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Our Top Infographics of 2019



Visual Capitalist's Top Infographics of 2019

This year, we published more than 300 posts on Visual Capitalist, getting well over 30 million views along the way.

Many of these graphics are visually stunning, but there’s only room for 19 posts on the annual list of our best work. Below, you’ll find the Top Infographics of 2019 list, which contains our most popular infographics, as well as a curation of staff favorites for the year.

New this year is our “Viewer’s Choice” award, which is given to the best visualization, as chosen by our loyal VC+ readership.

Below are the top posts of 2019. But first, a few quick notes:

  • Images below are small preview images for each large infographic and article.
  • To view any post in full, click the image or link in the text. All links open in a new tab.
  • At the very end of the list, you can find our “Viewer’s Choice” award winner.

Wishing you the best in the new year!
– The Visual Capitalist Team

Our Top Infographics of 2019

If you like what you see on the following list, don’t forget to subscribe to our mailing list or connect via Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn to get our free content daily.

Let the countdown begin…

19. How Does Your Personality Type Affect Your Income?

How Does Your Personality Type Affect Your Income?

When it comes to making money, not all personality types play on an even playing field.

This recent post breaks down Myers-Briggs personality types by average earning potential, including the specific facets that tend to correlate positively with money over the long term.

18. The 20 Internet Giants That Rule the Web

The 20 Internet Giants That Rule the Web

Digital media moves at a breakneck pace — and with almost no barriers to entry, it’s no surprise to see the pecking order turn over every other year.

Even so, it’s easy to forget that names like GeoCities, Lycos, and Ask Jeeves once dominated the internet landscape as we knew it. Our infographic from earlier this year balances the technological pace of change with nostalgia, to show how the web has changed over recent decades.

17. Where the World’s Banks Make the Most Money

Where the World's Banks Make the Most Money

In 2018, the global banking industry raked in $1.3 trillion in after-tax profit.

In this infographic, we looked at where the money is in banking — as well as the upcoming geographic regions and segments that will fuel the future of banking.

16. A History of Revolution in U.S. Taxation

A History of Revolution in U.S. Taxation

The American Revolution was born out of colonial dissent towards unfair taxation policies.

For this reason, it’s no surprise that the evolution of U.S. taxation itself has been inextricably linked to contentious debate and even moments of rebellion. Our infographic on the history of U.S. taxation helps paint a picture of this story.

15. The History of Esports

The History of Esports

Esports is already filling stadiums — and soon it could be lining investors’ pockets as well.

Our recent infographic breaks down the history of this soon-to-be multi-billion dollar industry, while also showing you the five factors that will determine the pace of future growth in esports.

14. The Game of Life: Visualizing China’s Social Credit System

The Game of Life: Visualizing China's Social Credit System

Imagine a world where over a billion citizens are scored on how “good” they are, based on a set of criteria put forward by the government.

What could possibly go wrong?

13. Visualizing Corruption Around the World

Visualizing Corruption Around the World

Which countries are the most corrupt?

This colorful map breaks down the Corruptions Perception Index — an attempted measure of the perceived level of public sector corruption in over 180 countries.

12. The Race to Invest in the Space Economy

The Race to Invest in the Space Economy

For decades, the space economy has been driven solely by government spending.

Of course, the government still plays an important role in the sector today, but the final frontier is also seemingly open for private business and sustained investment. In the near future, space tourism, resource extraction, and other segments could make space a trillion dollar industry.

11. Mapped: The World’s Biggest Oil Discoveries Since 1868

Mapped: The World's Biggest Oil Discoveries Since 1868

Historically, oil and gas discoveries have been an unparalleled source of wealth for many countries around the world.

This recent post maps out the biggest oil discoveries ever made, while also highlighting the flipside to the story: in a global economy where dependency on fossil fuels is expected to diminish, is any new discovery a blessing or a curse?

10. Walmart Nation: Mapping America’s Biggest Employers

Which company or organization is the largest employer in every state?

This animated map focuses in on employment statistics — but really, it gives perspective of the dominance of Walmart, the nation’s largest brick-and-mortar retailer and private employer.

9. Mapped: The Countries With the Highest Housing Bubble Risks

Mapped: The Countries With the Highest Housing Bubble Risks

This series of maps highlights several metrics that are used to evaluate housing markets, including the price-to-rent ratio, price-to-income ratio, real house prices, and credit to households as a percentage of GDP.

See which countries have ratios out of whack, and what it could mean for housing markets.

8. All of the World’s Carbon Emissions in One Chart

All of the World's Carbon Emissions in One Chart

Only 15 countries account for over 72.2% of global carbon emissions.

