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Penny Stocks 101

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Penny Stocks 101

Penny Stocks 101

Microcap stocks, also known as penny stocks, are stocks that are trading at less than $5 each with small market capitalizations typically under $300 million. More specifically, as Doug Casey defines it here, many of these types of stocks are more accurately defined as speculations rather than investments. They have no earnings or predictable cash flow, and can’t be evaluated in the ways that Benjamin Graham or Warren Buffett may value a company.

Casey, a legendary speculator, is also well known for saying that he would rather risk 10% of his portfolio for a potential 100% gain, rather than 100% of his portfolio for a 10% gain. The above infographic covers some of the ins and outs of trading such stocks, and many of the ideas presented can apply to junior mining, energy, and technology stocks.

From a potential downside perspective, many of the companies in this category can be risky, unpredictable, and thinly traded. However, for savvy speculators, these same stocks can provide upside that is hard to match. It is all about the approach.

Microcap stocks are inherently volatile, but for those that can stomach it, there is a big profit opportunity. Furthermore, hidden in the market are companies that do have game changing plans or discoveries that could see their valuations rise more than 10x (a ten-bagger, as industry people call it). The key is being able to put in the time, due diligence, and using the right strategy to discover these companies. Being able to let go of opportunities that did not work out by cutting losses early can also be a key.

Original graphic from: Timothy Sykes

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Energy

Comparing Saudi Aramco’s $1.9T Valuation to Its Rivals

See how much larger Saudi Aramco’s market cap is compared to rivals like Chevron, ExxonMobil, and Shell.

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Putting Saudi Aramco’s Market Cap Into Perspective

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

As of May 2024, there are just six trillion-dollar companies in the world, and only one of them is an oil company.

In this graphic, we put Saudi Aramco’s market cap into perspective by comparing it to the rest of the world’s largest oil companies. Numbers were sourced from Companiesmarketcap.com, and are as of May 24, 2024.

Data and Takeaways

The data we used to create this graphic are listed in the table below.

CompanyMarket Cap
(as of May 24, 2024)
🇸🇦 Saudi Aramco$1,914B
🇺🇸 Exxon Mobil$509B
🇺🇸 Chevron$288B
🇨🇳 Petro China$243B
🇳🇱 Shell$225B
🇫🇷 TotalEnergies$165B
🇺🇸 ConocoPhillips$137B
🇬🇧 BP$103B
🇨🇳 Sinopec$102B

Saudi Aramco launched its initial public offering (IPO) on December 11, 2019. It remains the largest IPO in history, raising $25.6 billion and valuing the company at $1.7 trillion. Aramco is also the only trillion-dollar company that isn’t based in the United States.

As of 2022, Aramco had proven reserves equal to 259 billion barrels of oil equivalent, which is massively greater than rivals like ExxonMobil (17.7 billion) and Chevron (11.2 billion).

$1.9T*

It should be noted that the Saudi government directly owns 90% of the company, while another 8% is held by the country’s sovereign wealth fund. With only 2% of shares available to the public, some believe that the company’s current valuation carries little weight.

For example, a Bloomberg op-ed from 2023 described Aramco’s valuation as an “illusion” due to its very low trading volume. Over a one year period, Aramco’s average daily turnover was just $51 million, compared to $1.9 billion for ExxonMobil and $1.4 billion for Chevron.

See More Market Cap Comparisons from Visual Capitalist

If you enjoyed this graphic, be sure to check out our similar graphic covering Nvidia.

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