The U.S. dollar is the dominant currency in the global financial system, but some countries are following the trend of de-dollarization.
Foreign investors hold $7.3 trillion of the national U.S. debt. These holdings declined 6% in 2022 amid a strong U.S. dollar and rising rates.
Globally, central banks bought a record 1,136 tonnes of gold in 2022. How has central bank gold demand changed over the last three decades?
Many countries around the world are facing double or triple-digit inflation. See which countries have the highest inflation rates on this map.
Inflation rates are reaching multi-decade highs in some countries. How aggressive have central banks been with interest rate hikes?
Today, the U.S. dollar makes up 60% of held reserve currency. See how global preferences have shifted since 1900.