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Ranked: World’s Biggest Wine Producers by Country

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A chart breaking down the major wine producers of the world by country and how much they contribute to world wine supply.

Ranked: World’s Biggest Wine Producers By Country

“Wine gives a man fresh strength when he is wearied”Homer, The Iliad

Wine has been in our cups, in our thoughts, and in our poems for many a millennia, from the antics of Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, to its symbolism in the Last Supper. But breaking down the biggest wine producers by country in the modern era leads to some interesting surprises.

This infographic by Alberto Rojo Moro uses data from the International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) to visualize where wine production is concentrated in the world.

We take a quick look below.

The Top Wine Producers By Country in 2022

At the top of the list, Italy produced nearly 50 million hectoliters—or about 1,994 Olympic-sized swimming pools—of wine in 2022, accounting for nearly one-fifth of total production in the year. Less than half of that wine was sent to overseas markets, also making Italy the biggest exporter of the beverage by volume.

ℹ️ One hectoliter is equal to 100 liters and is used as a unit of measure for wine, beer, and other agricultural produce.

The country’s long coastline results in a moderate climate, allowing winemaking to occur in 20 different regions in Italy, with Veneto, Apulia, Emilia-Romagna, and Sicily leading in production.

Other known wine connoisseur countries—France (45.6 hectoliters) and Spain (35.8 million hectoliters)—rank second and third in wine production respectively. Together these three countries make up half of the world’s wine supply.

Here’s a full list of the world’s biggest wine producers by country.

RankCountryContinentQuantity
(1,000 hl)
% of Total
Production
1🇮🇹 ItalyEurope49,84319.30%
2🇫🇷 FranceEurope45,59017.65%
3🇪🇸 SpainEurope35,70313.82%
4🇺🇸 U.S.America22,3858.67%
5🇦🇺 AustraliaOceania12,7454.93%
6🇨🇱 ChileAmerica12,4444.82%
7🇦🇷 ArgentinaAmerica11,4514.43%
8🇿🇦 South AfricaAfrica10,1553.93%
9🇩🇪 GermanyEurope8,9403.46%
10🇵🇹 PortugalEurope6,7772.62%
11🇷🇺 RussiaEurope4,7001.82%
12🇨🇳 ChinaAsia4,1821.62%
13🇳🇿 New ZealandOceania3,8301.48%
14🇷🇴 RomaniaEurope3,7881.47%
15🇧🇷 BrazilAmerica3,2001.24%
16🇭🇺 HungaryEurope2,9001.12%
17🇦🇹 AustriaEurope2,5270.98%
18🇬🇪 GeorgiaEurope2,1350.83%
19🇬🇷 GreeceEurope2,1270.82%
20🇲🇩 MoldovaEurope1,4000.54%
21🇨🇭 SwitzerlandEurope9920.38%
22🇲🇰 North MacedoniaEurope9360.36%
23🇯🇵 JapanAsia8300.32%
24🇵🇪 PeruAmerica8100.31%
25🇺🇾 UruguayAmerica7560.29%
26🇧🇬 BulgariaEurope7470.29%
27🇨🇦 CanadaAmerica6920.27%
28🇺🇦 UkraineEurope6600.26%
29🇹🇷 TürkiyeAsia6220.24%
30🇨🇿 Czech RepublicEurope5860.23%
31🇭🇷 CroatiaEurope5610.22%
32🇸🇮 SloveniaEurope5460.21%
33🇰🇿 KazakhstanAsia4450.17%
34🇮🇱 IsraelAsia4300.17%
35🇲🇦 MoroccoAfrica4180.16%
36🇹🇲 TurkmenistanAsia4000.15%
37🇲🇽 MexicoAmerica3960.15%
38🇹🇳 TunisiaAfrica3700.14%
39🇧🇾 BelarusEurope3400.13%
40🇸🇰 SlovakiaEurope3340.13%
41🇦🇱 AlbaniaEurope2280.09%
42🇺🇿 UzbekistanAsia2160.08%
43🇩🇿 AlgeriaAfrica1930.07%
44🇮🇳 IndiaAsia1800.07%
45🇬🇧 UKEurope910.04%
46🇱🇺 LuxembourgEurope850.03%
47🇨🇾 CyprusEurope790.03%
48🇱🇹 LithuaniaEurope320.01%
49🇧🇪 BelgiumEurope300.01%
50🇲🇹 MaltaEurope130.01%
51🇳🇱 NetherlandsEurope100.00%
52🇵🇱 PolandEurope50.00%
53🇩🇰 DenmarkEurope10.00%
🌎 WorldAll258,265100%

Note: Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.

