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Who are the World’s Richest Monarchs?

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See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

A chart with the names and estimated net worth of the world's richest monarchs.

Who Are the World’s Richest Monarchs?

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

They’re the original wealthy, the original elite—coming from long lines of succession that sat atop the economy and society of entire nations. And even in a world of democracies, and the democratization of wealth, the world’s surviving monarchs still have extensive access to real estate, company holdings, stock ownership, and of course, money.

We visualize the world’s 10 richest monarchs, based on estimates compiled by The Business Standard, a news platform based in Bangladesh.

Ranked: The World’s Richest Monarchs

Ranked first, the world’s richest monarch, is King Maha Vajiralongkorn from Thailand, with a net worth of $43 billion. This extraordinary wealth comes from stakes in real estate in Bangkok, as well as ownership in the country’s largest cement company and bank. For 80 years Thailand’s monarch’s royal assets were managed by Crown Property Bureau until they were transferred directly to the reigning King himself in 2016.

In 2018, this became a key issue in the wave of student protests in the country, which also questioned the “excessive royal budget.”

Here is the full list of the world’s richest monarchs, as estimated by The Business Standard.

RankCountryNameEstimated Net Worth (USD billions)
1🇹🇭 ThailandKing Maha
Vajiralongkorn
$43
2🇧🇳 BruneiSultan Hassanal Bolkiah$28
3🇸🇦 Saudi ArabiaKing Salman
Abdulaziz bin Saud
$18
4🇦🇪 Abu DhabiEmir Khalifa bin
Zayed Al Nahyan
$18
5🇦🇪 DubaiEmir Sheikh
Mohammed bin
Rashid Al Maktoum
$14
6🇱🇺 LuxembourgGrand Duke Henri$4
7🇱🇮 LiechtensteinPrince Hans Adam II$4
8🇶🇦 QatarEmir Sheikh Tamim
bin Hamad Al Thani
$2
9🇲🇦 MoroccoKing Mohammed VI$2
10🇲🇨 MonacoPrince Albert II$1

The Sultan of Brunei, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, is the second richest monarch, with an estimated net worth of $28 billion. Most of this wealth is sourced from oil and gas investments—the sector is a mainstay of the country’s economy, and half of Brunei’s GDP relies on oil revenues. The monarch likes to spend his vast wealth on several luxuries, including a massive collection of 7,000 cars worth over $5 billion, and several private jets.

Ranked third to fifth are three Middle Eastern monarchs—King Salman bin Saud (Saudi Arabia), Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan (Abu Dhabi), and Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Dubai)—with wealth ranges between $14 billion and $18 billion. As an update to the source’s findings, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan passed away in May 2022 (after this data was compiled), and was succeeded by Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

European monarchs, from Luxembourg and Liechtenstein, are the next richest—though their wealth numbers in the single-digit billions—followed by the Qatari and Moroccan monarchs. Prince Albert II from Monaco rounds out the top 10, with an estimated wealth of $1 billion.

Wealth estimates can often be hard to accurately summarize and often fluctuate with the value of holdings. Furthermore, depending the source, the top 10 can also include King Charles III and Juan Carlos I, the former King of Spain, both estimated at $2 billion.

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Visualizing Wealth Distribution in America (1990-2023)

Wealth distribution in America is becoming increasingly unequal, with the wealth held by the top 0.1% reaching its highest level on record.

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Visualizing Wealth Distribution in America

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Wealth distribution in America has become increasingly concentrated since 1990.

Today, the share of wealth held by the richest 0.1% is currently at its peak, with households in the highest rung having a minimum of $38 million in wealth. Overall, roughly 131,000 households fall into this elite wealth bracket.

This graphic charts patterns in U.S. household wealth, based on data from the Federal Reserve.

Distribution of U.S. Household Wealth

Below, we show how the share of household wealth breaks down by wealth bracket:

Share of Household Wealth2023 (%)2020 (%)2010 (%)2000 (%)1990 (%)
Top 0.1%141311109
99-99.9%1718181714
90-99%
3638403637
50-90%
3129313436
Bottom 50%
32<134

Figures are as of Q4 for each year aside form 2023 where Q3 data was used based on the most recently available data.

With $20 trillion in wealth, the top 0.1% earn on average $3.3 million in income each year.

The greatest share of their wealth is held in corporate equities and mutual funds, which make up over one-third of their assets. Since 1990, their total share of wealth has grown from from 9% to 14% in 2023—the biggest jump across all wealth brackets.

In fact, the richest 0.1% and 1% were the only two rungs to see their share increase since 1990.

Meanwhile, the greatest decline was seen across the 50-90% bracket—households in the lower-middle and middle classes. Those in this rung have a minimum $165,000 in wealth with the majority of assets in real estate, followed by pension and retirement benefits.

Averaging $51,000 in wealth, the bottom 50% make up the lowest share, accounting for 3% of the wealth distribution in America. Income growth across this bracket has increased by over 10% between 2020 and 2022, higher than all other brackets aside from the top 1%.

Overall, the top 10% richest own more than the bottom 90% combined, with $95 trillion in wealth.

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