Mapped: The Fastest (and Slowest) Internet Speeds in the World
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Mapped: The Fastest (and Slowest) Internet Speeds in the World

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worlds fastest and slowest internet speeds

Mapped: The World’s Fastest (and Slowest) Internet Speeds

How quickly did this page load for you?

The answer depends on the device you’re using, and where in the world you’re located. Average internet speeds vary wildly from country to country.

Which countries have the fastest internet connection? Using data from the Cable.co.uk, this map ranks the fastest (and slowest) internet speeds worldwide by comparing the fixed broadband speeds of over 200 countries.

What Factors Affect Internet Speed?

Before diving in, it’s important to understand the key factors that impact a country’s internet speed. Generally speaking, internet speed depends on:

  1. Infrastructure or the type of cabling (copper or fiber-optic) that a country’s utilizing to support their internet service. Typically, the newer the infrastructure, the faster the connection.
  2. Proximity/connection to submarine cables is important, as these massive undersea fiber-optic cables transmit about 97% of the world’s communication data.
  3. The size of a country, since landmass affects how much it costs to upgrade infrastructure. The smaller the country, the cheaper it is to upgrade cabling.
  4. Investment makes a difference, or how much a country’s government prioritizes internet accessibility.

Of course, other factors may influence a country’s internet speed too, such as government regulation and intentional bandwidth throttling, which is the case in countries like Turkmenistan.

Ranked: Fixed Broadband Speeds

To measure fixed broadband speeds across the globe, Cable.co.uk used more than 1.1 billion speed tests, sourced from over 200 countries.

The region with the fastest connection is Jersey, which is one of the islands that make up the British Isles. It has an average download speed of 274.27 mbps—almost 9x the overall average.

