
Vostochny CosmodromeAmur Oblast๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia
Yasny Launch BaseOrenburg Oblast๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia
Arnhem Space CentreNorthern Territory๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia
Whalers Way Orbital Launch ComplexSouth Australia๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia
Koonibba Test RangeSouth Australia๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia
Bowen Orbital Spaceport Queensland ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Australia
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1Wairoa District๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand
Baikonur CosmodromeBaikonur๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Kazakhstan
Space Port OitaลŒita๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan
Tanegashima Space CenterKagoshima๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan
Uchinoura Space CenterKagoshima๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan
Taiki Aerospace Research FieldHokkaido๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan
Hokkaido SpaceportHokkaido๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan
Ryori Launch SiteIwate๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan
Sonmiani Satellite Launch CenterBalochistan๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ Pakistan
Integrated Test RangeOdisha๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India
Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching StationKerala๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India
Satish Dhawan Space CentreSriharikota๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India
Guiana Space CentreKourou๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ซ French Guiana
Barreira do Inferno Launch CenterRio Grande do Norte๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil
Alcรขntara Space CenterMaranhรฃo๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil
Stasiun Peluncuran RoketWest Java๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia
Jiuquan Satellite Launch CenterGansu Province๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China
Taiyuan Satellite Launch CenterShanxi Province๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China
Wenchang Spacecraft Launch SiteHainan Province๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China
Xichang Satellite Launch CenterSichuan Province๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China
Palmachim AirbaseCentral District๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Israel
Imam Khomeini Space Launch TerminalSemnan๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Iran
Qom Lauch FacilityQom๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Iran
El Arenosillo Test CentreHuelva๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain
Spaceport SwedenLapland๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden
Esrange Space CenterLapland๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden
Andรธya SpaceNordland๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway
SaxaVord SpaceportShetland Islands๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Sutherland SpaceportSutherland๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Western Isles SpaceportOuter Hebrides๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Spaceport MachrihanishCampbeltown๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Prestwick SpaceportGlasgow๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Snowdonia SpaceportNorth West Wales๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Spaceport CornwallCornwall๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Orbex LP1Moray๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง UK
Spaceport Nova ScotiaNova Scotia๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada

Editor’s note: The above table includes all sites that are operational, as well as under construction, as of publishing date.

The list above covers fixed locations, and does not include SpaceX’s autonomous spaceport drone ships. There are currently three active drone shipsโ€”one based near Los Angeles, and the other two based at Port Canaveral, Florida.

Two of the most famous launch sites on the list are the Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakhstan) and Cape Canaveral (United States). The former was constructed as the base of operations for the Soviet space program and was the launch point for Earth’s first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1. The latter was NASA’s primary base of operations and the first lunar-landing flight was launched from there in 1969.

The global roster of spaceports has grown immensely since Baikonur and Cape Canaveral were the only game in town. Now numerous countries have the ability to launch satellites, and many more are getting in on the action.

Wenchang Space Launch Site, on the island of Hainan, is China’s newest launch location. The site recorded its first successful launch in 2016.

Location, Location

One interesting quirk of the map above is the lack of spaceports in Europe. Europe’s ambitions for space are actually launched from the Guiana Space Centre in South America. Europe’s Spaceport has been operating in French Guiana since 1968.

Low altitude launch locations near the equator are the most desirable, as far less energy is required to take a spacecraft from surface level to an equatorial, geostationary orbit.

Islands and coastal areas are also common locations for launch sites. Since the open waters aren’t inhabited, there is minimal risk of harm from debris in the event of a launch failure.

As demand for satellites and space exploration grows, the number of launch locations will continue to grow as well.

Click for Comments

Technology

Ranked: The World’s Top 10 Electronics Exporters (2000-2021)

Here are the largest electronics exporters by country, highlighting how electronics trade has increasingly shifted to Asia over 20 years.

Published

on

Visualized: The Top 10 Electronics Exporters in the World

Top 10 Electronics Exporters in the World (2000-2021)

From personal computers to memory chips, the electronics trade plays a vital role in the world economy. In 2021, global electronics exports reached $4.1 trillion according to McKinsey Global Institute.

This graphic shows the 10 largest electronics exporters in the world, based on data from McKinsey, and how they’ve changed since 2000.

Ranked: The Top 10 Exporters of Electronics

Which countries are the leading exporters of electronics, and how has this shifted over the last two decades?

RankCountryShare of Total 2021Share of Total 2000
1๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China34%9%
2๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ Taiwan11%6%
3๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท South Korea7%5%
4๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Vietnam5%N/A
5๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malaysia5%5%
6๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan4%13%
7๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States4%16%
8๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany4%5%
9๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexico3%3%
10๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ Thailand3%N/A
Other20%30%

We can see in the above table how global electronics trade has become more concentrated in Asia, specifically China and Taiwan. As an electronics powerhouse, 34% of the worldโ€™s electronic goods in 2021 came from China, representing $1.4 trillion in value.

Home to leading firms like TSMC, Taiwan also plays a major role due to its prowess in semiconductor manufacturingโ€”highlighting the islandโ€™s global importance.

But not all of Asia has been thriving. In 2000, Japan was a global electronics powerhouse responsible for 13% of the industry’s exports, but has seen its share shrink to 4% in 2021. The U.S. has also sheen its electronics lead shrink, with exports down from 16% of the global total in 2000 to just 4% in 2021.

Several factors have driven this shift. Instead of manufacturing electronics domestically, the U.S. has outsourced technology to countries where manufacturing, production, and labor costs are lower. However, recently, the U.S. is focusing on reshoring semiconductor production specifically given its role in national security, as seen through the $52.7 billion CHIPS Act.

Continue Reading

Subscribe

Popular