The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia
The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia
From 1922–1991, the Soviet Union (USSR) was not only the world’s largest country, but also one of its most populated, influential, and powerful.
Today, modern Russia still holds all of those distinctions. Though no longer a designated superpower, the Russian Federation has recovered from the fall of the Soviet Union and has become the world’s 11th-largest economy.
Even after being expelled from the G7 over its annexation of Crimea, Russia’s membership as one of the principal emerging economies in BRICS (alongside Brazil, India, China, and South Africa), the G20, and the United Nations Security Council solidifies its important position in the modern world.
What industries and companies drive the modern Russian state? Here we put the spotlight on the top 10 biggest companies in Russia, using data from Companies Market Cap.
What Are the Biggest Public Companies in Russia?
As a resource-rich country and previously a socialist state, it’s no surprise that many of Russia’s biggest companies are current or former state-owned corporations.
Eight out of the biggest companies in Russia by market value are in natural resources, and four are current state-owned enterprises.
Here are Russia’s biggest public companies by market capitalization in November 2021:
|Top 10 Russian Companies||Category||Market Cap (USD)|
|Gazprom||Oil and Gas||$118B|
|Rosneft||Oil and Gas||$85B|
|Novatek||Oil and Gas||$78B|
|Lukoil||Oil and Gas||$66B|
|Nornickel||Metals & Mining||$47B|
|Gazprom Neft||Oil and Gas||$34B|
|Polyus||Metals & Mining||$27B|
|Surgutneftegas||Oil and Gas||$21B|
The two biggest companies in Russia, gas producer Gazprom (formerly the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry) and banking and financial provider Sberbank, have consistently been the largest enterprises in the country.
In November, Gazprom was bigger with a market cap of $118 billion compared to Sberbank’s $112 billion, though they constantly switch places over time.
But other than Sberbank and tech provider Yandex, the top 10 was composed entirely of oil, gas and mining companies.
Russia’s Importance to Global Natural Resources
Oil and gas specifically made up six out of the 10 biggest companies in Russia. Most like Rosneft, Gazprom Neft, and Lukoil are in oil—the Russian word “neft” means oil or petroleum in Russian and many other languages).
In addition to the two mining companies that cracked the top 10, the biggest companies in Russia highlight the country’s relative importance to global resource sectors. Many of the top 10 companies in Russia are the largest (or amongst the largest) producers of natural resources in the world:
- Gazprom: The largest natural gas company in the world by output, producing 12% of global natural gas output in 2018.
- Rosneft: The world’s largest public oil producer.
- Nornickel: The world’s largest producer of nickel (14% of global output), palladium, and third-largest of platinum.
- Polyus: The world’s third-largest gold producer by output.
- Sberbank: The largest bank in Eastern Europe (and 61st in the world).
Overall, Russia’s vast landscape is estimated to contain over 30% of all natural resources in the world. Factor in a powerful financial sector and the world’s sixth-largest labor force at 70 million strong, and it’s clear to see why the country’s influence is so widespread.
As global powers begin to pledge greater commitment to clean energy, however, Russian companies also find themselves navigating transitional demand and pledging support for green projects.
What other companies or industries do you associate with Russia?
Animated Chart: The S&P 500 in 2023 So Far
Track the S&P 500’s performance in 2023, including all 500 companies, and the sectors they belong to, in this animated video.
The S&P 500’s Performance in 2023 Q1
With one quarter of 2023 in the books, how has the S&P 500 performed so far?
The index had a tumultuous 2022, ending the year down 18%, its worst performance since 2008. But so far, despite dealing with tight monetary conditions and an unexpected banking crisis, the S&P 500 has promptly started to rebound.
The above animation from Jan Varsava shows the stock performance of each company on the S&P 500, categorized by sector.
Biggest Gainers on the S&P 500
The S&P 500 increased 7.5% during the first quarter of 2023. Though it was led by a few big outperformers, more than half of the stocks on the index closed above their end-of-December prices.
Here are the top 30 biggest gainers on the index from January 1 to March 31, 2023.
|4||Warner Bros. Discovery||59.3%|
|12||Monolithic Power Systems||41.8%|
|14||GE Healthcare Tech||40.5%|
|22||Royal Caribbean Group||32.1%|
|23||ON Semiconductor Corp||32.0%|
|25||Cadence Design Systems||30.8%|
Nvidia shares gained the most of all the companies on the S&P 500 in Q1 2023, posting a staggering 90% return over three months.
As the world’s largest chipmaker by market cap, Nvidia gained from both strong earnings and semiconductor industry performance. It also benefited from the rising prevalence of artificial intelligence (AI) through software like ChatGPT.
Meanwhile, other tech giants Apple and Microsoft gained 27% and 21% respectively over the same time period.
Tech Leads Returns by Sector
The technology sector as a whole was the best performing sectoral index thanks to these big moves, up 21.7% at the end of March.
Shares of other tech-adjacent companies like Meta (formerly Facebook) and Tesla—listed on the S&P 500 under the categories of communication services and consumer discretionary—also had a strong start to the year and lifted their respective sectors.
Meta in particular is up 76% in Q1 2023, continuing its rebound after falling to an eight-year low in November 2022 on the back of better-than-expected fourth quarter results and share buybacks.
Biggest Losers on the S&P 500
On the other side of the S&P 500, the financial sector was rocked by sudden collapses.
Signature Bank and Silicon Valley Financial Group shares lost the most ground in the first quarter, after both banks collapsed, shedding nearly all of their value in a matter of 30 days.
In fact, seven of the 10 worst performers on the index to start 2023 are banks or financial companies. The visualization shows the ripple effect on the market after the collapse of regional banks in March, and the ensuing rout driving the entire sector down 5.6% year-to-date.
Here are the top 30 biggest losers on the index from January 1 to March 31, 2023.
|2||Silicon Valley Financial Group||-99.6%|
|3||First Republic Bank||-88.5%|
|6||Charles Schwab Corp||-36.9%|
|10||Lincoln National Corp||-25.8%|
|14||Citizens Financial Group||-22.1%|
|15||Enphase Energy Inc.||-20.6%|
|16||Baxter International Inc.||-19.9%|
|17||Truist Financial Corporation||-19.9%|
|18||American International Group||-19.8%|
|19||CVS Health Corporation||-19.7%|
|27||PNC Financial Services||-18.8%|
|29||Fifth Third Bancorp||-17.8%|
Despite the tight monetary landscape, traditionally defensive sectors like energy, consumer staples, and healthcare also underperformed the broader index. This is a reversal from market trends seen in 2022.
Investment Trends to Watch for in 2023
Experts predict a pause in U.S. interest rate hikes “sometime in 2023” but it’s unclear when (or at what level) the pause will take place given persistent inflation in the economy.
However, if interest rates level off in 2023, it could be a key momentum maker for the S&P 500. As Barron’s points out, the index tends to rise after hikes are paused.
Meanwhile, the current tumult in the financial sector is fanning the flames of recessionary fears. How effectively regulators manage the crisis might be the story of the year.
Finally, as we have seen in 2023 so far, investor interest in AI has sent tech stocks soaring. Is this a quick fad, or an overarching trend for the year?
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