Three Emerging Trends in the Space Industry
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Three Emerging Trends in the Space Industry

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MSCI Space Exploration Index

Three Emerging Trends in the Space Industry

Over the past several decades, space and satellite technology has become the invisible foundation of our digital world. 1,700 active satellites are currently orbiting the Earth, and together, they enable many of the technologies we use on a daily basis.

Looking forward, this industry is on the cusp of a significant ramp-up. Recent technological breakthroughs have drastically reduced the cost of rocket launches, and by 2030, analysts expect the number of active satellites to increase by several magnitudes.

Greater satellite coverage is significant because it could unlock futuristic solutions like drone deliveries, or bring internet access to the world’s underserved. To help you learn more, this infographic from MSCI provides an overview of the entire space opportunity.

Emerging Trends in the Space Industry

The space industry is a broad opportunity set which can be divided into three segments.

#1: Products and services focused on orbital and sub-orbital spaceflights

This segment includes reusable launch systems, hypersonic travel, and satellite connectivity. Rocket reusability has the greatest potential because it could greatly lower the cost of launches going forward.

This table lists rocket launch costs in terms of USD/kg.

RocketManufacturerCost (USD/kg)
2016 Atlas VUnited Launch Alliance (ULA)*$14,100
2014 Ariane 5Airbus$6,900
2015 Falcon 9SpaceX$4,700
2020 Reusable Falcon 9SpaceX$1,800
Rapidly Reusable StarshipTheoretical model based on ARK estimates$200

*Joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing. Source: ARK Investment Management (2021)

Rocket reusability can significantly drive down costs and allow companies to cost-effectively launch thousands of satellites into low Earth orbit (LEO). LEO refers to an altitude of 100 to 1,200 miles, as opposed to geostationary orbit (GEO) which has an altitude of roughly 22,000 miles.

The primary benefit of LEO satellites is that they have a much lower latency (delay measured in milliseconds) as opposed to GEO satellites. The drawback of LEO is that each satellite covers a much smaller area of the Earth, though as stated above, the ability to launch many satellites at relatively low cost negates this problem.

#2: Technologically enabled products and services for space exploration

This segment includes sectors that support space exploration, including unmanned aerial vehicles and astrionics (electronics used in spacecraft).

An important technology within this sector is 3D printing, which is a form of additive manufacturing that builds objects layer-by-layer. While still a relatively new technology, the use of 3D printing within the space industry is growing.

This table lists the number of 3D printed parts that are found in one aircraft engine.

YearNumber of 3D printed parts in one engine
2024 (projection)4000

Source: ARK Investment Management (2021)

Increasing activities in space are likely to create downstream benefits for the 3D printing industry. Analysts believe the industry could be worth $120 billion in 2030, up from $15 billion in 2020.

#3: Other relevant products and services

This final segment includes urban air mobility, satellite imaging, and satellite communication. Decreasing rocket launch costs will be a significant catalyst for these sectors.

One area of focus is autonomous drones, which would rely heavily on satellite GPS. These drones could unlock value for ecommerce businesses by reducing the cost of deliveries.

Delivery methodDelivery windowPrice for a 5lb package
FedEx Standard OvernightNext day$38.48
FedEx Same DaySame day$73.68
Bike Courier*1-2 hours$140
Amazon Drone (projection)30 minutes$0.25

*Most bike couriers do not travel more than 10 miles. This estimate is for a 10 mile delivery.
Source: ARK Investment Management (2021)

The potential cost savings from drone deliveries would benefit businesses, by way of larger margins, as well as consumers, through better convenience.

Introducing the MSCI Space Exploration Index

The MSCI Space Exploration Index was developed in collaboration with ARK Invest, and aims to represent the performance of companies associated with the developments in spaceflight, satellite communications, and urban air mobility.

Sector Index Weight (%)
Information Technology41%
Consumer Discretionary4%
Communication Services3%
Energy 0.1%

Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.
Source: MSCI

A monolithic and bureaucratic industry is being upended by falling rocket and satellite costs. Embrace this new frontier with MSCI’s first ever space-themed index.

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