The World’s Top 10 Hedge Fund Managers by Earnings
- The top 10 hedge fund managers take home an average of $1.3 billion a year in earnings
- The hedge fund industry manages over $3 trillion in assets
- Hedge funds often have a two-and-twenty fee structure, charging 2% on all assets under management (AUM), and 20% on profits
The Top 10 Hedge Fund Managers by Earnings
The world of hedge funds has recently garnered notoriety during the GameStop/WSB debacle, in which an us-versus-them mentality began to brew for smaller investors.
In markets, hedge fund managers are considered the big fish in the pond. Not only do they oversee billions of dollars in capital, they often earn some billions as well. Here’s a look at the earnings of the top 10 managers, where yearly earnings range between a high of $1.8 billion and a low of $835 million.
Entering the World of Billions
Although fees in the wealth management industry have been subject to downward pressure for years, the earnings for the best in the business have been left largely unabated. The historically common fee structure for hedge funds is the two-and-twenty model—that is, 2% of all assets under management (AUM) and 20% of profits based on performance.
This makes out to be a pretty penny when considering hedge fund AUMs go higher than $100 billion, like with Ray Dalio’s Bridgewater Associates. Generous fees charged on an exorbitant value of assets is part in why these 10 managers made it to the Forbes 400 list.
In fact, the top 10 hedge fund managers combine for $108 billion in net worth:
|Manager||Salary Earnings ($M)||Net Worth ($M)||Fund|
|Jim Simons||$1,800||$23,500||Renaissance Technologies|
|Chris Hohn||$1,800||$16,900||TCI Fund Management|
|Izzy Englander||$1,500||$7,200||Millennium Management|
|Chase Coleman||$1,400||$6,900||Tiger Global Management|
|David Tepper||$1,300||$13,000||Appaloosa Management|
|Raymond Dalio||$1,100||$16,900||Bridgewater Associates|
|Stephen Mandel Jr.||$835||$2,800||Lone Pine Capital|
|Nelson Peltz||$835||$1,700||Trian Partners|
The top 10 hedge fund managers earn approximately $1.3 billion on average. To put into perspective, this is comparable to the annual revenues of notable companies like Moderna, Cloudflare, Blue Apron, and Upwork.
The World’s Greatest Investors?
Hedge fund managers are not your everyday investors.
They often engage in sophisticated investment strategies like shorting, that would leave most market participants scratching their heads.
Take Jim Simons, who recently retired from the board of Renaissance Technologies, which he founded in 1982. Before being lauded as the world’s greatest investor, he was a codebreaker for the NSA and an award-winning academic.
Simons is also known as the “Quant King”, because Renaissance deploys complex mathematical models and statistical analysis to make its investment decisions. Moreover, their flagship Medallion fund has returned 66% per annum since 1998, before counting his additional billions made in fees of course.
Where does this data come from?
Source: Institutional Investor and Forbes
Notes: Earnings and net worth data was released in March and September of 2020, respectively
Will Connected Cars Break the Internet?
By 2025, connected cars could produce 10 exabytes (exabyte = 1B gigabytes) of data per month, a thousand-fold increase over current volumes.
- Connected cars could be producing up to 10 exabytes of data per month, a thousand-fold increase over current data volumes.
- This has serious implications for policymakers, manufacturers, and local network infrastructure.
Modern connected cars are more like computers on wheels, when compared to the dumb cars that dominated the twentieth century.
Today’s connected cars come stocked with as many as 200 onboard sensors, tracking everything from engine temperature to seatbelt status. And all those sensors create reams of data, which will increase exponentially as the autonomous driving revolution gathers pace.
With carmakers planning on uploading 50-70% of that data, this has serious implications for policymakers, manufacturers, and local network infrastructure.
In this visualization from our sponsor Global X ETFs, we ask the question: will connected cars break the internet?
Data is a Plural Noun
Just how much data could it possibly be?
There are lots of estimates out there, from as much as 450 TB per day for robotaxis, to as little as 0.383 TB per hour for a minimally connected car. This visualization adds up the outputs from sensors found in a typical connected car of the future, with at least some self-driving capabilities.
The focus is on the kinds of sensors that an automated vehicle might use, because these are the data hogs. Sensors like the one that turns on your check-oil-light probably doesn’t produce that much data. But a 4K camera at 30 frames a second, on the other hand, produces 5.4 TB per hour.
|Sensor||Sensors per Vehicle||Data Produced|
|Vehicle Motion, GNSS/GPS, IMU||n/a||<0.1 Mbit/s|
|Total Data||3-40 Gbit/s/vehicle|
All together, you could have somewhere between 1.4 TB and 19 TB per hour. Given that U.S. drivers spend 17,600 minutes driving per year, a vehicle could produce between 380 and 5,100 TB every year.
To put that upper range into perspective, the largest commercially available computer storage—the 100 TB SSD Exadrive from Nimbus—would be full in 5 hours. A standard Blu-ray disc (50 GB) would be full in under 2 seconds.
Lag is a Drag
The problem is twofold. In the first place, the internet is better at downloading than uploading. And this makes sense when you think about it. How often are you uploading a video, versus downloading or streaming one?
Average global mobile download speeds were 30.78 MB/s in July 2022, against 8.55 MB/s for uploads. Fixed broadband is much higher of course, but no one is suggesting that you connect really, really long network cables to moving vehicles.
Ultimately, there isn’t enough bandwidth to go around. Consider the types of data traffic that a connected car could produce:
- Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V)
- Vehicle-to-grid (V2G)
- Vehicles-to-people (V2P)
- Vehicles-to-infrastructure (V2I)
- Vehicles-to-everything (V2E)
The network just won’t be able to handle it.
Moreover, lag needs to be relatively non-existent for roads to be safe. If a traffic camera detects that another car has run a red light and is about to t-bone you, that message needs to get to you right now, not in a few seconds.
Full to the Gunwales
The second problem is storage. Just where is all this data supposed to go? In 2021, total global data storage capacity was 8 zettabytes (ZB) and is set to double to 16 ZB by 2025.
One study predicted that connected cars could be producing up to 10 exabytes per month, a thousand-fold increase over current data volumes.
At that rate, 8 ZB will be full in 2.2 years, which seems like a long time until you consider that we still need a place to put the rest of our data too.
At the Bleeding Edge
Fortunately, not all of that data needs to be uploaded. As already noted, automakers are only interested in uploading some of that. Also, privacy legislation in some jurisdictions may not allow highly personal data, like a car’s exact location, to be shared with manufacturers.
Uploading could also move to off-peak hours to even out demand on network infrastructure. Plug in your EV at the end of the day to charge, and upload data in the evening, when network traffic is down. This would be good for maintenance logs, but less useful for the kind of real-time data discussed above.
For that, Edge Computing could hold the answer. The Automotive Edge Computing Consortium has a plan for a next generation network based on distributed computing on localized networks. Storage and computing resources stay closer to the data source—the connected car—to improve response times and reduce bandwidth loads.
Invest in the Future of Road Transport
By 2030, 95% of new vehicles sold will be connected vehicles, up from 50% today, and companies are racing to meet the challenge, creating investing opportunities.
Learn more about the Global X Autonomous & Electric Vehicles ETF (DRIV). It provides exposure to companies involved in the development of autonomous vehicles, EVs, and EV components and materials.
And be sure to read about how experiential technologies like Edge Computing are driving change in road transport in Charting Disruption. This joint report by Global X ETFs and the Wall Street Journal is also available as a downloadable PDF.
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