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Where Will the World’s Next 1,000 Babies Be Born?

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Map showing where the next 1,000 babies will be born, based on birth rates and population estimates

Where Will the World’s Next 1,000 Babies Be Born?

View a higher resolution version of this map.

Every four minutes, approximately 1,000 babies are born across the globe. But in which countries are these babies the most statistically likely to come from?

Using data from the CIA World Factbook, this graphic by Pratap Vardhan (Stats of India) paints a picture of the world’s demographics, showing which countries are most likely to welcome the next 1,000 babies based on population and birth rates as of 2022 estimates.

The Next 1,000 Babies, By Country

Considering India has a population of nearly 1.4 billion, itโ€™s fairly unsurprising that it ranks first on the list. Of every 1,000 babies born, the South Asian country accounts for roughly 172 of them.

PlaceRegionBirths Per 1,000 Global Babies
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณโ€‹ IndiaAsia171.62
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ChinaAsia102.84
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ NigeriaAfrica56.50
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ PakistanAsia47.23
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Congo, Democratic Republic of theAfrica31.90
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ IndonesiaAsia31.20
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United StatesAmericas30.42
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡น EthiopiaAfrica25.44
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท BrazilAmericas22.27
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ BangladeshAsia21.52
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ PhilippinesAsia18.75
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ EgyptAfrica16.98
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟ TanzaniaAfrica15.61
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌ UgandaAfrica13.89
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ MexicoAmericas12.85
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ VietnamAsia11.96
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ SudanAfrica11.79
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช KenyaAfrica10.82
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ด AngolaAfrica10.68
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ AfghanistanAsia9.98
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ RussiaEurope9.85
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท IranAsia9.73
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟ MozambiqueAfrica8.72
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท TurkeyAsia8.71
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช NigerAfrica8.46
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ South AfricaAfrica7.84
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒ CameroonAfrica7.65
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IraqAsia7.34
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ญ GhanaAfrica6.94
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ MyanmarAsia6.90
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต JapanAsia6.34
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ MaliAfrica6.25
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AlgeriaAfrica6.01
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Cote d'IvoireAfrica5.97
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌ MadagascarAfrica5.93
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท FranceEurope5.85
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช GermanyEurope5.62
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YemenAsia5.61
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด ColombiaAmericas5.48
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซ Burkina FasoAfrica5.41
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United KingdomEurope5.37
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉ ChadAfrica5.34
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท ArgentinaAmericas5.29
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ ThailandAsia5.19
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฒ ZambiaAfrica5.03
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ MoroccoAfrica4.70
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผ MalawiAfrica4.27
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏ BeninAfrica4.16
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ SenegalAfrica4.15
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช PeruAmericas4.08
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต NepalAsia3.95
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช VenezuelaAmericas3.78
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi ArabiaAsia3.69
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ ZimbabweAfrica3.67
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ MalaysiaAsia3.62
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ SyriaAsia3.60
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ UzbekistanAsia3.55
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ณ GuineaAfrica3.47
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด SomaliaAfrica3.45
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎ BurundiAfrica3.28
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ South SudanAfrica3.19
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น ItalyEurope3.12
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡น GuatemalaAmericas2.90
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ UkraineEurope2.88
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ CanadaAmericas2.85
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต Korea, NorthAsia2.71
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Korea, SouthAsia2.63
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผ RwandaAfrica2.56
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ SpainEurope2.47
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ PolandEurope2.38
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ CambodiaAsia2.37
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ AustraliaOceania2.36
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Sri LankaAsia2.35
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ KazakhstanAsia2.19
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ EcuadorAmericas2.09
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Sierra LeoneAfrica2.06
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌ Papua New GuineaOceania2.04
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌ TogoAfrica1.99
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด JordanAsia1.82
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡น HaitiAmericas1.76
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ChileAmericas1.73
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด BoliviaAmericas1.65
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ท LiberiaAfrica1.44
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด Dominican RepublicAmericas1.42
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ NetherlandsEurope1.40
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ TajikistanAsia1.39
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซ Central African RepublicAfrica1.31
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Congo, Republic of theAfrica1.30
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ TaiwanAsia1.28
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ TunisiaAfrica1.28
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ HondurasAmericas1.24
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ท EritreaAfrica1.23
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด RomaniaEurope1.19
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ LaosAsia1.19
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ IsraelAsia1.14
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ LibyaAfrica1.13
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AzerbaijanAsia1.03
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช BelgiumEurope0.95
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พ ParaguayAmericas0.88
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ KyrgyzstanAsia0.87
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ป El SalvadorAmericas0.86
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท MauritaniaAfrica0.86
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช SwedenEurope0.83
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ CubaAmericas0.82
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช United Arab EmiratesAsia0.79
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎ NicaraguaAmericas0.76
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ TurkmenistanAsia0.72
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ CzechiaEurope0.68
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ SwitzerlandEurope0.65
