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The Greek Exodus in One Chart

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The Greek Exodus in One Chart

The Greek Exodus in One Chart

The Chart of the Week is a weekly feature in Visual Capitalist on Fridays.

On Sunday, Greeks will participate in a referendum that could seal their fate. The people of Greece are between a rock and a hard place. On one hand, a “yes” vote will mean that they give into the extreme demands of their creditors, fostering an even harsher era of austerity for a Greek economy that has already slipped 25% in GDP since 2007. This will result in additional economic contraction, a likely resignation by Alexis Tsipras, and Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis possibly cutting off his arm.

The “no” vote, which is being urged by the Syriza government, would mean the European Central Bank would be cutting off assistance to Greek banks and a possible Grexit. For a country that is reported to have only €500 million in bank deposits left, things are no less ugly here.

There is a blame game perpetuating itself through the media. Some people say the Greeks had it coming by taking advantage of easy credit, spending money frivolously (for example: 16.2% of GDP spending is on pensions, the highest in the euro zone), and then electing Syriza, an extremist government. The opposing side says that the intense standoff is the fault of the so-called troika, made up of the IMF, ECB, and Eurogroup. Recently, it’s becoming clear that even the troika acknowledges that Greece needs further debt relief, yet this was never offered up in negotiations. The IMF has now flat out said that the proposed additional austerity measures would leave Greece still with unsustainable debt.

While both sides are likely warranted some blame, what is clear is that the Greek people have seen the writing on the wall for some time. Today’s chart shows the Greek exodus, as capital and people flee the sinking Greek economic ship in unprecedented numbers.

Since the 2008 financial crisis, more Greeks have left the country each year with the trend accelerating in recent years. The country has a population of about 11 million, but the population has decreased annually by nearly 100,000 people in both 2013 and 2014. Based on how things are going this year, this trend is unlikely to change.

Further, capital is also fleeing the banks in what started as a “jog” but is now a “run”. In Q1 of 2015, there were over €20 billion of outflows from Greek bank deposits. June’s data is not available yet, but it is likely the recent quarter will far surpass this amount as it is now reported that there is only €500 million in bank deposits left. This would explain why capital controls are in place, banks are closed, and people are limited to €60 withdrawals.

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Retail

The World’s Top Retail Companies, by Domestic Revenue

As price pressures and e-commerce reshape shopping behaviors, we show the top retail companies by domestic revenue around the world.

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This circle graphic shows the world's top retail companies by domestic revenue.

The World’s Top Retail Companies, by Domestic Revenue

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

The retail sector plays a vital role in powering economies, contributing $5.3 trillion annually to America’s GDP alone.

Moreover, the industry is America’s biggest private-sector employer, responsible for one of every four jobs, or 55 million employees. Yet in today’s challenging consumer environment, retailers are facing higher e-commerce penetration and inflationary pressures—across an industry notoriously known for razor-thin margins.

This graphic shows the world’s top retail companies by domestic revenue, based on data from the National Retail Federation.

Methodology

To be included in the rankings, companies must engage in a goods-for-consumer resale business accessible to the public and have direct selling operations in a minimum of three countries.

The rankings include both publicly and private companies, and are based on the most recent 52-week period analyzed by the National Retail Federation between January and March 2024. All revenue figures were converted to U.S. dollars.

Ranked: The Top 10 Global Retailers by Domestic Sales

Here are the leading retailers worldwide based on domestic sales as of 2023:

RankingRetailerDomestic Retail Revenue
(USD)
Share of Total Retail RevenueHeadquarters
1Walmart$532.3B85%🇺🇸 U.S.
2Amazon.com$250.0B70%🇺🇸 U.S.
3Costco$175.4B75%🇺🇸 U.S.
4The Home Depot$142.0B94%🇺🇸 U.S.
5Walgreens Boots Alliance$105.1B89%🇺🇸 U.S.
6Alibaba$91.5B97%🇨🇳 China
7Apple$70.9B87%🇺🇸 U.S.
8Aeon$64.3B93%🇯🇵 Japan
9Schwarz Group$56.5B32%🇩🇪 Germany
10Rewe$55.5B75%🇩🇪 Germany

Walmart towers ahead as the world’s largest retailer with $532 billion in domestic revenue—more than Amazon.com and Costco combined.

Known for its everyday low prices, Walmart achieves a competitive advantage through pricing goods approximately 25% cheaper than traditional retail competitors. Overall, groceries make up more than half of total sales. While its main customer base is often low and middle-income shoppers, the retail giant is seeing a surge in sales from higher-income customers as shoppers seek out lower grocery prices.

E-commerce giant, Amazon, is the second-biggest retailer globally, commanding nearly 40% of online retail sales in America. Since 2019, the number of Amazon employees has grown from 800,000 to over 1.5 million in 2023.

While the company has tried to introduce online grocery platforms to the market, it has largely fallen flat given its clunky system in a highly competitive market.

Like Amazon, China’s e-commerce juggernaut, Alibaba, stands as a leading global retailer. Overall, 97% of revenues were generated domestically through online marketplaces Taobao and Tmall. In recent years, the company has focused on international expansion, delivering products to 11 markets including America, in just five days.

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