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Visualizing All of Earth’s Satellites: Who Owns Our Orbit?

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Visualizing All of Earth’s Satellites

For centuries, humans have looked to space and the stars for answers. The fascination is more than philosophical—it’s coupled with the need to solve problems here on Earth.

Today, there are seemingly countless benefits and applications of space technology. Satellites, for instance, are becoming critical for everything from internet connectivity and precision agriculture, to border security and archaeological study.

Space is Open for Business

Right now, there are nearly 6,000 satellites circling our tiny planet. About 60% of those are defunct satellites—space junk—and roughly 40% are operational.

As highlighted in the chart above, The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), determined that 2,666 operational satellites circled the globe in April of 2020.

Over the coming decade, it’s estimated by Euroconsult that 990 satellites will be launched every year. This means that by 2028, there could be 15,000 satellites in orbit.

With SpaceX’s planned Starlink constellation of 12,000 satellites and Amazon’s proposed constellation in the works, the new space race continues its acceleration.

Let’s take a closer look at who operates those satellites and how they apply their technology.

Technology with a Purpose

Humans have long used space for navigation. While sailors once relied on the stars, today we use satellites for GPS, navigation, and various other applications.

More than half of Earth’s operational satellites are launched for commercial purposes. About 61% of those provide communications, including everything from satellite TV and Internet of Things (IoT) connectivity to global internet.

Commercial Satellites by PurposeNumber of Satellites
Communications1007
Earth Observation446
Navigation / GPS97
Tech Demonstration & Development87
Other9
All Commercial Satellites
(including combination)
1646

Second to communications, 27% of commercial satellites have been launched for Earth Observation (EO) purposes, including environmental monitoring and border security.

Commercial satellites, however, can serve multiple purposes. One week, a satellite may be ‘tasked’ to image a contested border. It could later be tasked to monitor the reclamation of a mining site or even the aftermath of a natural disaster.

Operational Satellites by TypeNumber of SatellitesPercentage of Operational Satellites
Commercial144054%
Government43616%
Military33913%
Civil1335%
Combination (Other)1124%
Combination (Commercial)2068%
Defunct Satellites
3200

Government and civil purposes make up 21% of all of Earth’s operational satellites, and military purposes come in at 13%.

Who Owns Earth’s Orbit? Space Operators

SpaceX—founded by Elon Musk—is not only a disruptive launch provider for missions to the International Space Station (saving NASA millions). It’s also the largest commercial operator of satellites on the planet.

With 358 satellites launched as of April, part of SpaceX’s mission is to boost navigation capabilities and supply the world with space-based internet.

While the company operated 22% of the world’s operational satellites as of April, it went on to launch an additional 175 satellites in the span of one month, from August to September 2020.

Following its series of summer launches, SpaceX announced that it had deployed enough satellites to support the beta version of its satellite-based internet service, Starlink.

Every Commercial Satellite in One Table

Since December 2005, the UCS has compiled data on every operational satellite in Earth’s orbit. In the table below, you’ll find every commercial satellite in orbit, as of April 2020.