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ BelarusEurope0.63
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น AustriaEurope0.62
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ HungaryEurope0.62
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ OmanAsia0.61
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น PortugalEurope0.60
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท GreeceEurope0.59
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ PanamaAmericas0.57
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ท Costa RicaAmericas0.55
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ Guinea-BissauAfrica0.54
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ West BankAsia0.54
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ GambiaAfrica0.51
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง LebanonAsia0.51
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆ NamibiaAfrica0.50
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด NorwayEurope0.49
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ DenmarkEurope0.49
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช IrelandEurope0.48
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New ZealandOceania0.47
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฆ GabonAfrica0.45
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ SerbiaEurope0.44
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Hong KongAsia0.43
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ FinlandEurope0.43
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ BulgariaEurope0.41
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ Gaza StripAsia0.41
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ KuwaitAsia0.40
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช GeorgiaAsia0.40
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ SingaporeAsia0.39
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณ MongoliaAsia0.38
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ธ LesothoAfrica0.37
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ถ Equatorial GuineaAfrica0.37
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ SlovakiaEurope0.36
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ผ BotswanaAfrica0.36
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒ JamaicaAmericas0.33
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ Timor-LesteAsia0.33
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ UruguayAmericas0.32
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ AlbaniaEurope0.29
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท CroatiaEurope0.27
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ MoldovaEurope0.25
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ ArmeniaAsia0.24
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope0.24
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ KosovoEurope0.21
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟ EswatiniAfrica0.19
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น LithuaniaEurope0.18
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ท Puerto RicoAmericas0.18
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ QatarAsia0.17
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ North MacedoniaEurope0.16
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏ DjiboutiAfrica0.16
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒ ComorosAfrica0.14
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ BahrainAsia0.14
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ SloveniaEurope0.13
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป LatviaEurope0.12
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ง Solomon IslandsOceania0.12
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏ FijiOceania0.11
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡น Trinidad and TobagoAmericas0.11
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡น BhutanAsia0.10
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ CyprusAsia0.10
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡พ GuyanaAmericas0.10
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡บ MauritiusAfrica0.09
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ป Cabo VerdeAfrica0.08
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช EstoniaEurope0.08
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ท SurinameAmericas0.07
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BelizeAmericas0.06
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ BruneiAsia0.06
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ LuxembourgEurope0.06
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช MontenegroEurope0.05
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡บ VanuatuOceania0.05
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡น Sao Tome and PrincipeAfrica0.04
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ป MaldivesAsia0.04
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ด MacauAsia0.04
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ธ Bahamas, TheAmericas0.04
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ IcelandEurope0.03
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น MaltaEurope0.03
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡จ New CaledoniaOceania0.03
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซ French PolynesiaOceania0.03
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ SamoaOceania0.03
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง BarbadosAmericas0.02
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡บ GuamOceania0.02
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎ KiribatiOceania0.02
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด TongaOceania0.02
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผ CuracaoAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡จ Saint LuciaAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Micronesia, Federated States ofOceania0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญ Marshall IslandsOceania0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฉ GrenadaAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Antigua and BarbudaAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ผ ArubaAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ช JerseyEurope0.01
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡จ Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฎ Virgin IslandsAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡จ SeychellesAfrica0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฒ DominicaAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Isle of ManEurope0.01
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฒ BermudaAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ต Northern Mariana IslandsOceania0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฑ GreenlandAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡จ Turks and Caicos IslandsAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ด Faroe IslandsEurope0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธ American SamoaOceania0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡พ Cayman IslandsAmericas0.01
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ Saint Kitts and NevisAmericas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฌ GuernseyEurope0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉ AndorraEurope0.00
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Sint MaartenAmericas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ซ Saint MartinAmericas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฌ British Virgin IslandsAmericas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฎ GibraltarEurope0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ LiechtensteinEurope0.00
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฒ San MarinoEurope0.00
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ป TuvaluOceania0.00
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ผ PalauOceania0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฎ AnguillaAmericas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡จ MonacoEurope0.00
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ท NauruOceania0.00
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ซ Wallis and FutunaOceania0.00
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Cook IslandsOceania0.00
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ญ Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da CunhaAfrica0.00
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฑ Saint BarthelemyAmericas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ธ MontserratAmericas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Americas0.00
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฒ Saint Pierre and MiquelonAmericas0.00

Itโ€™s worth noting that, while India ranks number one on the list, the countryโ€™s birth rate (which is its total number of births in a year per 1,000 individuals) is actually slightly below the global average, at 16.8 compared to 17.7 respectively.