RankCountryMean download speed (Mbps)
1🇯🇪 Jersey274.27
2🇱🇮 Liechtenstein211.26
3🇮🇸 Iceland191.83
4🇦🇩 Andorra164.66
5🇬🇮 Gibraltar151.34
6🇲🇨 Monaco144.29
7🇲🇴 Macao SAR128.56
8🇱🇺 Luxembourg107.94
9🇳🇱 Netherlands107.3
10🇭🇺 Hungary104.07
11🇸🇬 Singapore97.61
12🇧🇲 Bermuda96.54
13🇯🇵 Japan96.36
14🇺🇸 United States92.42
15🇭🇰 Hong Kong SAR91.04
16🇪🇸 Spain89.59
17🇸🇪 Sweden88.98
18🇳🇴 Norway88.67
19🇫🇷 France85.96
20🇳🇿 New Zealand85.95
21🇲🇹 Malta85.2
22🇪🇪 Estonia84.72
23🇦🇽 Aland Islands81.31
24🇨🇦 Canada79.96
25🇧🇪 Belgium78.46
26🇻🇦 Vatican City73.49
27🇰🇾 Cayman Islands71.47
28🇦🇼 Aruba70.66
29🇷🇴 Romania67.4
30🇸🇮 Slovenia67.2
31🇵🇱 Poland63.84
32🇧🇬 Bulgaria63.41
33🇱🇻 Latvia63.28
34🇵🇹 Portugal63.02
35🇰🇷 Republic of Korea61.72
36🇩🇪 Germany60.55
37🇱🇹 Republic of Lithuania56.17
38🇧🇧 Barbados55.92
39🇫🇮 Finland55.08
40🇸🇰 Slovak Republic54.92
41🇹🇭 Thailand53.95
42🇮🇲 Isle of Man52.1
43🇬🇧 United Kingdom51.48
44🇮🇪 Ireland51.41
45🇨🇭 Switzerland50.83
46🇭🇷 Croatia49.77
47🇩🇰 Denmark49.24
48🇵🇲 Saint Pierre and Miquelon47.92
49🇹🇼 Taiwan46.43
50🇷🇪 Réunion43.62
51🇲🇾 Malaysia42.83
52🇬🇱 Greenland41.56
53🇸🇲 San Marino40.55
54🇵🇷 Puerto Rico40.52
55🇦🇺 Australia40.5
56🇲🇫 Saint Martin40.19
57🇲🇪 Montenegro40.14
58🇧🇸 Bahamas39.71
59🇦🇹 Austria37.99
60🇨🇿 Czechia37.23
61🇮🇹 Italy36.69
62🇷🇸 Serbia36.59
63🇲🇩 Republic of Moldova36.47
64🇹🇨 Turks and Caicos Islands36.09
65🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago35.81
66🇷🇺 Russian Federation35.73
67🇮🇱 Israel34.97
68🇧🇷 Brazil33.34
69🇳🇨 New Caledonia31.79
70🇧🇦 Bosnia and Herzegovina31.72
71🇬🇬 Guernsey31.2
72🇵🇦 Panama30.58
73🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates29.9
74🇬🇷 Greece29.76
75🇻🇮 Virgin Islands, U.S.29.34
76🇨🇾 Cyprus28.3
77🇺🇦 Ukraine25.26
78🇶🇦 Qatar24.16
79🇧🇿 Belize23.12
80🇮🇳 India22.53
81🇽🇰 Kosovo22.21
82🇺🇾 Uruguay21.73
83🇫🇴 Faroe Islands21.59
84🇬🇵 Guadeloupe21.32
85🇯🇲 Jamaica20.96
86🇬🇺 Guam20.76
87🇻🇳 Vietnam20.66
88🇬🇩 Grenada20.49
89🇨🇼 Curaçao20.18
90🇿🇦 South Africa19.94
91🇲🇶 Martinique19.88
92🇧🇾 Belarus19.86
93🇧🇶 Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba19.6
94🇵🇾 Paraguay19.41
95🇻🇬 Virgin Islands, British19.4
96🇦🇱 Albania19.36
97🇨🇷 Costa Rica19.02
98🇲🇽 Mexico18.83
99🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia18.1
100🇰🇼 Kuwait18.06
101🇦🇲 Armenia18.05
102🇵🇭 Philippines16.84
103🇴🇲 Oman16.73
104🇧🇭 Bahrain16.37
105🇲🇬 Madagascar16.28
106🇧🇳 Brunei15.79
107🇲🇰 North Macedonia15.38
108🇯🇴 Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan15.25
109🇱🇨 Saint Lucia15.02
110🇲🇳 Mongolia14.94
111🇻🇨 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines14.32