Satellite Owner/OperatorNumber of SatellitesCountry of Operator/Owner
SpaceX358USA
Planet Labs, Inc.246USA
Spire Global Inc.89USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.78USA
OneWeb Satellites74United Kingdom
SES S.A.51Luxembourg
Intelsat S.A.51USA
ORBCOMM Inc.35USA
DoD/US Air Force33USA
EUTELSAT Americas33Multinational
Ministry of Defense33Egypt
Globalstar32USA
European Space Agency (ESA)26ESA
O3b Networks Ltd.20United Kingdom
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.15China
Gonets Satcom15Russia
Sky Perfect JSAT Corporation15Japan
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)14Canada
Echostar Corporation (entire payload leased from Telesat Canada Ltd.)9USA
INMARSAT, Ltd.13United Kingdom
Zhuhai Orbita Aerospace Science and Technology Co.13China
Aerospace Corporation12USA
DirecTV Latin America/Intelsat12Brazil
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)11USA
Aprize Satellite10Canada
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)10Russia
Swarm Technologies9USA
Satellogic S.A.8Argentina
Spacety Aerospace Co.8China
Beijing Commsat Technology Development Co. Ltd.7China
China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom)7China
GeoOptics Inc.7USA
Riyadh Space Research Institute7Saudi Arabia
Asia Broadcast Satellite Ltd.6Multinational
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd.6China
Embratel Star One6Brazil
Guodian Gaoke6China
Sirius XM Holdings6USA
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.6United Kingdom
Beijing Space View Technology5China
BlackSky Global5USA
Gazprom Space Systems5Russia
Ningxia Jingui Information Technology Co. Ltd.5China
Optus Communications (Parent: Singapore Telecom)5Australia
RapidEye AG5Germany
APT Satellite Holdings Ltd.4China
Broadcasting Satellite System Corp.4Japan
exactEarth4Canada
Fleet Space Technologies4Australia
Hispamar (subsidiary of Hispasat - Spain)4Spain
Hispasat4Spain
ICEYE Ltd.4Finland
Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)4South Korea
KT Corporation4South Korea
Al Yah Satellite Communications Co. (YAHSAT)3United Arab Emirates
Astro Digital3USA
Avanti Communications, PLC3United Kingdom
Dauria Aerospace3Russia
German Orbital Systems3Germany
HawkEye 3603USA
HEAD Aerospace3China
Hellas-Sat Consortium Ltd.3Greece
Maxar Technologies Inc.3USA
MEASAT Satellite Systems Sdn. Bhd.3Malaysia
Nagoya University and Daido University3Japan
PT Telkomunikasi3Indonesia
Russian Federal Space Agency3Russia
Samara State Aerospace University, SGAU3Russia
Sky and Space Global, UK3United Kingdom
Space-Communication Ltd.3Israel
Telenor Satellite Broadcasting3Norway
Thaicom Public Company Ltd.3Thailand
Turksat3Turkey
Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems, Inc.3USA
AISTech2Spain
Arab Satellite Communications Org. (ASCO)2Multinational
ArSat2Argentina
Astrocast2Switzerland
Bigelow Aerospace2USA
China Electronic Technology Group2China
Elbit Systems2Israel
German Aerospace Center (DLR)2Germany
Ghalam LLP2Kazakhstan
Hiber Global2Netherlands
Hughes Space and Communications Co.3USA
Innovation Academy for Microsatellites, Chinese Academy of Sciences/unnamed German firm2China/Germany
JSC KazSat2Kazakhstan
Kepler Communications2Canada
Mobile Satellite Ventures2USA/Canada
NanoAvionics2Lithuania
NBN Co (operated by Optus)2Australia
SpaceQuest2USA
Spot Image2France/Belgium/Sweden
SRI International2USA
Thuraya Satellite Communications2United Arab Emirates
Tiger Innovations2USA
University of California2USA
ViaSat, Inc.2USA
Weathernews, Inc.2Japan
XM Satellite Radio USA2USA
1Worldspace1USA
ACME AtronOmatic (MyRadar)1Germany
Aerospace Corporation1USA
AgilSpace1Singapore
Airbus1ESA
Alibaba1China
Astranis1USA
Astro Live Experiences1Japan
ATL (Advanced Technology of Laser)1Hungary
Axelspace1Japan
Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI)1Indonesia
Beijing Future Navigation Technology Co. Ltd.1China
Beijing Landview Mapping Information Technology Co. Ltd (BLMIT)1China
Beijing ZeroG Technology Co. Ltd.1China
Bulsatcom1Bulgaria
Canon Electronics1Japan
Capella Space1USA
Changchun Institute of Optics1China
Chengdu Guoxing Aerospace Technology Co. Ltd.1China
China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC)1China
