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Ranked: Per Capita Carbon Emissions by Country

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A cropped chart ranking per capita carbon emissions of countries.

Want to see total CO₂ emissions by country? Click here to see our graphic.

Ranked: Per Capita Carbon Emissions by Country

The world’s biggest carbon emitters are dominated by the biggest economies, but what happens when we account for population?

Using information gathered by Our World in Data, we chart out the top 15 countries with the highest per capita carbon emissions (measured in tonnes of CO₂) in 2021.

Which Country Has the Highest Per Capita Carbon Emissions?

Qatar, ranked first, produced nearly 36 tonnes of CO₂ per resident in the country in 2021, well ahead of its peers in the top ranks.

Here’s the full list of per capita emissions by country, ranked from highest to lowest.

RankCountry/TerritoryCO₂ per capita (t)
1🇶🇦 Qatar35.6
2🇧🇭 Bahrain26.7
3🇰🇼 Kuwait25.0
4🇹🇹 Trinidad
& Tobago
23.7
5🇧🇳 Brunei23.5
6🇦🇪 UAE21.8
7🇳🇨 New Caledonia19.1
8🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia18.7
9🇴🇲 Oman17.9
10🇦🇺 Australia15.1
11🇲🇳 Mongolia15.0
12🇺🇸 U.S.14.9
13🇸🇽 Sint Maarten
(Dutch part)
14.7
14🇰🇿 Kazakhstan14.4
15🇨🇦 Canada14.3
16🇵🇼 Palau13.2
17🇫🇴 Faroe Islands13.2
18🇹🇲 Turkmenistan13.1
19🇱🇺 Luxembourg13.1
20🇷🇺 Russia12.1
21🇰🇷 South Korea11.9
22🇹🇼 Taiwan11.9
23🇱🇾 Libya11.1
24🇵🇲 Saint Pierre
& Miquelon
10.5
25🇨🇼 Curacao9.7
26🇨🇿 Czechia9.2
27🇦🇮 Anguilla9.2
28🇮🇸 Iceland9.1
29🇬🇱 Greenland9.1
30🇵🇱 Poland8.6
31🇯🇵 Japan8.6
32🇧🇲 Bermuda8.5
33🇮🇷 Iran8.5
34🇧🇪 Belgium8.2
35🇩🇪 Germany8.1
36🇳🇱 Netherlands8.1
37🇦🇼 Aruba8.1
38🇨🇳 China8.0
39🇪🇪 Estonia7.9
40🇲🇾 Malaysia7.6
41🇳🇴 Norway7.6
42🇹🇨 Turks &
Caicos Islands
7.6
43🇮🇪 Ireland7.5
44🇿🇦 South Africa7.3
45🇦🇹 Austria7.2
46🇫🇮 Finland6.8
47🇳🇿 New Zealand6.6
48🇸🇰 Slovakia6.5
49🇧🇾 Belarus6.2
50🇧🇬 Bulgaria6.2
51🇮🇱 Israel6.1
52🇨🇾 Cyprus6.1
53🇳🇺 Niue6.1
54🇸🇮 Slovenia5.9
55🇧🇸 Bahamas5.9
56🇬🇵 Guadeloupe5.8
57🇦🇩 Andorra5.7
58🇲🇶 Martinique5.7
59🇮🇹 Italy5.5
60🇸🇬 Singapore5.5
61🇬🇷 Greece5.4
62🇨🇰 Cook Islands5.4
63🇸🇨 Seychelles5.3
64🇹🇷 Turkey5.3
65🇬🇧 UK5.2
66🇻🇬 British Virgin Islands5.1
67🇩🇰 Denmark5.1
68🇦🇬 Antigua
& Barbuda
5.0
69🇰🇳 Saint Kitts
& Nevis
5.0
70🇭🇺 Hungary5.0
71🇱🇹 Lithuania5.0
72🇪🇸 Spain4.9
73🇳🇷 Nauru4.8
74🇫🇷 France4.7
75🇲🇸 Martinique4.7
76🇺🇦 Ukraine4.6
77🇸🇷 Suriname4.6
78🇱🇧 Lebanon4.5
79🇨🇱 Chile4.4
80🇭🇷 Croatia4.4
81🇮🇶 Iraq4.3
82🇷🇪 Reunion4.2
83🇷🇸 Serbia4.2
84🇭🇰 Hong Kong4.2
85🇧🇦 Bosnia &
Herzegovina
4.1
86🇦🇷 Argentina4.1
87🇷🇴 Romania4.1
88🇲🇻 Maldives4.1
89🇨🇭 Switzerland4.0
90🇧🇧 Barbados4.0
