Mapped: Which Countries Get the Most Paid Vacation Days?
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Mapped: Which Countries Get the Most Paid Vacation Days?
Whether it’s a day off in lieu of a national holiday, a religious festival, or simply a mandated minimum for paid vacation days, there are different rules in each country that set the base threshold of paid time off for workers.
Resume.io analyzed the laws on statutory paid leave and paid public holidays in every country around the world and created these graphics to reveal the minimum amount of vacation days employees are entitled to (at least on paper).
Countries With the Most and Least Paid Vacation
The data in the study focuses in on two types of paid leave: public holidays and paid vacation days. Combine them together and you have the total amount of paid leave.
Here’s how the numbers break down on both ends of the spectrum:
|Rank||Countries With Most Paid Vacation||Total Vacation Days||Countries With Least Paid Vacation||Total Vacation Days|
Some African, European, and Central Asian countries, including Togo (43), San Marino (46) and Yemen (45), have been extremely generous with doling out vacation days.
At the very top is Iran with a total of 53 vacation days, split almost equally between public holidays and paid time off.
Meanwhile, others including the Oceanic countries of Micronesia (9) and Nauru (10) rank at the bottom of the list. The U.S. is tied with Nauru in second-last place, with employees mandated a minimum of only 10 vacation days a year.
Which Countries Have the Most Paid Leave Days?
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If you’re working full-time and devoting 40 hours per week to your workplace, many nations believe you deserve time off.
In most countries, laws to provide statutory leave to employees are in place. 22 countries have a generous 30-day leave policy, with 10 located in Africa.
However, the amount of paid leave around the world often relies on the employee’s tenure. And not all countries have the same minimums, as the U.S., Nauru, Micronesia, and Kiribati, have zero mandated paid leave days.
It’s important to note that this does not mean that all employees in these countries have zero paid leave. Instead it means that it’s up to the hiring employer, with some companies using generous paid leave to entice skilled employees while others offer none.
Which Countries Have the Most Public Holidays?
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Countries around the world celebrate public holidays for numerous different occasions. They honor significant national, cultural, and religious events.
Again, the number of these days can vary worldwide. Iran offers the highest number of paid public holidays in the world with a total 27 days per year including the Islamic Republic Day. It is followed by Bangladesh (24), Azerbaijan (21), and Cambodia (21).
On the other extreme, Libya has no paid public holidays, while Lebanon has only two paid public holidays per year.
And not every celebration is a holiday. For example, despite having a plethora of festivals and days of national importance, India has only three paid national holidays: Republic Day, Independence Day, and the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
However, India is also a good example of countries which also offer state-level holidays. Every state is empowered to add to its list of paid holidays based on their religious, cultural and historical occasions.
This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.
Visualizing the American Workforce as 100 People
Reimagining all 200 million of the American workforce as 100 people: where do they all work, what positions they hold, and what jobs they do?
Visualizing the American Workforce as 100 People
In 2022, the U.S. population stood at 333 million. Of that, roughly 60% were employed in various jobs, positions, and sectors in the U.S. economy.
But where did all these people work? What jobs did they do and what positions did they hold? Where do most Americans do their nine-to-five?
Using data from the National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (2022) put out by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), we reimagine the employed American workforce as only 100 people, to find out answers.
Interestingly, the data contains a mix of information demarcations. Some are job-specific (type of work), some are based on position (like Management), and some are broken down by industry (Transport and Health).
The Most Common Jobs In the U.S.
By far, most of the American workforce (13 out of 100) are employed in Office & Administrative work. This includes a mind-boggling variety of jobs: receptionists, payroll clerks, secretaries, proof-readers, administrative assistants, and customer service representatives to name a few.
Notably, any sort of management role is absent from this, as well as any other job categories, since the BLS categorizes managers in their own class.
The industry which employs the second largest group of people is Health, accounting for 11 people from the 100. This category is a combination of two sectors listed in the original dataset (healthcare practitioners and healthcare support) and covers the entire industry: from physicians, surgeons, veterinarians, nurses, and therapists to technicians, assistants, orderlies, and home and personal care aides.
