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Visualizing Net Worth by Age in America

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net worth by age

The Briefing

  • The age group with the highest average net worth in the U.S. is the 65-74 group, with $1.22 million in 2019 dollars.
  • There is a significant gap between median and mean (average) net worth in nearly every age category, suggesting that mean values are skewed upwards by outliers.

Visualizing Net Worth by Age in America

Calculating the net worth of individuals often seems like the kind of math reserved only for the richest people in the world like Elon Musk or Jack Ma. But as the proverbial pie gets bigger, the net worth of the average American household gets bigger as well.

This chart uses data from the U.S. Federal Reserve Bulletin to reveal median and average household net worth across different age categories in 2019.

Average vs. Median Net Worth

A person’s net worth is a sum of their assets and liabilities. Here’s a closer look at net worth by age in the U.S.

AgeMedian Net Worth 2019 Average Net Worth 2019 Difference
Younger than 35$13,900$76,300>5x
35-44$91,300$436,200>4.5x
45-54$168,600$833,200>4.5x
55-64$212,500$1,175,900>5.5x
65-74$266,400$1,217,700>4.5x
Older than 75$254,800$977,600>3.5x

The age group with the highest net worth is those aged 65-74, sitting at around $1.22 million. Coming in at a close second, are 55-64 year olds, at $1.18 million. However, these are the numbers using the average, while median net worth is quite different.

Median net worth at 65-74, for example, is $266,000, a difference of over $950,000 compared to the average. This reveals that there are likely high net worth individuals skewing the average towards over a million dollars in the same age category.

Both average and median net worth appear to increase throughout one’s life, trailing off slightly around the 75+ age range.

Trends in Net Worth

With the economic impacts of COVID-19, it’s possible that median net worth growth could taper off across nearly every age category, as people lose jobs, income, and assets such as houses.

Average net worth, on the other hand, may not drop as significantly, as a handful of American billionaires have actually increased their net worth during the pandemic.

Overall, wealth has been generally increasing in America with a consistent rise in average and median net worth occurring over the three years leading up to the pandemic. And while this steady increase has likely been slightly derailed, the general trends in asset ownership and income increases over time, bode well for Americans.

Where does this data come from?

Source: U.S. Federal Reserve Bulletin.
Details: Data is in 2019 U.S. dollars.

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Datastream

Ranked: The World’s Least Affordable Cities to Buy a Home

For the 10th consecutive year, Hong Kong ranks as the least affordable city. Vancouver Canada is the second, followed by Sydney, Australia.

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The Briefing

  • For the 10th year in a row, Hong Kong is the world’s least affordable housing market
  • The U.S. is home to a mixture of the most and least affordable housing markets

Ranked: The World’s Least Affordable Cities to Buy a Home

In certain parts of the world, housing prices have risen much faster than household incomes, making home ownership increasingly more difficult for the average Joe.

Using data from Demographia published in 2020, this graphic looks at some of the world’s most expensive housing markets.

The Least Affordable Housing Markets

It’s worth noting that this data looks at housing affordability specifically for middle-income earners. While it’s far from globally exhaustive, it measures affordability in 309 major metropolitan areas across Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore, the U.S., and the UK.

In this study, a city’s affordability is calculated by taking its median housing price and dividing it by the median household income.

  • Moderately Unaffordable: 3.1 to 4.0
  • Seriously Unaffordable: 4.1 to 5.0
  • Severely Unaffordable: 5.1+

All the cities on this graphic classify as severely unaffordable. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Hong Kong is the most unaffordable housing market—scoring 20.8 to take the top spot.

Housing MarketCountryScore
Hong Kong🇨🇳 China20.8
Vancouver, BC🇨🇦 Canada11.9
Sydney, NSW🇦🇺 Australia11.0
Melbourne, VIC🇦🇺 Australia9.5
Los Angeles, CA🇺🇸 United States9.0
Auckland🇳🇿 New Zealand8.6
Toronto, ON🇨🇦 Canada8.6
San Jose, CA🇺🇸 United States8.5
San Francisco, CA🇺🇸 United States8.4
London (Greater London Authority)🇬🇧 United Kingdom8.2
Honolulu, HI🇺🇸 United States8.0
San Diego, CA🇺🇸 United States7.3
Adelaide, SA🇦🇺 Australia6.9
Bournemouth & Dorsett🇬🇧 United Kingdom6.9

Home to 7.5 million people, Hong Kong has ranked as the world’s least affordable city for 10 consecutive years. Because of its steep housing prices, nano apartments have risen in popularity over the last decade.

The Most Affordable Housing Markets

Three of the most expensive housing markets are in America, but at the same time, the country also contains some of the most affordable markets in the eight-country study, too.

