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Why ETFs Are Critical Tools During Market Volatility
Investors experienced record-breaking volatility in 2020. During COVID-19 market turbulence, the CBOE Volatility index surpassed the previous peak seen in 2008.
In this infographic from iShares, we explore how ETFs rose in popularity during this time—and the characteristics that make them particularly useful during market volatility. It’s the first in a five-part series covering key insights from the ETF Snapshot, a comprehensive report on how institutional investors manage volatility.
To assess how institutional investors navigated this volatility, Institutional Investor published a report in 2021 based on a survey of 766 decision makers. Respondents were from various types of organizations, firm sizes, and regions.
For instance, here is how responses broke down by location:
- 21% Asia Pacific
- 36% North America
- 29% Europe, Middle East and Africa
- 14% Latin America
Here’s what the survey found.
Rebalancing During Market Volatility
In total, 90% of institutional investors said they rebalanced their portfolios between the first and third quarter of 2020. How did they do it?
Among all financial tools, ETFs were the most popular vehicle for rebalancing. For instance, ETFs were used by 70% of investors globally, compared to the 51% who used mutual funds or derivatives.
The popularity of ETFs was evident in market activity. From January to March 2020, ETFs as a proportion of total equity trading volume increased.
|January 2020||February 2020||March 2020|
|ETF trading volume||$95B||$136B||$240B|
|ETF as % of equity volume||26%||27%||36%|
Based on an average of daily values. Reflects all listed U.S. ETFs across all asset classes.
This trend is true historically as well, as ETF trading volume has typically spiked during periods of volatility.
Want more institutional insights into ETFs?
Download The ETF Snapshot for free.
The Attributes Driving ETF Usage
Why are ETFs preferred by institutional investors? They offer three key characteristics:
- Liquidity: ETFs make it much simpler to buy and sell large portfolios instantly, instead of trading individual securities.
- Transparency: Among multi-asset managers, transparency of holdings is the top reason for using ETFs. A clear holdings breakdown helps these managers achieve exposures to particular asset classes, sectors, and styles.
- Efficiency: ETFs can be traded quickly. They typically also have lower transaction costs relative to the underlying basket of securities.
Based on these key benefits, ETFs were an invaluable tool during extreme market volatility.
ETFs are also poised to help institutional investors navigate the market going forward. Globally, 65% of institutional investors plan to increase their use of ETFs in the future.
In fact, this is already coming to fruition. As of September 2021, the average daily trading volume of ETFs was up more than 5% compared to 2020.
Evidently, ETFs play a critical part in helping institutional investors achieve their goals.
Download the ETF snapshot for free.
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