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Which Countries Have the Lowest Inflation?

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Which Countries Have the Lowest Inflation?

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Investors are bracing for longer inflation.

The Federal Reserve indicated that more restrictive monetary policy is in the cards amid strong employment gains. In Europe, while inflation has fallen, it is still far above the 2% target. Across the Euro area inflation is estimated to have reached 8.5% in January.

At the same time, some countries have managed to tamp down inflation. Slower growth, cheaper import costs, and foreign exchange policy are some of the factors keeping inflation subdued.

As price pressures rattle global markets, the above infographic maps inflation rates globally using data from Trading Economics, focusing in on the countries with the lowest inflation levels.

World’s Lowest Inflation Rates

Many of the lowest inflation rates around the world are located in Asia, including Macau, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. In this region, widespread lockdowns strained growth and consumer spending, lessening inflationary pressures. Last year, Chinese consumers saved $2.2 trillion in bank deposits during these restrictions which were lifted earlier this year.

Inflation in the region was impacted by several other factors. Earlier on in the pandemic, Asian countries including China were less impacted by rising food costs, services inflation, and supply-chain disruptions, unlike what was seen in North America and Europe.

But now as China has reopened, some signs of inflation are beginning to appear. Food prices are up 4.8% annually in December, and hotel rates are rising.

RankCountry / RegionInflation Rate, Year-Over-YearDate
1🇸🇸 South Sudan-11.6%Dec 2022
2🇲🇴 Macau 0.8%Nov 2022
3🇨🇳 China1.8%Dec 2022
4🇭🇰 Hong Kong SAR1.8%Nov 2022
5🇴🇲 Oman2.1%Nov 2022
6🇵🇦 Panama2.1%Dec 2022
7🇸🇨 Seychelles2.5%Dec 2022
8🇻🇺 Vanuatu2.7%Mar 2022
9🇹🇼 Taiwan2.7%Dec 2022
10🇨🇭 Switzerland2.8%Dec 2022
11🇱🇮 Liechtenstein2.8%Dec 2022
12🇧🇯 Benin2.8%Dec 2022
13🇲🇻 Maldives2.8%Nov 2022
14🇳🇪 Niger3.1%Dec 2022
15🇧🇳 Brunei3.1%Nov 2022
16🇧🇴 Bolivia3.2%Nov 2022
17🇰🇼 Kuwait3.2%Nov 2022
18🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia3.3%Dec 2022
19🇰🇭 Cambodia3.6%Oct 2022
20🇫🇯 Fiji3.6%Dec 2022
21🇪🇨 Ecuador3.7%Dec 2022
22🇯🇵 Japan3.8%Nov 2022
23🇱🇾 Libya3.8%Nov 2022
24🇧🇲 Bermuda3.8%Oct 2022
25🇧🇭 Bahrain3.9%Nov 2022
26🇲🇾 Malaysia4.0%Nov 2022
27🇵🇸 Palestine4.1%Dec 2022
28🇮🇶 Iraq4.2%Nov 2022
29🇯🇴 Jordan4.4%Dec 2022
30🇹🇯 Tajikistan4.5%Nov 2022
31🇻🇳 Vietnam4.6%Dec 2022
32🇧🇹 Bhutan4.6%Nov 2022
33🇹🇿 Tanzania4.8%Dec 2022
34🇳🇨 New Caledonia4.9%Dec 2022
35🇰🇷 South Korea5.0%Dec 2022
36🇮🇱 Israel5.3%Dec 2022
37🇱🇺 Luxembourg5.4%Dec 2022
38🇸🇿 Swaziland5.5%Oct 2022
39🇮🇩 Indonesia5.5%Dec 2022
40🇬🇦 Gabon5.7%Oct 2022
41🇨🇮 Ivory Coast5.7%Nov 2022
42🇪🇸 Spain5.7%Dec 2022
43🇮🇳 India5.7%Dec 2022
44🇧🇷 Brazil5.8%Dec 2022
45🇹🇭 Thailand5.9%Dec 2022
46🇫🇷 France5.9%Dec 2022
47🇳🇴 Norway5.9%Dec 2022
48🇶🇦 Qatar5.9%Dec 2022
49🇩🇯 Djibouti6.1%Sep 2022
50🇸🇴 Somalia6.1%Dec 2022
51🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago6.2%Sep 2022
52🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea6.3%Sep 2022
53🇵🇷 Puerto Rico6.3%Nov 2022
54🇨🇦 Canada6.3%Dec 2022
55🇧🇸 Bahamas6.5%Sep/22
56🇧🇿 Belize6.5%Nov 2022
57🇺🇸 U.S.6.5%Dec 2022
58🇦🇼 Aruba6.6%Nov 2022
59🇸🇬 Singapore6.7%Nov 2022
60🇹🇱 East Timor6.7%Nov 2022
61🇦🇪 UAE6.8%Jun 2022
62🇳🇦 Namibia6.9%Dec 2022
63🇬🇾 Guyana6.9%Nov 2022
64🇳🇿 New Zealand7.2%Sep 2022
65🇿🇦 South Africa7.2%Dec 2022
66🇬🇷 Greece7.2%Dec 2022
67🇱🇷 Liberia7.2%Sep 2022
68🇦🇺 Australia7.3%Sep 2022
69🇲🇹 Malta7.3%Dec 2022
70🇸🇻 El Salvador7.3%Dec 2022
71🇦🇱 Albania7.4%Dec 2022
72🇨🇻 Cape Verde7.6%Dec 2022
73🇨🇲 Cameroon7.7%Sep 2022
74🇨🇫 Central African Republic7.7%Nov 2022
75🇹🇬 Togo7.7%Dec 2022
76🇲🇽 Mexico7.8%Dec 2022
77🇩🇴 Dominican Republic7.8%Dec 2022
78🇨🇷 Costa Rica7.9%Dec 2022
79🇨🇾 Cyprus7.9%Dec 2022
80🇲🇱 Mali8.0%Nov 2022
81🇳🇵 Nepal8.1%Nov 2022
82🇵🇭 Philippines8.1%Dec 2022
83🇵🇾 Paraguay8.1%Dec 2022
84🇧🇧 Barbados8.2%Oct 2022
85🇮🇪 Ireland8.2%Dec 2022
86🇺🇾 Uruguay8.3%Dec 2022
87🇲🇦 Morocco8.3%Nov 2022
88🇦🇲 Armenia8.3%Dec 2022
89🇵🇪 Peru8.5%Dec 2022
90🇱🇸 Lesotho8.5%Oct 2022
91🇩🇿 Algeria8.6%Nov 2022
92🇩🇪 Germany8.6%Dec 2022
93🇩🇰 Denmark8.7%Dec 2022
94🇧🇩 Bangladesh8.7%Dec 2022
95🇫🇴 Faroe Islands8.8%Sep 2022
96🇫🇮 Finland9.1%Dec 2022
97🇰🇪 Kenya9.1%Dec 2022
98🇰🇾 Cayman Islands9.2%Sep 2022
99🇬🇹 Guatemala9.2%Dec 2022
100🇬🇼 Guinea Bissau9.4%Nov 2022

