Climate Smart Mining: Minerals for Climate Action
Countries are taking steps to decarbonize their economies by using wind, solar, and battery technologies, with an end goal of reducing carbon-emitting fossil fuels from the energy mix.
But this global energy transition also has a trade-off: to cut emissions, more minerals are needed.
Therefore, in order for the transition to renewables to be meaningful and to achieve significant reductions in the Earth’s carbon footprint, mining will have to better mitigate its own environmental and social impacts.
Advocates for renewable technology are not walking blindly into a new energy paradigm without understanding these impacts. A policy and regulatory framework can help governments meet their targets, mitigate, and manage the impacts of the next wave of mineral demand to help the communities most affected by mining.
Today’s infographic comes from the World Bank and it highlights this energy transition, how it will create demand for minerals, and also the Climate Smart Mining building blocks.
Renewable Power and Mineral Demand
In 2017, the World Bank published “The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low Carbon Future”, which concluded that to build a lower carbon future there will be a substantial increase in demand for several key minerals and metals to manufacture clean energy technologies.
Wind power technology has drastically improved its energy output. By 2025, a 300-meter tall wind turbine could produce about 13 to 15 MW, enough to power a small town. With increased size and energy output comes increased material demand.
A single 3 MW turbine requires:
- 4.7 tons of copper
- 335 tons of steel
- 1,200 tons of concrete
- 2 tons of rare earth elements
- 3 tons of aluminum
In 2017, global renewable capacity was 178 GW of which 54.5% was solar photovoltaic technology (PV). By 2023, it’s expected that this capacity will increase to one terawatt with PV accounting for 57.5% of the mix. PV cells require polymers, aluminum, silicon, glass, silver, and tin.
Everything from your home, your vehicle, and your everyday devices will require battery technology to keep them powered and your life on the move.
Lithium, cobalt, and nickel are at the center of battery technology that will see the greatest explosion in demand in the coming energy transition.
Top Five Minerals for Energy Technologies
Add it all up, and these new sources of demand will translate into a need for more minerals:
|2017 Production||2050 Demand from Energy Technology||Percentage Change (%)|
|Lithium||43 KT||415 KT||965%|
|Cobalt||110 KT||644 KT||585%|
|Graphite||1200 KT||4590 KT||383%|
|Indium||0.72 KT||1.73 KT||241%|
|Vanadium||80 KT||138 KT||173%|
Minimizing Mining’s Impact with Climate Smart Mining
The World Bank’s Climate Smart Mining (CSM) supports the sustainable extraction and processing of minerals and metals to secure supply for clean energy technologies, while also minimizing the environmental and climate footprints throughout the value chain.
The World Bank has established four building blocks to Climate Smart Mining:
- Climate Change Mitigation
- Climate Change Adaptation
- Reducing Material Impacts
- Creating Market Opportunities
Given the foresight into the pending energy revolution, a coordinated global effort early on could give nations a greater chance to mitigate the impacts of mining, avoid haphazard mineral development, and contribute to the improvement of living standards in mineral-rich countries.
The World Bank works closely with the United Nations to ensure that Climate Smart Mining policies will support the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
A Sustainable Future
The potential is there for a low carbon economy, but it’s going to require a concerted global effort and sound policies to help guide responsible mineral development.
The mining industry can deliver the minerals for climate action.
Navigating Market Volatility: Why ETFs Are Critical Tools
Historically, the trading volume of ETFs has spiked during market volatility. We explore why ETFs are preferred by institutional investors.
Download the ETF Snapshot for free.
Why ETFs Are Critical Tools During Market Volatility
Investors experienced record-breaking volatility in 2020. During COVID-19 market turbulence, the CBOE Volatility index surpassed the previous peak seen in 2008.
In this infographic from iShares, we explore how ETFs rose in popularity during this time—and the characteristics that make them particularly useful during market volatility.
To assess how institutional investors navigated this volatility, Institutional Investor published a report in 2021 based on a survey of 766 decision makers. Respondents were from various types of organizations, firm sizes, and regions.
For instance, here is how responses broke down by location:
- 21% Asia Pacific
- 36% North America
- 29% Europe, Middle East and Africa
- 14% Latin America
Here’s what the survey found.
Rebalancing During Market Volatility
In total, 90% of institutional investors said they rebalanced their portfolios between the first and third quarter of 2020. How did they do it?
Among all financial tools, ETFs were the most popular vehicle for rebalancing. For instance, ETFs were used by 70% of investors globally, compared to the 51% who used mutual funds or derivatives.
The popularity of ETFs was evident in market activity. From January to March 2020, ETFs as a proportion of total equity trading volume increased.
|January 2020||February 2020||March 2020|
|ETF trading volume||$95B||$136B||$240B|
|ETF as % of equity volume||26%||27%||36%|
Based on an average of daily values. Reflects all listed U.S. ETFs across all asset classes.
This trend is true historically as well, as ETF trading volume has typically spiked during periods of volatility.
Want more institutional insights into ETFs?
Download The ETF Snapshot for free.
