Tap Into the Mobile Payments Revolution
The trends and contenders that are shaping mobile payments.
Thanks to Purefunds Mobile Payments ETF (IPAY) for helping us put this together.
Yesterday, user-friendly payment processor Stripe announced a strategic investment and partnership from Visa that values the company at $5 billion. Other investors that participated are not unknowns either: Kleiner Perkins Caufield Byers, American Express, and Sequoia. It was only in December that Stripe was valued at $3.5 billion and in their previous financing, they were valued at just half of that. Stripe will use Visa’s international connections to help it expand beyond the 20 countries it currently services.
This type of story is not unusual in the payment space. Companies are scrambling to scale or adopt new technologies that integrate mobile and electronic features to make it easier, cheaper, and faster for customers to pay. The reason for this is that the payments ecosystem has always been more cumbersome and more expensive than it should be. In the United States alone, retail merchants that accept card-based payments were charged about $67 billion in fees. Add the rest of the world to that pie, and it makes it clear that the payments space is as ripe for disruption as any other.
Mobile and electronic payments allow customers to pay for goods with a tap of a phone or the press of a button. Two of every three Americans have a smartphone, and mobile payments can typically happen faster with less fees. The earliest adopters of mobile payments have a younger and affluent profile: they average just over 30 years old, have a higher annual income, and spend over 2x more on retail than unwilling non-users of mobile payments.
Big Data and the Developing World
One of the most attractive benefits of mobile payments is the integration of big data and predictive analytics. Retailers will have the capability to link purchases directly with location (GPS), consumer behaviour, purchase history, demographics, and social influence. Analyzing this information will allow companies to reach out to consumers with tailored offerings, loyalty programs, and rewards. Customers will be able to take action right from their mobile device.
The opportunities in payments are not just limited to in the United States or even the developed world. Perhaps one of the most interesting opportunities for the mobile payments space is in Africa, where bank penetration is extremely low at only about 25% and mobile phone penetration is higher at 60%. Kenya is a good example of a market where digitization has reached a large portion of the population, giving mobile payments an 86% household penetration.
Mckinsey did an analysis looking at the size of revenue pools for mobile payments if each market in Africa had the same penetration as Kenya, and it sees the pools more than doubling in places like Ethiopia and Nigeria. With the population in sub-Saharan Africa expected to balloon from 926 million to 2.2 billion by 2050, their appears to be even greater opportunity.
The earliest potential in the mobile and electronic payments market appears to be in areas such as micropayments, incidental payments, recurring bills, peer-to-peer money transfers, and cryptocurrency. However, in the long term, the concept can be applied to many different facets of commerce.
Mobile payments may continue to disrupt the big payments market because of several factors including a young and growing userbase, ease of use, faster transactions, cheaper costs, and increased adoption. As Smittipon Srethapramote, who covers the North American payments industry for Morgan Stanley, concludes in a summary on the subject: “Mobile Payments can expand the global revenue pie from $175 billion to $250 billion, including $45 billion in developed markets and $30 billion in emerging markets.”
How Decentralized Finance Could Make Investing More Accessible
Under the current global financial system, billions of people do not have access to quality assets. Here’s how decentralized finance is changing that.
Infographic: How Decentralized Finance Could Make Investing More Accessible
Did you know that a majority of the global population doesn’t have access to quality financial assets?
In advanced economies, we are lucky to have simple options to grow and protect our wealth. Banks are all over the place, markets are robust, and we can invest our money into assets like stocks or bonds at the drop of a hat.
In the United States, roughly 52% of people are invested in the stock market – but in a place like India, for example, this portion drops to a paltry 2%. How can we make it possible for people on the “outside” of the financial system to gain access?
Breaking Down Barriers
Today’s infographic comes to us from Abra, and it shows how decentralized finance could make investing a more universal phenomenon, especially for those that don’t have access to the modern financial system.
