The March of the Zombie Miners Continues [Chart]
New report shows that over half (52%) of all Canadian-listed mining companies are zombies
The Chart of the Week is a weekly Visual Capitalist feature on Fridays.
Canada has a reputation worldwide as the epicenter for mining exploration, and over the years the country’s junior-listed companies have created billions of dollars in wealth through new mineral discoveries.
However, these days, Canada is home to a horror story that seems to haunt investors more each year: 52% of all Canadian mining stocks are now “zombies”, and together the walking dead combine for a total of -$2.8 billion in negative working capital.
The “Zombie” Backstory
It was just over a year ago that Tony Simon, President of Seguro Consulting, brought to our attention the initial problem of the zombie miners.
In this case, his “zombie” definition referred to mining exploration companies that had negative working capital and therefore did not meet the Continuous Listing Requirements (CLR) for the TSX and TSX-V stock exchanges.
Our chart from last year called “A Miner Problem” detailed these requirements, while also showing the ugly state of the 589 listed companies’ balance sheets. Many of these companies have negative working capital because they have no real assets that can be monetized, while being saddled with mounting costs or unsustainable debt.
Zombie Survival Tactics
Break out your Zombie Survival Kit, because we now have another year’s worth of information from Mr. Simon, who is a CPA by designation.
Here are the stats that caught our eye, most of which are also included in this week’s chart:
- The number of zombie miners increased from 589 to 669.
- Zombies now make up 52% (up from 40%) of all mining companies in Canada listed on TSX and TSX-V exchanges.
- The average zombie has had negative working capital for 44 months.
- Negative working capital of all zombie companies increased by 31.6% from -$2.15 billion (2015) to -$2.83 billion (2016).
Of the original 589 zombies, 398 (68%) stayed as zombies the following year, and were counted towards 2016’s total. Mr. Simon provided us with some additional stats on the companies carried forward:
- 51% of the zombies have share prices of $0.025 or less.
- Only 13 zombies had $1,000,000 or more of liquidity in the last quarter.
- Meanwhile, an astonishing 68% of zombies traded with less than $50,000 of liquidity last quarter.
- 55% of zombies have market capitalizations of less than $1 million.
In other words, these zombies don’t eat brains for breakfast. Instead, they munch on capital from private placements until no one is willing to feed them.
So why do they continue to exist?
More Zombies, More Problems
From the perspective of the zombie management teams, it makes sense why they still roam the streets in search of capital or a stroke of luck. Just read this post by an anonymous CEO of a zombie company. To sum up: they continue to exist because of fiduciary duty to their shareholders.
However, it gets tougher to explain their existence from other angles.
How does the exchange justify keeping them around? Mr. Simon has been poking at this with a stick to try and get an answer. After all, retail investors have a tough enough time as it is, even without 52% of the total selection of companies being extreme long shots.
Here’s hoping that normalizing commodity prices in gold, silver, zinc, and other metals will help spur mergers and acquisitions in the sector. Perhaps today’s zombies can have their assets “brought to life” on the balance sheets of healthier companies.
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The 10 Breakthrough Technologies That Will Define 2019
Which innovations will dominate headlines in 2019? According to Bill Gates, watch for these 10 breakthrough technologies to change the world.
The 10 Breakthrough Technologies That Will Define 2019
Gone are the days of turning stones into spears. With the advent of new technologies, we’ve learned to develop tools that not only make living faster and easier every day, but also improve the future of humanity as a whole.
Today’s Chart of the Week draws from the MIT Technology Review, which features Bill Gates’ predictions for the top 10 breakthrough inventions that will capture headlines in 2019.
Top 10 Breakthrough Technologies
1. Gut Probe in a Pill
These swallowable devices can detect and potentially prevent diseases that cause malnutrition and stunted growth in millions of children worldwide.
2. Custom Cancer Vaccines
Personalized cancer vaccines, targeting only the cancerous cells and leave healthy cells alone, could help ensure faster recovery times and pose fewer risks to patients.
