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Mapped: The Deadliest Earthquakes of the 21st Century

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A map of the epicenters of the nine deadliest earthquakes by death toll since the start of the 21st century.

Mapped: The Deadliest Earthquakes of the 21st Century

On September 8, 2023, a powerful earthquake rocked Morocco. With its epicenter located in the Atlas Mountains and structural damage being done to the historical city center of Marrakesh, the 6.8-magnitude quake will likely have a death toll in the thousands.

With these recent events in mind, we use data from the National Centers for Environment Information (NCES) to map out the epicenters of the nine deadliest earthquakes in the 21st century so far, by their total death toll. This includes casualties from secondary events—like tsunamis—after each earthquake.

Earthquakes By Death Toll (2000–2023)

We delve into some of the deadliest earthquakes in recent history.

Haiti, 2010

On January 12th, 2010, a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit the capital Port-au-Prince. The earthquake’s shallow epicenter—only six miles beneath the surface—caused most of the force to be directed close to where people lived. By the end of the month, after 52 aftershocks rocked the island, the disaster had claimed more than 300,000 lives—the deadliest earthquake in the 21st century thus far.

The extensive destruction led to global support, but slow recovery sparked criticism of government inaction. In 2017, the UN reported 2.5 million Haitians still required aid.

Indonesia, 2004

December 26th, 2004: A 9.1 earthquake occurred off the coast of Indonesia, deep under the ocean. It was the strongest earthquake in this century and the third-most powerful since 1900.

It triggered the worst tsunami recorded in history, causing 230,000 deaths mainly in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India.

Here’s a list of the deadliest earthquakes, by death toll, in the 21st century.

RankDateLocationTotal DeathsMagnitude
1Jan, 2010🇭🇹 Haiti316,0007.0
2Dec, 2004🇮🇩 Indonesia227,8999.1
3May, 2008🇨🇳 China87,6527.9
4Oct, 2005🇵🇰 Pakistan76,2137.6
5Feb, 2023🇹🇷 Türkiye56,6977.8
6Dec, 2003🇮🇷 Iran31,0006.6
7Jan, 2001🇮🇳 India20,0057.6
8March, 2011🇯🇵 Japan18,4289.1
9April, 2015🇳🇵 Nepal8,9577.8
10May, 2006🇮🇩 Indonesia5,7496.3
11Sep, 2018🇮🇩 Indonesia4,3407.5
12May, 2003🇩🇿 Algeria2,2876.8
13Aug, 2021🇭🇹 Haiti2,2487.2
14April, 2010🇨🇳 China2,2206.9
15March, 2005🇮🇩 Indonesia1,3138.6
16Sep, 2009🇮🇩 Indonesia1,1177.5
17June, 2022🇦🇫 Afghanistan1,0395.9
18March, 2002🇦🇫 Afghanistan1,0006.1
19Jan, 2001🇸🇻 El Salvador8447.7
20Sep, 2013🇵🇰 Pakistan8257.7
21July, 2006🇮🇩 Indonesia8027.7
22April, 2016🇪🇨 Ecuador6637.8
23Nov, 2022🇮🇩 Indonesia6355.6
24Nov, 2017🇮🇷 Iran6307.3
25Feb, 2004🇲🇦 Morocco6286.4
26Aug, 2014🇨🇳 China6156.2
27Feb, 2005🇮🇷 Iran6126.4
28Oct, 2011🇹🇷 Turkey6047.1
29Aug, 2018🇮🇩 Indonesia5606.9
30Feb, 2010🇨🇱 Chile5588.8
31Aug, 2007🇵🇪 Peru5148.0
32Oct, 2010🇮🇩 Indonesia4317.8
33Oct, 2015🇦🇫 Afghanistan3997.5
34Sep, 2017🇲🇽 Mexico3697.1
35Feb, 2001🇸🇻 El Salvador3156.6
36April, 2009🇮🇹 Italy3096.3
37Aug, 2012🇮🇷 Iran3066.5
38Aug, 2016🇮🇹 Italy2996.2
39June, 2002🇮🇷 Iran2616.5
40Feb, 2003🇨🇳 China2616.3
41Oct, 2013🇵🇭 Philippines2227.1
42Oct, 2008🇵🇰 Pakistan2156.4
43April, 2013🇨🇳 China1966.6
44Sep, 2009🇼🇸 Samoa Islands1928.1
45Feb, 2011🇳🇿 New Zealand1856.1
46May, 2003🇹🇷 Turkey1776.4
47March, 2002🇦🇫 Afghanistan1667.4
48Feb, 2018🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea1457.5
49Oct, 2020🇬🇷 Greece1187.0
50Sep, 2022🇨🇳 China1186.6
51May, 2015🇳🇵 Nepal1177.3
52Feb, 2016🇹🇼 Taiwan1176.4
53Sep, 2011🇮🇳 India1116.9
54Jan, 2021🇮🇩 Indonesia1056.2
55March, 2011🇲🇲 Myanmar1046.8
56Dec, 2016🇮🇩 Indonesia1046.5
57June, 2000🇮🇩 Indonesia1037.9
58June, 2001🇵🇪 Peru1038.4

