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Which Countries Have the Largest Forests?

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See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

A bar chart with the top 10 countries with the largest forests as measured in square kilometers.

Which Countries Have the Largest Forests?

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on Apple or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Since the last ice age, the Earth’s forest cover has fallen by 20 million km2 or 2 billion hectares. Half of the loss occurred since the year 1900 due to expanding agriculture and industrialization.

Now forests cover about 30% of the Earth’s land, about 40 million km2, distributed unevenly across the globe.

We visualize the top 15 countries with the largest forests, measured in square kilometers. Data for this visualization and article comes from the World Bank, using data for 2021 that was last updated in October 2023.

Ranked: Top 15 Countries with the Biggest Forests

Predictably, the largest country in the world also has the biggest forest area. Nearly 50% of Russia is forest, measuring roughly 8 million km2. This is bigger than the total land area of every other country in the world—with the exception of China, the U.S., Canada, Brazil, and Australia.

It also means one-fifth of the world’s entire forested area is in Russia.

A pie chart with how much the top five countries with the largest forests have of the world's entire forest cover.

Most of Russia’s forests are boreal, to survive the colder, drier climes in the country, and are made up of deciduous and coniferous tree species including larch, pine, spruce, and oak.

At second place, Brazil has nearly 5 million km2 of forest cover (about 12% of the world’s forests), thanks to almost two-thirds of the Amazon rainforest inside its borders. For context, Brazil’s forested area is almost twice the size of Saudi Arabia, the 12th largest country in the world.

RankCountryForest Area (Sq. km)Forest Area (% of
World's Forests)
1🇷🇺 Russia8,153,11620.1%
2🇧🇷 Brazil4,953,91412.3%
3🇨🇦 Canada3,468,9118.6%
4🇺🇸 U.S.3,097,9507.7%
5🇨🇳 China2,218,5785.5%
6🇦🇺 Australia1,340,0513.3%
7🇨🇩 DRC1,250,5393.1%
8🇮🇩 Indonesia915,2772.3%
9🇮🇳 India724,2641.8%
10🇵🇪 Peru721,5751.8%
11🇦🇴 Angola660,5231.6%
12🇲🇽 Mexico655,6431.6%
13🇨🇴 Colombia589,4261.5%
14🇧🇴 Bolivia506,2081.3%
15🇻🇪 Venezuela461,7341.1%
16🇹🇿 Tanzania452,7601.1%
17🇿🇲 Zambia446,2581.1%
18🇲🇿 Mozambique364,9760.9%
19🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea358,2220.9%
20🇦🇷 Argentina284,6370.7%

The Amazon also contributes significantly to Peru’s forest cover (ranked 10th on this list) along with Colombia (13th) Bolivia (14th) and Venezuela (15th).

Canada and the U.S., rank third and fourth with roughly the same forest cover—3 million km2— with several forests on both coasts extending across their shared border.

China rounds out the top five, its forests covering slightly more than 2 million km2.

Together the top five countries account for more than half of the world’s forests.

When taking in the top 10, which adds in forest cover from Australia, the DRC, Indonesia, India, and Peru, this grows to slightly more than two-third’s of the world’s forests. Expanding the ranks to the top 20 will then accounts for 80% of the Earth’s total forest cover.

Natural Forests vs. Planted Forests

Not all forests are created equal. Primary forests—forests undisturbed by human activity—are better carbon sinks and have greater biodiversity than human-planted ones.

Here’s how each country’s forest cover is divided between primary and naturally-regenerating forests (forest where there are clearly visible indications of human activities but are now slowly reverting back to their natural state) and human–planted ones.