112🇬🇪 Georgia13.83
113🇨🇱 Chile13.76
114🇲🇵 Northern Mariana Islands13.15
115🇨🇴 Colombia13.13
116🇰🇳 Saint Kitts and Nevis12.96
117🇩🇲 Dominica12.41
118🇧🇱 Saint Barthélemy12.25
119🇭🇹 Haiti12.12
120🇨🇬 Republic of the Congo12.07
121🇸🇨 Seychelles12.04
122🇩🇴 Dominican Republic11.87
123🇦🇸 American Samoa11.76
124🇹🇷 Turkey11.58
125🇵🇪 Peru11.35
126🇰🇪 Kenya11.27
127🇬🇫 French Guiana10.99
128🇧🇫 Burkina Faso10.73
129🇲🇦 Morocco10.33
130🇪🇨 Ecuador10.25
131🇸🇻 El Salvador9.95
132🇱🇰 Sri Lanka9.95
133🇬🇹 Guatemala9.85
134🇳🇮 Nicaragua9.75
135🇮🇩 Indonesia9.58
136🇨🇮 Cote D'Ivoire9.54
137🇫🇯 Fiji9.4
138🇬🇾 Guyana9.26
139🇬🇭 Ghana9.23
140🇦🇮 Anguilla9
141🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda8.69
142🇳🇬 Nigeria8.68
143🇦🇷 Argentina8.68
144🇹🇿 United Republic of Tanzania8.6
145🇲🇺 Mauritius8.53
146🇺🇬 Uganda8.52
147🇰🇭 Cambodia8.49
148🇱🇸 Lesotho8.46
149🇨🇻 Cape Verde7.94
150🇿🇼 Zimbabwe7.92
151🇾🇹 Mayotte7.7
152🇵🇫 French Polynesia7.67
153🇹🇳 Tunisia7.46
154🇲🇻 Maldives7.45
155🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan7.44
156🇸🇷 Suriname7.44
157🇧🇴 Bolivia7.36
158🇲🇿 Mozambique7.17
159🇭🇳 Honduras7.17
160🇮🇷 Iran7.05
161🇸🇳 Senegal7.02
162🇪🇬 Egypt6.94
163🇳🇵 Nepal6.84
164🇼🇸 Samoa6.8
165🇲🇭 Marshall Islands6.71
166🇺🇿 Uzbekistan6.64
167🇦🇿 Azerbaijan6.63
168🇧🇹 Bhutan6.44
169🇷🇼 Rwanda6.29
170🇸🇽 Sint Maarten6.15
171🇱🇦 Lao People's Democratic Republic5.91
172🇦🇴 Angola5.88
173🇰🇿 Kazakhstan5.83
174🇱🇧 Lebanon5.67
175🇮🇶 Iraq5.58
176🇿🇲 Zambia5.48
177🇸🇧 Solomon Islands5.33
178🇱🇷 Liberia5.23
179🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea5.1
180🇬🇦 Gabon4.99
181🇲🇼 Malawi4.96
182🇵🇼 Palau4.84
183🇲🇱 Mali4.72
184🇲🇲 Myanmar4.58
185🇳🇦 Namibia4.42
186🇰🇲 Comoros3.99
187🇸🇿 Eswatini3.73
188🇱🇾 Libya3.73
189🇧🇼 Botswana3.65
190🇵🇸 Palestine3.65
191🇨🇩 DR Congo3.63
192🇹🇬 Togo3.54
193🇳🇪 Niger3.23
194🇩🇿 Algeria3.08
195🇨🇲 Cameroon3.04
196🇨🇺 Cuba2.92
197🇧🇩 Bangladesh2.9
198🇻🇺 Vanuatu2.9
199🇵🇰 Pakistan2.82
200🇧🇮 Burundi2.82
201🇻🇪 Venezuela2.62
202🇧🇯 Benin2.59
203🇲🇷 Mauritania2.54
204🇸🇹 São Tomé and Príncipe2.43
205🇪🇷 Eritrea2.41
206🇬🇳 Guinea2.39
207🇹🇩 Chad2.39
208🇸🇱 Sierra Leone2.19
209🇨🇳 China2.06
210🇬🇲 Gambia2.04
211🇹🇯 Tajikistan1.82
212🇸🇩 Sudan1.8
213🇸🇾 Syrian Arab Republic1.67
214🇫🇲 Federated States of Micronesia1.63
215🇸🇴 Somalia1.59
216🇩🇯 Djibouti1.46
217🇦🇫 Afghanistan1.41
218🇸🇸 South Sudan1.4
219🇹🇱 Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste1.33
220🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea1.3
221🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau1.24
222🇪🇹 Ethiopia1.2
223🇾🇪 Yemen0.68
224🇹🇲 Turkmenistan0.5

