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Visualizing Annual Working Hours in OECD Countries

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Average annual working hours OECD

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Visualizing Annual Working Hours in OECD Countries

Comparing the number of hours people work in different countries can provide insight into cultural work norms, economic productivity, and even labor laws.

With this in mind, we’ve ranked OECD countries (plus a few others) based on their average annual hours worked. Note that this data includes both full-time and part-time workers.

Data and Highlights

The data we sourced from OECD is listed in the table below. All figures are as of 2021 (latest available), with the exception of Colombia, Russia, and Türkiye which are as of 2020.

CountryAverage annual
hours worked
🇲🇽 Mexico2,128
🇨🇷 Costa Rica2,073
🇨🇴 Colombia1,964
🇨🇱 Chile1,916
🇰🇷 South Korea1,910
🇲🇹 Malta*1,882
🇷🇺 Russia*1,874
🇬🇷 Greece1,872
🇷🇴 Romania*1,838
🇭🇷 Croatia*1,835
🇵🇱 Poland1,830
🇺🇸 United States1,791
🇮🇪 Ireland1,775
🇪🇪 Estonia1,767
🇨🇿 Czech Republic1,753
🇮🇱 Israel1,753
🇨🇾 Cyprus*1,745
🇳🇿 New Zealand1,730
🌐 OECD average1,716
🇭🇺 Hungary1,697
🇦🇺 Australia1,694
🇨🇦 Canada1,685
🇮🇹 Italy1,669
🇵🇹 Portugal1,649
🇪🇸 Spain1,641
🇱🇹 Lithuania1,620
🇧🇬 Bulgaria*1,619
🇯🇵 Japan1,607
🇱🇻 Latvia1,601
🇸🇮 Slovenia1,596
🇸🇰 Slovakia1,583
🇹🇷 Türkiye1,572
🇨🇭 Switzerland1,533
🇫🇮 Finland1,518
🇬🇧 United Kingdom1,497
🇧🇪 Belgium1,493
🇫🇷 France1,490
🇸🇪 Sweden1,444
🇦🇹 Austria1,442
🇮🇸 Iceland1,433
🇳🇴 Norway1,427
🇳🇱 Netherlands1,417
🇱🇺 Luxembourg1,382
🇩🇰 Denmark1,363
🇩🇪 Germany1,349

*Non-OECD country

At the top is Mexico, where the average worker clocks over 2,000 hours per year. This reflects the country’s labor dynamics, which typically involves a six-day workweek. For context, 2,128 hours is equal to 266 eight-hour workdays.

The only other country to surpass 2,000 annual hours worked per worker is Costa Rica, which frequently tops the World Economic Forum’s Happy Planet Index (HPI). The HPI is a measure of wellbeing, life expectancy, and ecological footprint.

Looking at the other end of the list, the two countries that work the fewest hours are Germany and Denmark. This is reflective of the strong labor laws in these countries as well as their emphasis on work-life balance.

For example, the German Working Hours Act (Arbeitszeitgesetz) states that daily hours of work may not exceed eight hours. Days can be extended to 10 hours, but only if it averages out to eight hours per working day over a six-month period.

Working fewer hours doesn’t mean that a country is becoming less productive, though. Germany is known for its high value industries like automotive and pharmaceuticals, where robotics and other technologies can greatly enhance productivity.

This is supported by GDP per capita, in which Germany has grown substantially since 2000.

Limitations of this Data

A limitation of this dataset is that it aggregates both full-time and part-time workers. This means that in a country like Japan, where almost 40% of the workforce is non-regular (part-time, contract, etc.), the average figure could be skewed downwards.

Japan is known for its grueling office culture, and it’s likely that many workers are logging significantly more hours than the 1,607 figure reported.

If you enjoy comparisons like these, consider taking a look at our ranking of cities with the best work-life balance.

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Technology

Ranked: America’s Best Places to Work in 2024

Glassdoor’s annual list is determined by an algorithm that converts reviews to ratings—here are America’s 15 best places to work since 2020.