TerritoryNaturally
Regenerating Forests
Planted Forests
🇦🇫 Afghanistan100%0%
🇦🇱 Albania90%10%
🇩🇿 Algeria71%29%
🇦🇸 American Samoa100%0%
🇦🇩 Andorra100%0%
🇦🇴 Angola99%1%
🇦🇷 Argentina95%5%
🇦🇲 Armenia94%6%
🇦🇼 Aruba100%0%
🇦🇺 Australia98%2%
🇦🇹 Austria57%43%
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan73%27%
🇧🇸 Bahamas100%0%
🇧🇭 Bahrain0%100%
🇧🇩 Bangladesh92%8%
🇧🇧 Barbados100%0%
🇧🇾 Belarus75%25%
🇧🇪 Belgium36%64%
🇧🇿 Belize100%0%
🇧🇯 Benin99%1%
🇧🇹 Bhutan99%1%
🇧🇴 Bolivia100%0%
🇧🇶 Bonaire100%0%
🇧🇦 Bosnia &
Herzegovina
94%6%
🇧🇼 Botswana100%0%
🇧🇷 Brazil98%2%
🇧🇳 Brunei99%1%
🇧🇬 Bulgaria80%20%
🇧🇫 Burkina Faso97%3%
🇧🇮 Burundi60%40%
🇨🇻 Cabo Verde30%70%
🇰🇭 Cambodia92%8%
🇨🇲 Cameroon100%0%
🇨🇦 Canada95%5%
🇰🇾 Cayman Islands100%0%
🇨🇫 Central African
Republic
100%0%
🇹🇩 Chad100%0%
🇨🇽 Channel Islands19%81%
🇨🇱 Chile82%18%
🇨🇳 China61%39%
🇨🇴 Colombia99%1%
🇰🇲 Comoros100%0%
🇨🇬 Congo100%0%
🇨🇰 Cook Islands93%7%
🇨🇷 Costa Rica97%3%
🇨🇮 Côte d'Ivoire99%1%
🇭🇷 Croatia97%3%
🇨🇺 Cuba84%16%
🇨🇼 Curaçao100%0%
🇨🇾 Cyprus81%19%
🇨🇿 Czechia5%95%
🇩🇰 Denmark36%64%
🇩🇯 Djibouti95%5%
🇩🇲 Dominica98%2%
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic91%9%
🇨🇩 DRC100%0%
🇪🇨 Ecuador99%1%
🇪🇬 Egypt0%100%
🇸🇻 El Salvador97%3%
🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea95%5%
🇪🇷 Eritrea96%4%
🇪🇪 Estonia91%9%
🇸🇿 Eswatini80%20%
🇪🇹 Ethiopia93%7%
🇫🇴 Faroe Islands0%100%
🇫🇯 Fiji82%18%
🇫🇮 Finland67%33%
🇫🇷 France86%14%
🇬🇫 French Guiana100%0%
🇵🇫 French Polynesia94%6%
🇬🇦 Gabon100%0%
🇬🇲 Gambia99%1%
🇬🇪 Georgia97%3%
🇩🇪 Germany50%50%
🇬🇭 Ghana96%4%
🇬🇷 Greece96%4%
🇬🇱 Greenland0%100%
🇬🇩 Grenada99%1%
🇬🇵 Guadeloupe99%1%
🇬🇺 Guam100%0%
🇬🇹 Guatemala96%4%
🇬🇳 Guinea99%1%
🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau100%0%
🇬🇾 Guyana100%0%
🇭🇹 Haiti91%9%
🇭🇳 Honduras100%0%
🇭🇺 Hungary62%38%
🇮🇸 Iceland23%77%
🇮🇳 India82%18%
🇮🇩 Indonesia95%5%
🇮🇷 Iran91%9%
🇮🇶 Iraq89%11%
🇮🇪 Ireland14%86%
🇮🇱 Israel39%61%
🇮🇹 Italy93%7%
🇯🇲 Jamaica99%1%
🇯🇵 Japan59%41%
🇯🇴 Jordan52%48%
🇰🇿 Kazakhstan88%12%
🇰🇪 Kenya96%4%
🇰🇼 Kuwait0%100%
🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan82%18%
🇱🇦 Laos89%11%
🇱🇻 Latvia86%14%
🇱🇧 Lebanon100%0%
🇱🇸 Lesotho75%25%
🇱🇷 Liberia100%0%
🇱🇾 Libya0%100%
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein91%9%
🇱🇹 Lithuania72%28%
🇱🇺 Luxembourg66%34%
🇲🇬 Madagascar97%3%
🇲🇼 Malawi97%3%
🇲🇾 Malaysia91%9%
🇲🇻 Maldives100%0%
🇲🇱 Mali96%4%
🇲🇹 Malta91%9%
🇲🇭 Marshall Islands67%33%
🇲🇶 Martinique95%5%
🇲🇷 Mauritania85%15%
🇲🇺 Mauritius54%46%
🇾🇹 Mayotte96%4%
🇲🇽 Mexico100%0%
🇫🇲 Micronesia78%22%
🇲🇩 Moldova43%57%
🇲🇳 Mongolia100%0%
🇲🇪 Montenegro99%1%
🇲🇸 Montserrat100%0%
🇲🇦 Morocco89%11%
🇲🇿 Mozambique100%0%
🇲🇲 Myanmar98%2%
🇳🇦 Namibia100%0%
🇳🇵 Nepal96%4%
🇳🇱 Netherlands10%90%
🇳🇨 New Caledonia99%1%
🇳🇿 New Zealand79%21%
🇳🇮 Nicaragua98%2%
🇳🇪 Niger88%12%
🇳🇬 Nigeria99%1%
🇳🇺 Niue100%0%
🇳🇫 Norfolk Island90%10%
🇰🇵 North Korea84%16%
🇲🇵 Northern Mariana
Islands
100%0%
🇳🇴 Norway99%1%
🇴🇲 Oman82%18%
🇵🇰 Pakistan93%7%
🇵🇦 Panama98%2%
🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea100%0%
🇵🇾 Paraguay99%1%
🇵🇪 Peru98%2%
🇵🇭 Philippines95%5%
🇵🇱 Poland22%78%
🇵🇹 Portugal32%68%
🇵🇷 Puerto Rico100%0%
🇷🇪 Réunion89%11%
🇷🇴 Romania87%13%
🇷🇺 Russia98%2%
🇷🇼 Rwanda45%55%
🇧🇱 Saint Barthélemy100%0%
🇸🇭 Saint Helena100%0%
🇱🇨 Saint Lucia85%15%
🇫🇷 Saint Martin100%0%
🇵🇲 Saint Pierre100%0%
🇻🇨 Saint Vincent
& the Grenadines
99%1%
🇼🇸 Samoa97%3%
🇸🇲 San Marino100%0%
🇸🇹 Sao Tome
& Principe
100%0%
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia100%0%
🇸🇳 Senegal100%0%
🇷🇸 Serbia96%4%
🇸🇨 Seychelles85%15%
🇸🇱 Sierra Leone99%1%
🇸🇬 Singapore100%0%
🇸🇽 Sint Maarten100%0%
🇸🇰 Slovakia61%39%
🇸🇮 Slovenia96%4%
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands99%1%
🇸🇴 Somalia100%0%
🇿🇦 South Africa82%18%
🇰🇷 South Korea64%36%
🇸🇸 South Sudan97%3%
🇪🇸 Spain86%14%
🇱🇰 Sri Lanka88%12%
🇸🇩 Sudan99%1%
🇸🇷 Suriname100%0%
🇸🇪 Sweden50%50%
🇨🇭 Switzerland88%12%
🇸🇾 Syrian59%41%
🇹🇯 Tajikistan72%28%
🇹🇿 Tanzania99%1%
🇹🇭 Thailand82%18%
🇹🇱 Timor-Leste100%0%
🇹🇬 Togo95%5%
🇹🇴 Tonga89%11%
🇹🇹 Trinidad
& Tobago
65%35%
🇹🇳 Tunisia69%31%
🇹🇷 Türkiye97%3%
🇹🇲 Turkmenistan100%0%
🇹🇨 Turks &
Caicos Islands
100%0%
🇹🇻 Tuvalu100%0%
🇺🇸 U.S.91%9%
🇺🇬 Uganda79%21%
🇬🇧 UK11%89%
🇺🇦 Ukraine50%50%
🇺🇾 Uruguay41%59%
🇺🇿 Uzbekistan38%62%
🇻🇪 Venezuela97%3%
🇻🇳 Viet Nam70%30%
🇻🇮 Virgin Islands (U.S.)100%0%
🇼🇫 Wallis &
Futuna Islands
89%11%
🇪🇭 Western Sahara100%0%
🇾🇪 Yemen100%0%
🇿🇲 Zambia100%0%
🇿🇼 Zimbabwe99%1%