See it all visualized — and also see the percentage of fossil fuel emissions that have occurred in your lifetime.

7. Visualizing the Happiest Country on Every Continent

Visualizing the Happiest Country on Every Continent

This series of maps provides a look at each individual continent, to identify the happiest (and unhappiest) country in each region.

6. 70 Years of China’s Economic Growth In One Chart

70 Years of China's Economic Growth In One Chart

It’s been 70 years since the founding of the People’s Republic of China.

This nifty graphic timeline contains an impressive amount of history and facts about the country’s prolific rise and economic growth.

5. The Most Hyped Technology of Every Year From 2000-2018

The Most Hyped Technology of Every Year From 2000-2018

It’s not always easy to tell which new technologies will pan out, and which will fail to live up to society’s expectations.

But hindsight is 20/20 — so in this graphic, we look back at almost 20 years of Gartner’s hype cycle of emerging technologies, to see what amounted from many of the technological breakthroughs that have gained traction over the years.

4. Ranking the Top 100 Websites in the World

Ranking the Top 100 Websites in the World

In this spectacular data visualization, we resize the world’s top 100 websites according to the amount of traffic they receive.

The end result provides a fascinating snapshot of global web traffic, and the impressive scale of the internet.

3. The Entire History of Tesla in 5 Minutes

What is the origin story behind Tesla, and how did it end up becoming the innovative car company it is today?

We condense the history of Tesla into about five minutes, while also providing an outline of the future vision of Elon Musk.

2. $69 Trillion of World Debt in One Infographic

$69 Trillion of World Debt in One Infographic

Did you know that government debt now adds up to $69 trillion globally?

The latest version of our famous world debt graphic breaks down the debt owed by each country as a proportion of world debt, as well as debt to GDP ratios.

1. How Tech Giants Make Their Billions

How Tech Giants Make Their Billions

Tech giants are finding ways to play bigger roles in our digital lives, whether it’s through computers, smartphones, smart devices, or apps.

As names like Facebook, Amazon, and Google have become even more ubiquitous, they’ve also leveraged network effects, scale, and winner-take-most marketplaces to build up powerful businesses as well.

Our #1 pick of 2019 showcases the Big Five Tech Giants and their various revenue streams – which, when combined together, add up to over $802 billion per year.

Viewer’s Choice: The Largest Economies in 2030

Finally, it’s time for our “Viewer’s Choice” award.

We polled our VC+ members last week to get a tally for which visualization this year was their favorite, with this video on the largest projected economies in 2030 taking the cake.

Until next time, have a fantastic holiday season and a happy new year!

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Visual Communication

Our Top 22 Visualizations of 2022

In this ninth edition of our yearly round-up, we highlight visualizations that broke new ground in design and data-driven reporting.



The world was a complex and volatile place in 2022.

In our signature style⁠—combining art, data, and storytelling⁠—we helped millions of people make sense of unfolding events, from geopolitical flare-ups to stock market turmoil. Our growing team ranked, mapped, and visualized hundreds of new infographics on a multitude of topics.

This year we continued to refine classic concepts such as All the World’s Money, Global Happiness, World’s Richest People, and Prediction Consensus.

Speaking of predictions, we’re creating the ultimate cheatsheet for 2023.
See what hundreds of experts are predicting for 2023 with our Global Forecast Series.

In this ninth edition of our yearly round-up, we’ve highlighted a small selection of our work, as well as pieces made by talented members of our Creator Program. The following visualizations were selected because they reached millions of people, sparked lively conversations, or pushed boundaries in design and data-driven reporting.

Now, let’s dive in to the top 22 visualizations of 2022.

Editor’s note: Click on any preview below to see the full-sized version of a visualization.


The $100 Trillion Global Economy in One Chart

$100 Trillion World Economy preview image

IMF projections from earlier this year suggested that we would hit a new milestone for global economic output: $104 trillion. This voronoi diagram carves up the global economy by country.

One more insight from this graphic. While China’s GDP growth has slowed in recent years, projections still indicate that the country will overtake the U.S. by 2030, dethroning the world’s economic leader.


Visualizing Earth’s Seasons

Earth's Seasons preview image

The Earth’s changing seasons radically affect the world in different ways. Some regions experience four distinct seasons, while others experience only two or as many as six.

Many people think the seasons are dictated by Earth’s proximity to the Sun, but this isn’t the case. It’s the Earth’s tilt, not its closeness to the Sun, that influences our seasons and causes massive changes in weather and ecology.

