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The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia



The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia

The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia

From 1922–1991, the Soviet Union (USSR) was not only the world’s largest country, but also one of its most populated, influential, and powerful.

Today, modern Russia still holds all of those distinctions. Though no longer a designated superpower, the Russian Federation has recovered from the fall of the Soviet Union and has become the world’s 11th-largest economy.

Even after being expelled from the G7 over its annexation of Crimea, Russia’s membership as one of the principal emerging economies in BRICS (alongside Brazil, India, China, and South Africa), the G20, and the United Nations Security Council solidifies its important position in the modern world.

What industries and companies drive the modern Russian state? Here we put the spotlight on the top 10 biggest companies in Russia, using data from Companies Market Cap.

What Are the Biggest Public Companies in Russia?

As a resource-rich country and previously a socialist state, it’s no surprise that many of Russia’s biggest companies are current or former state-owned corporations.

Eight out of the biggest companies in Russia by market value are in natural resources, and four are current state-owned enterprises.

Here are Russia’s biggest public companies by market capitalization in November 2021:

Top 10 Russian CompaniesCategoryMarket Cap (USD)
GazpromOil and Gas$118B
RosneftOil and Gas$85B
NovatekOil and Gas$78B
LukoilOil and Gas$66B
NornickelMetals & Mining$47B
Gazprom NeftOil and Gas$34B
YandexInformation Technology$29B
PolyusMetals & Mining$27B
SurgutneftegasOil and Gas$21B

The two biggest companies in Russia, gas producer Gazprom (formerly the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry) and banking and financial provider Sberbank, have consistently been the largest enterprises in the country.

In November, Gazprom was bigger with a market cap of $118 billion compared to Sberbank’s $112 billion, though they constantly switch places over time.

But other than Sberbank and tech provider Yandex, the top 10 was composed entirely of oil, gas and mining companies.

Russia’s Importance to Global Natural Resources

Oil and gas specifically made up six out of the 10 biggest companies in Russia. Most like Rosneft, Gazprom Neft, and Lukoil are in oil—the Russian word “neft” means oil or petroleum in Russian and many other languages).

In addition to the two mining companies that cracked the top 10, the biggest companies in Russia highlight the country’s relative importance to global resource sectors. Many of the top 10 companies in Russia are the largest (or amongst the largest) producers of natural resources in the world:

  • Gazprom: The largest natural gas company in the world by output, producing 12% of global natural gas output in 2018.
  • Rosneft: The world’s largest public oil producer.
  • Nornickel: The world’s largest producer of nickel (14% of global output), palladium, and third-largest of platinum.
  • Polyus: The world’s third-largest gold producer by output.
  • Sberbank: The largest bank in Eastern Europe (and 61st in the world).

Overall, Russia’s vast landscape is estimated to contain over 30% of all natural resources in the world. Factor in a powerful financial sector and the world’s sixth-largest labor force at 70 million strong, and it’s clear to see why the country’s influence is so widespread.

As global powers begin to pledge greater commitment to clean energy, however, Russian companies also find themselves navigating transitional demand and pledging support for green projects.

What other companies or industries do you associate with Russia?

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Charted: Countries Offering Digital Nomad Visas

Mexico and El Salvador offer the longest visa for digital nomads.



This bar chart shows all the countries that offer digital nomad visas as of May 2024.

Charted: Countries Offering Digital Nomad Visas

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

A digital nomad visa allows individuals to live and work remotely in a foreign country for an extended period, usually six months to a year. It’s often accessible to self-employed or remote workers employed by entities outside the host country.

This graphic shows the countries that offer digital nomad visas as of May 2024. The data comes from various visa programs around the world and was compiled by CNBC.

Dozens of Options to Work Abroad

Over 40 countries offer digital nomad visas.

Mexico and El Salvador offer the longest visas, with a duration of four years. In El Salvador, however, the worker has to apply for an extension to obtain the maximum length of stay.

CountryRegionMax Length of Stay (months)
🇸🇻 El SalvadorAmericas48
🇲🇽 MexicoAmericas48
🇨🇾 CyprusEurope36
🇬🇷 GreeceEurope36
🇦🇬 Antigua and BarbudaAmericas24
🇨🇷 Costa RicaAmericas24
🇨🇴 ColombiaAmericas24
🇪🇨 EcuadorAmericas24
🇭🇺 HungaryEurope24
🇱🇻 LatviaEurope24
🇳🇴 NorwayEurope24
🇷🇴 RomaniaEurope24
🇩🇲 DominicaAmericas18
🇵🇦 PanamaAmericas18
🇭🇷 CroatiaEurope18
🇦🇮 AnguillaAmericas12
🇧🇸 The BahamasAmericas12
🇧🇧 BarbadosAmericas12
🇧🇲 BermudaAmericas12
🇧🇷 BrazilAmericas12
🇨🇼 CuraçaoAmericas12
🇬🇩 GrenadaAmericas12
🇲🇸 MontserratAmericas12
🇱🇨 Saint LuciaAmericas12
🇺🇾 UruguayAmericas12
🇦🇱 AlbaniaEurope12
🇨🇿 Czech RepublicEurope12
🇪🇪 EstoniaEurope12
🇬🇪 GeorgiaEurope12
🇮🇹 ItalyEurope12
🇲🇹 MaltaEurope12
🇵🇹 PortugalEurope12
🇪🇸 SpainEurope12
🇲🇾 MalaysiaMiddle East and Asia12
🇰🇷 South KoreaMiddle East and Asia12
🇹🇷 TürkiyeMiddle East and Asia12
🇦🇪 United Arab EmiratesAfrica12
🇨🇻 Cape VerdeAfrica12
🇧🇿 BelizeAmericas6
🇨🇦 CanadaAmericas6
🇮🇸 IcelandEurope6
🇲🇺 MauritiusAfrica6
🇸🇨 SeychellesAfrica6
🇳🇦 NamibiaAfrica6

Iceland, with a minimum income requirement of $85,000 per individual per year, and Belize, with a requirement of $75,000 per individual per year, have the highest minimum income requirements for digital nomads.

The most common length of stay is one year. This range includes sunny locations like The Bahamas and Bermuda, as well as countries with large economies like Italy and Brazil.

Many countries, like South Korea, Spain, and Portugal, offer a shorter period of stay (one year or less) but allow workers to renew their visas.

If you enjoyed this post, check out Ranked: The Cities with the Best Work-Life Balance in the World. This graphic lists the top cities in the world that encourage work-life balance.

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