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Ranked: Top 50 Data Center Markets by Power Consumption



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This graphic highlights the biggest data center markets in the world by electricity consumption.

Top 50 Data Center Markets by Power Consumption

We live in an information-abundant digital world, where data is the new currency, and data centers are the vaults that protect and power it.

The amount of data created each year has skyrocketed from 2 zettabytes in 2010 to 44 zettabytes (44 trillion gigabytes) in 2020. This has surged demand for data storage and processing, leading to the construction of massive data centers around the world.

So, where are the biggest data centers?

In this graphic, Julie Peasley uses 2023 data from Cushman & Wakefield to shed light on the biggest data center markets.



The Biggest Data Center Markets

Today, it is estimated that there are over 8,000 data centers in the world.

Many of these centers end up clustered together due to beneficial infrastructure and provisions from local governments and utilities. They also need lots of power, often at least 100 MW for each center, making power consumption one of the best ways to measure total market size.

While a majority of these data center markets are in the United States, some of them are scattered across Asia and Europe.

RankData Center MarketCountryCapacity (MW)
1Northern Virginia🇺🇸 United States2,552
2Beijing🇨🇳 China1,799
3London🇬🇧 United Kingdom1,053
4Singapore🇸🇬 Singapore876
5Tokyo🇯🇵 Japan865
6Frankfurt🇩🇪 Germany864
7Shanghai🇨🇳 China725
8Sydney🇦🇺 Australia667
9Dallas🇺🇸 United States654
10Silicon Valley🇺🇸 United States615
11Phoenix🇺🇸 United States615
12Chicago🇺🇸 United States555
13Amsterdam🇳🇱 Netherlands531
14Hong Kong🇭🇰 Hong Kong417
15New York City - Northern New Jersey🇺🇸 United States392
16Paris🇫🇷 France391
17Portland🇺🇸 United States382
18Mumbai🇮🇳 India380
19Atlanta🇺🇸 United States360
20Seoul🇰🇷 South Korea330
21Dublin🇮🇪 Ireland304
22Toronto🇨🇦 Canada267
23Osaka🇯🇵 Japan241
24Los Angeles🇺🇸 United States206
25Salt Lake City🇺🇸 United States203
26Las Vegas🇺🇸 United States173
27Johannesburg🇿🇦 South Africa161
28Querétaro🇲🇽 Mexico150
29Melbourne🇦🇺 Australia149
30Jakarta🇮🇩 Indonesia144
31Montreal🇨🇦 Canada127
32São Paulo🇧🇷 Brazil122
33Madrid🇪🇸 Spain120
34Milan🇮🇹 Italy111
35Zurich🇨🇭 Switzerland111
36Delhi🇮🇳 India110
37Seattle🇺🇸 United States105
38Boston🇺🇸 United States95
39Reykjavík🇮🇸 Iceland88
40Kuala Lumpur🇲🇾 Malaysia87
41Warsaw🇵🇱 Poland86
42Denver🇺🇸 United States78
43Stockholm🇸🇪 Sweden74
44Munich🇩🇪 Germany67
45Santiago🇨🇱 Chile61
46Berlin🇩🇪 Germany60
47Chennai🇮🇳 India57
48Marseille🇫🇷 France50
49Oslo🇳🇴 Norway48
50Columbus🇺🇸 United States41

With nearly 300 data centers, including many AWS servers, the Northern Virginia data center market is the largest in the world. Data centers in the region are estimated to handle more than one-third of global online traffic.

In 2023, Northern Virginia data centers had a combined power consumption capacity of 2,552 MW. That’s four times the capacity of the next closest American markets, Dallas (654 MW) and Silicon Valley (615 MW).

The second-biggest market, Beijing, has a measured capacity of 1,799 MW. Though it is currently the only market with an operational capacity of over 1,000 MW in the Asia Pacific Region, Tokyo (865 MW) appears to be catching up fast.

Europe’s biggest data center clusters are in London (1,053 MW) and Frankfurt (864 MW), largely due to demand from large local enterprises and organizations. It’s no coincidence that they are major hubs for government and commerce—the world’s largest data center markets are near capital cities, as historically, governments (and their militaries) were the first to invest in internet infrastructure.

Future of Data

Data centers will continue growing in scale and expanding into new markets to meet the demands of digitalization.

Already the wider adoption of artificial intelligence has changed where internet data is flowing. And with increasing digital demands, the amount of energy needed to power these centers also increases.

That has increasingly put the spotlight not just on companies and data center markets, but on the energy they’re using. With massive power consumption requirements, efficiency and sustainability become increasingly important, and not every market is prioritizing efficient sources of electricity.

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Visualizing Microsoft’s Revenue, by Product Line

This graphic breaks down Microsoft’s revenue by segment—from cloud office software to AI search engine capabilities in 2023.



Visualizing Microsoft’s Revenue, by Product Line

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Over the last decade, Microsoft’s revenue has more than doubled, driven by key product lines like its intelligent cloud infrastructure.

Adding to this, Microsoft launched its AI-enabled search engine, Copilot last year, which has already generated $12 billion for the company. Beyond this search engine, Microsoft is developing a range of AI-based services, such as Azure Arc, a cloud computing platform with 18,000 customers.

This graphic breaks down Microsoft’s revenue in 2023, based on data from Affinity powered by Syntax.

Microsoft’s Most Lucrative Business Segments

In 2023, Microsoft revenues soared to a record $211 billion as demand for AI services accelerated.

As one of the world’s largest companies by market cap, Microsoft reached a $2.8 trillion valuation as investors flocked to big tech and AI-related stocks last year. Amid strong growth, here’s how much revenue was generated from Microsoft’s product lines in 2023:

Product LIneFY2023 Revenue Share of Revenue
Cloud Computing Services$80B38%
Cloud Office Suite Software$49B23%
Operating Systems$22B10%
Gaming Consoles$15B7%
Employment Listing Platform$15B7%
AI-Enabled Search Engine$12B6%
Total Revenue$211B100%

Comprising 38% of total revenues in 2023, Microsoft’s cloud computing services segment earns more than any other by a long shot.

These intelligent cloud services provide the servers, storage, and data centers that enable businesses to run websites and other computing services without the need for buying individual hardware and software.

The second-highest revenue driver was cloud office suite software, with sales of Microsoft 365 bringing in $49 billion in revenue.

Meanwhile, Microsoft’s gaming consoles segment pulled in $15 billion in one of its best years ever. In 2023, the company acquired Activision Blizzard for $68.7 billion, known for World of Warcraft and Call of Duty. It was the company’s biggest acquisition in its history.

Falling after gaming revenues is Copilot, its AI-enabled search engine, making up 6% of 2023 revenues. This productivity tool can be embedded into Microsoft 365, allowing companies to use natural language prompts to gain data on their company, summarize insights from meetings, and a host of other functions.

As AI-related services continue to gain momentum, it remains to be seen whether Microsft’s revenue will continue to see strong growth. So far, investor optimism has remained elevated.

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