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Ranked: Per Capita Carbon Emissions by Country

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A cropped chart ranking per capita carbon emissions of countries.

Want to see total CO₂ emissions by country? Click here to see our graphic.

Ranked: Per Capita Carbon Emissions by Country

The world’s biggest carbon emitters are dominated by the biggest economies, but what happens when we account for population?

Using information gathered by Our World in Data, we chart out the top 15 countries with the highest per capita carbon emissions (measured in tonnes of CO₂) in 2021.

Which Country Has the Highest Per Capita Carbon Emissions?

Qatar, ranked first, produced nearly 36 tonnes of CO₂ per resident in the country in 2021, well ahead of its peers in the top ranks.

Here’s the full list of per capita emissions by country, ranked from highest to lowest.

RankCountry/TerritoryCO₂ per capita (t)
1🇶🇦 Qatar35.6
2🇧🇭 Bahrain26.7
3🇰🇼 Kuwait25.0
4🇹🇹 Trinidad
& Tobago
23.7
5🇧🇳 Brunei23.5
6🇦🇪 UAE21.8
7🇳🇨 New Caledonia19.1
8🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia18.7
9🇴🇲 Oman17.9
10🇦🇺 Australia15.1
11🇲🇳 Mongolia15.0
12🇺🇸 U.S.14.9
13🇸🇽 Sint Maarten
(Dutch part)
14.7
14🇰🇿 Kazakhstan14.4
15🇨🇦 Canada14.3
16🇵🇼 Palau13.2
17🇫🇴 Faroe Islands13.2
18🇹🇲 Turkmenistan13.1
19🇱🇺 Luxembourg13.1
20🇷🇺 Russia12.1
21🇰🇷 South Korea11.9
22🇹🇼 Taiwan11.9
23🇱🇾 Libya11.1
24🇵🇲 Saint Pierre
& Miquelon
10.5
25🇨🇼 Curacao9.7
26🇨🇿 Czechia9.2
27🇦🇮 Anguilla9.2
28🇮🇸 Iceland9.1
29🇬🇱 Greenland9.1
30🇵🇱 Poland8.6
31🇯🇵 Japan8.6
32🇧🇲 Bermuda8.5
33🇮🇷 Iran8.5
34🇧🇪 Belgium8.2
35🇩🇪 Germany8.1
36🇳🇱 Netherlands8.1
37🇦🇼 Aruba8.1
38🇨🇳 China8.0
39🇪🇪 Estonia7.9
40🇲🇾 Malaysia7.6
41🇳🇴 Norway7.6
42🇹🇨 Turks &
Caicos Islands
7.6
43🇮🇪 Ireland7.5
44🇿🇦 South Africa7.3
45🇦🇹 Austria7.2
46🇫🇮 Finland6.8
47🇳🇿 New Zealand6.6
48🇸🇰 Slovakia6.5
49🇧🇾 Belarus6.2
50🇧🇬 Bulgaria6.2
51🇮🇱 Israel6.1
52🇨🇾 Cyprus6.1
53🇳🇺 Niue6.1
54🇸🇮 Slovenia5.9
55🇧🇸 Bahamas5.9
56🇬🇵 Guadeloupe5.8
57🇦🇩 Andorra5.7
58🇲🇶 Martinique5.7
59🇮🇹 Italy5.5
60🇸🇬 Singapore5.5
61🇬🇷 Greece5.4
62🇨🇰 Cook Islands5.4
63🇸🇨 Seychelles5.3
64🇹🇷 Turkey5.3
65🇬🇧 UK5.2
66🇻🇬 British Virgin Islands5.1
67🇩🇰 Denmark5.1
68🇦🇬 Antigua
& Barbuda
5.0
69🇰🇳 Saint Kitts
& Nevis
5.0
70🇭🇺 Hungary5.0
71🇱🇹 Lithuania5.0
72🇪🇸 Spain4.9
73🇳🇷 Nauru4.8
74🇫🇷 France4.7
75🇲🇸 Martinique4.7
76🇺🇦 Ukraine4.6
77🇸🇷 Suriname4.6
78🇱🇧 Lebanon4.5
79🇨🇱 Chile4.4
80🇭🇷 Croatia4.4
81🇮🇶 Iraq4.3
82🇷🇪 Reunion4.2
83🇷🇸 Serbia4.2
84🇭🇰 Hong Kong4.2
85🇧🇦 Bosnia &
Herzegovina
4.1
86🇦🇷 Argentina4.1
87🇷🇴 Romania4.1
88🇲🇻 Maldives4.1