China, which comes second on the list, is similar to India, with a high population but relatively low birth rate as well. On the other hand, Nigeria, which ranks third on the list, has a birth rate thatโ€™s nearly double the global average, at 34.2.

Why is Nigeriaโ€™s birth rate so high?

There are various intermingling factors at play, but one key reason is the fact that Nigeria’s economy still is developing, and ranks 131st globally in terms of GDP per capita. Further, access to education for women is still not as widespread as it could be, and research shows that this is strongly correlated with higher birth rates.

The World’s Population Growth Rate is Declining

While there are hundreds of thousands of babies born around the world each day, itโ€™s worth mentioning that the worldโ€™s overall population growth rate has actually been declining since the 1960s.

This is happening for a number of reasons, including:

  • Increased wealth around the world, which research has correlated with fewer births
  • Various government policies discouraging large families
  • The global shift from rural to urban living

By 2100, global population growth is expected to drop to 0.1%, which means weโ€™ll essentially reach net-zero population growth.

This would increase our global median age even further, which poses a number of economic risks if countries donโ€™t properly prepare for this demographic shift.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Demographics

Charted: Retirement Age by Country

We chart current and effective retirement ages for 45 countries, revealing some stark regional differences.

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Charted: Retirement Age by Country

The retirement landscape can look completely different depending on what country you’re in. And charting the retirement age by country reveals a lot of differences in the the makeup of a labor force, both for economic and cultural reasons.

This graphic delves into the current and effective retirement ages across 45 nations in 2020, based on comprehensive data from the OECD 2021 report.

Defining Retirement Ages

Before we dive into the numbers, let’s clarify the measurements used by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):

  • The current retirement age is the age at which individuals can retire without penalty to pension after completing a full career starting from age 22.
  • The effective retirement age refers to the average age of exit from the labor force for workers aged 40 years or more.

Many countries have seen workers effectively retire earlier or later than the current retirement age. This variance can arise due to a multitude in factors including differences in career start ages, some industries offering earlier retirements or benefits for later commitments, or countries facilitating different workforce exits due to market demands and policies.

Some people also choose to retire early due to personal reasons or a lack of available work, receiving a smaller pension or in some cases forgoing it entirely. Likewise, some people choose to stay employed if they are able to find work.

Retirement Age by Country in 2020

Here’s a snapshot of the current and effective retirement ages by country in 2020:

CountryRetirement age
(Current)
Retirement age
(Effective)
Retirement age
(Women, Effective)
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Austria656261
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Belgium656160
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Canada656463
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Chile656561
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Colombia626760
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ท Costa Rica626762
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech Republic646362
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Denmark6664N/A
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Estonia646465
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Finland656364
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท France656061
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Germany6663N/A
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Greece626158
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Hungary656260
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ Iceland676664
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Ireland6664N/A
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Israel6765N/A
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Italy626261
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Japan656867
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Korea, Republic of626665
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Latvia646665
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Lithuania6463N/A
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg625960
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexico656663
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Netherlands666463
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ New Zealand656866
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Norway676563
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Poland656260
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Portugal656563
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Slovakia6360N/A
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Slovenia626261
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Spain656160
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Sweden656665
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Switzerland656564
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Tรผrkiye526159
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง United Kingdom666463
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ United States6665N/A
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ European Union (Average)6463N/A
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Argentina656263
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brazil626259
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China (People's Republic of)606661
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India5867N/A
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia5769N/A
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Russia626260
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Saudi Arabia4759N/A
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ South Africa606056

Three countries had the highest current retirement age at 67 years, Iceland, Israel, and Norway, but all had slightly lower effective retirement ages on average. On the flip side, Saudi Arabia had the lowest current retirement age at only 47 years with full pension benefits. Only Tรผrkiye at 52 years was close, and notably both had much higher effective retirement ages on average.

Discrepancies between different regions are clear across the board. Many Asian countries including China, India, and South Korea have official minimum retirement ages in the early 60s and late 50s, but see workers stay in the workforce well into their late 60s. Meanwhile, most European countries as well as the U.S. and Canada have more workers retire earlier than minimum retirement ages on average.

Almost all of the countries with measured effective retirement ages for women also saw them exit the workforce earlier than men. This can be the result of cultural gender norms, labor force participation rates, and even the setup of pension systems in different countries.

The five exceptions in the dataset where women retired later than men? Argentina, Estonia, Finland, France, and Luxembourg.

Looking to the Future

In 2023, France sparked controversy by raising its early retirement age by two years. This decision triggered widespread strikes and riots and ignited debates about the balance between economic sustainability and individual well-being.

Given aging demographics in many developed countries and a continued need for labor, this isn’t expected to be the only country to reassess retirement. The OECD projects a two-year increase in the average effective retirement age by the mid-2060s.

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