91🇩🇿 Algeria4.0
92🇵🇹 Portugal4.0
93🇹🇭 Thailand3.9
94🇱🇻 Latvia3.9
95🇧🇶 Bonaire Sint
Eustatius and Saba
3.9
96🇱🇮 Liechtenstein3.9
97🇬🇾 Guyana3.8
98🇲🇭 Marshall Islands3.8
99🇦🇿 Azerbaijan3.7
100🇺🇿 Uzbekistan3.6
101🇲🇺 Mauritius3.4
102🇸🇪 Sweden3.4
103🇽🇰 Kosovo3.4
104🇻🇳 Vietnam3.3
105🇲🇹 Malta3.3
106🇲🇰 North Macedonia3.3
107🇲🇽 Mexico3.2
108🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea3.2
109🇵🇫 French Polynesia3.1
110🇵🇦 Panama3.0
111🇬🇪 Georgia2.9
112🇻🇪 Venezuela2.8
113🇱🇦 Laos2.8
114🇲🇪 Montenegro2.8
115🇯🇲 Jamaica2.7
116🇱🇨 Saint Lucia2.7
117🇩🇴 Dominican Republic2.6
118🇹🇳 Tunisia2.6
119🇬🇩 Grenada2.6
120🇸🇭 Saint Helena2.5
121🇧🇼 Botswana2.5
122🇬🇦 Gabon2.4
123🇦🇲 Armenia2.4
124🇼🇫 Wallis & Futuna2.4
125🇪🇨 Ecuador2.3
126🇯🇴 Jordan2.3
127🇪🇬 Egypt2.3
128🇧🇷 Brazil2.3
129🇮🇩 Indonesia2.3
130🇬🇫 French Guiana2.2
131🇩🇲 Dominica2.2
132🇰🇵 North Korea2.2
133🇻🇨 Saint Vincent
& the Grenadines
2.0
134🇺🇾 Uruguay2.0
135🇨🇺 Cuba2.0
136🇧🇹 Bhutan2.0
137🇧🇴 Bolivia1.9
138🇮🇳 India1.9
139🇲🇦 Morocco1.9
140🇲🇴 Macao1.9
141🇲🇩 Moldova1.8
142🇨🇴 Colombia1.8
143🇧🇿 Belize1.7
144🇵🇪 Peru1.7
145🇹🇴 Tonga1.6
146🇦🇱 Albania1.6
147🇫🇯 Fiji1.6
148🇳🇦 Namibia1.6
149🇨🇷 Costa Rica1.5
150🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan1.4
151🇫🇲 Micronesia1.4
152🇼🇸 Samoa1.3
153🇵🇾 Paraguay1.3
154🇨🇬 Congo1.3
155🇵🇭 Philippines1.3
156🇸🇾 Syria1.3
157🇬🇹 Guatemala1.2
158🇰🇭 Cambodia1.1
159🇸🇻 El Salvador1.1
160🇨🇻 Cape Verde1.1
161🇭🇳 Honduras1.1
162🇹🇯 Tajikistan1.1
163🇱🇸 Lesotho1.0
164🇵🇰 Pakistan1.0
165🇱🇰 Sri Lanka1.0
166🇸🇿 Eswatini0.9
167🇲🇷 Mauritania0.9
168🇾🇹 Mayotte0.9
169🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea0.9
170🇸🇳 Senegal0.8
171🇳🇮 Nicaragua0.7
172🇹🇻 Tuvalu0.7
173🇿🇼 Zimbabwe0.7
174🇲🇲 Myanmar0.7
175🇬🇭 Ghana0.6
176🇳🇬 Nigeria0.6
177🇦🇴 Angola0.6
178🇵🇸 Palestine0.6
179🇧🇯 Benin0.6
180🇸🇹 Sao Tome
& Principe
0.6
181🇹🇱 East Timor0.6
182🇰🇮 Kiribati0.6
183🇧🇩 Bangladesh0.6
184🇻🇺 Vanuatu0.5
185🇳🇵 Nepal0.5
186🇸🇩 Sudan0.5
187🇸🇧 Solomon Islands0.4
188🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire0.4
189🇿🇲 Zambia0.4
190🇾🇪 Yemen0.4
191🇰🇪 Kenya0.4
192🇰🇲 Comoros0.4
193🇬🇳 Guinea0.4
194🇩🇯 Djibouti0.3
195🇨🇲 Cameroon0.3
196🇦🇫 Afghanistan0.3
197🇹🇬 Togo0.3
198🇧🇫 Burkina Faso0.3
199🇭🇹 Haiti0.3
200🇬🇲 Gambia0.2
201🇱🇷 Liberia0.2
202🇪🇷 Eritrea0.2
203🇲🇿 Mozambique0.2
204🇹🇿 Tanzania0.2
205🇲🇱 Mali0.2
206🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau0.2
207🇸🇱 Sierra Leone0.2
208🇪🇹 Ethiopia0.1
209🇸🇸 South Sudan0.1
210🇲🇬 Madagascar0.1
211🇷🇼 Rwanda0.1
212🇺🇬 Uganda0.1
213🇹🇩 Chad0.1
214🇳🇪 Niger0.1
215🇲🇼 Malawi0.1
216🇧🇮 Burundi0.1
217🇨🇫 Central
African Republic
0.0
218🇸🇴 Somalia0.0
219🇨🇩 DRC0.0