In fact, the top 10 most affordable cities are all in America:

CityCountryScore
Rochester, NY🇺🇸 United States2.5
Cleveland, OH🇺🇸 United States2.7
Oklahoma City, OK🇺🇸 United States2.7
Buffalo, NY🇺🇸 United States2.8
Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN🇺🇸 United States2.8
Pittsburgh, PA🇺🇸 United States2.8
St. Louis, MO-IL🇺🇸 United States2.8
Hartford, CT🇺🇸 United States2.9
Indianapolis. IN🇺🇸 United States2.9
Tulsa, OK🇺🇸 United States3.0

Keep in mind, these figures are from Q3’2019. Considering the pandemic-induced suburban shuffle that’s been going on in some of America’s major housing markets, this list could look a bit different in Demographia’s next report.

>>Like this? Then you might like this article on The 10 Most Expensive Cities in the World

Where does this data come from?

Source: Demographia
Details: Affordability score is calculated by taking a city’s median housing price and dividing it by the median household income. Anything over 5.1 is considered severely unaffordable
Notes: Data includes 309 metropolitan markets across eight countries, including Australia, Canada, the U.K., and the U.S., as of the third quarter of 2019

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Datastream

Chart: The 20 Top Stocks of 2020 by Price Return

Only a handful of companies thrived in the face of the pandemic. Which of these emerged to become the 20 top stocks of 2020?

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The Briefing

  • In 2020, a handful of companies thrived in the face of the pandemic
  • Medical stocks made up nine of the top 20 stocks, followed by seven in the Tech/Online category

Chart: The 20 Top Stocks of 2020, by Price Return and EPS

In the whirlwind of the pandemic, most businesses experienced chaos. From shuttered physical stores to the rapid rise of online activity, only a select few companies successfully weathered the storm.

We look at the 20 top stocks of 2020 by price return (% change), and earnings per share (EPS), which is an indicator of a company’s profitability.

EPS is calculated by dividing a company’s profit by its outstanding shares of common stock. The higher an EPS value, the more profitable a company is deemed.

A Closer Look at the Leaderboard

Tesla’s value surged in 2020, as it raked in 743.4% in returns—the highest of any stock. In fact, it’s the only automaker to enter this list.

RankCompanyIndustry% ChangeEPS, Q3’2020
#1Tesla IncOther (Auto Manufacturer)743.4%$0.27
#2Fiverr International LtdTech/Online (Retail)730.2%-$0.01
#3Twist Bioscience CorpMedical (Biotech)572.8%-$0.36
#4Enphase Energy IncOther (Solar Energy571.5%$0.28
#5Peloton Interactive Cl ATech/Online (Leisure)434.2%$0.20
#6Moderna IncMedical (Biotech)434.1%-$0.59
#7Curevac N VMedical (Biotech)406.7%N/A
#8Sunrun IncOther (Solar Energy)402.4%$0.28
#9Zoom Video Comm Cl ATech/Online (Software)395.8%$0.66
#10Sea Limited Ads Cl ATech/Online (Retail, Leisure)394.9%N/A
#11Denali Therapeutics IncMedical (Biotech)380.6%-$0.54
#12Beam Therapeutics IncMedical (Biotech)380.2%-$0.69
#13Pinduoduo Inc Cl A AdsTech/Online (Retail)369.8%-$0.10
#14Silvergate Cap Corp Cl AOther (Finance/Banks)367.1%N/A
#15Schrodinger IncMedical (Service)365.8%$0.05
#16Fate Therapeutics IncMedical (Biotech)364.6%-$0.68
#17Bilibili Inc Cl Z AdsTech/Online (Leisure)360.4%-$0.45
#18Inari Medical IncMedical (Service)359.4%N/A
#19Alx Oncology Holding IncMedical (Biotech)353.7%N/A
#20Cloudflare Inc Cl ATech/Online (Software)345.4%-$0.09

Zoom comes out on top with $0.66 in earnings per share. This is likely a result of society’s increased reliance on its videoconferencing capabilities, a trend that became clear quite early on last year.

Notable Stocks by Category

If we look at the overall categories, the medical industry pulled in nine of the top 20 stocks in 2020. As the world scrambled to develop an immunization against COVID-19, Moderna was one of the first companies to get there, announcing a vaccine with 94.1% efficacy. As a result, the company showed an impressive 434% in returns.

The Tech/Online category came in second, although slightly more diversification is found here, ranging from software to retail and leisure:

  • In the growing global gig economy, Fiverr’s platform connects freelancers with those in need of their services.
  • Peloton is tapping into the lucrative home fitness market, particularly with people now spending more time at home.
  • Sea Ltd. is a Southeast Asian conglomerate with business verticals across ecommerce, online gaming, and digital payments.

One final interesting observation is that of the stocks in the Other category, two of them deal in the business of solar energy, exhibiting high returns and similar EPS values, likely from a global shift towards cleaner energy sources.

Where does this data come from?

Source: 2020 Price Return (% Change) values are from Investors Business Daily
EPS values come from Macrotrends, the latest data reported by all companies is from Q3’2020.
Methodology: All stocks on the list have an average daily trading volume of 100,000 shares or more and were priced at $12 or higher at the start of the year. Closed-end funds were excluded. Prices and other data shown are as of Dec. 31, 2020. N/A means that EPS data for that company was unavailable.

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