89🇨🇭 Switzerland4.0
90🇧🇧 Barbados4.0
91🇩🇿 Algeria4.0
92🇵🇹 Portugal4.0
93🇹🇭 Thailand3.9
94🇱🇻 Latvia3.9
95🇧🇶 Bonaire Sint
Eustatius and Saba
3.9
96🇱🇮 Liechtenstein3.9
97🇬🇾 Guyana3.8
98🇲🇭 Marshall Islands3.8
99🇦🇿 Azerbaijan3.7
100🇺🇿 Uzbekistan3.6
101🇲🇺 Mauritius3.4
102🇸🇪 Sweden3.4
103🇽🇰 Kosovo3.4
104🇻🇳 Vietnam3.3
105🇲🇹 Malta3.3
106🇲🇰 North Macedonia3.3
107🇲🇽 Mexico3.2
108🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea3.2
109🇵🇫 French Polynesia3.1
110🇵🇦 Panama3.0
111🇬🇪 Georgia2.9
112🇻🇪 Venezuela2.8
113🇱🇦 Laos2.8
114🇲🇪 Montenegro2.8
115🇯🇲 Jamaica2.7
116🇱🇨 Saint Lucia2.7
117🇩🇴 Dominican Republic2.6
118🇹🇳 Tunisia2.6
119🇬🇩 Grenada2.6
120🇸🇭 Saint Helena2.5
121🇧🇼 Botswana2.5
122🇬🇦 Gabon2.4
123🇦🇲 Armenia2.4
124🇼🇫 Wallis & Futuna2.4
125🇪🇨 Ecuador2.3
126🇯🇴 Jordan2.3
127🇪🇬 Egypt2.3
128🇧🇷 Brazil2.3
129🇮🇩 Indonesia2.3
130🇬🇫 French Guiana2.2
131🇩🇲 Dominica2.2
132🇰🇵 North Korea2.2
133🇻🇨 Saint Vincent
& the Grenadines
2.0
134🇺🇾 Uruguay2.0
135🇨🇺 Cuba2.0
136🇧🇹 Bhutan2.0
137🇧🇴 Bolivia1.9
138🇮🇳 India1.9
139🇲🇦 Morocco1.9
140🇲🇴 Macao1.9
141🇲🇩 Moldova1.8
142🇨🇴 Colombia1.8
143🇧🇿 Belize1.7
144🇵🇪 Peru1.7
145🇹🇴 Tonga1.6
146🇦🇱 Albania1.6
147🇫🇯 Fiji1.6
148🇳🇦 Namibia1.6
149🇨🇷 Costa Rica1.5
150🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan1.4
151🇫🇲 Micronesia1.4
152🇼🇸 Samoa1.3
153🇵🇾 Paraguay1.3
154🇨🇬 Congo1.3
155🇵🇭 Philippines1.3
156🇸🇾 Syria1.3
157🇬🇹 Guatemala1.2
158🇰🇭 Cambodia1.1
159🇸🇻 El Salvador1.1
160🇨🇻 Cape Verde1.1
161🇭🇳 Honduras1.1
162🇹🇯 Tajikistan1.1
163🇱🇸 Lesotho1.0
164🇵🇰 Pakistan1.0
165🇱🇰 Sri Lanka1.0
166🇸🇿 Eswatini0.9
167🇲🇷 Mauritania0.9
168🇾🇹 Mayotte0.9
169🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea0.9
170🇸🇳 Senegal0.8
171🇳🇮 Nicaragua0.7
172🇹🇻 Tuvalu0.7
173🇿🇼 Zimbabwe0.7
174🇲🇲 Myanmar0.7
175🇬🇭 Ghana0.6
176🇳🇬 Nigeria0.6
177🇦🇴 Angola0.6
178🇵🇸 Palestine0.6
179🇧🇯 Benin0.6
180🇸🇹 Sao Tome
& Principe
0.6
181🇹🇱 East Timor0.6
182🇰🇮 Kiribati0.6
183🇧🇩 Bangladesh0.6
184🇻🇺 Vanuatu0.5
185🇳🇵 Nepal0.5
186🇸🇩 Sudan0.5
187🇸🇧 Solomon Islands0.4
188🇨🇮 Cote d'Ivoire0.4
189🇿🇲 Zambia0.4
190🇾🇪 Yemen0.4
191🇰🇪 Kenya0.4
192🇰🇲 Comoros0.4
193🇬🇳 Guinea0.4
194🇩🇯 Djibouti0.3
195🇨🇲 Cameroon0.3
196🇦🇫 Afghanistan0.3
197🇹🇬 Togo0.3
198🇧🇫 Burkina Faso0.3
199🇭🇹 Haiti0.3
200🇬🇲 Gambia0.2
201🇱🇷 Liberia0.2
202🇪🇷 Eritrea0.2
203🇲🇿 Mozambique0.2
204🇹🇿 Tanzania0.2
205🇲🇱 Mali0.2
206🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau0.2
207🇸🇱 Sierra Leone0.2
208🇪🇹 Ethiopia0.1
209🇸🇸 South Sudan0.1
210🇲🇬 Madagascar0.1
211🇷🇼 Rwanda0.1
212🇺🇬 Uganda0.1
213🇹🇩 Chad0.1
214🇳🇪 Niger0.1
215🇲🇼 Malawi0.1
216🇧🇮 Burundi0.1
217🇨🇫 Central
African Republic
0.0
218🇸🇴 Somalia0.0
219🇨🇩 DRC0.0