Türkiye and Syria, 2023

February 6, 2023: Two earthquakes, also with shallow epicenters (5 miles deep), hit the border region between Türkiye and Syria, causing widespread damage in both countries and claiming more than 50,000 lives. Bad weather conditions—including snow, ice, and winter storms—inhibited search and rescue efforts.

In Syria, international sanctions prevented foreign charities and families from sending money to the country, which led to the U.S. suspending the sanctions for 180 days.

Japan, 2011

March 11, 2011: Another undersea earthquake—also 9.1 magnitude—occurred off the coast of Japan, triggering a deadly tsunami which flattened parts of the country 30 minutes later.

The high waves also damaged Fukushima’s Nuclear Plant’s emergency diesel generators leading to reactor meltdowns, and a release of radioactive waste. In total, 18,000 people lost their lives from the earthquake and tsunami.

How Does Earthquake Data Help With Disaster Preparedness?

Thanks to the study of plate tectonics, scientists know where earthquakes usually occur, even if they don’t know when precisely. For example countries along the “Ring of Fire”—a hotbed of earthquake and volcanic activity—witness hundreds of earthquakes a year, though most are not strong enough to cause any damage.

However, with deadly earthquakes, other factors, including epicenter depth, location near populous areas, and proximity to secondary events—tsunamis—can play a far bigger role in death tolls.

Disaster preparedness and swift government action can mitigate many secondary casualties as seen comparing the vastly different death tolls of the 2004 and 2011 tsunamis.

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Technology

Mapped: How Much Netflix Costs in Every Country

This map of Netflix price by country shows how much a basic subscription package costs around the world.

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Mapped: Netflix Price by Country

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on Apple or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Netflix, the renowned streaming giant, has transformed the way we consume entertainment, providing a vast library of movies, TV shows, and documentaries at the touch of a button.

However, the cost of accessing this digital haven varies significantly from country to country, reflecting economic disparities and market dynamics.

This graphic from Preyash Shah maps Netflix price by country, using standard (basic) package subscription monthly rates from Netflix.com and converting to USD as of December 10, 2023.

What is the Netflix Price by Country?

Across 244 countries and territories that had Netflix available in December of 2023, Switzerland was the most expensive at $21.48 per month. That was $5 more than the second-most-expensive country on the list.

