The Top 10 Biggest Companies in Russia
From 1922–1991, the Soviet Union (USSR) was not only the world’s largest country, but also one of its most populated, influential, and powerful.
Today, modern Russia still holds all of those distinctions. Though no longer a designated superpower, the Russian Federation has recovered from the fall of the Soviet Union and has become the world’s 11th-largest economy.
Even after being expelled from the G7 over its annexation of Crimea, Russia’s membership as one of the principal emerging economies in BRICS (alongside Brazil, India, China, and South Africa), the G20, and the United Nations Security Council solidifies its important position in the modern world.
What industries and companies drive the modern Russian state? Here we put the spotlight on the top 10 biggest companies in Russia, using data from Companies Market Cap.
What Are the Biggest Public Companies in Russia?
As a resource-rich country and previously a socialist state, it’s no surprise that many of Russia’s biggest companies are current or former state-owned corporations.
Eight out of the biggest companies in Russia by market value are in natural resources, and four are current state-owned enterprises.
Here are Russia’s biggest public companies by market capitalization in November 2021:
|Top 10 Russian Companies||Category||Market Cap (USD)|
|Gazprom||Oil and Gas||$118B|
|Rosneft||Oil and Gas||$85B|
|Novatek||Oil and Gas||$78B|
|Lukoil||Oil and Gas||$66B|
|Nornickel||Metals & Mining||$47B|
|Gazprom Neft||Oil and Gas||$34B|
|Polyus||Metals & Mining||$27B|
|Surgutneftegas||Oil and Gas||$21B|
The two biggest companies in Russia, gas producer Gazprom (formerly the Soviet Ministry of Gas Industry) and banking and financial provider Sberbank, have consistently been the largest enterprises in the country.
In November, Gazprom was bigger with a market cap of $118 billion compared to Sberbank’s $112 billion, though they constantly switch places over time.
But other than Sberbank and tech provider Yandex, the top 10 was composed entirely of oil, gas and mining companies.
Russia’s Importance to Global Natural Resources
Oil and gas specifically made up six out of the 10 biggest companies in Russia. Most like Rosneft, Gazprom Neft, and Lukoil are in oil—the Russian word “neft” means oil or petroleum in Russian and many other languages).
In addition to the two mining companies that cracked the top 10, the biggest companies in Russia highlight the country’s relative importance to global resource sectors. Many of the top 10 companies in Russia are the largest (or amongst the largest) producers of natural resources in the world:
- Gazprom: The largest natural gas company in the world by output, producing 12% of global natural gas output in 2018.
- Rosneft: The world’s largest public oil producer.
- Nornickel: The world’s largest producer of nickel (14% of global output), palladium, and third-largest of platinum.
- Polyus: The world’s third-largest gold producer by output.
- Sberbank: The largest bank in Eastern Europe (and 61st in the world).
Overall, Russia’s vast landscape is estimated to contain over 30% of all natural resources in the world. Factor in a powerful financial sector and the world’s sixth-largest labor force at 70 million strong, and it’s clear to see why the country’s influence is so widespread.
As global powers begin to pledge greater commitment to clean energy, however, Russian companies also find themselves navigating transitional demand and pledging support for green projects.
What other companies or industries do you associate with Russia?
The Top Google Searches Related to Investing in 2022
What was on investors’ minds in 2022? Discover the top Google searches and how the dominant trends played out in portfolios.
The Top Google Searches Related to Investing in 2022
It was a turbulent year for the markets in 2022, with geopolitical conflict, rising prices, and the labor market playing key roles. Which stories captured investors’ attention the most?
This infographic from New York Life Investments outlines the top Google searches related to investing in 2022, and offers a closer look at some of the trends.
Top Google Searches: Year in Review
We picked some of the top economic and investing stories that saw peak search interest in the U.S. each month, according to Google Trends.
|Month of Peak Interest||Search Term|
|February||Russian Stock Market|
|December||Interest Rate Forecast|
Data based on exact searches in the U.S. from December 26, 2021 to December 18, 2022.
Let’s look at each quarter in more detail, to see how these top Google searches were related to activity in the economy and investors’ portfolios.
The start of the year was marked by U.S. workers quitting their jobs in record numbers, and the effects of the Russia-Ukraine war. For instance, the price of crude oil skyrocketed after the war caused supply uncertainties. Early March’s peak of $125 per barrel was a 13-year high.
|Date||Closing Price of WTI Crude Oil
|January 2, 2022||$76|
|March 3, 2022||$125|
|December 29, 2022||$80|
While crude oil lost nearly all its gains by year-end, the energy sector in general performed well. In fact, the S&P 500 Energy Index gained 57% over the year compared to the S&P 500’s 19% loss.
The second quarter of 2022 saw abnormal house price growth, renewed interest in value investing, and a bitcoin crash. In particular, value investing performed much better than growth investing over the course of the year.
|Index||Price Return in 2022|
|S&P 500 Value Index||-7.4%|
|S&P 500 Growth Index||-30.1%|
Value stocks have typically outperformed during periods of rising rates, and 2022 was no exception.
The third quarter was defined by worries about a recession and inflation, along with interest in the rising U.S. dollar. In fact, the U.S. dollar gained against nearly every major currency.
|Currency||USD Appreciation Against Currency
(Dec 31 2020-Sep 30 2022)
Higher interest rates made the U.S. dollar more attractive to investors, since it meant they would get a higher return on their fixed income investments.
The end of the year was dominated by OPEC cutting oil production, high layoffs in the tech sector, and curiosity about the future of interest rates. The Federal Reserve’s December 2022 economic projections offer clues about the trajectory of the policy rate.
The Federal Reserve expects interest rates to peak in 2023, with rates to remain elevated above pre-pandemic levels for the foreseeable future.
The Top Google Searches to Come
After a year of volatility across asset classes, economic uncertainty remains. Which themes will become investors’ top Google searches in 2023?
Find out how New York Life Investments can help you make sense of market trends.
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