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Mapped: The Top Export in Each EU Country



See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

Map displaying European Union countries' top exports (as of 2022).

The Top European Union Exports by Country

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

The European Union (EU) exports over $6 trillion in products annually. The bloc boasts a diversified economy that encompasses fuel and mineral industries, cars, vaccines, and technology.

In this map, we display European Union countries’ top exports as of 2022. Data for the map was sourced from The Observatory of Economic Complexity.

Cars and Petroleum Dominate EU Exports

Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Greece, Lithuania, Sweden, and the Netherlands have petroleum gas or refined petroleum as their top export product.

The Netherlands exported $68.1 billion worth of refined petroleum in 2022, ranking third among the largest exporters globally. The country is home to BP Rotterdam Refinery, the biggest oil refinery in Europe.

CountryTop Export (2022)Value (USD Billions)
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น AustriaCars$7.7B
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช BelgiumPetroleum Gas$54.7B
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ BulgariaRefined Petroleum$3.5B
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท CroatiaRefined Petroleum$1.5B
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ CyprusPassenger and Cargo Ships$1.3B
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Czech RepublicCars$25.5B
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ DenmarkPackaged Medicines$15.9B
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช EstoniaElectricity$1.1B
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ FinlandRefined Petroleum$6.9B
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท FrancePlanes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft$26.6B
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช GermanyCars$149.0B
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท GreeceRefined Petroleum$16.4B
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ HungaryCars$12.3B
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช IrelandVaccines$47.3B
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น ItalyPackaged Medicines$34.4B
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป LatviaSawn Wood$1.2B
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น LithuaniaRefined Petroleum$5.5B
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ LuxembourgIron blocks$1.6B
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น MaltaIntegrated Circuits$1.1B
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ NetherlandsRefined Petroleum$68.1B
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ PolandCars (parts & accessories)$15.3B
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น PortugalCars$4.4B
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด RomaniaCars$6.7B
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ SlovakiaCars$26.9B
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ SloveniaPackaged Medicines$12.5B
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ SpainCars$33.6B
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช SwedenRefined Petroleum$12.9B

Besides petroleum, automobiles (and automobile parts) significantly contribute to the EU economy. Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Spain have automotive products as their top exports.

With well-known car brands such as Volkswagen, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Audi, and Porsche, Germany alone generates around $150 billion per year from car exports.

Other products help diversify the EU economy. France’s top export is planes, helicopters, and/or spacecraft, while Italy and Denmark excel in the packaged medicines industry. Ireland has a significant pharmaceutical industry, hosting major companies such as Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Merck, and Novartis.

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Mapped: The Population of China and India in Perspective

We compare the populations of India and China to other top countries and regions for a unique perspective on the world’s demographics.



The Population of China and India in Perspective

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources.

China and India, the world’s two most populous countries, each boast populations exceeding 1.4 billion people.

To put this into perspective, we visualized populations of China and India beside other leading countries and regions. All figures are for 2023, and were accessed via Worldometer.

Data and Key Takeaways

All of the data we used to create this graphic is listed in the table below.

Country / RegionPopulation (2023)
๐ŸŒ Africa1,460,481,772
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ India1,428,627,663
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ China1,425,671,352
๐ŸŒŽ Latin America & the Caribbean664,997,121
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง EU plus UK516,659,018
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ U.S.339,996,563
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Indonesia277,534,122

From these figures, we can see that the entire population of Africa (currently the fastest growing region in the world) barely surpasses that of China and India.

The populations of China and India are each more than double the size of Latin America and the Caribbean, and nearly triple that of the European Union (including the UK).

Fast Facts on Global Population

Here are some important figures to know regarding the world’s population:

  • China accounts for 17.7% of the worldโ€™s population, while India represents a slightly larger 17.8% share.
  • Africa is the fastest growing region in the world, with annual growth of about 2.4%.
  • Europe is the only region in the world that is shrinking, at about -0.17% annually.

Learn More About Demographics from Visual Capitalist

If you enjoy graphics like these, be sure to check out Population Projections: The Worldโ€™s 6 Largest Countries in 2075.

It reveals a startling contrast between the trajectories of China and India, with the latter peaking at 1.7 billion in the mid-2060s.

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