Here’s a quick look at all the major sectors most of America’s workforce actually works in.
|1.||Office & Admin||13||Receptionists, Clerks, Customer service, Secretaries.|
|2.||Health||11||Doctors, Nurses, Paramedics, Vets, Orderlies, Personal care aides.|
|3.||Transport||9||Warehouse workers, Packagers, Pilots, Ambulance, Bus, Truck, Taxi drivers, Ship captains.|
|4.||Sales||9||Sales representatives, Counter clerks.|
|5.||Food||8||Food preparers & servers, Bartenders, Dishwashers, Hosts.|
|6.||Management||6||Legislators, Chief executives, Directors, General & Operations managers.|
|7.||Business & Finance||6||Accountants, Auditors, Financial analysts, Logisticians.|
|8.||Manufacturing||6||Factory workers, Gas fitters, Machine operators, Cobblers, Tailors, Barbers.|
|9.||Education||6||Teachers (all fields, all levels).|
|10.||Construction & Extraction||4||Stone / brick / block / cement masons. Construction laborers. Roofers, Plumbers, Electricians, Mining workers.|
|11.||Mechanics & Installation||4||Auto mechanic, Farm equipment mechanic, Home appliance mechanic, Locksmiths.|
|12.||Data & Tech||3||Information analyst, Database architect, Software & Web
developers, Data scientists, Mathematicians, Computer support.
|13.||Custodial||3||Cleaning, Groundskeeping, Landscaping, Housekeeping.|
|14.||Protection||2||Cops, Firefighters, Security guards, Lifeguards, Correctional officers.|
|15.||Hospitality||2||Animal trainers / caretakers. Ushers / attendants. Makeup artists. Concierge. Exercise trainers.|
|16.||Architecture & Engineering||2||All engineers and architects (excluding the information industry).|
|17.||Community & Social Service||2||Social workers, Therapists (counsellors) & Religious work.|
|18.||Arts, Media, & Sport||1||Fine artists, Designers, Actors, Athletes, Journalists, Writers, Authors, Musicians.|
|19.||Science||1||All scientists (not engineers).|
|20.||Legal||1||Lawyers, Judges, Paralegals, Mediators.|
|21.||Farming, Fishing, & Forestry||1||Farmers, logging workers.|
The third most common job is actually a tie between Transport—cargo moving workers, pilots, truck drivers—and Sales—retail and industry sales agents, counter clerks—with both sectors employing nine of the 100 people. In the Sales category, two of the nine people are cashiers.
Ranked fifth is Food, with eight people, ranging from private chefs to serving staff at fast food restaurants.
Another six all belong in some kind of Management role (across industry, and including legislators) with two of those six being “top level executives” like a CEO, a general manager, a mayor, or university president. Management shares its spot with Business & Finance, Manufacturing, and Education, all at six each.
The following jobs or industries also employ the same number of people:
- Construction & Extraction along with Mechanics & Installation, at four each.
- Data & Tech, with Custodial jobs, with three each.
- Protection, Hospitality, Architecture & Engineering, and Social work, all at two each.
- Artists & Athletes, Scientists, Legal, and Farming, Fishing & Forestry are all one each.
Quirks of the Job Data
From the numbers, some fascinating nuances of the American workforce are revealed. For example, there are more cashiers (2) in the economy than artists, writers, designers & athletes (1). There are the same number of customer service representatives as the entire Scientific and Legal fields put together (2).
But perhaps the most interesting quirk comes from how few people are employed in the Farming, Fishing & Forestry industry, a critical primary sector. In raw data, the BLS estimates only slightly more than 450,000 farm, fish & forestry workers.
Importantly, it’s worth noting the BLS only collects data from “nonfarm” establishments, explaining the low estimate for their category, which is almost one-sixth of what the USDA estimates. Please see the data note at the end of this article for a full explanation.
Which Jobs Have the Highest Wages in the U.S.?
Meanwhile, the top 20 highest paid jobs (by annual average wages) all belong to doctors (usually specialists or surgeons), with two exceptions: CEOs and athletes.
The lowest-paid jobs are a mix of entertainers, and service and retail staff.
As a broader category, however, Management makes the most money, followed by Legal and then Tech. Workers in Food, Health Support, and Custodial jobs have the lowest wages.
|Rank||Jobs||Annual Average Wages|
|3.||Data & Tech||$108,130|
|5.||Architecture & Engineering||$94,670|
|6.||Business & Finance||$86,080|
|8.||Arts, Media, Sports||$76,500|
|10.||Construction & Extraction||$58,400|
|11.||Community & Social Service||$55,760|
|12.||Mechanics & Installation||$55,680|
|15.||Office & Admin||$45,550|
|18.||Farming, Fishing, & Forestry||$37,870|
Analyzing the data throws up a few correlations between number of employees and wages. The top three sectors with the most jobs (Admin, Transport, and Sales) are in the bottom 10 categories when it comes to pay.