*Inflation rates based on latest available data.

Globally, one outlier is South Sudan. Political instability and violence have depressed growth and inflation, which stood at -11.6% in December. As it faces a severe humanitarian crisis, the country has the lowest inflation rate worldwide.

Oil-producing nation Oman has also seen low inflation, at 2.1%. One reason for this is that the Omani rial is pegged to the U.S. dollar, keeping the currency anchored. Inflation has remained moderate over the last decade in the country.

The Country With the Lowest Inflation, by Region

In Europe, Switzerland has the lowest inflation rate, at 2.8%, or roughly one-third of the Euro area’s. It is also the lowest rate in the OECD. The country’s strong currency has shielded it from inflationary pressures and high import prices.

Meanwhile, Swiss production prices have risen marginally above inflation, to 4.1% annually in mid-2022. Last year, the Swiss central bank raised interest rates for the first time since 2007 from -0.75% to -0.25% following 20 years of deflation.

Countries With the Lowest Inflation by Region

Panama has the lowest rate in Latin America. The dollarization of the Panamanian balboa has helped quash price pressures. In July, the government regulated the price of 72 items to keep the cost of living from rising after three weeks of protests as inflation climbed as high as 5.2% during the course of 2022.

With the lowest inflation in Asia, Macau witnessed the tourism industry fall off a cliff given lockdown measures, and the economy saw both its GDP and inflation collapse in 2022. Its real GDP is projected to have fallen close to 30% for the year.