Infrastructure is a major reason behind Jersey’s speedy internet. It’s the first jurisdiction in the world to upgrade its entire system to pure fibre (FTTP). But the region’s size also plays a factor, since its landmass and population size are both relatively small compared to the rest of the world.

Second on the list is another small region, Liechtenstein, with an average download speed of 211.26 mbps. Liechtenstein is one of the richest countries in the world per capita, and its government has invested heavily in its telecommunications infrastructure, aiming to be fully fibre optic by 2022.

Like Jersey, Liechtenstein also has a relatively small population. At the time of this article’s publication, the region is home to approximately 38,000 people. In fact, it’s worth noting that of the top ten regions, only two have populations over one million—the Netherlands, and Hungary.

At the opposite end of the spectrum, Turkmenistan has the slowest fixed broadband, with a speed of 0.5 mbps. As mentioned above, this is largely because of government regulation and intervention.

The Future is 5G

Innovation and new technologies are changing the digital landscape, and things like 5G networks are becoming more mainstream across the globe.

Because of the rapidly changing nature of this industry, the data behind this ranking is updated monthly to provide the latest look at internet speeds across the globe.

This means the bar is gradually raising when it comes to internet speed, as faster, stronger internet connections become the norm. And countries that aren’t equipped to handle these souped-up networks will lag behind even further.

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Technology

The Cost of Mining Bitcoin in 198 Different Countries

Mining bitcoin is costly. But the exact price fluctuates, depending on the location and the cost of electricity in the area.

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Cost of Mining Bitcoin in 198 Different Countries

View a higher resolution version of this map.

It takes an estimated 1,449 kilowatt hours (kWh) of energy to mine a single bitcoin. That’s the same amount of energy an average U.S. household consumes in approximately 13 years.

Given the high amount of energy needed to mine bitcoin, it can be a costly venture to get into. But exact prices fluctuate, depending on the location and the cost of electricity in the area.

Where are the cheapest and most expensive places to mine this popular cryptocurrency? This graphic by 911 Metallurgist provides a snapshot of the estimated cost of mining bitcoin around the world, using pricing and relative costs from March 23, 2022.

How Does Bitcoin Mining Work?

Before diving in, it’s worth briefly explaining the basics of bitcoin mining, and why it requires so much energy.

When someone mines for bitcoin, what they’re really doing is adding and verifying a new transaction record to the blockchain—the decentralized bank ledger where bitcoin is traded and distributed.

To create this new record, crypto miners need to crack a complex equation that’s been generated by the blockchain system.

Potentially tens of thousands of miners are racing to crack the same code at any given time. Only the first person to solve the equation gets rewarded (unless you’re part of a mining pool, which is essentially a group of miners who agree to combine efforts to increase their chances of solving the equation).

The faster your computing power is, the better your chances are of winning, so solving the equation first requires powerful equipment that takes up a lot of energy.

The Costs and Profits of Mining Bitcoin in 198 Countries

Across the 198 countries included in the dataset, the average cost to mine bitcoin sat at $35,404.03, more than bitcoin’s value of $20,863.69 on July 15, 2022. Though it’s important to note that fluctuating energy prices, and more or less miners on the bitcoin network, constantly change the necessary energy and final cost.

Here’s a breakdown of what the cost to mine one bitcoin in each country was in March 23, 2022, along with the potential profit after accounting for mining costs:

#CountryCost to mine 1 bitcoinProfit (July 15, 2022)
1🇰🇼 Kuwait$1,393.95$18,362.58
2🇩🇿 Algeria$4,181.86$15,574.67
3🇸🇩 Sudan$4,779.27$14,977.26
4🇾🇪 Yemen$7,161.77$12,594.76
5🇪🇹 Ethiopia$7,168.91$12,587.62
6🇰🇬 Kyrgyzstan$7,168.91$12,587.62
7🇦🇴 Angola$7,368.04$12,388.49
8🇶🇦 Qatar$7,368.04$12,388.49
9🇰🇵 North Korea$7,744.32$12,012.21
10🇰🇿 Kazakhstan$8,762.00$10,994.53
11🇿🇲 Zambia$9,160.27$10,596.26
12🇦🇿 Azerbaijan$9,558.54$10,197.99
13🇧🇳 Brunei$9,956.81$9,799.72
14🇮🇷 Iran$10,355.09$9,401.44
15🇺🇿 Uzbekistan$10,355.09$9,401.44
16🇽🇰 Kosovo$10,560.17$9,196.36
17🇸🇬 Singapore$10,952.50$8,804.03
18🇲🇳 Mongolia$11,151.63$8,604.90
19🇧🇹 Bhutan$11,749.04$8,007.49
20🇧🇭 Bahrain$11,948.18$7,808.35
21🇴🇲 Oman$11,948.18$7,808.35
22🇹🇯 Tajikistan$12,545.59$7,210.94
23🇺🇦 Ukraine$12,744.72$7,011.81
24🇬🇪 Georgia$13,143.00$6,613.53
25🇦🇬 Paraguay$13,143.00$6,613.53
26🇹🇹 Trinidad and Tobago$13,143.00$6,613.53
27🇸🇷 Suriname$14,337.81$5,418.72
28🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia$14,736.09$5,020.44
29🇦🇲 Armenia$15,333.50$4,423.03
30🇹🇳 Tunisia$15,333.50$4,423.03
31🇸🇾 Syria$15,532.63$4,223.90
32🇨🇬 Congo (Republic Of The)$16,130.04$3,626.49
33🇲🇲 Myanmar$16,130.04$3,626.49
34🇷🇺 Russia$16,130.04$3,626.49
35🇮🇶 Iraq$16,926.59$2,829.94
36🇲🇩 Moldova$16,926.59$2,829.94
37🇹🇷 Turkey$17,723.13$2,033.40
38🇷🇴 Romania$18,320.54$1,435.99
39🇦🇱 Albania$18,718.81$1,037.72
40🇧🇩 Bangladesh$18,718.81$1,037.72
41🇱🇮 Liechtenstein$18,917.95$838.58
42🇱🇹 Lithuania$18,917.95$838.58
43🇲🇿 Mozambique$19,117.08$639.45
44🇪🇬 Egypt$19,316.22$440.31
45🇨🇩 Congo (Democratic Republic Of The)$19,913.63-$157.10
46🇳🇴 Norway$20,112.77-$356.24
47🇦🇹 Austria$20,311.90-$555.37
48🇨🇱 Chile$20,311.90-$555.37
49🇪🇪 Estonia$20,511.04-$754.51
50🇸🇪 Sweden$20,710.18-$953.65
51🇨🇫 Central African Republic$20,909.31-$1,152.78
52🇺🇸 United States$21,088.53-$1,332.00
53🇧🇬 Bulgaria$21,307.58-$1,551.05
54🇮🇩 Indonesia$21,307.58-$1,551.05
55🇷🇸 Serbia$21,307.58-$1,551.05
56🇦🇷 Argentina$21,506.72-$1,750.19
57🇦🇪 United Arab Emirates$21,705.86-$1,949.33
58🇳🇬 Nigeria$22,303.27-$2,546.74
59🇲🇬 Madagascar$22,502.40-$2,745.87
60🇱🇻 Latvia$22,701.54-$2,945.01
61🇰🇷 South Korea$22,701.54-$2,945.01
62🇧🇦 Bosnia and Herzegovina$23,099.81-$3,343.28
63🇹🇼 Taiwan$23,298.95-$3,542.42
64🇮🇱 Israel$23,498.08-$3,741.55
65🇪🇨 Ecuador$23,697.22-$3,940.69
66🇲🇾 Malaysia$23,896.36-$4,139.83
67🇳🇵 Nepal$23,896.36-$4,139.83
68🇳🇿 New Zealand$23,896.36-$4,139.83
69🇱🇺 Luxembourg$24,095.49-$4,338.96