On the other hand, three sectors in the bottom 10 of employment numbers, (Data & Tech, Architecture & Engineering, and Legal) are in the top five highest paid sectors.
The Health sector sees a big divide in pay between practitioners (doctors, nurses, therapists) ranked 5th and support staff (assistants, aides, & orderlies), ranked 21st, or second-to-last.
How is the American Workforce Changing?
Over the last five years, the American workforce has not stayed static. Of the listed 22 groups, 13 saw growth in employment numbers, nine saw a decrease, and one stayed flat since 2018.
The top gainer by far is Health Support (medical assistants, care aides, orderlies, etc.) which grew by 65%. Looking at the timeline of growth does not paint a steady picture: employment jumped between 2018 and 2019, briefly fell in 2020, and has since risen again in 2021-2022.
Another top gainer is Transport, rising from the 4th to 3rd biggest employer, beating out Sales in 2022. Business & Finance and Management have also seen steady increases since 2018.
On the other hand Hospitality saw a staggering 48% drop in numbers, not all together surprising given the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as the rise of tech companies like Airbnb.
Meanwhile, Office & Admin work saw a 15% loss in employees, even though this category is still the biggest employer in the country by a significant margin. Although jobs in this group saw steady declines from 2018-2021, it registered a slight uptick in workers between 2021 and 2022.
Here’s a full list of top-level sectors and how they changed.
|Jobs||2018||2022||% Change (2018-2022)|
|Business & Finance||7,721,300||9,677,720||+25%|
|Data & Tech||4,384,300||5,003,910||+14%|
|Community & Social Service||2,171,820||2,313,620||+7%|
|Arts, Media, & Sports||1,951,170||2,063,380||+6%|
|Mechanics and Installataion||5,628,880||5,823,400||+3%|
|Construction & Extraction||5,962,640||6,075,520||+2%|
|Architecture & Engineering||2,556,220||2,481,170||-3%|
|Farming, Fishing, & Forestry||480,130||461,750||-4%|
|Sales and Related||14,542,290||13,183,250||-9%|
|Office & Admin||21,828,990||18,674,770||-15%|
Looking ahead, questions about the future of the American workforce loom large, especially in the wake of the AI revolution that has swept imaginations, and quite possibly, soon the economy. People who hold administrative jobs—the largest category—are most vulnerable since many office tasks can be automated with increasingly sophisticated AI tools.
Will AI be as dominating a factor as the Industrial Revolution on the global economy? Will it cause as big a shift as the offshoring of manufacturing from the U.S.?
Or will AI blend seamlessly into the current make-up of the American workforce, merely enhancing productivity and profit?
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Data note 1: Categories from the original data were modified slightly for better readability. Some have been renamed all together. They are:
- Production, listed as Manufacturing.
- Installation, maintenance and repair, listed as Mechanics & Installation.
- Computer and mathematical operations, listed as Data & tech.
- Building and groundskeeping, listed as Custodial.
- Personal care and service, listed as Hospitality.
- Life, physical, social science, listed as Science.
Data note #2: OES data is a combination of surveys conducted by the BLS and estimates are produced for over 800 jobs in the country. The survey collects occupational employment and wage data from establishments in nonfarm industries only and doesn’t survey the following: Crop production, Animal production, Timber tract operations, Forest nurseries & gathering of forest products, Fishing, hunting, and trapping, Forestry support activities, and Private households.
The survey also does not cover the self-employed, owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household workers, or unpaid family workers.
Data note #3: On the calculating end, due to rounding of each category and the 100 workers total, some categories can have slightly more or less workers, depending on the method use. In 2022, both Management and Business & Finance employment can be rounded up to 7 workers each. On the other hand, Farm, Fishing and Forestry can be rounded down to 0. Our rounding was done to provide as wide a scope of the economy as possible, while also maintaining accuracy.
Finally, percentage change in employment per sector was not adjusted for general population or employment growth from 2018 to 2022.
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