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The World’s Biggest Stock Markets, by Country

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See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

Graphic illustrating the biggest stock markets by country

The World’s Biggest Stock Markets, by Country

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

In this graphic, we’ve visualized the global market capitalization of stock markets by country, based on figures from S&P Dow Jones Indices. More specifically, this is based on the methodology of the S&P Global Broad Market Index (BMI), which captures over 14,000 stocks from developed and emerging markets.

As a point of reference, we’ve also illustrated the size of the “Magnificent Seven” stocks within the U.S. total.

The numbers we used to create this graphic are as of Feb. 29, 2024, and are listed in the table below. Only countries with stock markets of at least $1 trillion in capitalization were included.

Country (or group)Market Cap
🇺🇸 U.S.$52.6T
Magnificent Seven$13.1T
🇨🇳 China$11.5T
🇯🇵 Japan$6.5T
🇮🇳 India$4.4T
🇫🇷 France$3.2T
🇬🇧 UK$3.1T
🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia$2.9T
🇨🇦 Canada$2.6T
🇩🇪 Germany$2.2T
🇹🇼 Taiwan$2.0T
🇨🇭 Switzerland$1.9T
🇰🇷 South Korea$1.8T
🇦🇺 Australia$1.6T
🇳🇱 Netherlands$1.1T

After the U.S., we can see that the three largest stock markets are all located in Asia.

India Climbs the Ranks

India’s total market capitalization rose above $4 trillion for the first time ever in early 2024, cementing the country as the world’s fourth largest equity market.

According to reporting from Bloomberg, the market capitalization of companies listed on Indian exchanges has grown by $1 trillion in under three years, making the country one of the best performing emerging markets.

Meanwhile, stock markets in China and Hong Kong have moved in the opposite direction, wiping out an estimated $6 trillion in valuation since their 2021 peak. The Hang Seng Index, Hong Kong’s primary stock index, has shrunk by more than 40% over the past five years.

Might of the Magnificent Seven

Although Tesla is down 28% YTD in 2024, the Magnificent Seven continues to dominate thanks to Nvidia’s rapid ascension into a $2 trillion company. Overall, the group accounts for roughly a quarter of the overall U.S. stock market.

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U.S. Debt Interest Payments Reach $1 Trillion

U.S. debt interest payments have surged past the $1 trillion dollar mark, amid high interest rates and an ever-expanding debt burden.

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This line chart shows U.S. debt interest payments over modern history.

U.S. Debt Interest Payments Reach $1 Trillion

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

The cost of paying for America’s national debt crossed the $1 trillion dollar mark in 2023, driven by high interest rates and a record $34 trillion mountain of debt.

Over the last decade, U.S. debt interest payments have more than doubled amid vast government spending during the pandemic crisis. As debt payments continue to soar, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) reported that debt servicing costs surpassed defense spending for the first time ever this year.

This graphic shows the sharp rise in U.S. debt payments, based on data from the Federal Reserve.

A $1 Trillion Interest Bill, and Growing

Below, we show how U.S. debt interest payments have risen at a faster pace than at another time in modern history:

DateInterest PaymentsU.S. National Debt
2023$1.0T$34.0T
2022$830B$31.4T
2021$612B$29.6T
2020$518B$27.7T
2019$564B$23.2T
2018$571B$22.0T
2017$493B$20.5T
2016$460B$20.0T
2015$435B$18.9T
2014$442B$18.1T
2013$425B$17.2T
2012$417B$16.4T
2011$433B$15.2T
2010$400B$14.0T
2009$354B$12.3T
2008$380B$10.7T
2007$414B$9.2T
2006$387B$8.7T
2005$355B$8.2T
2004$318B$7.6T
2003$294B$7.0T
2002$298B$6.4T
2001$318B$5.9T
2000$353B$5.7T
1999$353B$5.8T
1998$360B$5.6T
1997$368B$5.5T
1996$362B$5.3T
1995$357B$5.0T
1994$334B$4.8T
1993$311B$4.5T
1992$306B$4.2T
1991$308B$3.8T
1990$298B$3.4T
1989$275B$3.0T
1988$254B$2.7T
1987$240B$2.4T
1986$225B$2.2T
1985$219B$1.9T
1984$205B$1.7T
1983$176B$1.4T
1982$157B$1.2T
1981$142B$1.0T
1980$113B$930.2B
1979$96B$845.1B
1978$84B$789.2B
1977$69B$718.9B
1976$61B$653.5B
1975$55B$576.6B
1974$50B$492.7B
1973$45B$469.1B
1972$39B$448.5B
1971$36B$424.1B
1970$35B$389.2B
1969$30B$368.2B
1968$25B$358.0B
1967$23B$344.7B
1966$21B$329.3B

Interest payments represent seasonally adjusted annual rate at the end of Q4.

At current rates, the U.S. national debt is growing by a remarkable $1 trillion about every 100 days, equal to roughly $3.6 trillion per year.

As the national debt has ballooned, debt payments even exceeded Medicaid outlays in 2023—one of the government’s largest expenditures. On average, the U.S. spent more than $2 billion per day on interest costs last year. Going further, the U.S. government is projected to spend a historic $12.4 trillion on interest payments over the next decade, averaging about $37,100 per American.

Exacerbating matters is that the U.S. is running a steep deficit, which stood at $1.1 trillion for the first six months of fiscal 2024. This has accelerated due to the 43% increase in debt servicing costs along with a $31 billion dollar increase in defense spending from a year earlier. Additionally, a $30 billion increase in funding for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in light of the regional banking crisis last year was a major contributor to the deficit increase.

Overall, the CBO forecasts that roughly 75% of the federal deficit’s increase will be due to interest costs by 2034.

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