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What Really Differentiates a Premium Cannabis Product?

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The following content is sponsored by Grown Rogue.

GrownRogue-Branded

Growing cannabis isn’t like growing any other plant in your backyard. It requires a relentless commitment to the best practices from seed to sale—just ask Grown Rogue, an award-winning producer from Oregon state.

What Differentiates Premium Cannabis?

As with most plants, the journey to premium cannabis starts with a seed. But as it continues up the chain, a meticulous growing process, the science underpinning its medical properties, genetics, and thorough testing all play a part in bringing about the ideal consumer experience.

1. Seed

With thousands of cannabis strains in the world, every seed is full of possibilities. Each contains a unique genetic profile that’s responsible for its properties and potency. Experienced growers use selective breeding to uncover new and innovative strains, with assistance from genomics.

They collect thousands of seeds, and sequence their DNA. Using analytics and prediction of those sequences, researchers are able to experiment with new strains— and send the resulting seeds back to the breeder. In this way, experienced growers can discover which cannabis strains are the most consistent and reliable.

2. Grow

To ensure a high quality cannabis plant, every aspect of how it’s grown needs careful monitoring and refining. After selecting the right seeds, they must be regularly examined for the right balance of humidity and light. Once it becomes a seedling, it needs maximum light and steady water levels.

When leaves start to grow and the plant is vegetative, nutrients must be carefully mixed for optimal conditions. Now comes the flowering stage when the essential trichomes are formed, and where the main cannabinoids CBD and THC come from.

Finally, growers have to harvest the cannabis plants at the right time for the best taste, smell, and potency. Curing, drying, and hand trimming all preserve the important qualities of the plant.

3. Science

Scientific terminology can often be confusing, but in the case of cannabis, they result in important quality distinctions. Over 80+ cannabinoids, including THC and CBD, cause diverse effects on the body. Terpenes, which can also be found in essential oils, influence the flavor and scent of a cannabis strain.

These two compounds, terpenes and cannabinoids, combine in the “entourage effect” to enhance the medical value of the cannabis flower. Phenotypes help to elaborate on the genetic histories of cannabis strains beyond indica, sativa, or hybrid. Meanwhile, experience studies which leverage the consumer experience, can be the “x factor” in finding and developing new cannabis products.

4. Flower

Consumers today want more than just to “get high” — they demand cannabis products to suit their different needs. For example, here are Grown Rogue’s strain selections which offer something different depending on the purpose:

  • R: Relax
    These strains are designed to help you unwind, indulge, or sleep.
  • O: Optimize
    These strains bring just a bit of energy to help you focus.
  • G: Groove
    These strains enhance casual conversations and abstract thinking.
  • U: Uplift
    These strains give you a boost for activities like a hike or bike ride.
  • E: Energize
    Instead of coffee, use these strains to charge up for a concert, run, or dance.

5. Experience

It’s clear that what consumers want from their cannabis products will drive innovation in the industry. Premium cannabis producers optimize this by combining scientific research with qualitative experience sampling, to create ideal experiences around activities like socializing, post-workout recovery, and yoga.

About Grown Rogue

Grown Rogue is a cannabis brand passionate about the community, environment, and education. The company seeks to provide “the right experience, every time” to consumers looking for only the very best cannabis products.

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How Precious Metals Royalty and Streaming Companies Create Value

Discover how royalty and streaming companies offer a unique way to invest in precious metals and the mining industry.

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Royalty and Streaming Companies outperform gold and GDX

Gold and Silver Royalty and Streaming Companies

Investing in precious metals often seems like it boils down to either buying the physical gold or silver or investing in shares of specific mining companies, both with their own very distinct advantages and risks.

Rather than having to settle for the simplicity of bullion or extensive research in individual mining companies, precious metals royalty and streaming companies provide investors with exposure to a diversified portfolio of miners’ revenues and produced metals.

These companies are not operators of mines. Instead, they seek to find undiscovered value by financing and working directly with miners to forge agreements that provide their shareholders with steady exposure to precious metals production.

This infographic from Empress Royalty outlines exactly how gold and silver royalty and streaming companies operate, and how they mitigate risk and create value for their shareholders.

What Do Precious Metals Royalty and Streaming Companies Do?

Royalty and streaming companies are an important part of the mining industry’s financial ecosystem, as they provide capital to mine operators and explorers in exchange for a percentage of revenue or metals produced from the mine.

Mining companies receiving this investment are able to further develop or expand projects, providing greater returns for both their shareholders and the companies with royalties and stream agreements on the projects.

These agreements typically last for the life of a mine, providing steady cash flow to royalty and stream holders while cutting out various risks associated with mining companies and operations.

“What it takes in the royalty business is patience and cash.”
– Pierre Lassonde, co-founder of the first royalty and streaming company, Franco-Nevada

The Difference Between Royalty Agreements and Streams

Royalty agreements and streams have similarities in their structure, but ultimately have some key differences.

  • Royalty agreements, also called net smelter return (NSRs), provide the royalty holder a percentage of the mine’s revenue from production, typically around 1-3%. There are also other kinds of royalty agreements like net profits interests (NPIs), where the royalty holder receives a percentage of the profits rather than the revenue.
  • Streams provide the right to purchase a certain percent (typically 5-20%) of metal production directly from the mine. Typically, streams will have an already decided purchasing price for the metal, which is usually either a fixed dollar amount or a fixed percentage of the spot price.

Royalties are more common than streams as they provide cash directly to the royalty company rather than the option to buy the physical metal which then needs to be sold.

While royalty and streams differ in what is delivered, both kinds of agreements avoid operational costs as they receive cuts from the top line.