The U.S., ranked 4th, is the top wine producer from the Americas, beating out other wine-producing countries like Chile (6th) and Argentina (7th).

South Africa, ranked 8th, is one of only four African countries in the dataset as winemaking isn’t as widespread on the continent as other regions in the world.

Meanwhile, China (ranked 12th) is the top wine producer from Asia. The region’s preference for other distilled spirits helps explain why the next two biggest Asian wine producers, Japan (23rd) and Türkiye (29th) occupy the middle ranks.

Unsurprisingly, European countries account for two-thirds of the world’s wine supply, followed by the Americas (20%) and then Oceania (6%).

Climate Concerns for Future Wine Production

Wine production has stayed relatively stable for the last decade but climate change is coming for this industry as well.

According to the New York Times, warmer temperatures are both a blessing and curse for winemakers. Some areas once deemed too inhospitable for grapevines (like England) are starting to show potential for certain varietals and wines. At the same time, in some traditional regions, prolonged warmer weather is leading to overripening, forcing winemakers to limit the grapes’ exposure to sunlight.

And the general weather anomalies caused by climate change—floods, droughts, wildfires—all make wine production just a little more difficult than it already is.

Which prompts a question worth pouring a glass of wine over to ponder: which wine producing countries will survive, adapt, languish or thrive in the coming decades?

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This article was published as a part of Visual Capitalist's Creator Program, which features data-driven visuals from some of our favorite Creators around the world.

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Economy

Charted: 776 Million Tonnes of Rice Production by Country

The world’s most populous countries, China and India, top the countries with the largest rice production in 2022.

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This cropped chart breaks down the world’s largest producers of rice in 2022, based on data from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

Charted: 776 Million Tonnes of Rice Production by Country

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

World rice production hit nearly 780 million tonnes in 2022, making it the fourth-most produced cereal grain after wheat, corn, and sugarcane.

This graphic breaks down the world’s largest producers of rice in 2022, based on data from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO).

Rice, Rice, Baby

The world’s most populous countries, China and India, top the list of largest rice producers, each with around 200 million tonnes.

In fact, these two countries together grow more rice than the rest of the world combined. India is also the world’s largest rice exporter, accounting for one-third of rice exports by itself.

RankCountryRice Production (Tonnes)
1🇨🇳 China (Mainland)208M
2🇮🇳 India196M
3🇧🇩 Bangladesh57M
4🇮🇩 Indonesia55M
5🇻🇳 Vietnam43M
6🇹🇭 Thailand34M
7🇲🇲 Myanmar25M
8🇵🇭 Philippines20M
9🇰🇭 Cambodia12M
10🇵🇰 Pakistan11M
11🇧🇷 Brazil11M
12🇯🇵 Japan10M
N/A🌍 Rest of World95M
N/A🌍 Total776M

Note: Figures rounded.

Noticeably, the majority of the world’s rice production is in Asia. This is due to a combination of climatic, geographic, cultural, and economic factors.

For example, rice requires a warm, humid climate (found throughout Asia), and is also a staple food in the Asian diet.

Brazil, ranked 11th with 11 million tonnes, is the only non-Asian country on this list. The Portuguese brought rice to the region in the 16th century, and since then, it has flourished in the warm, humid climate, becoming a diet staple. The Amazon region of the country also has two native rice species.

Also missing from this list is the U.S., which exports half of its total rice production (5 million tonnes) making it the fifth largest rice-exporter in the world.

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