Ciel Satellite Group1Canada
DigitalGlobe Corporation1USA
Earthi/Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.1United Kingdom
Es’hailSat1Qatar
Exseed Space1India
Fossa Systems1Spain
GalaxySpace1China
GasTianta and GZH-HNJ BDS AGR Co., Ltd.1China
General Atomics - Electromagnetic Systems Group1USA
GHGSat, Inc.1Canada
Global Eagle Entertainment1USA
GomSpace ApS1Denmark
Harris Corporation1USA
Helios Wire1USA
Hera Systems1USA
Hisdesat1Spain
Horizons 2 Satellite, LLC (Intelsat, Sky Perfect JSAT Corporation)1USA/Japan
Horizons 2 Satellite, LLC (Intelsat, Sky Perfect JSAT Corporation)1USA/Japan
ImageSat International, NV/Ministry of Defense1Israel
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)1India
iQPS1Japan
iSky Technology1Czech Republic
Italian Defense Ministry/Telespazio1Italy
LightSquared1USA
Link Space Aerospace Technology1China
MDA Corporation1Canada
Microspace Rapid Pvt Ltd.1Singapore
Momentus1USA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/SES Americom (SES [Société Européenne des Satellites (SES)])1USA
National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (JPN)1Japan
NigComSat1Nigeria
Northwest Nazarene University1USA
NSLComm1Israel
OHB Italia1Italy
Orbital Micro Systems Ltd.1USA
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)/PakSat International1Pakistan
Planetary Resources1USA
PT Indosat1Indonesia
PT Pasifik Satelit Nusantara1Indonesia
Qiansheng Exploration Technology Co. Ltd.1China
Reaktor Space Lab1Finland
Regional African Satellite Communications Organization (RASCOM)1Multinational
SatRevolution1Poland
Shanghai Lizheng Satellite Application Technology1China
Singapore Telecommunications Ltd. (SingTel)/Chunghwa Telecom Co. Ltd.1Singapore/Taiwan
Sky Mexico1Mexico
SkyFox Labs1Czech Republic
Space Logistics LLC1USA
Space OK (Shanghai Ok Space Co Ltd.)1China
SpacePharma1Switzerland
Sputnix Ltd.1Russia
Stara Space1USA
Surrey Space Center1United Kingdom
Telebras/Brazilian Air Force1Brazil
TerraStar Corporation1USA
Turkmenistan Ministry of Communications/SSI-Monaco1Turkmenistan/Monaco
UK Government/Surrey Satellite Technologies1United Kingdom
University of Vigo/Alén Space1Spain
UnseenLabs1France
Utah State University1USA
WildBlue Communications1USA
Xinwei Telecom Technology Company1China
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
Aerospace CorporationUSA
AISTechSpain
Al Yah Satellite Communications Co. (YAHSAT)United Arab Emirates
Al Yah Satellite Communications Co. (YAHSAT)United Arab Emirates
Aprize SatelliteCanada
Aprize SatelliteUSA/Argentina
Aprize SatelliteUSA/Argentina
Aprize SatelliteUSA/Argentina
Aprize SatelliteUSA/Argentina
Aprize Satellite ArgentinaArgentina
Aprize Satellite ArgentinaArgentina
Aprize Satellite ArgentinaArgentina
Aprize Satellite ArgentinaArgentina
APT Satellite Holdings Ltd.China
APT Satellite Holdings Ltd.China
APT Satellite Holdings Ltd.China
Arab Satellite Communications Org. (ASCO)Multinational
ArSatArgentina
Asia Broadcast Satellite Ltd.Multinational
Asia Broadcast Satellite Ltd.Multinational
Asia Broadcast Satellite Ltd.Multinational
Asia Broadcast Satellite Ltd.Multinational
Asia Broadcast Satellite Ltd.Multinational
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd.China
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd.China
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd.China
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd.China
Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd.China
Astro DigitalUSA
Astro DigitalUSA
AstrocastSwitzerland
Avanti Communications, PLCUnited Kingdom
Avanti Communications, PLCUnited Kingdom
Beijing Commsat Technology Development Co. Ltd.China
Beijing Commsat Technology Development Co. Ltd.China
Beijing Commsat Technology Development Co. Ltd.China
Beijing Commsat Technology Development Co. Ltd.China
Beijing Commsat Technology Development Co. Ltd.China
Beijing Commsat Technology Development Co. Ltd.China
Beijing Space View TechnologyChina
Beijing Space View TechnologyChina
Beijing Space View TechnologyChina
Bigelow AerospaceUSA
BlackSky GlobalUSA
BlackSky GlobalUSA
BlackSky GlobalUSA
BlackSky GlobalUSA
Broadcasting Satellite System Corp.Japan