70🇮🇸 Iceland$24,294.63-$4,538.10
71🇨🇦 Canada$24,493.76-$4,737.23
72🇲🇦 Morocco$24,692.90-$4,936.37
73🇿🇼 Zimbabwe$24,692.90-$4,936.37
74🇻🇳 Vietnam$24,892.04-$5,135.51
75🇨🇮 Côte D’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)$25,091.17-$5,334.64
76🇱🇾 Libya$25,091.17-$5,334.64
77🇹🇿 Tanzania$25,091.17-$5,334.64
78🇦🇩 Andorra$25,276.27-$5,519.74
79🇨🇳 China$25,489.45-$5,732.92
80🇱🇧 Lebanon$25,887.72-$6,131.19
81🇱🇦 Laos$26,285.99-$6,529.46
82🇫🇮 Finland$26,485.13-$6,728.60
83🇫🇷 France$27,082.54-$7,326.01
84🇨🇭 Switzerland$27,082.54-$7,326.01
85🇵🇱 Poland$27,281.67-$7,525.14
86🇷🇼 Rwanda$27,281.67-$7,525.14
87🇹🇭 Thailand$27,281.67-$7,525.14
88🇨🇿 Czech Republic$27,480.81-$7,724.28
89🇱🇸 Lesotho$27,679.95-$7,923.42
90🇲🇪 Montenegro$28,078.22-$8,321.69
91🇲🇱 Mali$28,277.35-$8,520.82
92🇨🇷 Costa Rica$28,675.63-$8,919.10
93🇳🇱 Netherlands$28,675.63-$8,919.10
94🇧🇾 Belarus$29,273.04-$9,516.51
95🇳🇦 Namibia$30,069.58-$10,313.05
96🇲🇰 Macedonia, North$30,866.13-$11,109.60
97🇸🇲 San Marino$30,866.13-$11,109.60
98🇸🇰 Slovakia$31,065.26-$11,308.73
99🇿🇦 South Africa$32,060.94-$12,304.41
100🇧🇼 Botswana$32,459.22-$12,702.69
101🇸🇿 Swaziland$32,857.49-$13,100.96
102🇧🇪 Belgium$33,255.76-$13,499.23
103🇺🇾 Uruguay$33,255.76-$13,499.23
104🇧🇷 Brazil$33,454.90-$13,698.37
105🇭🇷 Croatia$33,454.90-$13,698.37
106🇮🇹 Italy$33,454.90-$13,698.37
107🇺🇬 Uganda$33,654.03-$13,897.50
108🇨🇲 Cameroon$33,853.17-$14,096.64
109🇲🇽 Mexico$33,853.17-$14,096.64
110🇲🇼 Malawi$34,251.44-$14,494.91
111🇧🇮 Burundi$34,450.58-$14,694.05
112🇱🇰 Sri Lanka$34,450.58-$14,694.05
113🇬🇶 Equatorial Guinea$34,649.72-$14,893.19
114🇧🇴 Bolivia$34,848.85-$15,092.32
115🇲🇷 Mauritania$35,047.99-$15,291.46
116🇵🇸 Palestine$35,047.99-$15,291.46
117🇹🇬 Togo$35,047.99-$15,291.46
118🇦🇫 Afghanistan$35,844.53-$16,088.00
119🇭🇺 Hungary$35,844.53-$16,088.00
120🇸🇱 Sierra Leone$35,844.53-$16,088.00
121🇲🇨 Monaco$35,922.73-$16,166.20
122🇵🇭 Philippines$36,043.67-$16,287.14
123🇰🇭 Cambodia$36,242.81-$16,486.28
124🇸🇳 Senegal$36,242.81-$16,486.28
125🇸🇹 São Tomé and Príncipe$36,441.94-$16,685.41
126🇮🇪 Ireland (Republic Of)$37,835.90-$18,079.37
127🇲🇹 Malta$37,835.90-$18,079.37
128🇨🇾 Cyprus$38,035.03-$18,278.50
129🇬🇦 Gabon$38,035.03-$18,278.50
130🇸🇻 El Salvador$38,831.58-$19,075.05
131🇵🇪 Peru$38,831.58-$19,075.05
132🇨🇴 Colombia$39,628.12-$19,871.59
133🇩🇴 Dominican Republic$40,026.40-$20,269.87
134🇬🇹 Guatemala$40,026.40-$20,269.87
135🇬🇲 The Gambia$40,225.53-$20,469.00
136🇬🇳 Guinea$40,424.67-$20,668.14