This animated map by Eleanor Lutz visualizes Earth’s seasons, showing how the temperature changes impact ice levels in the Arctic, as well as the growth and shifting of vegetation. It also highlights the cloud cover and sunlight each hemisphere receives throughout the year, with each frame in the animation representing a month of time.


Map Explainer: Key Facts About Ukraine

Ukraine map explainer preview image

As columns of Russian tanks began snaking their way toward Kyiv in early 2022, the world’s eyes became fixated on Ukraine. While outlets like FT and NYT provided real-time invasion updates, we focused on geography, infrastructure, and points of interest using our Map Explainer format.


Visualizing the World’s Largest Oil Producers

oil production by country preview image

The conflict in Ukraine had broader implications on the global economy, and the world hit its first energy crisis of the 21st century. This infographic looks at where oil is actually produced around the world.

The OPEC countries are the largest oil producers collectively, with Saudi Arabia alone making up one-third of OPEC production.


10 Years of Tinder

10 Years of Tinder Preview Image

With its user-friendly interface and popular features like “swipe right” to indicate interest, Tinder has transformed the way people meet and date. When the dating app reached its 10th birthday this year, we leaned into a wacky design that reflects the twists and turns the company has taken on its journey from hackathon project to billion dollar business.


The Salary You Need to Buy a Home in 50 U.S. Cities

salary to buy a home preview image

Where one lives has big implications on how realistic home ownership may seem. This graphic offers a broad view of affordability, mapping out the annual salary needed for home ownership in 50 different U.S. cities.

San Jose came out on top as the most expensive city, while Oklahoma City and Cleveland ranked as some of the most affordable.


The Relationship Between Wealth and Happiness, by Country

wealth and happiness preview image

Throughout history, the pursuit of happiness has been a preoccupation of humankind. Of course, we humans are not just content with measuring our own happiness, but also our happiness in relation to the people around us—and even other people around the world.

We crunched the numbers and visualized the data to see if money really does buy happiness.


Animation: The World’s Biggest Wind Turbines

worlds biggest wind turbines preview image

Over the past 20 years, wind turbines have grown in size, and are now generating much more energy per unit. Today, the tallest turbines can reach over 200 meters (650 ft) in height and cost more than $12 million to manufacture and install.

This animated infographic, produced by our Elements team, shows them side-by-side with iconic landmarks to help show the scale of modern wind energy infrastructure.


33 Problems With Media in One Chart

Problems with media preview image

One of the hallmarks of democratic society is a healthy, free-flowing media ecosystem. Unfortunately, the modern news media ecosystem is under fire from a number of angles, from a shrinking pool of ad revenue to declining trust from readers.

Many of the problems identified in the infographic are easy to understand once they’re identified. However, in some cases, there is an interplay between these issues that is worth digging into. One thing is for certain, the topic generated a lively discussion on how to fix the problems that plague mainstream media.


Visualizing S&P 500 Performance in 2022, by Sector

stock market in 2022 preview image

Tracking indices over the course of a year reveals a lot about market trends and sentiment. The S&P 500’s performance over the course of 2022 is a great example.

Throughout the year, inflation rates have remained high and interest rates have likewise been climbing around the world. Accompanied by the looming threat of a recession, some sectors have been hit harder than others.

This animation from Jan Varsava shows U.S. dividend-adjusted stock performance for each company in the S&P 500 index in 2022, from the start of the year through the end of September.


Animated Map: Where to Find Water on Mars

Water on Mars map preview image

The European Space Agency has long been looking for water on Mars, and this year it looks like they’ve found it…in rocks!

Special rocks called hydrous minerals are believed to contain remnants of a large but now lost Martian ocean. The ESA released new data confirming the geographical locations of these rocks, suggesting places where water may still be present deep beneath the red planet’s surface.


All the World’s Military Personnel

military personnel preview image

With conflicts in Ukraine, Iran, and other places making war and violence unfortunately prevalent in 2022, we assessed the military capabilities of countries worldwide.

This visual breaks down all the world’s active duty and reserve soldiers with each soldier icon representing 10,000 soldiers. Although China has the largest active military, Vietnam took the top spot as the country with the biggest military worldwide when including reserves and paramilitary numbers into the mix.


The Yuxi Circle: The World’s Most Densely Populated Area

yuxi circle preview image

If you wanted to capture over 55% of the global population inside a circle with a 4,000 km (2,500 mi) radius, which city would you place at its epicenter?