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A cropped chart with Glassdoor's top 15 ranking of America's Best Places to Work since 2020.

Which Companies Are Considered America’s Best Places to Work?

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Research is divided on when is the best time to look for a new job, but it’s undeniable that a new year tends to hasten psychological effects: new beginnings, fresh clarity, and a renewed purpose. So for those on the lookout, it’s also useful to know which companies are the best places to work in the country—as rated by their employees.

Based on data gathered by recruiting website Glassdoor, here are America’s top 15 best places to work in 2024.

Glassdoor’s results are determined by their ‘proprietary algorithm’ which converts workplace reviews (rating companies on nine attributes like compensation, benefits, culture, etc.) from current and former employees, into a ranking. To read their full methodology, visit their website.

Ranked: America’s Best Places to Work in 2024

Based in Boston, Massachusetts, consulting firm Bain & Company is the best place to work in 2024 according to their employees on Glassdoor. The company’s page specifies what makes them so good: benefits, reliable teammates, growth opportunities, and crucially, strong leadership.

Here’s America’s top 15 best places to work in in 2024.

Rank Best Places to Work (2024)
1Bain & Company
2NVIDIA
3ServiceNow
4MathWorks
5Procore Technologies
6In-N-Out Burger
7VMware
8Deltek
92020 Companies
10Fidelity Investments
11Crew Carwash
12Keller Williams
13Delta Air Lines
14Raymond James Financial
15Adobe

Chipmaker Nvidia, whose stock has been on a tear in the last year, ranks second. Reviews cite work flexibility, workplace culture, and of course, focused leadership. In fact, Jensen Huang was recently rated America’s most popular CEO by professional social networking site Blind.

Three mid-sized tech companies, ServiceNow (cloud computing), MathWorks (mathematical computing software), and Procore Technologies (construction management software), round out the top five best workplaces in America.

Ranked in sixth is a break from the norm so far: beloved fast food place, In-N-Out Burger.

Missing from 2024’s list is Google which has dropped to 26th from eigth place in 2023. By doing so: no Big Tech company features in the top 15 best places to work for the first time in five years.

Rank 2020202120222023
1HubSpotBain & CoNVIDIAGainsight
2Bain & CoNVIDIAHubSpotBox
3DocuSignIn-N-Out BurgerBain & CoBain & Co
4In-N-Out BurgerHubSpoteXp RealtyMcKinsey
5Sammons Financial
Group
McKinseyBoxNVIDIA
6Lawrence Livermore
National Lab
GoogleBCGMathWorks
7Intuitive SurgicalDelta Air LinesGoogleBCG
8UKGLululemonVeterans United
Home Loans
Google
9VIPKidMicrosoftLululemonServiceNow
10Southwest AirlinesH E B SalesforceIn-N-Out Burger
11GoogleMetaRoyal Caribbean
Group
HubSpot
12LinkedInBCGNASA Jet
Propulsion
Slalom
13BCGLinkedInFive9Microsoft
14Trader Joe'sStrykerTwilioAdobe
15CoverMyMedsDocuSign
Johns Hopkins
Applied Physics
CrowdStrike

In fact, Big Tech does surprisingly poorly on these rankings despite the record profit and revenue they pull in every year.

Tech & Consulting Losing Sheen

A chart showing Glassdoor's rankings of major tech and consulting companies on their Best Places to Work list since 2019.

Apple for example has never been ranked higher than 31—which they achieved back in 2021.

Microsoft and Meta have done better in the past, but together with Google have slid down Glassdoor’s rankings rapidly, in conjunction with the recurring mass layoffs they’ve executed in the last two years.

And while Bain & Co head this year’s list, other major players in the same space—Boston Consulting Group and McKinsey & Company—are now at their worst ranks since 2019.

Smaller consulting firms have been struggling in the last year or so, as higher interest rates have hit everything from technology companies, to banks, to real estate conglomerates—all usual clients for consulting companies.

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