The Growing and Diverse Landscape of Royalty and Streaming

The niche sector of gold and silver royalties has changed greatly since the founding of the original royalty business, Franco-Nevada in 1980.

While still fairly small today, the subsector has grown to have more than 10 companies with a market cap of $100M USD each, with five surpassing the $1B mark.

Here are the top 10 royalty and streaming companies by market cap:

CompanyMarket Capitalization (USD)Forward Dividend Yield
Franco-Nevada$21.6B0.91%
Wheaton Precious Metals$17.8B1.20%
Royal Gold$7.1B1.12%
Osisko Gold Royalties$1.9B1.39%
Sandstorm Gold$1.3B0.00%
Maverix Metals$738.0M0.75%
Nomad Royalty$488.6M1.82%
Metalla Royalty and Streaming$368.3M0.37%
EMX Royalty Corporation$308.0B0.00%
Abitibi Royalties$237.9M0.78%

Source: Yahoo Finance

While the three big names of Franco-Nevada, Wheaton Precious Metals, and Royal Gold tend to focus on larger and more secure ounce-producing agreements, the newer precious metals royalty companies start out by establishing a few cash-flowing agreements in their portfolio.

After this, they can begin targeting more speculative agreements with developing or exploration projects which are typically worth smaller dollar amounts and are slightly riskier or further from production, but have the potential of undiscovered upside.

Some royalty companies don’t even deal with mining companies at all, and focus exclusively on buying royalty and stream agreements held by third party companies or prospectors.

How These Companies Reduce Risk and Capture Upside

By avoiding many of the operational costs, royalty and streaming companies cut out a large amount of risk that is typically associated with mining investments.

In precious metal bull markets, it’s typical to see mining company revenues rise alongside the prices of gold and silver.

While mining companies’ operational costs will also rise, royalty and stream holders simply reap the benefits of high margins as they sell their physical metals at higher prices, despite having acquired them at lower fixed prices according to their agreement.

Another key advantage royalty and streaming companies have is their ability to diversify their portfolios and be selective with their agreements. This allows them to escape concentrated jurisdictional or asset risk and make agreements with mines which are already producing or close to production.

Since royalties and streams tend to last as long as the associated mine is operational, the holders of these agreements also benefit from any increased production or lifespan.

Royalty and Streaming Companies: Stable Exposure to Metals

As precious metals royalty and streaming companies are able to carefully choose their agreements and are overall less exposed to price downturns, they provide investors with a more stable investment in gold and silver.

Royalty and streaming companies typically have dividend policies which ensure shareholders are consistently rewarded with rising dividends, while many gold and silver mining companies cut dividends aggressively during precious metal market downturns.

As they help finance new projects and expansions, royalty and streaming companies take advantage of high margins in a unique form of financial arbitrage while providing their shareholders with stable exposure to precious metals and mining operations.

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History of the Silver State: Nevada and its Silver Districts

Silver made Nevada the state it is today with its famous silver districts. Today’s infographic sponsored by Blackrock takes a look at the history of the state’s silver districts and where the future lies for silver.

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Nevada Silver Districts

History of the Silver State: Nevada and its Silver Districts

Nevada and its silver districts built the western territory into a modern American state.

Today, the world best knows Nevada for its modern gold production—however, a new generation is rediscovering Nevada’s famous silver districts and their potential.

This infographic comes to us from Blackrock Gold and outlines the history of Nevada and its legendary silver districts.

A Timeline of Nevada’s Famous Silver Districts

The Paiute, Shoshone, Quoeech, Washoe, and Walapai tribes populated the territory that is now the American state of Nevada before the Europeans arrived in the 18th century.

Nevada became part of the Spanish Empire as part of the greater province of New Spain, and then later Mexico after independence. As a result of the Mexican–American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico permanently lost Alta California in 1848.

The United States continued to administer the area as a territory. As part of the Mexican Cession in 1848 and then the California Gold Rush, the state’s area was first part of the Utah Territory, then the Nevada Territory in 1861.

However, the great Comstock mining boom of 1859 in Virginia City consolidated the area as part of the United States. Silver discoveries and mining spurred development and statehood, all by uncovering the famous silver districts of Nevada.

An eccentric Canadian from Trenton, Ontario, Henry Comstock gave his last name to a discovery that launched mining in Nevada. In 1859, Comstock revealed his discovery and sparked a silver rush, sending thousands of prospectors into Nevada and becoming the genesis of Nevada’s mining industry.

Accidental Treasure: The Tonopah Silver District

Over time, miners exhausted the initial discoveries of silver until the Tonopah District in 1900 revived silver mining in the state.

As the legend goes, Jim Butler discovered the Tonopah district and its silver-rich ore. He went looking for a pack mule that wandered off in the night and sought shelter near a rock outcropping.

When Butler discovered the animal the next morning, he picked up a rock to throw at it in frustration and noticed the rock was heavy. He had stumbled upon the second-richest silver strike in all of Nevada’s history.

Silver production exploded in Tonopah and peaked at 450,000 ounces a year in 1915. However, between World War 1, the Great Depression, and World War 2, the country was exhausted of workers, and silver production tumbled by 1950.

The early suspension of mining in the region left it ripe for new exploration and discovery.

Unrealized Potential in Nevada for Silver Discovery

Today the bulk of the current mining in Nevada occurs along the Cortez and Carlin gold trends in the northeast. However the state’s earliest discoveries lie in what is known as the Walker Lane Trend that extends the entire western border of the state.

Several companies have taken note and are applying modern exploration to a neglected area for a new generation of silver discovery, and the Tonopah lies at the center of the Walker Lane Trend.

It is in the Tonopah Silver district where the past of Nevada lies—and the future will, too.

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