137🇮🇳 India$40,424.67-$20,668.14
138🇦🇺 Australia$40,623.81-$20,867.28
139🇬🇷 Greece$40,623.81-$20,867.28
140🇲🇺 Mauritius$40,822.94-$21,066.41
141🇧🇯 Benin$41,221.21-$21,464.68
142🇭🇳 Honduras$41,420.35-$21,663.82
143🇭🇹 Haiti$42,017.76-$22,261.23
144🇹🇩 Chad$42,216.90-$22,460.37
145🇳🇪 Niger$42,416.03-$22,659.50
146🇰🇪 Kenya$43,212.58-$23,456.05
147🇫🇯 Fiji$43,411.71-$23,655.18
148🇪🇷 Eritrea$43,610.85-$23,854.32
149🇸🇸 South Sudan$43,809.99-$24,053.46
150🇵🇰 Pakistan$44,208.26-$24,451.73
151🇵🇹 Portugal$44,208.26-$24,451.73
152🇧🇿 Belize$45,004.80-$25,248.27
153🇳🇷 Nauru$45,378.54-$25,622.01
154🇹🇱 Timor-Leste$46,597.89-$26,841.36
155🇬🇭 Ghana$46,996.17-$27,239.64
156🇯🇵 Japan$47,195.30-$27,438.77
157🇧🇫 Burkina Faso$47,394.44-$27,637.91
158🇩🇰 Denmark$48,190.98-$28,434.45
159🇯🇴 Jordan$48,987.53-$29,231.00
160🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 England$49,301.82-$29,545.29
161🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scotland$50,090.64-$30,334.11
162🇵🇦 Panama$50,580.62-$30,824.09
163🇩🇪 Germany$50,978.89-$31,222.36
164🇬🇧 Ireland (Northern)$51,536.83-$31,780.30
165🇪🇸 Spain$51,775.44-$32,018.91
166🇩🇯 Djibouti$52,173.71-$32,417.18
167🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Wales$52,194.19-$32,437.66
168🇨🇻 Cape Verde$52,372.85-$32,616.32
169🇯🇲 Jamaica$52,571.98-$32,815.45
170🇧🇧 Barbados$52,970.26-$33,213.73
171🇸🇮 Slovenia$52,970.26-$33,213.73
172🇹🇻 Tuvalu$53,887.02-$34,130.49
173🇬🇼 Guinea-Bissau$54,364.21-$34,607.68
174🇰🇲 Comoros$55,957.30-$36,200.77
175🇧🇸 Bahamas$56,753.85-$36,997.32
176🇵🇬 Papua New Guinea$57,550.39-$37,793.86
177🇰🇳 Saint Kitts and Nevis$60,935.71-$41,179.18
178🇬🇩 Grenada$61,533.12-$41,776.59
179🇵🇼 Palau$63,922.75-$44,166.22
180🇱🇨 Saint Lucia$63,922.75-$44,166.22
181🇸🇨 Seychelles$63,922.75-$44,166.22
182🇬🇾 Guyana$65,316.71-$45,560.18
183🇳🇮 Nicaragua$66,511.52-$46,754.99
184🇻🇨 Saint Vincent and Grenadines$68,901.16-$49,144.63
185🇹🇴 Tonga$72,087.34-$52,330.81
186🇩🇲 Dominica$73,282.16-$53,525.63
187​🇻🇺​ Vanuatu$76,070.07-$56,313.54
188🇼🇸​ Samoa$76,667.48-$56,910.95
189​🇨🇺​ Cuba$76,946.27-$57,189.74
190🇱🇷 Liberia$77,663.16-$57,906.63
191​🇲🇻​ Maldives$78,459.70-$58,703.17
192🇲🇭 Marshall Islands$80,849.34-$61,092.81
193🇸🇴 Somalia$82,044.16-$62,287.63
194🇰🇮 Kiribati$82,243.29-$62,486.76
195🇫🇲 Micronesia, Federated States Of$82,442.43-$62,685.90
196🇦🇬 Antigua and Barbuda$89,412.20-$69,655.67
197🇸🇧 Solomon Islands$142,581.59-$122,825.06
198🇻🇪 Venezuela$246,530.74-$226,774.21