CountriesNetflix Cost (USD)
🇦🇫 Afghanistan$7.99
🇦🇽 Åland Islands$12.92
🇦🇱 Albania$8.61
🇩🇿 Algeria$7.99
🇦🇸 American Samoa$15.49
🇦🇩 Andorra$14.00
🇦🇴 Angola$7.99
🇦🇮 Anguilla$12.99
🇦🇬 Antigua & Barbuda$12.99
🇦🇷 Argentina$3.57
🇦🇲 Armenia$10.76
🇦🇼 Aruba$12.99
🇦🇺 Australia$11.19
🇦🇹 Austria$14.00
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan$10.76
🇧🇸 Bahamas$12.99
🇧🇭 Bahrain$10.49
🇧🇩 Bangladesh$7.99
🇧🇧 Barbados$15.29
🇧🇾 Belarus$10.76
🇧🇪 Belgium$14.54
🇧🇿 Belize$5.99
🇧🇯 Benin$9.99
🇧🇲 Bermuda$12.99
🇧🇹 Bhutan$7.99
🇧🇴 Bolivia$5.99
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina$8.61
🇧🇼 Botswana$7.99
🇧🇻 Bouvet Island$9.99
🇧🇷 Brazil$8.10
🇮🇴 British Indian Ocean Territory$7.99
🇻🇬 British Virgin Islands$12.99
🇧🇳 Brunei$11.99
🇧🇬 Bulgaria$8.61
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso$7.99
🇧🇮 Burundi$7.99
🇰🇭 Cambodia$7.99
🇨🇲 Cameroon$7.99
🇨🇦 Canada$12.13
🇨🇻 Cape Verde$7.99
🇨🇰 Caribbean Netherlands$12.99
🇰🇾 Cayman Islands$12.99
🇨🇫 Central African Republic$7.99
🇹🇩 Chad$7.99
🇨🇱 Chile$9.58
🇨🇽 Christmas Island$7.99
🇨🇨 Cocos (Keeling) Islands$11.19
🇨🇴 Colombia$6.75
🇰🇲 Comoros$7.99
🇨🇬 Republic of the Congo$7.99
🇨🇩 Democratic Republic of the Congo$7.99
🇨🇰 Cook Islands$11.32
🇨🇷 Costa Rica$12.99
🇨🇮 Côte d’Ivoire$7.99
🇭🇷 Croatia$8.61
🇨🇺 Cuba$5.99
🇨🇼 Curaçao$12.99
🇨🇾 Cyprus$11.84
🇨🇿 Czechia$11.42
🇩🇰 Denmark$16.46
🇩🇯 Djibouti$7.99
🇩🇲 Dominica$5.99
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic$7.99
🇪🇨 Ecuador$7.99
🇪🇬 Egypt$3.88
🇸🇻 El Salvador$7.99
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 England$7.99
🇪🇪 Estonia$7.99
🇪🇹 Ethiopia$10.76
🇫🇰 Falkland Islands$7.99
🇫🇴 Faroe Islands$7.99
🇫🇯 Fiji$12.99
🇫🇮 Finland$16.46
🇫🇷 France$7.99
🇬🇫 French Guiana$12.92
🇵🇫 French Polynesia$14.54
🇹🇫 French Southern Territories$13.46
🇬🇦 Gabon$11.99
🇬🇲 Gambia$12.92
🇬🇪 Georgia$7.99
🇩🇪 Germany$7.99
🇬🇭 Ghana$12.70
🇬🇮 Gibraltar$14.00
🇬🇷 Greece$7.99
🇬🇱 Greenland$14.00
🇬🇩 Grenada$11.84
🇬🇵 Guadeloupe$16.46
🇬🇺 Guam$5.99
🇬🇹 Guatemala$13.46
🇬🇬 Guernsey$15.49
🇬🇳 Guinea$7.99
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau$13.79
🇬🇾 Guyana$7.99
🇭🇹 Haiti$7.99
🇭🇲 Heard & McDonald Islands$5.99
🇭🇳 Honduras$5.99
🇭🇰 Hong Kong$9.99
🇭🇺 Hungary$7.99
🇮🇸 Iceland$9.99
🇮🇳 India$9.85
🇮🇩 Indonesia$14.00
🇮🇷 Iran$5.98
🇮🇶 Iraq$7.72
🇮🇪 Ireland$9.99
🇮🇲 Isle of Man$7.99
🇮🇱 Israel$16.15
🇮🇹 Italy$13.79
🇯🇲 Jamaica$12.67
🇯🇵 Japan$14.00
🇯🇪 Jersey$5.99
🇯🇴 Jordan$10.28
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan$13.79
🇰🇪 Kenya$7.99
🇰🇮 Kiribati$10.76
🇰🇼 Kuwait$4.52
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan$7.99
🇱🇦 Laos$9.99
🇱🇻 Latvia$10.76
🇱🇧 Lebanon$7.99
🇱🇸 Lesotho$10.76
🇱🇷 Liberia$7.99
🇱🇾 Libya$7.99
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein$7.99
🇱🇹 Lithuania$7.99
🇱🇺 Luxembourg$21.48
🇲🇴 Macau$10.76
🇲🇬 Madagascar$14.54
🇲🇼 Malawi$9.99
🇲🇾 Malaysia$7.99
🇲🇻 Maldives$7.99
🇲🇱 Mali$9.65
🇲🇹 Malta$11.99
🇲🇭 Marshall Islands$7.99
🇲🇶 Martinique$14.00
🇲🇷 Mauritania$15.49
🇲🇺 Mauritius$13.46
🇾🇹 Mayotte$7.99
🇲🇽 Mexico$7.99
🇫🇲 Micronesia$13.46
🇲🇩 Moldova$12.62
🇲🇨 Monaco$15.49
🇲🇳 Mongolia$10.76
🇲🇪 Montenegro$14.54
🇲🇸 Montserrat$7.99
🇲🇦 Morocco$8.61
🇲🇿 Mozambique$12.99
🇲🇲 Myanmar (Burma)$6.41
🇳🇦 Namibia$7.99
🇳🇷 Nauru$7.99
🇳🇵 Nepal$7.99
🇳🇱 Netherlands$11.99
🇳🇨 New Caledonia$7.99
🇳🇿 New Zealand$12.92
🇳🇮 Nicaragua$11.99
🇳🇪 Niger$11.32
🇳🇬 Nigeria$5.99
🇳🇺 Niue$7.99
🇳🇫 Norfolk Island$4.48
🇲🇰 North Macedonia$11.32
🇲🇵 Northern Mariana Islands$11.19
🇳🇴 Norway$8.61
🇴🇲 Oman$15.49
🇵🇰 Pakistan$9.99
🇵🇼 Palau$10.49
🇵🇸 Palestine$2.82
🇵🇦 Panama$15.49
🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea$7.99
🇵🇾 Paraguay$8.99
🇵🇪 Peru$7.99
🇵🇭 Philippines$5.99
🇵🇳 Pitcairn Islands$9.28
🇵🇱 Poland$7.19
🇵🇹 Portugal$7.99
🇵🇷 Puerto Rico$10.68
🇶🇦 Qatar$12.92
🇷🇪 Réunion$15.49
🇷🇴 Romania$9.99
🇷🇼 Rwanda$12.49
🇼🇸 Samoa$10.76
🇸🇲 San Marino$7.99
🇸🇹 São Tomé & Príncipe$7.99
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia$14.00
🇸🇳 Senegal$7.99
🇷🇸 Serbia$11.47
🇸🇨 Seychelles$7.99
🇸🇱 Sierra Leone$8.61
🇸🇬 Singapore$7.99
🇸🇽 Sint Maarten$7.99
🇸🇰 Slovakia$13.02
🇸🇮 Slovenia$12.99
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands$10.76
🇸🇴 Somalia$8.61
🇿🇦 South Africa$7.99
🇬🇸 South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands$7.99
🇰🇷 South Korea$8.41
🇸🇸 South Sudan$9.99
🇪🇸 Spain$10.25
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka$7.99
🇧🇱 St. Barthélemy$14.00
🇸🇭 St. Helena$7.99
🇰🇳 St. Kitts & Nevis$5.99
🇱🇨 St. Lucia$7.99
🇲🇫 St. Martin$12.99
🇵🇲 St. Pierre & Miquelon$5.99
🇻🇨 St. Vincent & Grenadines$5.99
🇸🇩 Sudan$14.54
🇸🇷 Suriname$5.99
🇸🇯 Svalbard & Jan Mayen$7.99
🇸🇪 Sweden$5.99
🇨🇭 Switzerland$9.99
🇹🇼 Taiwan$12.32
🇹🇯 Tajikistan$21.48
🇹🇿 Tanzania$10.49
🇹🇭 Thailand$12.70
🇹🇱 Timor-Leste$7.99
🇹🇬 Togo$9.90
🇹🇰 Tokelau$7.99
🇹🇴 Tonga$7.99
🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago$11.32
🇹🇳 Tunisia$7.99
🇹🇷 Türkiye$12.99
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan$7.99
🇹🇨 Turks & Caicos Islands$3.38
🇹🇻 Tuvalu$10.76
🇺🇸 U.S. Outlying Islands$12.99
🇻🇮 U.S. Virgin Islands$7.99
🇺🇬 Uganda$9.99
🇺🇦 Ukraine$15.49
🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates$7.99
🇬🇧 United Kingdom$8.07
🇺🇸 United States$10.62
🇺🇾 Uruguay$13.79
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan$15.49
🇻🇺 Vanuatu$12.99
🇻🇦 Vatican City$10.76
🇻🇪 Venezuela$7.99
🇻🇳 Vietnam$14.00
🇼🇫 Wallis & Futuna$5.99
🇪🇭 Western Sahara$9.08
🇾🇪 Yemen$7.99
🇿🇲 Zambia$9.99
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe$7.99
Zambia$7.99
Zimbabwe$7.99

