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Top 20 Countries Where Young People Are the Happiest



See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

graphic showing where young people are the happiest

Top 20 Countries Where Young People Are the Happiest

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

This graphic ranks the top 20 countries where young people are the happiest, based on the findings of the World Happiness Report (WHR) 2024. Young people in this context are those aged under 30.

This report was produced by Gallup, the Oxford Wellbeing Research Centre, the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, and the WHR’s Editorial Board.

Data and Methodology

ℹ️ Gallup’s survey in Israel occurred after October 7th, but before much of the subsequent warfare. As a result, overall life evaluations in the country fell by 0.9 for 2023. Note that each country’s rank is based on a three-year average score.

The results we used to create this graphic are also listed in the table below.

CountryHappiness Rank
(Age below 30)
Overall Happiness
Rank (All ages)
🇱🇹 Lithuania119-18
🇮🇱 Israel25-3
🇷🇸 Serbia337-34
🇮🇸 Iceland43+1
🇩🇰 Denmark52+3
🇱🇺 Luxembourg68-2
🇫🇮 Finland71+6
🇷🇴 Romania832-24
🇳🇱 Netherlands96+3
🇨🇿 Czechia1018-8
🇨🇷 Costa Rica1112-1
🇦🇹 Austria1214-2
🇨🇭 Switzerland139+4
🇭🇷 Croatia1463-49
🇸🇮 Slovenia1521-6
🇰🇼 Kuwait1613+3
🇸🇻 El Salvador1733-16
🇸🇪 Sweden184+14
🇦🇺 Australia1910+9
🇳🇴 Norway207+13

According to the WHR, scores are based on respondents’ own assessments of their lives, which were measured by their answer to the single-item Cantril Ladder life-evaluation question.

The Cantril Ladder is a commonly utilized gauge of life satisfaction, where individuals assess their lives by envisioning a ladder that symbolizes their spectrum from the least desirable to the most desirable possible life.

Central and Southeastern Europe Ranks Highly

One takeaway from this year’s ranking is that young people in Central and Southeastern Europe are among the happiest in the world, with Lithuania taking the top spot.

Lithuania’s quality of life has grown substantially over the past two decades. For example, in the year 2000, the country’s GDP per capita was below the global average. As of 2022, its GDP per capita is now $25,064, significantly higher than the global average of $12,687.

Other countries from these regions that placed in the top 10 include Serbia (3rd) and Romania (8th).

Diverging Happiness Between the Young & Old

A common theme among the three aforementioned countries is how happiness has diverged between their young and old populations.

Serbia, which ranked 3rd when looking at those under 30 years old, is ranked 37th overall. When looking at only the country’s senior population (60+), Serbia ranks 54th.

One possible reason for this divergence is the rapid advancement of technology and the economic opportunities it offers to younger generations.

See More Graphics About Global Happiness

Be sure to check out our global map graphic summarizing the results of the World Happiness Report 2024.

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The Smallest Gender Wage Gaps in OECD Countries

Which OECD countries have the smallest gender wage gaps? We look at the 10 countries with gaps lower than the average.



Chart showing the OECD countries with the 10 smallest gender pay gaps

The Smallest Gender Pay Gaps in OECD Countries

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

Among the 38 member countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), several have made significant strides in addressing income inequality between men and women.

In this graphic we’ve ranked the OECD countries with the 10 smallest gender pay gaps, using the latest data from the OECD for 2022.

The gender pay gap is calculated as the difference between median full-time earnings for men and women divided by the median full-time earnings of men.

Which Countries Have the Smallest Gender Pay Gaps?

Luxembourg’s gender pay gap is the lowest among OECD members at only 0.4%—well below the OECD average of 11.6%.

RankCountryPercentage Difference in Men's & Women's Full-time Earnings
1🇱🇺 Luxembourg0.4%
2🇧🇪 Belgium1.1%
3🇨🇷 Costa Rica1.4%
4🇨🇴 Colombia1.9%
5🇮🇪 Ireland2.0%
6🇭🇷 Croatia3.2%
7🇮🇹 Italy3.3%
8🇳🇴 Norway4.5%
9🇩🇰 Denmark5.8%
10🇵🇹 Portugal6.1%
OECD Average11.6%

Notably, eight of the top 10 countries with the smallest gender pay gaps are located in Europe, as labor equality laws designed to target gender differences have begun to pay off.

The two other countries that made the list were Costa Rica (1.4%) and Colombia (1.9%), which came in third and fourth place, respectively.

How Did Luxembourg (Nearly) Eliminate its Gender Wage Gap?

Luxembourg’s virtually-non-existent gender wage gap in 2020 can be traced back to its diligent efforts to prioritize equal pay. Since 2016, firms that have not complied with the Labor Code’s equal pay laws have been subjected to penalizing fines ranging from €251 to €25,000.

Higher female education rates also contribute to the diminishing pay gap, with Luxembourg tied for first in the educational attainment rankings of the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index Report for 2023.

See More Graphics about Demographics and Money

While these 10 countries are well below the OECD’s average gender pay gap of 11.6%, many OECD member countries including the U.S. are significantly above the average. To see the full list of the top 10 OECD countries with the largest gender pay gaps, check out this visualization.

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