Broadcasting Satellite System Corp.Japan
Broadcasting Satellite System Corp./Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
Chang Guang Satellite Technology Co. Ltd.China
China Electronic Technology GroupChina
China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom)China
China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom)China
China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom)China
China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom)China
China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom)China
China Satellite Communication Corp. (China Satcom)China
Dauria AerospaceRussia/USA
Dauria AerospaceRussia/USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DirecTV, Inc.USA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
DoD/US Air ForceUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLCUSA
Echostar Satellite Services, LLC/IntelsatUSA
Elbit SystemsIsrael
Embratel Star OneBrazil
Embratel Star OneBrazil
Embratel Star OneBrazil
Embratel Star OneBrazil
Embratel Star OneBrazil
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
European Space Agency (ESA)ESA
EUTELSAT AmericasMultinational
EUTELSAT AmericasMultinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A.Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A. -- leased from Loral Skynet Satellite Services (Loral Global Alliance)Multinational
EUTELSAT S.A./Es'hailSatMultinational
EUTELSAT S.A./NilesatMultinational
EUTELSAT S.A./NilesatMultinational
exactEarthCanada
exactEarthCanada
exactEarthCanada
Fleet Space TechnologiesAustralia
Fleet Space TechnologiesAustralia
Fleet Space TechnologiesAustralia
Gazprom Space SystemsRussia
Gazprom Space SystemsRussia
Gazprom Space SystemsRussia
Gazprom Space SystemsRussia
GeoOptics Inc.USA
GeoOptics Inc.USA
GeoOptics Inc.USA
GeoOptics Inc.USA
GeoOptics Inc.USA
GeoOptics Inc.USA
German Aerospace Center (DLR)/InfoterraGermany
German Orbital SystemsGermany
German Orbital SystemsGermany
Ghalam LLPKazakhstan
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
GlobalstarUSA
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Gonets SatcomRussia
Guodian GaokeChina
Guodian GaokeChina
Guodian GaokeChina
Guodian GaokeChina
Guodian GaokeChina
HawkEye 360USA
HawkEye 360USA
HEAD AerospaceChina
HEAD AerospaceChina
Hellas-Sat Consortium Ltd.Greece
Hellas-Sat Consortium Ltd./INMARSATGreece/United Kingdom
Hiber GlobalNetherlands
Hispamar (subsidiary of Hispasat - Spain)Spain
Hispamar (subsidiary of Hispasat - Spain)Spain
Hispamar (subsidiary of Hispasat - Spain)Spain
HispasatSpain
HispasatSpain
HispasatSpain
HughesNet leased from Echostar Technologies, LLCUSA
ICEYE Ltd.Finland
ICEYE Ltd.Finland
ICEYE Ltd.Finland
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd.United Kingdom
INMARSAT, Ltd./European Space Agency (ESA)United Kingdom/ESA
Innovation Academy for Microsatellites, Chinese Academy of Sciences/unnamed German firmChina/Germany
Intelsat S.A./Sky Perfect JSAT Corp.USA
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik)Russia
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
Iridium Communications, Inc.USA
JSC KazSatKazakhstan
Kepler CommunicationsUnited Kingdom
Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)South Korea
Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)South Korea
Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)South Korea
KT CorporationSouth Korea
KT CorporationSouth Korea
KT Corporation/Korean Agency for Defense Development (ADD)South Korea
Maxar Technologies Inc.USA
Maxar Technologies Inc.USA
MEASAT Satellite Systems Sdn. Bhd.Malaysia
MEASAT Satellite Systems Sdn. Bhd.Malaysia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Ministry of DefenseRussia
Mobile Satellite VenturesUSA/Canada
Nagoya University and Daido UniversityJapan
Nagoya University and Daido UniversityJapan
NanoAvionicsLithuania
NBN Co (operated by Optus)Australia
Ningxia Jingui Information Technology Co. Ltd.China
Ningxia Jingui Information Technology Co. Ltd.China
Ningxia Jingui Information Technology Co. Ltd.China
Ningxia Jingui Information Technology Co. Ltd.China
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
O3b Networks Ltd.United Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