Source: Our World in Data.

In countries like Bahrain and Kuwait, areas of extreme aridity, where forests would not occur naturally, human-planted forests account for all forest cover.

But even across large parts of Europe, planted forests vastly outnumber primary and naturally-regenerated ones, indicating how much deforestation occurred on the continent in the last three centuries, which is now being steadily reversed.

In China, which increased its forest cover by the size of Norway in the last three decades, nearly 40% of the total forested area is planted.

Experts say that reversing forest degradation and protecting primary forests—holders of an incredible amount of carbon that would be released into the atmosphere when logged—should be prioritized instead of just planting new forests.

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Agriculture

The World’s Top Cocoa Producing Countries

Here are the largest cocoa producing countries globally—from Côte d’Ivoire to Brazil—as cocoa prices hit record highs.

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This tree map graphic shows the world's biggest cocoa producers.

The World’s Top Cocoa Producing Countries

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

West Africa is home to the largest cocoa producing countries worldwide, with 3.9 million tonnes of production in 2022.

In fact, there are about one million farmers in Côte d’Ivoire supplying cocoa to key customers such as Nestlé, Mars, and Hershey. But the massive influence of this industry has led to significant forest loss to plant cocoa trees.

This graphic shows the leading producers of cocoa, based on data from the UN FAO.

Global Hotspots for Cocoa Production

Below, we break down the top cocoa producing countries as of 2022:

Country2022 Production, Tonnes
🇨🇮 Côte d'Ivoire2.2M
🇬🇭 Ghana1.1M
🇮🇩 Indonesia667K
🇪🇨 Ecuador337K
🇨🇲 Cameroon300K
🇳🇬 Nigeria280K
🇧🇷 Brazil274K
🇵🇪 Peru171K
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic76K
🌍 Other386K

With 2.2 million tonnes of cocoa in 2022, Côte d’Ivoire is the world’s largest producer, accounting for a third of the global total.

For many reasons, the cocoa trade in Côte d’Ivoire and Western Africa has been controversial. Often, farmers make about 5% of the retail price of a chocolate bar, and earn $1.20 each day. Adding to this, roughly a third of cocoa farms operate on forests that are meant to be protected.

As the third largest producer, Indonesia produced 667,000 tonnes of cocoa with the U.S., Malaysia, and Singapore as major importers. Overall, small-scale farmers produce 95% of cocoa in the country, but face several challenges such as low pay and unwanted impacts from climate change. Alongside aging trees in the country, these setbacks have led productivity to decline.

In South America, major producers include Ecuador and Brazil. In the early 1900s, Ecuador was the world’s largest cocoa producing country, however shifts in the global marketplace and crop disease led its position to fall. Today, the country is most known for its high-grade single-origin chocolate, with farms seen across the Amazon rainforest.

Altogether, global cocoa production reached 6.5 million tonnes, supported by strong demand. On average, the market has grown 3% annually over the last several decades.

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