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Mapped: The Top Export in Each EU Country

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Map displaying European Union countries' top exports (as of 2022).

The Top European Union Exports by Country

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The European Union (EU) exports over $6 trillion in products annually. The bloc boasts a diversified economy that encompasses fuel and mineral industries, cars, vaccines, and technology.

In this map, we display European Union countries’ top exports as of 2022. Data for the map was sourced from The Observatory of Economic Complexity.

Cars and Petroleum Dominate EU Exports

Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Greece, Lithuania, Sweden, and the Netherlands have petroleum gas or refined petroleum as their top export product.

The Netherlands exported $68.1 billion worth of refined petroleum in 2022, ranking third among the largest exporters globally. The country is home to BP Rotterdam Refinery, the biggest oil refinery in Europe.

CountryTop Export (2022)Value (USD Billions)
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น AustriaCars$7.7B
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช BelgiumPetroleum Gas$54.7B
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ BulgariaRefined Petroleum$3.5B
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท CroatiaRefined Petroleum$1.5B
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ CyprusPassenger and Cargo Ships$1.3B
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech RepublicCars$25.5B
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ DenmarkPackaged Medicines$15.9B
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช EstoniaElectricity$1.1B
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ FinlandRefined Petroleum$6.9B
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท FrancePlanes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft$26.6B
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช GermanyCars$149.0B
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท GreeceRefined Petroleum$16.4B
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ HungaryCars$12.3B
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช IrelandVaccines$47.3B
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น ItalyPackaged Medicines$34.4B
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป LatviaSawn Wood$1.2B
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น LithuaniaRefined Petroleum$5.5B
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ LuxembourgIron blocks$1.6B
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น MaltaIntegrated Circuits$1.1B
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ NetherlandsRefined Petroleum$68.1B
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ PolandCars (parts & accessories)$15.3B
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น PortugalCars$4.4B
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด RomaniaCars$6.7B
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ SlovakiaCars$26.9B
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ SloveniaPackaged Medicines$12.5B
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ SpainCars$33.6B
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช SwedenRefined Petroleum$12.9B

Besides petroleum, automobiles (and automobile parts) significantly contribute to the EU economy. Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Spain have automotive products as their top exports.

With well-known car brands such as Volkswagen, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Audi, and Porsche, Germany alone generates around $150 billion per year from car exports.

Other products help diversify the EU economy. France’s top export is planes, helicopters, and/or spacecraft, while Italy and Denmark excel in the packaged medicines industry. Ireland has a significant pharmaceutical industry, hosting major companies such as Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Merck, and Novartis.

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