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OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
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OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
OneWeb SatellitesUnited Kingdom
Optus Communications (Parent: Singapore Telecom)Australia
Optus Communications (Parent: Singapore Telecom)Australia
Optus Communications (Parent: Singapore Telecom)Australia
Optus Communications (Parent: Singapore Telecom)/Australian Ministry of DefenseAustralia
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
ORBCOMM Inc.USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)/DirecTV, Inc.USA
PanAmSat (Intelsat S.A.)/Sky Perfect JSAT Corp.USA/Japan
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
Planet Labs, Inc.USA
PT TelkomunikasiIndonesia
PT TelkomunikasiIndonesia
RapidEye AGGermany
RapidEye AGGermany
RapidEye AGGermany
RapidEye AGGermany
Riyadh Space Research InstituteSaudi Arabia
Riyadh Space Research InstituteSaudi Arabia
Riyadh Space Research InstituteSaudi Arabia
Riyadh Space Research InstituteSaudi Arabia
Riyadh Space Research InstituteSaudi Arabia
Riyadh Space Research InstituteSaudi Arabia
Russian Federal Space AgencyRussia
Russian Federal Space AgencyRussia
Samara State Aerospace University, SGAURussia
Samara State Aerospace University, SGAURussia
Satellogic S.A.Argentina
Satellogic S.A.Argentina
Satellogic S.A.Argentina
Satellogic S.A.Argentina
Satellogic S.A.Argentina
Satellogic S.A.Argentina
Satellogic S.A.Argentina
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Luxembourg
SES S.A.Netherlands
SES S.A.Netherlands
SES S.A.Netherlands
SES S.A.Netherlands
SES S.A.Netherlands
SES S.A.Netherlands
SES S.A.Netherlands
SES S.A.Sweden
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A.USA
SES S.A. -- total capacity leased to subsidiary of EchoStar Corp.USA
SES S.A./EchoStar Satellite Services, LLCLuxembourg
SES S.A./GogoUSA
Sirius XM HoldingsUSA
Sirius XM HoldingsUSA
Sirius XM HoldingsUSA
Sirius XM HoldingsUSA
Sirius XM HoldingsUSA
Sky and Space Global, UKUnited Kingdom
Sky and Space Global, UKUnited Kingdom
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT CorporationJapan
Sky Perfect JSAT Corporation/DSN Corp.Japan
Sky Perfect JSAT Corporation/KacificJapan/Singapore
Space-Communication Ltd.Israel
Space-Communication Ltd.Israel
SpaceQuest, Ltd.USA
Spacety Aerospace Co.China
Spacety Aerospace Co.China
Spacety Aerospace Co.China
Spacety Aerospace Co.China
Spacety Aerospace Co./Changsha Gaoxinqu Tianyi Research InstituteChina
Spacety Aerospace Co./Changsha Gaoxinqu Tianyi Research InstituteChina
Spacety Aerospace Co./ThrustMeChina/France
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
SpaceXUSA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spire Global Inc.USA
Spot ImageFrance/Belgium/Sweden
SRI InternationalUSA
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.United Kingdom
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.United Kingdom
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.United Kingdom
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.United Kingdom
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd.United Kingdom
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Swarm TechnologiesUSA
Telenor Satellite BroadcastingNorway
Telenor Satellite BroadcastingNorway
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)Canada
Telesat Canada Ltd. (BCE, Inc.)/APT Satellite Holdings Ltd.Canada
Thaicom Public Company Ltd.Thailand
Thaicom Public Company Ltd.Thailand
Thuraya Satellite CommunicationsUnited Arab Emirates
Tiger InnovationsUSA
TurksatTurkey
TurksatTurkey
Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems, Inc.USA
Tyvak Nanosatellite Systems, Inc.USA
University of CaliforniaUSA
ViaSat, Inc.USA
Weathernews, Inc.Japan
XM Satellite Radio USAUSA
Zhuhai Orbita Aerospace Science and Technology Co.China
Zhuhai Orbita Aerospace Science and Technology Co.China
Zhuhai Orbita Aerospace Science and Technology Co.China
Zhuhai Orbita Aerospace Science and Technology Co.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China
Zhuhai Orbita Control Engineering Co. Ltd.China