It lays out four key obstacles that prevent people in developing markets from investing in quality financial assets in the first place:
- The Geographic Lottery
Where you live plays a massive role in determining your ability to build wealth. In advanced Western economies, the average person is much more likely to be invested in financial markets that can help compound wealth.
- Financial Literacy and Complexity
Roughly 3.5 billion adults globally lack an understanding of basic financial concepts, which creates an impenetrable barrier to investing.
- Local Market Turmoil
Even if a person is mentally prepared to invest, local market turmoil (hyperinflation, political crises, closed borders, etc.) can make it difficult to get access to stable assets.
- The Cost of Investing in Foreign Markets
Foreign assets can be pricey. One share of Amazon is $1,800, which is realistically more money than many people around the world can afford.
In other words, there are billions of people globally that can’t take advantage of some of the most effective wealth-building tactics.
This is just one flaw in the current financial system, a paradigm that has created massive amounts of wealth but only for a specific and well-connected group of people.
Enter Decentralized Finance
Could decentralized finance be the alternative to open up access to financial markets?
By combining apps with blockchain technology – specifically through public blockchains such as Bitcoin or Ethereum – decentralized finance makes it possible to get around some of the barriers that are created by more traditional systems.
Here are some of the innovations that are making this possible:
Smart contracts could automate transactions and remove intermediaries, making investing cheaper, faster, and more accessible.
Fractional investing could allow partial or shared ownership of financial assets by using tokenization. This would make expensive stocks like Amazon ($1,800 per share) available to a much wider segment of the population.
Location independent investing is possible through smartphones. This would make it possible for people in remote parts of the developing world to invest, even without access to nearby financial institutions or local markets.
Like the internet with knowledge, decentralized finance could reshape the world by making financial access universal. Who’s ready?
How Much Data is Generated Each Day?
By 2020, there will be 40x more bytes of data than there are stars in the observable universe. See how much data gets added to the mix each and every day.
How Much Data is Generated Each Day?
View the full-size version of the infographic by clicking here
You’ve probably heard of kilobytes, megabytes, gigabytes, or even terabytes.
These data units are common everyday amounts that the average person may run into. Units this size may be big enough to quantify the amount of data sent in an email attachment, or the data stored on a hard drive, for example.
In the coming years, however, these common units will begin to seem more quaint – that’s because the entire digital universe is expected to reach 44 zettabytes by 2020.
If this number is correct, it will mean there are 40 times more bytes than there are stars in the observable universe.
A Crash Course in Data
Today’s infographic comes to us from Raconteur, and it gives us a picture of this new data reality.
Before we get to how much data is created each day – both now, and in the future – it’s worth getting acquainted with how data scales in terms of units.
|Abbreviation||Unit||Value||Size (in bytes)|
|b||bit||0 or 1||1/8 of a byte|
|B||bytes||8 bits||1 byte|
|KB||kilobytes||1,000 bytes||1,000 bytes|
|MB||megabyte||1,000² bytes||1,000,000 bytes|
|GB||gigabyte||1,000³ bytes||1,000,000,000 bytes|
|TB||terabyte||1,000⁴ bytes||1,000,000,000,000 bytes|
|PB||petabyte||1,000⁵ bytes||1,000,000,000,000,000 bytes|
|EB||exabyte||1,000⁶ bytes||1,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes|
|ZB||zettabyte||1,000⁷ bytes||1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes|
|YB||yottabyte||1,000⁸ bytes||1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes|
There’s no doubt that data literacy will only become more important in the future, so make sure you know your zettabytes from your yottabytes!
A Day of Data
How much data is generated in a day – and what could this look like as we enter an even more data-driven future?
Here are some key daily statistics highlighted in the infographic:
- 500 million tweets are sent
- 294 billion emails are sent
- 4 petabytes of data are created on Facebook
- 4 terabytes of data are created from each connected car
- 65 billion messages are sent on WhatsApp
- 5 billion searches are made
By 2025, it’s estimated that 463 exabytes of data will be created each day globally – that’s the equivalent of 212,765,957 DVDs per day!
If you think the above information is fascinating, see what happens in an internet minute.
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