Other wealthy countries like Denmark, Ireland, and the U.S. were in the top five most expensive countries for Netflix subscriptions, ranging from $16.46 to $15.49.

On the opposite side of the pendulum, Pakistan had the lowest Netflix subscription cost at $2.82 per month. It was followed by Türkiye at $3.38 and Argentina at $3.57.

Several factors influence the flux in pricing of Netflix subscriptions across different nations. These include:

  • Economic Factors: Netflix tailors its prices to align with the purchasing power of consumers in each market. Countries with higher average incomes typically bear higher subscription costs.
  • Market Competition: The presence of strong local streaming services can exert downward pressure on Netflix prices, forcing it to adjust its offerings to remain competitive.
  • Content Licensing: The cost of acquiring content rights varies across regions, influencing the overall pricing structure. Countries with higher licensing fees may experience higher subscription costs.
  • Currency Fluctuations: Currency exchange rates can impact Netflix’s pricing model, leading to occasional adjustments or fluctuations in subscription costs.

While affordability remains a primary concern for consumers, Netflix’s pricing strategy also aims to balance accessibility with content acquisition and profitability.

As the streaming industry continues to evolve, it will be interesting to observe how Netflix adapts its pricing model to maintain its global dominance while catering to the diverse needs and preferences of its audience.

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