Mapmaker Alasdair Rae went digging through population data, tracing circles around 1,500 cities worldwide to find out how many people lived within a 4,000 km radius. Out of all possible options, he discovered that the The Yuxi Circle, based on a city in the Yunnan province of China, was the world’s most densely populated area.


A Lifetime’s Consumption of Fossil Fuels, Visualized

lifetime of fossil fuels preview image

In this graphic, we visualized exactly how many fossil fuels are used in an average American’s 80-year lifetime, putting the coal, gas, and petroleum into scaled cubes and comparing them to the size of a human being.

The end result? It turns out that we use a lot of fossil fuels as individuals—over 119 tonnes of coal, 236 tonnes of petroleum products, and 2,007 cubic meters of compressed natural gas.


Every Song With Over 1 Billion Spotify Streams

spotify billions club preview image

Spotify is the world’s most popular audio streaming service with over 450 million users across 183 markets. With that kind of scale, songs can rack up some serious streaming numbers.

In this ambitious data visualization, we looked at every song with more than one billion streams on the platform, and served the data up by decade and artist.


A Decade of Elon Musk’s Tweets, Visualized

elon musk tweets preview image

Even before Elon Musk’s purchase of Twitter, the entrepreneur was already a power user of the platform, using it to share news about his companies, chat with users about technology, and, of course, post dank memes.

To better understand Musk’s Twitter usage over the years, we decided to scrape his entire tweet history and visualize the results. The result is a unique radial timeline design that highlights key topics as well as the overall volume of tweets. Our article also features the highlights (and lowlights) of Musk’s growing body of microblogging work.


Nature Timespiral: The Evolution of Earth from the Big Bang

nature timespiral preview image

Not much is known about what came before the Big Bang, but we do know that it launched a sequence of events that gave rise to the universal laws of physics and the chemical elements that make up matter.

How the Earth came about, and life subsequently followed, is a wondrous story of time and change. Over the course of about 14 billion years, history has seen the creation of the universe, the expansion of the cosmos, and the spawning of galaxies, stars, planets, and eventually, life.

In this amazingly detailed visualization called the Nature Timespiral, Pablo Carlos Buddassi illustrates this journey, depicting the various eras that the Earth has gone through since the inception of the universe itself.


All the Metals We Mined in 2021: Visualized

All the metals preview image

“If you can’t grow it, you have to mine it” is a famous saying that encapsulates the importance of minerals and metals in the modern world. The sheer volume of raw materials and metals that factor into our everyday life often goes overlooked.

This visualization takes these unsung heroes and puts them center stage. Of the 2.8 billion tonnes of metals mined in 2021, iron ore, which is used to make steel, made up 93%. Over on the other end, rare metals like rhenium are tiny by comparison.


Countries Grouped by Their Largest Trading Partner (1960-2020)

trading partners preview image

Which countries are the central nodes of the global trade network? The answer to this question has changed over time, with China becoming the latest nation to dominate global trade networks.

This series of “netgraphs”, by Anders Sundell, connects countries to their primary trading partner, using data that includes both imports and exports. It’s no secret that the U.S. has seen its trade dominance slip in recent decades, but seeing it visualized in this unique way really drives the point home.


The Top 10 Largest Nuclear Explosions, Visualized

nuclear explosions preview image

Threats of a nuclear war outbreak have been populating headlines this year ever since the beginning of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. We examined the top 10 largest nuclear explosions in history, charting their explosive yields, their height, and the size of their destructive radii into one graphic.

Though humans haven’t seen devastation from the likes of nuclear weaponry since Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, the explosives that came after leave much to the imagination in the face of developing world events.


FTX’s Leaked Balance Sheet

ftx balance sheet preview image

The high-profile collapse of crypto exchange FTX will stand as one of the biggest—and most lurid—financial stories of the year.

When FTX’s leaked balance sheet was published by the Financial Times, the large numbers it contained were tough to truly appreciate. We saw an opportunity to visualize the data to better understand the size of the company’s hole, and the breakdown between liquid and illiquid assets.

Graphic design aside, the results were not pretty.


The World’s Population at 8 Billion

world population 8 billion preview image

In mid-November of this year, the eight billionth human being entered the world, ushering in a new milestone for humanity. In this series of voronoi diagrams, we look at the current distribution of humanity, by country and by region.

In just 48 years, the world population has doubled in size, jumping from four to eight billion. Our team also dug deep into this topic in a full report and webinar for VC+ members.

According to projections, 2023 will bring another major population milestone. The world will soon have a new largest country, as India’s population will surpass China’s.

Like what you see in this roundup of the top visualizations of 2023? Join over 365,000 people on our free email list and get a new visualization in your mailbox every day.

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