Cubesats, microsats, nanosats, and more—the new space race is all about small satellites.

With its flock of small EO satellites, or “doves”, Planet Labs now has more than 150 satellites in operation (however, in April 2020, the number exceeded 250, as per above data).

Even Amazon is preparing for space. In July of 2020, the FCC granted approval for Jeff Bezos’s tech empire to launch and operate an internet constellation of 3,236 satellites.

Nations that Dominate Earth’s Orbit

It may be no surprise that the United States, China, and Russia top the list of countries with operational satellites.

The U.S. and Russia (then the USSR) piloted the space race throughout the 1950s and 1960s. Both nations are found in the top three of current satellite operators, with the U.S. operating nearly half of all satellites—1,308 as of April 2020.

China trails the U.S. with approximately 356 satellites. Taking third spot, Russia has 167 satellites in operation, and the UK comes in at a close fourth with 130 satellites.

Collectively, the above five countries operate roughly 76% of the world’s satellites.

The New Space Race

Where the original space race was a nationalistic competition between Cold War rivals, the new space race is collaborative and commercialized.

Today, international cooperation allows for the deployment of satellites, as well as space-based science. Before SpaceX, NASA and the other space agencies that operate the International Space Station had been reliant on Russian Soyuz rockets for hundreds of missions.

With the success of its famed reusable rockets, SpaceX is on track to reduce launch costs by as much as US$6 million per flight—which is likely to support the proliferation of satellites in the coming years.

With improved technology and commercial partnerships, all signs point to a crowded orbit.

Correction: In the table, Intelsat was listed as having 36 owned satellites in operation. The correct number is 51.

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Technology

Ranked: The Most Popular Paid Subscription News Websites

Many consumers are reluctant to pay for their news, but those that do turn to trusted sources. Here’s a look at the most subscribed to news websites.

Published

on

Ranked: The Most Popular Subscription News Websites

While paywalls are becoming increasingly more popular among news websites, most consumers still aren’t willing to pay for their online news.

In fact, a recent survey by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism reveals that only 20% of Americans pay for digital news, and of those that do, the majority subscribe to only one brand.

This begs the question—which news outlets are audiences willing to pay for?

Using data from FIPP and CeleraOne, this graphic looks at the most popular news websites across the globe, based on their total number of paid subscriptions.

*Note: This report relies on publicly available data, and should not be considered an exhaustive list.

The Full Breakdown

With 7.5 million subscriptions, The New York Times (NYT) takes the top spot on the list. 2020 was an exceptionally strong year for the outlet—by Q3 2020, the NYT had generated the same amount of revenue from digital subscriptions as it had for the entire year of 2019.

RankPublicationPaid Subscriptions
1🇺🇸 The New York Times7,500,000
2🇺🇸 The Washington Post3,000,000
3🇺🇸 The Wall Street Journal2,400,000
4🇺🇸 Game Informer2,100,000
5🇬🇧 Financial Times1,100,000
6🇺🇸 The Athletic1,000,000
7🇬🇧 The Guardian790,000
8🇯🇵 Nikkei769,000
9🇬🇧 The Economist516,000
10🇨🇳 Caixin510,000
11🇩🇪 Bild494,000
12🇬🇧 The Sunday Times337,000
13🇬🇧 The Telegraph320,000
14🇺🇸 The Atlantic300,000
15🇮🇹 Corriere Della Sera300,000
16🇫🇷 Le Monde300,000
17🇺🇸 The Boston Globe270,000
18🇦🇷 La Nacion260,000
19🇦🇷 Clarin260,000
20🇫🇷 L'equipe259,000
21🇺🇸 Los Angeles Times253,000
22🇸🇪 Aftonbladet250,000
23🇺🇸 The New Yorker240,000
24🇵🇱 Wyborcza240,000
25🇧🇷 Folha de S.Paulo236,000
26🇸🇪 Dagens Nyheter208,000
27🇺🇸 Business Insider200,000
28🇫🇷 Mediapart170,000
29🇳🇴 VG150,000
30🇺🇸 Wired142,000
31🇨🇦 The Globe and Mail139,000
32🇩🇪 Welt132,000
33🇳🇴 Aftenposten119,000
34🇫🇷 Le Figaro110,000
35🇺🇸 Chicago Tribune100,000
36🇺🇸 Star Tribune100,000
37🇳🇴 Dagbladet100,000
38🇫🇮 Helsingin Sanomat100,000