3. Meat-free Burgers
Plant-based and lab-grown food products will ideally alleviate the environmental impact of the livestock industry.
4. Smooth-talking AI assistants
The AI assistants of the future will have even more human-like conversations to personally engage customers. Companies would see measurable benefits, with just one breakthrough here garnering a 5% jump in productivity.
5. Sanitation without sewers
Improperly drained sewage causes death in one out of every nine children. Sanitation that doesn’t require sewers would not only prevent exposure diseases but also help turn waste into useful products like fertilizer.
6. ECG on your wrist
While most medical ECGS have up to 12 nodes to detect abnormalities, today’s wearables typically have only one. An ECG on the wrist would help reduce the risk of heart disease by monitoring changes and patterns in daily life.
7. Robot Dexterity
Advancements in robotics will enable the natural dexterity required to complete a greater range of tasks, such as helping an ailing loved one out of bed, doing the laundry, or building toys.
8. Predicting Preemies
Premature births are the leading cause of death for children under five years old. Tests to detect the possibility of a premature birth could be available in doctors’ offices in as little as five years.
9. Carbon Dioxide Catcher
Carbon dioxide catchers filter out CO₂ from the air and capture it for other uses. These include synthetic fuel creation, CO₂ for soft drinks, and plant growth in greenhouses.
10. New-wave Nuclear Power
Traditional nuclear reactors produce ~1,000 megawatts (MW), while these proposed mini-reactors would produce tens of megawatts ─ making them safer, more stable, and more financially viable for potential users.
A Vision for a Better Future
The biggest takeaway?
Seven of the 10 breakthrough technologies stem from the healthtech sector.
While several inventions on this list are years away from becoming a reality, they continue to embody the vision and passion that humans share to create and explore.
How the Modern Consumer is Different
We all have a stereotypical image of the average consumer – but is it an accurate one? Meet the modern consumer, and what it means for business.
How the Modern Consumer is Different
There is a prevailing wisdom that says the stereotypical American consumer can be defined by certain characteristics.
Based on what popular culture tells us, as well as years of experiences and data, we all have an idea of what the average consumer might look for in a house, car, restaurant, or shopping center.
But as circumstances change, so do consumer tastes – and according to a recent report by Deloitte, the modern consumer is becoming increasingly distinct from those of years past. For us to truly understand how these changes will affect the marketplace and our investments, we need to rethink and update our image of the modern consumer.
A Changing Consumer Base
In their analysis, Deloitte leans heavily on big picture demographic and economic factors to help in summarizing the three major ways in which consumers are changing.
Here are three ways the new consumer is different than in years past:
1. Increasingly Diverse
In terms of ethnicity, the Baby Boomers are 75% white, while the Millennial generation is 56% white. This diversity also transfers to other areas as well, such as sexual and gender identities.
Not surprisingly, future generations are expected to be even more heterogeneous – Gen Z, for example, identifies as being 49% non-white.
2. Under Greater Financial Pressure
Today’s consumers are more educated than ever before, but it’s come at a stiff price. In fact, the cost of education has increased by 65% between 2007 and 2017, and this has translated to a record-setting $1.5 trillion in student loans on the books.
Other costs have mounted as well, leaving the bottom 80% of consumers with effectively no increase in discretionary income over the last decade. To make matters worse, if you single out just the bottom 40% of earners, they actually have less discretionary income to spend than they did back in 2007.
3. Delaying Key Life Milestones
Getting married, having children, and buying a house all have one major thing in common: they can be expensive.
The average person under 35 years old has a 34% lower net worth than they would have had in the 1990s, making it harder to tackle typical adult milestones. In fact, the average couple today is marrying eight years later than they did in 1965, while the U.S. birthrate is at its lowest point in three decades. Meanwhile, homeownership for those aged 24-32 has dropped by 9% since 2005.
A New Landscape for Business?
The modern consumer base is more diverse, but also must deal with increased financial pressures and a delayed start in achieving traditional milestones of adulthood. These demographic and economic factors ultimately have a ripple effect down to businesses and investors.
How do these big picture changes impact your business or investments?
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