Future Gazing

The IMF estimates that 84% of countries around the world will have lower inflation than last year. By 2024, both headline and core inflation are projected to remain above pre-pandemic levels at 4.1%.

Opposing forces of China’s reopening and weaker global growth could offset inflationary pressures, yet this interplay—among a host of other factors—remains to be seen.

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Economy

Economic Growth Forecasts for G7 and BRICS Countries in 2024

The IMF has released its economic growth forecasts for 2024. How do the G7 and BRICS countries compare?

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Faded horizontal bar chart visualization of G7 and BRICS countries' real GDP growth forecasts for 2024.

G7 & BRICS Real GDP Growth Forecasts for 2024

The International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) has released its real gross domestic product (GDP) growth forecasts for 2024, and while global growth is projected to stay steady at 3.2%, various major nations are seeing declining forecasts.

This chart visualizes the 2024 real GDP growth forecasts using data from the IMF’s 2024 World Economic Outlook for G7 and BRICS member nations along with Saudi Arabia, which is still considering an invitation to join the bloc.

Get the Key Insights of the IMF’s World Economic Outlook

Want a visual breakdown of the insights from the IMF’s 2024 World Economic Outlook report?

This visual is part of a special dispatch of the key takeaways exclusively for VC+ members.

Get the full dispatch of charts by signing up to VC+.

Mixed Economic Growth Prospects for Major Nations in 2024

Economic growth projections by the IMF for major nations are mixed, with the majority of G7 and BRICS countries forecasted to have slower growth in 2024 compared to 2023.

Only three BRICS-invited or member countries, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and South Africa, have higher projected real GDP growth rates in 2024 than last year.

GroupCountryReal GDP Growth (2023)Real GDP Growth (2024P)
G7🇺🇸 U.S.2.5%2.7%
G7🇨🇦 Canada1.1%1.2%
G7🇯🇵 Japan1.9%0.9%
G7🇫🇷 France0.9%0.7%
G7🇮🇹 Italy0.9%0.7%
G7🇬🇧 UK0.1%0.5%
G7🇩🇪 Germany-0.3%0.2%
BRICS🇮🇳 India7.8%6.8%
BRICS🇨🇳 China5.2%4.6%
BRICS🇦🇪 UAE3.4%3.5%
BRICS🇮🇷 Iran4.7%3.3%
BRICS🇷🇺 Russia3.6%3.2%
BRICS🇪🇬 Egypt3.8%3.0%
BRICS-invited🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia-0.8%2.6%
BRICS🇧🇷 Brazil2.9%2.2%
BRICS🇿🇦 South Africa0.6%0.9%
BRICS🇪🇹 Ethiopia7.2%6.2%
🌍 World3.2%3.2%

China and India are forecasted to maintain relatively high growth rates in 2024 at 4.6% and 6.8% respectively, but compared to the previous year, China is growing 0.6 percentage points slower while India is an entire percentage point slower.

On the other hand, four G7 nations are set to grow faster than last year, which includes Germany making its comeback from its negative real GDP growth of -0.3% in 2023.

Faster Growth for BRICS than G7 Nations

Despite mostly lower growth forecasts in 2024 compared to 2023, BRICS nations still have a significantly higher average growth forecast at 3.6% compared to the G7 average of 1%.

While the G7 countries’ combined GDP is around $15 trillion greater than the BRICS nations, with continued higher growth rates and the potential to add more members, BRICS looks likely to overtake the G7 in economic size within two decades.

BRICS Expansion Stutters Before October 2024 Summit

BRICS’ recent expansion has stuttered slightly, as Argentina’s newly-elected president Javier Milei declined its invitation and Saudi Arabia clarified that the country is still considering its invitation and has not joined BRICS yet.

Even with these initial growing pains, South Africa’s Foreign Minister Naledi Pandor told reporters in February that 34 different countries have submitted applications to join the growing BRICS bloc.

Any changes to the group are likely to be announced leading up to or at the 2024 BRICS summit which takes place October 22-24 in Kazan, Russia.

Get the Full Analysis of the IMF’s Outlook on VC+

This visual is part of an exclusive special dispatch for VC+ members which breaks down the key takeaways from the IMF’s 2024 World Economic Outlook.

For the full set of charts and analysis, sign up for VC+.

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