The Times is the most popular by a landslide—it has over double the number of subscriptions than the second outlet on the list, The Washington Post. Yet, while WaPo is no match for NYT, it still boasts a strong following, with approximately 3 million paid subscriptions as of Q4 2020.

Japanese outlet Nikkei ranks number one among the non-English news websites. It’s the largest business newspaper in Japan, mainly focusing on markets and finance, but also covering politics, sports, and health.

Legacy Papers: Which Websites Come From Traditional Media?

Most of the websites on this list stem from traditional media. Because of this, they’ve had years to establish themselves as trusted sources, and win over loyal readers.

Interestingly, more than half of the outlets included in this ranking are at least 100 years old.

PublicationYear LaunchedAge (Years)
🇬🇧 The Guardian1821200
🇬🇧 The Sunday Times1821200
🇫🇷 Le Figaro1826195
🇸🇪 Aftonbladet1830190
🇬🇧 The Economist1843178
🇺🇸 Chicago Tribune1847173
🇺🇸 NYT1852169
🇬🇧 The Telegraph1855166
🇺🇸 The Atlantic1857164
🇳🇴 Aftenposten1860160
🇸🇪 Dagens Nyheter1864157
🇺🇸 Star Tribune1867154
🇳🇴 Dagbladet1869152
🇦🇷 La Nacion1870151
🇺🇸 The Boston Globe1872149
🇮🇹 Corriere Della Sera1876145
🇺🇸 Washington Post1877144
🇯🇵 Nikkei.com1876144
🇺🇸 LA Times1881140
🇬🇧 Financial Times1888133
🇺🇸 Wall Street Journal1889132
🇫🇮 Helsingin Sanomat1889132
🇧🇷 Folha de S.Paulo1921100
🇺🇸 The New Yorker192596
🇨🇦 The Globe and Mail193685
🇫🇷 Le Monde194477
🇦🇷 Clarin194576
🇳🇴 VG194576
🇫🇷 L'equipe194675
🇩🇪 Welt194675
🇩🇪 Bild195269
🇵🇱 Wyborcza198932
🇺🇸 Game Informer199130
🇺🇸 Wired199328
🇺🇸 Business Insider200714
🇫🇷 Mediapart200813
🇨🇳 Caixin200912
🇺🇸 The Athletic20165

Yet, undeterred by these well-established outlets, a few scrappy websites made the cut despite a shorter history. Four out of the 38 websites are less than 20 years old.

The Athletic is the newest outlet to make the ranking. Established in 2016, the outlet’s target demographic is die-hard sports fans who miss the days of in-depth, quality sports writing.

The Need For Trusted Sources

Amidst the global pandemic, issues involving misinformation and fake news have helped reaffirm the important role that trusted news sources play in the dissemination of public information.

With this in mind, it’ll be interesting to see what the future holds for digital media consumption. With paywalls becoming increasingly more common, will consumers jump on board and eventually be more willing to pay for their news?

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Energy

Visualizing the Power Consumption of Bitcoin Mining

Bitcoin mining requires significant amounts of energy, but what does this consumption look like when compared to countries and companies?

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Visualizing the Power Consumption of Bitcoin Mining

Cryptocurrencies have been some of the most talked-about assets in recent months, with bitcoin and ether prices reaching record highs. These gains were driven by a flurry of announcements, including increased adoption by businesses and institutions.