Venezuela ranks as the number one most expensive country to mine bitcoin. It costs a whooping $246,530.74 to mine a single bitcoin in the South American country, meaning the process is far from profitable. Energy costs are so expensive in the country that miners would be out $225,667.05 for just one bitcoin.

On the opposite end of the spectrum, the cheapest place to mine bitcoin is in Kuwait. It costs $1,393.95 to mine a single bitcoin in Kuwait, meaning miners could gain $19,469.74 in profits.

The Middle Eastern country has some of the cheapest electricity in the world, with one kWh costing an average of just 3 cents. For context, the average cost of one kWh in North America is 21 cents.

The Race is On

Despite the steep costs of bitcoin mining, many people believe it’s worth the upfront investment.

One thing that makes bitcoin particularly appealing is its finite supply—there are only 21 million coins available for mining, and as of this article’s publication, more than 19 million bitcoin have already been mined.

While the price of bitcoin (BTC) is notorious for its volatility, its value has still grown significantly over the last decade. And if cryptocurrencies become mainstream as many people believe they will, this could boost the price of bitcoin even further.

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Animation: The Rise and Fall of Popular Web Browsers Since 1994

This animation shows the evolution of web browser market share since 1994, showing the rise and fall of various internet portals.

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Evolution of web browsers

Animation: The Rise and Fall of Popular Web Browsers Since 1994

In its early stages, the internet was a highly technical interface that most people had difficulty navigating. But that all changed when the Mosaic web browser entered the scene in 1993.

Mosaic was one of the first “user-friendly” internet portals—although by today’s standards, the browser was actually quite difficult to access. Comparatively, modern browsers in high use today have changed exponentially.

This animated graphic by James Eagle chronicles the evolution of the web browser market, showing the rise and fall of various internet portals from January 1994 to March 2022.

The 1990s: From Mosaic to Netscape

In the early 90s, Mosaic was by far the most dominant web browser. At the time, about 97% of all internet searches were done through this popular web portal.

Web browser% Share (January 1994)
Mosaic97.0%
Other3.0%

Mosaic was the first web browser to display images directly on a page in line with text. Earlier browsers loaded pictures as separate files, which meant users have to click, download, and open a new file in order to view them.

The pioneering portal was created by a team of university undergrads at the University of Illinois, led by 21-year-old Marc Andreessen. When Andreessen graduated, he went on to be the co-founder of Mosaic Communications Corporation, which evolved into Netscape Communications Corporation, the company that created Netscape Navigator.

Netscape was essentially a new and improved version of Mosaic, but since the University of Illinois owned the rights to Mosaic, Andreessen’s new company couldn’t actually use any of the original code.

Netscape became a nearly instant success, and as a result, Mosaic’s market share began to fall. By the late 90s, Netscape had captured 89% of the web browser market.

Web browser% Share (April 1996)
Netscape88.9%
Mosaic7.2%
Internet Explorer3.9%

Netscape dominated the market for a few more years. However, in the new millennium, a new tech giant started to take over—Internet Explorer.

The 2000s: Internet Explorer Enters the Chat, Followed by Firefox

In 1995, Microsoft launched Internet Explorer as part of an add-on package for its operating system, Microsoft Windows 95.

Given the popularity of the Windows franchise at the time, Internet Explorer was quickly adopted. By the early 2000s, it had captured over 90% of the market, reflecting Microsoft’s hold on the personal computing market.

Web browser% Share (January 2000)
Internet Explorer76.6%
Netscape18.4%
Opera0.7%
Other4.3%

Netscape was mostly phased out of the market by then, which meant Internet Explorer didn’t have much competition until Mozilla entered the arena.

Founded by members of Netscape, Mozilla began in 1998 as a project for fostering innovation in the web browser market. They shared Netscape’s source code with the public, and over time built a community of programmers around the world that helped make the product even better.

By 2004, Mozilla launched Firefox, and by 2006, the free, open-source browser had captured nearly 30% of the market. Firefox and Internet Explorer battled it out for a few more years, but by the mid-2010s, both browsers started to get leapfrogged by Google Chrome.

Present Day: Google Chrome is King of the Web Browsers

When Google’s co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin pitched the idea of starting a Google web browser to CEO Larry Schmidt in 2003, he was worried that they couldn’t keep up with the fierce competition. Eventually, the co-founders convinced Schmidt, and in 2008, Google Chrome was released to the public.

One of Chrome’s distinguishing features was (and still is) the fact that each tab operated separately. This meant that if one tab froze, it wouldn’t stall or crash the others, at the cost of higher memory and CPU usage.

By 2013, Chrome had swallowed up half the market. And with Android emerging as the most popular mobile OS on the global market, there were even more Chrome installations (and of course, searches on Google) as a result.

Notes on Data and Methodology

It’s important to note that the dataset in this animation uses visitor log files from web development site and resource W3Schools from 1999 onwards. Despite getting more than 60 million monthly visits, its userbase is likely slanted towards PC over mobile users.

Further, though Google’s Android platform has a sizable lead over Apple’s iOS in the global mobile sector, this likely slant also impacts the representation of iOS and therefore Safari browsers in the animation and dataset.

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