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Ranked: Who Are the Richest People in Africa?

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This graphic ranks the richest people in Africa. Aliko Dangote from Nigeria leads the group.

Ranked: Who Are the Richest People in Africa?

The African continent is home to 46 billionaires, the second-lowest total of any global region.

The number of wealthy individuals in Africa is growing, however. Total private wealth is expected to rise 30% over the next decade, led by growth in the billionaire and millionaire segments.

Visualized here are Africa’s richest, using data collected by Forbes, on billionaires who reside on the continent and have their primary business there.

Breaking Down Africa’s Billionaires

The richest man in Africa is also the richest Black man in the world. Once a small sugar trader, Aliko Dangote now has a net worth of $13.5 billion. He is the 86th richest person in the world, and single-handedly makes up 25% of the total wealth of African billionaires.

His company, the Dangote Group is now an African conglomerate with interests in a range of sectors, including sugar, cement, and real estate.

RankNameNet Worth (billions, USD)IndustryCitizenship
1Aliko Dangote$13.5Manufacturing🇳🇬 Nigeria
2Johann Rupert & family$10.7Fashion & Retail🇿🇦 South Africa
3Nicky Oppenheimer & family$8.4Metals & mining🇿🇦 South Africa
4Abdulsamad Rabiu$7.6Diversified🇳🇬 Nigeria
5Nassef Sawiris$7.3Construction & Engineering🇪🇬 Egypt
6Mike Adenuga$6.3Diversified🇳🇬 Nigeria
7Issad Rebrab & family$4.6Food & Beverage🇩🇿 Algeria
8Naguib Sawiris$3.3Telecom🇪🇬 Egypt
9Patrice Motsepe$3.2Metals & mining🇿🇦 South Africa
10Mohamed Mansour$2.9Diversified🇪🇬 Egypt
11Koos Bekker$2.6Media & Entertainment🇿🇦 South Africa
12Strive Masiyiwa$1.9Telecom🇿🇼 Zimbabwe
13Mohammed Dewji$1.5Diversified🇹🇿 Tanzania
13Aziz Akhannouch & family$1.5Diversified🇲🇦 Morocco
13Youssef Mansour$1.5Diversified🇪🇬 Egypt

The top three—Alike Dangote, Johann Rupert, and Nicky Oppenheimer—account for 40% of the total wealth of those ranked.

A Look Through the Rest of the Richest People in Africa

At number two on the list is Johann Rupert. The chairman of Swiss luxury goods company, Compagnie Financiere Richemont, started his career with a banking apprenticeship in New York, before returning to South Africa and eventually pivoting to retail.

Through the rest of those ranked, a range of diverse business activities have allowed these billionaires to garner their wealth.

Nicky Oppenheimer (3rd) and Patrice Motsepe (9th)—have made fortunes in the mining industry, a sector which contributes nearly 10% to sub-Saharan Africa’s GDP. Meanwhile, Naguib Sawiris (8th) and Strive Masiyiwa (12th) have built telecom empires.

Billionaire Wealth Mirrors Country Wealth

Only seven out of the 54 African countries are represented on Africa’s rich list, and even amongst them, three countries (Egypt, South Africa, and Nigeria) account for more than two-thirds of the top-ranked billionaires.

CountryRank in African EconomyIndividuals on Top 15 Billionaire List
🇳🇬 Nigeria#13
🇿🇦 South Africa#24
🇪🇬 Egypt#34

The home countries for these billionaires reflects the nations’ contribution to the African economy as a whole. Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt have the top three GDPs in Africa.

Algeria—where Issad Rebrab (7th) is from—is ranked fourth, and Morocco—where Aziz Akhannouch (13th) is based—is fifth.

What’s Next For Africa’s Richest?

Africa has routinely been touted to become a future economic powerhouse as its demographic dividend pays off in the next few decades. However, its biggest challenge will be developing its economic and social infrastructure to retain local talent to make their fortunes at home.

Where does this data come from?

Source: Forbes.

Data note: Forbes calculated net worths using stock prices and currency exchange rates from the close of business on Friday, January 13, 2023. For privately held businesses, they used estimates of revenues or profits and applied prevailing price-to-sale or price-to-earnings ratios for similar public companies. Some list members grew richer or poorer within weeks or days of their measurement date.

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