Lesser known, however, is just how much electricity is required to power the Bitcoin network. To put this into perspective, we’ve used data from the University of Cambridge’s Bitcoin Electricity Consumption Index (CBECI) to compare Bitcoin’s power consumption with a variety of countries and companies.

Why Does Bitcoin Mining Require So Much Power?

When people mine bitcoins, what they’re really doing is updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, also known as the blockchain. This requires them to solve numerical puzzles which have a 64-digit hexadecimal solution known as a hash.

Miners may be rewarded with bitcoins, but only if they arrive at the solution before others. It is for this reason that Bitcoin mining facilities—warehouses filled with computers—have been popping up around the world.

These facilities enable miners to scale up their hashrate, also known as the number of hashes produced each second. A higher hashrate requires greater amounts of electricity, and in some cases can even overload local infrastructure.

Putting Bitcoin’s Power Consumption Into Perspective

On March 18, 2021, the annual power consumption of the Bitcoin network was estimated to be 129 terawatt-hours (TWh). Here’s how this number compares to a selection of countries, companies, and more.

NamePopulation Annual Electricity Consumption (TWh)
China1,443M6,543
United States330.2M3,989
All of the world’s data centers-205
State of New York19.3M161
Bitcoin network -129 
Norway5.4M124
Bangladesh165.7M70
Google-12
Facebook-5
Walt Disney World Resort (Florida)-1

Note: A terawatt hour (TWh) is a measure of electricity that represents 1 trillion watts sustained for one hour.
Source: Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance, Science Mag, New York ISO, Forbes, Facebook, Reedy Creek Improvement District, Worldometer

If Bitcoin were a country, it would rank 29th out of a theoretical 196, narrowly exceeding Norway’s consumption of 124 TWh. When compared to larger countries like the U.S. (3,989 TWh) and China (6,543 TWh), the cryptocurrency’s energy consumption is relatively light.

For further comparison, the Bitcoin network consumes 1,708% more electricity than Google, but 39% less than all of the world’s data centers—together, these represent over 2 trillion gigabytes of storage.

Where Does This Energy Come From?

In a 2020 report by the University of Cambridge, researchers found that 76% of cryptominers rely on some degree of renewable energy to power their operations. There’s still room for improvement, though, as renewables account for just 39% of cryptomining’s total energy consumption.

Here’s how the share of cryptominers that use each energy type vary across four global regions.

Energy SourceAsia-PacificEuropeLatin America
and the Caribbean
North America
Hydroelectric65%60%67%61%
Natural gas38%33%17%44%
Coal65%2%0%28%
Wind23%7%0%22%
Oil12%7%33%22%
Nuclear12%7%0%22%
Solar12%13%17%17%
Geothermal8%0%0%6%

Source: University of Cambridge
Editor’s note: Numbers in each column are not meant to add to 100%

Hydroelectric energy is the most common source globally, and it gets used by at least 60% of cryptominers across all four regions. Other types of clean energy such as wind and solar appear to be less popular.

Coal energy plays a significant role in the Asia-Pacific region, and was the only source to match hydroelectricity in terms of usage. This can be largely attributed to China, which is currently the world’s largest consumer of coal.

Researchers from the University of Cambridge noted that they weren’t surprised by these findings, as the Chinese government’s strategy to ensure energy self-sufficiency has led to an oversupply of both hydroelectric and coal power plants.

Towards a Greener Crypto Future

As cryptocurrencies move further into the mainstream, it’s likely that governments and other regulators will turn their attention to the industry’s carbon footprint. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing, however.

Mike Colyer, CEO of Foundry, a blockchain financing provider, believes that cryptomining can support the global transition to renewable energy. More specifically, he believes that clustering cryptomining facilities near renewable energy projects can mitigate a common issue: an oversupply of electricity.

“It allows for a faster payback on solar projects or wind projects… because they would [otherwise] produce too much energy for the grid in that area”
– Mike Colyer, CEO, Foundry

This type of thinking appears to be taking hold in China as well. In April 2020, Ya’an, a city located in China’s Sichuan province, issued a public guidance encouraging blockchain firms to take advantage of its excess hydroelectricity.

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