The Attributes Driving ETF Usage
Why are ETFs preferred by institutional investors? They offer three key characteristics:
- Liquidity: ETFs make it much simpler to buy and sell large portfolios instantly, instead of trading individual securities.
- Transparency: Among multi-asset managers, transparency of holdings is the top reason for using ETFs. A clear holdings breakdown helps these managers achieve exposures to particular asset classes, sectors, and styles.
- Efficiency: ETFs can be traded quickly. They typically also have lower transaction costs relative to the underlying basket of securities.
Based on these key benefits, ETFs were an invaluable tool during extreme market volatility.
ETFs are also poised to help institutional investors navigate the market going forward. Globally, 65% of institutional investors plan to increase their use of ETFs in the future.
In fact, this is already coming to fruition. As of September 2021, the average daily trading volume of ETFs was up more than 5% compared to 2020.
Evidently, ETFs play a critical part in helping institutional investors achieve their goals.
Download the ETF snapshot for free.
Plant-based Alternatives: 5 Ways They Benefit the Planet
Conventional meat production is responsible for 14.5% of the world’s CO2 gases. Here we visualize the benefits of plant-based alternatives.
Plant-based Alternatives: 5 Ways They Benefit the Planet
Over the past decade, people have become increasingly interested in plant-based diets. In fact, there has been a 600% increase in people turning vegan in the U.S. since 2014.
Because of this, the plant-based foods market could make up roughly 7.7% of the global protein market by 2030, with a value of over $162 billion, up from $29.4 billion in 2020.
Although initially promoted for their gambit of health benefits, recent studies have shown that switching to a plant-based diet has a list of environmental benefits too.
The following infographic by Billy Goat Brands (CSE: GOAT) (“GOAT”) explores the environmental impacts of conventional meat production and how plant-based alternatives can lessen this impact and be a viable dietary solution for the future.
Environmental Benefits of Plant-based Alternatives
Increased population growth has caused meat production to increase exponentially. The livestock sector is one of the most significant contributors to urgent environmental problems. Conventional meat production is responsible for 14.5% of the world’s greenhouse gases.
Water, land, and ocean conservation have become a major concern for livestock breeding and meat production. It also causes a loss of soil nutrients, leaving land unusable in the future.
Here are five ways in which the production of plant-based alternatives benefit the environment:
- Climate Change: The production of plant-based meats causes very low greenhouse gas emissions and can in fact reduce emissions caused by conventional meat production by 70%.
- Land Conservation: Switching to a plant-based diet could also reduce global agricultural land use from 4 to 1 billion hectares.
- Water Conservation: A plant-based diet can reduce water consumption by up to 50%, saving 14 trillion gallons of water annually.
- Cleaner Water: Creating plant-based alternatives does not require excessive spraying of chemicals and pesticides, reducing aquatic nutrient pollution.
- Ocean Conservation: Consumption of plant-based imitation fish can stop the practice of overfishing that has caused oceanic dead zones across the world.
Plant-based alternatives offer a solution to these problems. They produce minimal greenhouse gases and require a fraction of the cropland and water needed for conventional meat production.
Health Benefits of Consuming Plant-based Alternatives
Plant-based diets are considered to be naturally nutritious and healthy. For years, registered dietitians and food scientists have touted the perks of eating plants and cutting back on meat.
Here are some amazing benefits of choosing a plant-based diet:
Lower Your Blood Pressure
Several studies have shown that sticking with a plant-based diet can reduce blood pressure, reducing your risk of further health complications. A recent study also found that vegetarians had a 34% lower risk of developing hypertension than those who consume meat.
Prevent Type-2 Diabetes
Our diet and diseases like type 2 diabetes have had a long-standing link. Plant-based diets, especially when rich in high-quality plant foods, are associated with a substantially lower risk of developing type-2 diabetes by over 30%.
Provide Healthy Body BMI
Studies have shown that the mean BMI for vegans was 23.6, while for nonvegetarians, it was 28.8, which qualifies as overweight. The various fibers and antioxidants in plant-based foods reduce fatty lipids in the body and promote a healthy BMI.
Decrease Your Risk of Cancer
According to the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR ), the best way to source cancer-protective nutrients, including fiber, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals, is to eat a diet rich in vegetables and fruit, grains, beans, nuts, seeds, and some animal foods.
Improve Brain Capacity
There is veritable proof that a plant-based diet may improve the cognitive functions of your body. In some rare cases, it is linked to enhancing impairments in Alzheimer’s patients and reducing the risk of dementia.
Most Popular Plant-based Alternatives
There are a variety of plant-based alternatives that are available for consumption in the market today. Meat and milk alternatives are the most popular types of current plant-based alternatives available. Many popular fast-food chains have now adopted using plant-based meats in their menus.
Similarly, in order to combat the extreme exploitation of fisheries worldwide, efforts are being made to create plant-based seafood alternatives for consumption.
Through brands like Sophie’s Kitchen, Billy Goat Brands (CSE: GOAT) gives people the opportunity to invest in companies that offer healthy and environmentally conscious plant-based alternatives for consumption.
Go to billygoatbrands.com to learn more about investing in a plant-based future today.
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