Bahrain (26.7 tonnes), and Kuwait (25 tonnes), rank second and third respectively. The top three together signal a running theme: countries whose economies rely on fossil fuel exports heavily feature in the top 10 per capita carbon emitters including: Brunei (5th), UAE (6th), Saudi Arabia (8th), and Oman (9th).

Meanwhile, island nations and territories like New Caledonia (7th), Sint Maarten (13th), and Palau (16th) are also highly represented. Their smaller populations’ still-significant energy needs—usually met from burning fossil fuels—increase their per capita emissions. Trinidad & Tobago (4th) has another factor that contributes, as the Caribbean’s largest natural gas producer and second-largest oil producer.

On the other hand, ranked 11th, Mongolia’s annual CO₂ emissions have grown nearly 600% since 2000, largely driven by its agriculture sector.

Per capita numbers are just one part of the picture. For example, Trinidad and Tobago contributed only 0.1% to global emissions in 2021. But they help illustrate that residents in higher income countries emit more than 30 times the emissions from those in lower income countries.

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Agriculture

The World’s Top Cocoa Producing Countries

Here are the largest cocoa producing countries globally—from Côte d’Ivoire to Brazil—as cocoa prices hit record highs.

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This tree map graphic shows the world's biggest cocoa producers.

The World’s Top Cocoa Producing Countries

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

West Africa is home to the largest cocoa producing countries worldwide, with 3.9 million tonnes of production in 2022.

In fact, there are about one million farmers in Côte d’Ivoire supplying cocoa to key customers such as Nestlé, Mars, and Hershey. But the massive influence of this industry has led to significant forest loss to plant cocoa trees.

This graphic shows the leading producers of cocoa, based on data from the UN FAO.

Global Hotspots for Cocoa Production

Below, we break down the top cocoa producing countries as of 2022:

Country2022 Production, Tonnes
🇨🇮 Côte d'Ivoire2.2M
🇬🇭 Ghana1.1M
🇮🇩 Indonesia667K
🇪🇨 Ecuador337K
🇨🇲 Cameroon300K
🇳🇬 Nigeria280K
🇧🇷 Brazil274K
🇵🇪 Peru171K
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic76K
🌍 Other386K

With 2.2 million tonnes of cocoa in 2022, Côte d’Ivoire is the world’s largest producer, accounting for a third of the global total.

For many reasons, the cocoa trade in Côte d’Ivoire and Western Africa has been controversial. Often, farmers make about 5% of the retail price of a chocolate bar, and earn $1.20 each day. Adding to this, roughly a third of cocoa farms operate on forests that are meant to be protected.

As the third largest producer, Indonesia produced 667,000 tonnes of cocoa with the U.S., Malaysia, and Singapore as major importers. Overall, small-scale farmers produce 95% of cocoa in the country, but face several challenges such as low pay and unwanted impacts from climate change. Alongside aging trees in the country, these setbacks have led productivity to decline.

In South America, major producers include Ecuador and Brazil. In the early 1900s, Ecuador was the world’s largest cocoa producing country, however shifts in the global marketplace and crop disease led its position to fall. Today, the country is most known for its high-grade single-origin chocolate, with farms seen across the Amazon rainforest.

Altogether, global cocoa production reached 6.5 million tonnes, supported by strong demand. On average, the market has grown 3% annually over the last several decades.

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