Bahrain (26.7 tonnes), and Kuwait (25 tonnes), rank second and third respectively. The top three together signal a running theme: countries whose economies rely on fossil fuel exports heavily feature in the top 10 per capita carbon emitters including: Brunei (5th), UAE (6th), Saudi Arabia (8th), and Oman (9th).

Meanwhile, island nations and territories like New Caledonia (7th), Sint Maarten (13th), and Palau (16th) are also highly represented. Their smaller populations’ still-significant energy needs—usually met from burning fossil fuels—increase their per capita emissions. Trinidad & Tobago (4th) has another factor that contributes, as the Caribbean’s largest natural gas producer and second-largest oil producer.

On the other hand, ranked 11th, Mongolia’s annual CO₂ emissions have grown nearly 600% since 2000, largely driven by its agriculture sector.

Per capita numbers are just one part of the picture. For example, Trinidad and Tobago contributed only 0.1% to global emissions in 2021. But they help illustrate that residents in higher income countries emit more than 30 times the emissions from those in lower income countries.

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Ranked: Top 20 Countries by Plastic Waste per Capita

Visualizing plastic waste per capita reveals a surprising list of countries that you may not have expected.

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Ranked: Top 20 Countries by Plastic Waste per Capita

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Single-use plastic waste is perhaps one of the biggest environmental issues of our time. Every year, millions of tons of plastic end up in oceans and landfills, harming wildlife and ecosystems.

To make matters worse, plastics take hundreds of years to decompose, leading to long-term environmental and health hazards as they break down into microplastics that contaminate water and food sources.

In this graphic, we visualized the top 20 countries that generated the most single-use plastic waste per capita in 2019, measured in kilograms per person. Figures come from research published in May 2021, which we sourced from Statista.

Data and Key Takeaways

The data we used to create this graphic is listed in the table below.

RankCountryKg per personPounds per person
1🇸🇬 Singapore76168
2🇦🇺 Australia59130
3🇴🇲 Oman56123
4🇳🇱 Netherlands55121
5🇧🇪 Belgium55121
6🇮🇱 Israel55121
7🇭🇰 Hong Kong55121
8🇨🇭 Switzerland53117
9🇺🇸 U.S.53117
10🇦🇪 UAE52115
11🇨🇱 Chile51112
12🇰🇷 S. Korea4497
13🇬🇧 UK4497
14🇰🇼 Kuwait4088
15🇳🇿 New Zealand3986
16🇮🇪 Ireland3986
17🇫🇮 Finland3884
18🇯🇵 Japan3782
19🇫🇷 France3679
20🇸🇮 Slovenia3577

Countries from all around the world are present in this ranking, highlighting how plastic waste isn’t concentrated in any one region.

It’s also interesting to note how most of the countries in this top 20 ranking are wealthier, more developed nations. These nations have higher levels of consumption, with greater access to packaged goods, take-out services, and disposable products, all of which rely on single-use plastics.

Where’s China and India?

Note that we’ve visualized plastic waste per capita, which is different from the total amount of waste produced by a country. It is for this reason that major polluters, such as China and India, are not present in this ranking.

It’s also worth noting that this focuses on the demand side of plastics, rather than where plastic products were initially created or produced.

If you’re interested to see more visuals on plastic waste, check out Which Countries Pollute the Most Ocean Plastic Waste?.

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